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force from his Majesty's ship, La Nereide, I impute the happy termination and ultimate success of this enterprise. On the 22d, late in the evening, the enemy appeared in one force upon the hills, and a heavy column was observed advancing from St. Dennis, which I since understand to have been under the immediate command of general Des Bruslys. The commodore and myself now agreed upon the propriety of landing a sufficient force to destroy all public property, and accordingly the marines, with a few sailors, under captain Willoughby, were ordered upon the service; when I had an opportunity of again witnessing the steadiness and good conduct of the seamen and royal marines, who effectually burnt an extensive government store of considerable value: the remaining stores were only saved from some doubt existing respecting their being public property. On the morning of the 23d, the entire force was put in boats to re-land and attack the enemy, whose retreat to St. Dennis, however, during the night, prevented the necessity of any further debarkation. The commandant, St. Michiel, being disposed to enter into negotiations, with the concurrence of commodore Rowley, the preliminary articles were drawn up, a copy of which is enclosed, and the commandant accompanying me on board his Majesty's ship, Raisonable, they were signed, subject to the confirmation or rejection of the commander-in-chief, general Des Bruslys. On the 24th, all the remaining public stores were delivered over by the head of the police, and fatigue parties from the squadron and troops were ordered to embark them on board the honourable company's recaptured ship, Streatham, which together with the Europe were placed under the orders of their former commanders. From the 25th to the 28th the whole of the guns, &c. were finally destroyed. Our guards continuing to mount regularly in the town for the protection of the inhabitants and their property. The frigate, La Caroline, with the other shipping, are making every possible preparation for sea, and
it is hoped that all the necessary arrangements will be made for the troops returning to Roderigues by the 2d of next month. I cannot conclude this dispatch without mentioning the obligations I am under to lieutenant Remon, of the Bombay engineers, through whose exertions I was enabled to give a plan of attack to the officers in command of columns, and who, upon the entire of this service has been zealous and indefatigable. I beg also to notice the exertions of ensign Pearce, of the 56th regiment, who, being attached to my personal staff, has rendered me the most essential services. I have the honour to be, Sir, Your most obedt. humble servt. H. S. KEATING, Lieut.-col. commandg. (A true copy.) H. S. KEATING, Lieut.-col. commandg. Watch-word of the night, 4Forward. On board his majesty's ship, La Nereide, Sept. 20th.-The object of this descent upon the town of St. Paul is to secure the batteries, and compel the enemy's shipping to surrender to his majesty's navy. The force, destined for this attack must necessarily, from the position of the batteries, be formed into three columns. 1st. The reserve, composed of 80 men of the pompadours, and 80 of the royal marines belonging to his majesty's ships, Raisonable and La Nereide, under the command of captain Forbes. 2d column, composed of the detail of the 2d battalion of the 2d regiment of Bombay Native infantry, under the command of captain Imlack. 3d. The centre column, composed of 100 sailors, under captain Willoughby of the royal navy, and the remainder of the pompadours, and marines, under capt. Hanna. Lieut.-col. Keating will first land with the reserve to cover the debarkation of the other two columns, which, on landing, are immediately to
commence their march in the following
order, and with the strictest silence. The reserve is to proceed by the road leading to St. Paul's, until it passes to
bridge over the lake, when it is to change its rout to the left, and take possession of the barracks, the eight brass field pieces, which are in front of the buildings, and secure the second in command, with the other prisoners; after performing this duty the reserve is to proceed to the second battery on the left named upon the plan of attack (a copy of which is given to the officers in command of columns) La Pierre, after destroying the guns and blowing up the magazine, the reserve is to proceed to La Centiere, where it will receive further orders from he commanding offi* Cer. The 2d column, after passing the river Galotte, is to proceed along the sea side, until it reaches the rivulet that runs from the lake into the bay. Capt. Imlack will here be very particular in directing his men to the left towards the lake, up the bed of the rivulet, until he passes the right flank of the battery, he will then move out to the right and form towards the sea, which will bring him opposite to, and within pistol shot of the rear of the battery Lamboucere, which, being open to the land, he will immediately take possession of, spike the guns, and then proceed to the battery La Centiere, where he will receive further directions from the commanding officer. Lieut.-col Keating will proceed with the 3d column direct upon the battery, La Centiere, which is considered the main post; and a force will be detached from hence to take possession of the battery, La Neuf. These orders are intended in the event of our debarkation not being immediately discovered, but should the enemy have time to form, which is to be expected, the commanding offieer will give such other necessary orders in person, according to their position, strength of ground and numbers, as may most tend to ensure the object of attack. The batteries are all supposed open to the land, the only thing, therefore, the officers and men have to guard against, are some long iron spikes, commonly called crows' feet, which are placed rather thick for the defence of the rear
of the batteries. The men are on no account to load until or lered; every thing is to be carried by the bayonet, which has never been known to fail when directed by Englishmen. The en to land with one day's provisions ready cooked. (Signed) - H. S. Keati NG, Lieutenant-col. comp. A true copy. C. H. J. Pearce, Act.-major of brigade. List of ships and vessels captured and destroyed in the road of St. Paul, isle of Bourbon, the 21st September, 1809. CAPTURE In Men or WAR. La Caroline, frigate, 300 men, 46 guns, 28 long 18-pounders, 10 long 8-pounders, 8 carronades. Grapler brig, 11 guns, 6 carronades, 18-pounders, mounted, 5 long 6-pounders in the hold. CAPTURED MeRCH ANTMEN. Streatham, 30 guns, S19 tons, laden partly with salt-petre, the rest of the cargo landed. Europe, 26 guns, 820 tons, laden partly with salt-petre the rest of the cargo landed. Fanny, 2 guns, 150 tons, a little rice and Indian corn. Tres Amis, 60 tons, slaves and rice. La Creole, 60 tons, ballast. Destro Y ED. Names unknown. Three chasee marees, one ship burnt on the stocks, (Signed) J. Rowley, A true copy. H. S. KFATING, Lieut.-col. coing.
Return of guns, ammunition, &c. &c. taken and destroyed at port St. Paul's, island of Bourbon, by his Britannic majesty's squadron, under the command of commodore Rowley, and a detachment of seamen and troops, under the command of lieutenant-colonel Keating, on the 21st September, 1809. Thirty-seven iron guns, 24-pounders—Six iron ditto. 18-pounders— nineteen iron do. 12-pounders—twelve iron do, 9-pounders-one iron ditte
Articles of agreement entered into between commodore Josias Rowley, commanding his Britannic majesty's ships in the roads of St. Paul, and lieutenant-colonel Keating, commanding his majesty's and honourable company's troops, on the one part, and captain St. Michiel, commandant militaire of St. Paul's, on the other. It is agreed, that in consequence of the town of St. Paul being in possession of the English, and the situation of the inhabitants, a mutual suspension of arms shall immediately take place under the following conditions: Article 1. That the field pieces, taken by the English troops, and subsequently stolen by the Negroes, shall be restored to the English.-Answer. Two field pieces only were taken by the Negroes, and brought to my camp. I will refer this article to the general commanding the island. Article 2d.—That public property of every description, such as guns, stores, merchandize and money, in the town of St. Paul shall remain in possession of the English.-Answer. Accepted.
Article 3. That the limits of the town are considered to be, the canal running near the promenade, and from thence to the cavern.—Answer. Accepted. Article 4. That such public property as is not in possession of the English shall be pointed out to them by the commandant upon his word of honour.—Answer. If any such come to my knowledge within the limits marked I will point it out. Article 5. That no troops of the island shall march into the town of St. Paul, or in any manner molest the English without twenty-one days previous notice given in writing to the officer, commanding, his Britannic majesty's ships, and to the officer commanding his majesty's and the honourable company's troops. And the English on their part agree not to erect any batteries, or make any other military arrangements on shore, without the same notice to the commandant of the town.—Answer. Accepted for those troops under my command, the rest I will refer to the general. Article 6. That there shall be no impediment to the inhabitants selling to the English supplies of fresh meat and vegetables, the English paying the usual price for the same, and that the sick are to be accommodated on shore, if required.—Answer. Accepted. Article 7. That nothing here abovementioned shall he considered as preventing the English from attacking any other part of the island either by sea or land.—Accepted under the condition that no disembarkarion, or movement, of troops shall take place at St. Paul's within the limits above-mentioned. Article 8. That all English prisoners at St. Paul's shall be given up.– Answer. I will refer this to the general. Article 9. That no impediment shall be made to the negroes who have been accustomed to work upon the beach, assisting the English upon receiving their regular pay. Article 10. I hat three days shall be given for the ratification of general Des Bruslys to these articles, and in t
event of their not being ratified, on his part, either party shall be at liberty to commence hostilities upon giving 24 hours previous notice.—Answer. Accepted. The following articles, added on the part of captain St. Michiel. Article 1. The French troops, under my command, are to be considered as at liberty to quit the present cantonments, and to march to the assistance of any other part of the island, that may be threatened with an attack, without giving notice to the British commandant. The commandant of the militia will remain at St. Paul's to see the foregoing articles carried into effect.—Answer. Accepted. Article 2. The civil authorities of St. Paul's shall resume their functions, the inhabitants shall be governed by French laws, and remain in the undisturbed exercise of their religion.— Answer. Accepted. Done at St Paul's in the island of Buonaparte, this 23d day of Sept. 1809. (Signed) J. Rowley, Comg. H. B. M. squadron. H. S. KEATING, Comg. a detachment of H. B. Majesty's and the H. C. troops. Le capitaine commandant militaire. (Signed) St. Michiel, A true copy. C. H. J. Pearce, Act.-major of brigade. TRAN's LATION. To commodore Rowley, commanding his Britannic Majesty's ships, and lieutenant-colonel Keating, commanding the land force of his said Majesty. GENTLEMEN, The unexpected death of general Des Bruslys has not yet afforded time to his successor, at that time absent from the seat of government, to examine the articles of the suspension of arms, agreed upon between you and me, a circumstance which has unavoidably retarded my return.—As the time given has expired, I am directed to propose to you to prolong it for five days.
I have the honour to remain, with the most distinguished consideration, Gentlemen, Your obedient, humble servant, Le commandant militaire, (Signed) St. Michie. (A true copy) C. H. J. Pearce, Actg.-maj. of brigade. St. Paul, 26th Sept. 1809.
St. militaire, SIR, We have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, of the 20th instant, explaining the unavoidable delay which occurred in your return to St. Paul's, and proposing to prolong the suspension of arms entered into between us, on the 23d instant, for five days longer, a proposition which meets with our concurrence. We have the honour to remain, Your obedient, humble servants, (Signed) Joseph Rowley, Commanding H. B. Majesty's squadron. HENRY KEATING, Lieut.-col.commanding a detachment of H. B. Majesty's and hon. company's troops. (A true copy) C. H. J. PEArce, Actg.-maj. of brigade. St. Paul's, 27th Sept. 1809.
BoM. B.A. Y. Occurrences for December. BoM.BAY CASTLE, DEcember 2. General orders ly government. The official details, which have been received by government of the operations of part of the garrison of Rod. rigues, under the immediate command o' lieutenant colonel Keating of his Å; jesty's 56th regiment, in conjun0. tion with the squadron under the orders of commodore Rowley, in an attack made upon the town and barbour of St. Paul, in the island of Bourbon, have afforded to government the highest gratification. The honourable the governor in council most fully approves of the
whole of the arrangements made by lieutenant-colonel Keating for carrying that brilliant enterprise into effect; but he has remarked, with peculiar satisfaction, the judgment displayed by that officer, in the prompt and decided manner in which he availed himself of the information transmitted to him by commodore Rowley, relative to the position and force of the enemy; and admires the spirit and rapidity with which he advanced, from the point of disembarkation, to the town of St. Paul. To these measures, aided by the gallantry and undaunted courage of his Majesty's and the honourable the East India company's naval and land forces, employed on the expedition, he ascribes the honorable, and completelysuccessful, termination of a service, from which the public have delived considerable advantage, and the British arms in this quarter of the globe, have acquired an additional lustre. The governor in council in thus publicly declaring the high sense he entertains of the spirited and judicious conduct of lieutenant colonel Keating, and of the valour displayed by the troops in general, feels the most lively pleasure in expressiug his particular approbation of the conduct of captains Forbes and Hanna, of the 50th regiment, and captain Imlac, of the 2d battalion of the 2d N. I. who commanded the columns of attack on that occasion; as well as of lieutenant Remon, of the Bombay engineers; ensign Pearce, of the 56th regiment, and lieutenant Watkins, of the honorable company's cruizer, the Wasp, for the personal assistance they afforded to lieutenant-colonel Keating, and of doctor Davies, for his kindness and attention to the sick, of which lieutenantcolonel Keating speaks in terms of commendation, in a separate dispatch to the adjutant-general. The resolute conduct, and spirited attack, made by the detail of N. I. of the 22d, on the French force, which they unexpectedly encountered on their march to one of the batteries, does them the greatest credit. , Although it does not rest with the honorable the governor in council, to Vol. 11.
convey to commodore Rowley, the officers, seamen, and marines under his command, the just tribute of applause due to them, for the conspicuous part they bore in the joint expedition against the town and harbour of St. Paul; still he feels, that he should be deficient in his public duty, if he withheld from captains Willoughby and Corbet, the seamen, and marines, employed on shore with lieutenantcolonel Keating, and who so eminently distinguished themselves on that occation, the grateful acknowledgments of this government, for the signal services they rendered to their country. By private letters from the neighbourhood of Tabriz, in Armenia, of the date of the 17th August, we learn, that Abbas Mirza, the heir-apparent, and Mohammed Ah Mirza, his brother, had marched at the head of 60,000 Persians, to engage the Russians in Erivan. The latter are said, in consequence of the alarm which this had excited, to have sent an Ambassador to treat with the king of Persia. The ships Diamond and Fatteh Allebhoy, belonging to native merchants in this place, have been lost in the Gulph. Dec. 6.-The honorable the governor in council has been pleased to confirm the nomination by lieutenant-colonel Keating, of ensign Charles Pierce, of his Majesty's 50th regiment, to be major of brigade to the troops stationed on the Island of Rodrigues, in the room of lieutenant O'Neil. By order of the honourable the governor in council.
Chief sec. to govt. Notice has been already taken, in an extra courier, of the successful commencement of the operation of the force under lieutenant-colonel Smith, by the taking of Rus ul Khima. The following are such particulars relative to that event as have been yet published. There is no doubt, that the whole of the service will be conducted with the