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upon our word and honour, as British

officers, that we will obey the orders,

and support the authority of the honour

able the governor in council of Fort

St. George, agreeably to the tenor of the commissions which we hold from

that government.

MA DRA's Occurrences for October.

G. O. By the right honourable the go-
vernor-general.
October 4.--The governor-general,
having attentively perused the proceed-
ings of a court martial, assembled by
the orders of major-general Gowdie,
for the trial of lieutenants M'Cormick
and Rowley, has judged it expedient
that the crimes and sentences should be
published to the army. The sense
entertained by that honourable tribunal
of the nature and degree of crimina-
lity attached to the offence, of which
those two officers have been pro-
nounced guilty, will be sufficiently
evinced by those documents.
It has become necessary to deter-
mine whether these sentences should
be carried into effect, or whether the
amnesty which, with some specified
exceptions, has terminated the disor-
der of the late unhappy period, is to be
considered as embracing also the cases
of these two officers.
In deliberating on this question the
governor-general has observed, that the
proceedings of the court martial were
closed, and the sentences pronounced,
some time before the amnesty was
published. He was not apprized that
any proceedings of that description
were either in progress, or actually
concluded. The case was not in his
contemplation when his general order
was issued, and he should not, there-
fore, in strictness, consider his judg-
ment as pledged by that order on a
question which he had no opportunity
of considering.
The governor-general has, neverthe-
less, reflected, that the comprehensive
terms in which the amnesty has been
*roclaimed and especially the broad

which characterize the whole measure,
may appear to many sufficiently large
to afford an interpretation favorable
to these individuals, even under the
circumstances adverted to. Averse,
therefore, as he must always be, to
bring even into question the faithful
performance of a solemn promise, he
has chosen rather to extend the general
indemnity a little beyond its contem-
plated objects, and to incur the partial
inconvenience of adding to the general
mass of pardon, the impunity of
these two offences against discipline,
than to hazard the slightest deviation,
either in letter or spirit, from the obli-
gations of public faith.
Under these considerations, he has
requested major-general Gowdie to re-
mit the sentences, and restore the
officers to the service, under a single
condition, and the indispensable neces-
sity of which, both for public and private
atonement, requires no argument.—
The condition is, that an ample and dis-
tinct apology shall be made to captain
Campbell, their commanding officer,
for the contempt of his authority, and
insult to his person, of which they
stand convicted.
It would not be the wish of the
governor-general to burthen an act of
grace with any reflections that might
either wound or humiliate the objects
of it ; but waving all retrospective
reproof, as applicable to this, or any
other anteeedent case, he should think
he neglected the future interests of the
public and the army, if he omitted
this occasion of bringing strongly to
the notice and recollection of the
ofticers of this establishment, the cul-
pable nature and mischievous conse-
quences of the practice which was the
subject of the trials now under consi-
deration ; that is to say, concerted
insult to those who have either uni-
formly done well,or who, having fallen,
by the force of general example, into
the prevailing disorders, have with-
drawn themselves from former errors,
and returned to a faithful discharge of
public duty. Such combinations against
individuals, of which examples have
not been wanting in the late troubles,

much more criminal character in that state of things which has arisen out of the submission of the army followed by the amnesty announced by the general order of the 25th September. The governor-general trusts that every disposition to this serious offence has been extinguished by these events; but as it affords the only means that now remain, either for nursing the seeds of military disorder, or for prolonging the discord of the army, some exposition of its dangerous and malignant tendency appears peculiarly seasonable. To make a return to duty the subject of concerted affront and indignity, is in the first place a great breach of discipline. It requires a very clear cause to render such measures of personal enmity to individuals tolerated in any circumstances. No one can be ignorant of the displeasure uniformly manifested, and of the punishment invariably inflicted, in every case of such offences against discipline, by the supreme military authority of the sovereign himself; let any one imagine, therefore, what judgment would be formed on a complaint for such an injury, the excuse alleged for which should be, that the party against whom it was levelled, had withdrawn himself from a conspiracy against his majesty ; or in a case arising in India, that he had renounced a further participation in revolt against the company's government. In the next place, the continuance of sch practices extinguishes all hope of cordial and general reconciliation, by which alone the traces of past calamity can be obliterated, and the individual comfort and happiness of the officers can be restored. But last and chiefly let it be remembered, that the offences, which are the subject of these remarks, are in total contradiction with every profession of a return to duty. They demonstrate the still-subsisting spirit of military combination, which is in itself a deep and dangerous offence. The combination in this case would be, to stigmatize, by general and concerted measures, those

who relinquish criminal, and, therefore, invalid engagements, in order to fulfil the first indefeasible obligations of professional duty. It must be recollected also, that those who persist in such practices forfeit every title both to confidence and clemency. Clemency, on the late oceasion, has been founded on the hope, that the return of those, who should accept pardon, to the paths of fidelity and duty, would be sincere, and that every pledge and every combination that has the slightest reference to the late lamented period should be dissolved and abjured for ever. To continue, therefore, or to renew, similar combinations, in the very moment of accepting indemnity from the penalties of past transactions, must be felt to be a violation of public faith and personal honor, enhanced by the aggravation of the deepest ingratitude. To sincere and cordial reconciliation, which authority alone cannot enforce, the army can only be invited and exhorted by every consideration which should influence their sounder reason, and their better feelings. But to repress every open attempt to obstruct the return of public harmony by putting indignity upon individuals, who have the merit of an early retreat from error, is a fit and indispensable object both of the vigilance and power of government. Under these impressions, the governor-general has thought it a point of candour to apprize, thus early, every ill-advised individual who might fall inconsiderately into that snare, that no future example of this offence can be exempted from punishment, and that every officer accused of it shall be brought to trial before a court martial, or if the peculiar circumstances of the case should render it more advisable, the charge shall be submitted to the investigation of a military court of enquiry, and if established by the proceedings of the latter tribunal, the officer so offending must be suspended from the service, subject to the judgment of the honourable the court of directors. MINTo.

SENTENCE. The court having maturely examined the evidence in support of the prosecution, as well as what the prisoner, Lieutenant James M'Cormick, has urged in his defence, is of opinion that he is guilty of the crime laid to his charge, viz. For unofficerlike and highly disrespectful conduct, such as is totally subversive of military souordination towards me, while in immediate charge of the corps, in the following instance, viz For coming to my quarters, accompanied by lieutenant Rowley, and making use of the following expressions, V : Z. “That he and lieutenant Rowley were deputed by the officers of the 2d battalion, 9th regt N. I to inform me that they co-sidered my conduct to be infamous, and that I was a disgrace to the cloth I wear.” Which being in breach of the articles of war, the court does therefore sentence the prisoner, Lieutenant Jaunes M'Cormick to be cashiered. SENTENCE. The court having maturely examined the evidence in support of the prosecution, as well as what the prisoner lieutenant Rowley has urged in its defence, is of opinion that he is guilty of the crime laid to his charge, viz. | For unofficerlike and disrespectful conduct, stich as is subversive of military discipline towards me, when in the immediate charge of the corps in the following instance. “For corning to my quarters on the 20th August last, in company with lieutenant M'Cormick, when that officer made use of the following expresisions to me, viz. “That he, lieutenant M'Cormick, was depu.ed, along with lieutenant Rowley, to acquaint me, that the officers of the 2d battalion, 9th regiment, N. I. considered my conduct to be infamous, and that I was a disgrace to the cloth I wear.” Which being in breach of the articles of war, the court does thereforesentence him, lieutenant Row** to be suspended from rank and pay

for the space of twelve calendar months from this date.

General orders by major general

- Gowdie.

All officers, both of his majesty's and the honourable company's service, who have been appointed since the 20, h of July last to do duty with corps of cavalry, artillery, and intantry, are to return to the corps to which they re. spectively belong, on being relieved by its own officers who have signed the declaration. Major General Gowrie takes this opportunity of expressing to those officers, the high sease he entertains of the advantages that have resulted to the public service from their united and individual zeal, which gives them the strongest claim to his warmest applause and acknowledgments.

MAD R As Occurrences for November.

Nov EMBER 15th–In consideration of the inadequacy of the allowance granted to officers in command of divisions of the army under the rank of general officers to enable them to provide and carry the carup equipage requisite in their situations—the honourable the governor in council is pleased to direct, that officers in command of divisions of the army and the Hydrabad Subsidiary force, not being general officers on the stafi, shall in lieu of the regimental tent allowance, now granted to them, be permitted to draw 3-4ths of the allowance granted to general officers on the staff by the regulation of 1790, for camp equipage and travelling charges, while in garrison and while in the field, accordingly as they may be situated. In consequence of the additional allowance now granted to officers commanding divisions of the army not being generals on the staff, they are not to be considered as having any claim to public quarters at the stations where they may occasionally reside within their divisions. November 25th.-An army, consisting of one regiment of European cavalry,

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five regiments of Native cavalry, one regiment of European infantry, and seven battalions of Madras Native infantry, with a proportion of guns, have assembled at Jatrina. Colonel Close, who has been in command of the Subsidiary force at Hydrabad since the beginning of Sept. was to leave that station early in the present month, in order to take command of the army assembled at Jaulna, which is intended to act, should circumstances render it necessary, against Ameer Cawn, a turbulent chief, who has lately shewn an inclination to disturb the peace of the peninsula. He threatens to overturn the government of Nagpore, in obedience, as he sometimes professes, to the orders of Holkar ; but at other times he gives out that his designs against the Nagpore government are undertaken with a determination to place himself on the musnud, in fulfilment of a late prophecy, which has announced the rule of Empire as his destiny. By the latest accounts, Ameer Cawn had crossed the Nerbuddah; his force is reported to consist of 10,000 infantry, 25,000 cavalry of all descriptions, and 30 guns, 16 of which are galloppers. An efficient and well-appointed army is now assembling in Bundlecund, which is understood to have the same object with that which is already formed at Jaulna. An army is also colkcting at a point, in the west of India, favourable to a co-operation with the armies in the Deckan and Bundlecund; so that unless the ambitious chieftain above-mentioned, secures an amnesty by a speedy retraction of his views, he is likely to incur the just punishment of his temerity and injustice. The force assembling in Bundlecund will consist of one regiment (the 53d,) of European infantry, three regiments of Native cavalry, and six battalions of Native infantry. Henry Bussel, Esq. of the Bengal civil establishment, is appointed acting resident at the court of Poonah, during the absence of colonel Close.

MAD RAs Occurrences for December.

Dec. 10. The officer commanding the army is sorry to notice the number of officers, “absent from their corps," and “on their way to join,” whose first duty it was to repair direct to the head-quarters of their respective corps, without a moment's unnecessary delay. He therefore directs all officers to join their corps forthwith, who have not obtained special leave from head-quarters, or are detained after the publication of this order by certified ill-health, and that all officers not employed “ on staff duty,” or “command,” who may be otherwise absent the 1st of January, 1810, be reported “ absent without leave.” The officer commanding the army takes this opportunity of explaining to the officers of the army, that upon all occasions of removal from one corps to another, or on being exonerated from any duty or charge, they are required to join their corps immediately, by the most direct route, and that it is their duty to report their departure for that purpose to the head-quarters of their corps, that the most accurate information may be possessed relative to the absence of officers, the authority under which they are absent, and the probable time of their joining, It is also directed that officers shall not visit the presidency, but with special leave from head-quarters, unless it be the most direct route to their station or corps, in which case they are not to remain longer than three days without express permission to do so from head-quarters. The general orders of the 8th March, 1808, not having been sufficiently attended to in all instances, it is directed, that officers conform to that regulation, and no cause will be admitted in excuse for personal attendance, but that of ill health, in which case it is expected that a personal report be made at the adjutant-general's office at the

presidency, or to the commanding officer of an out-station, as soon as they are permitted by the medical officer attending them to leave their quarters. All applications for leave of absence are to specify the date to which leave is solicited ; and the general order of the 15th March, regarding “ applications for a renewal of leave," must be pointedly attended to. Officers in command of divisions, stations, and corps of the army, are directed to return officers “absent without leave,” who fail to join on the day their leave expires. Dec. 17 —Intelligence has been received of the capture of the honourable company's ships, Charlton, captain Morlock, and United Kingdom, captain D'Esterre, on Sunday, the 19th ultino, at 1 o'clock, A M. lat. 6" 30 N. long 91" 50 E. by two French national frigates, La Manche and La Venus, and a strong corvette, carrying sixteen heavy guns, after a well-contested action, which was three times renewed. Apprehensions are also entertained for the H. C. ship, Windham, captain Stewart, the frigate La Venus having been left in chase of her. An express received from Vizagapatam on Thursday morning announced the arrival of a brig cartel, (the Creole) having on board the passengers and crews of the captured ships. The cartel had been ordered to proceed to Penang, but not being able to make that port, on account of contrary winds, and being much distressed for provisions and water, after beating to windward for five days, was obliged to bear up for Vizagapatam. The following particulars have been received by this opportunity. On the 18th of last month, it appears that as the H. C. ships, Windhan), Charlton, and United Kingdom, were proceeding direct on their voyage to Bengal, they espied, early in the morning, three sail, in lat. 5 north and long. 92 East, which soon proved to be two large

French frigates, (La Manche and La

Venus of 44 guns each) and a corvette, of 16 guns. About 10 o'clock in the morning a fire commenced between the three Indiamen, and one of the frigates, (the brunt of the action was however principally sustained by the Windham as the headmost ship) and, after an engagement of about half an hour, the enemy sheered off. About two o'clock in the afternoon, the Windham, having gone ahead with every sail set which it was possible to carry, the frigate renewed the action with the Charlton and United Kingdom, who, having defended themselves in the most brave Inanner, beat her off a second time, and compelled her to seek the assistance of her consort, who was astern. About 12 at night both frigates came up with the Charlton and United Kingdom, when a smart action immediately commenced ; but the force of the enemy being so greatly superior, and all further resistance being usel-ss, the English colours were hauled down, and the enemy took possession of the two above-mentioned shops. The Windham, having made all possible sail after the first action, (in which it is supposed she suffered both in loss of men and rigging) it is to be hoped ere this is safe in some British port. Some days after the capture, it was determined by the French coinmander to send the two ships' crews, and passengers, on board the corvette, and they have at length arrived at Vizagapatam, in a very distressed condition. Among the passengers are ten ladies, who must have suffered very considerably. Eatract of a letter from a gentleman on board the United Kingdom. At daylight, on the 18th, three strange sail were seen on our lee beam, bearing E. S. E.-the United Kingdom hailed the commodore, and informed him of it, who, shortly after, asked by telegraph, if we should chase—answered in the affirmative—as did also the Charlton. We had, a few days before, spoken with H. M. ship, Rattlesnake, captain Bremer, who, as well as the honourable captain Pakenham, advised us, in the

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