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ever vigilant in the maintenance of good order and justice in this happy soil. So, may we say to our beloved Ferdinand the seventh ; “ Sire –the inhabitants of the Philippine Islands have depicted, with bitter sorrow, the calamities which have afflicted your majesty. But at the same time, while your majesty has never been one instant absent from their hearts, they have forgot their grief, in the confidence, that the great and generous nation of Spain have known how to beat down, to confound, and to extinguish the perfidy and colossal power of our enemies. The Philippine Islands have never ceased to observe the laws of concord, regularity, and justice; in order that, when your majesty shall return to the bosom of your beloved country, your majesty may know, what fidelity, loyalty, and affection, are to be found in this valuable portion of your dominions.”
What a delightful spectacle it is to behold all the orders of the state united together in sentiments so loyal The government itself, the superior and inferior tribunals, —the ministers of the altar,<-the numerous bands of the army,+every individual, in fine, down to the meanest native of these territories, joins in common voice of acclamation, and, with sincerity of heart, offers up incessant prayers to heaven, that his dear and beloved king, Don Ferdinand the seventh, may be blessed with many and happy years, for the welfare and glory of the Spanish monarchy.
MARIA No FERNAND Ez
Manilla, Feb. 14, 1809.
PRINCE OF WALEs's Is LAND
Occurrences for October. Extract of a letter from Malacca, Sept. 22, received per Mornington.
“ The market for opium in this quarter is at a stand, owing to the nonarrival of the Bouggiese prows. A late unfortunate occurrence has had the effect of preventing any of these vessels from coming to this port. About a month ago, a fleet of twenty-one
Bouggiese prows, on their passage up the straits to this place, fell in with the Piedmontaise frigate, off Mount Formosa. The frigate conceiving from their appearance, that they were pirates, and it is often extremely difficult to distinguish vessels of that description from trading prows, sent her boats armed to attack the fleet of supposed pirates. The Malays, it is said, perceiving the mistake under which they were likely to be attacked, endeavoured to explain that they were not pirates, but traders, peaceably proceeding to Malacca and Penang. They could not make themselves understood, and the attack proceeded. On this, the Malays made a most desperate resistance; determined to sell their lives as dearly as possible, many of them ran amuck; and rushing headlong with their creeses on the Europeans, compelled a number of the seamen to leap over-board. After a smart conflict, unequal from the greater number of Malays who were engaged, the boats were obliged to return to the frigate, the prows made off, and returned to Rhio and Lingin. “In this unfortunate affair we had two seamen killed, five officers, and about 30 seamen severely wounded, some of these are desperately mangled. “The commanding officer of this settlement has dispatched messengers and ietters to Rhio, assuring the Raja, that the attack on the fleet of prows, originated entirely in mistake, and inviting them to resort to this port as usual, under the assurance cf a cordial reception. The Malays are obstinate, and refuse to visit an English port. Forty prows from different Malavan islands, hearing, upon their arrival at Rhio, of the attack off Formosa, de
and if the sale be forced it will not produce 800."
PRINCE of WA LFs's Is LAND Occurrences for November.
On Thursday, the Troubridge, captain Gourlay, arrived from China, whence she sailed the 10th Sept. and came down the inner passage. The markets were not the most favourable, but the arrival of some Annericans, with dollars, had put fresh spirits into the merchants. The Ladrones were very numerous and daring, 101 sail were lying at the second bar, when the Troubridge passed, seemingly with the intention to attack her. They had attacked the Auspicious and Dudaloy, going in, and did them some damage. An American brig, with four lacs of dollars on board, was attacked, and nearly carried, but from their bad manoeuvering, she escaped, and took refuge under the guns of his majesty's ship La Dedaigneuse, then lying in the Tiper, who has since gone against them. The Mercury, of this port, had been taken up by the Chinese government, at 2000 dollars per day, and fitted out as a privateer —fifty Americans had volunteered their services on board. Captain Williams, late of the Palmer, was in command of the Mercury. The Britannia, also of this port, had been taken up by the Manilla government, at a very handsome rate, for the purpose of visiting the Philippine islands, and collecting the revenues. Captain Court, remained on shore, to dispose of the cargo. The markets at Manilla are stated to be very bad.
Sessions of Oyer and Terminer, Thursday, 10th day of November.
It being intimated to the court, on behalf of the prisoner, that John Lyon Phipps, Esq. one of the grand jurors, was a minor, therefore incapable; the recorder declared that the prisoner could only avail himself of this objection, if the fact was so, by way of a plea in abatement; and that before
any other plea pleaded; however, he was willing to give him the full benefit of it, and to remove all doubt. Mr. Phipps was examined upon oath, as to his age, and having admitted be was a minor, the recorder observed, that a minor ought not to be returned by the sheriff, and that, in point of law, if any one of the grand jury, who find an indictment be an incapable person, or not such a lawful juror as the law acknowledges, he vitiates the whole, though never so many unexceptionable persons join him in finding the bill; he would, therefore, in the present case remove all objection at the prisoner's desire, and for his own benefit, permit him to withdraw his former plea, and allow his plea in abatement of the indictment, which he accordingly quashed, on account of the minority of one of the indictors:--he then ordered a grand jury to be re-sworn from the same pannel, leaving out the incapable person, and new bills of indictment were served to the grand jury, which being found, the prisoner Thomas Courtnay, was arraigned and having pled not guilty, the court proceeded upon his trial. The recorder said he did this upon the authority of Foster and Hall, and a case of the king against M’Dermot, which happened within his own recollection before the late lord Avonmore, and another very able judge, who allowed a plea in abatement on account of the incapacity of one of the grand jurors, upon which the indictment was quashed, a new bill found before another grand jury, and the prisoner tried, convicted, and executed. Thomas Courtnay, a young man of about 21, in the artillery service, was tried upon two indictments;–the first for the murder of Thomas Shields, a corporal of artillery, who was shot by him, when he came to relieve him on guard in the fort, on the 18th of last October, in consequence of resentment declared by the prisoner against the deceased, for having confined him in the guard-house that morning for drunkenness, and the other for the murder of Akow, an industrious China carpenter, who was killcd in consequence of a wound from the same firelock and by the same ball at the same time; the trial was a most interesting one, not only on account of the atrocity of the acts, but on account of the youth of the prisoner, who, from the history of his birth and family, given by him in his defence, seemed destined for a better fate: and, after a very long trial, which lasted till five in the evening, he was convicted upon both indictments, upon very clear evidence; and after a very pathetic and affecting speech from the honourable the recorder, he passed judgment of death upon him.— After which the court adjourned until this day, when another trial for murder, of a very interesting nature, committed in one of the southern districts of Soonghy Teram, will be proceeded
Court of Judicature, Thursday, 23d day of November, 1809.
Aming, a Chinese, was indicted for the wilful murder of Sycheit, a Chinese, at Soonghy Teram, on the 28th of August last. It appeared that the prisoner and the deceased, together with one Keong, resided together in the same house for years, rear a pepper garden, 13 miles distant from George Town; that the deceased was missing from his residence, and no account could be obtained of him for some time ; that the prisoner had informed thosewho had enquired for the deceased, that he had gone away from the neighbourhood, and that he expected him back in three or four months; so the matter rested for about a month, when a neighbour passing through the jungle, near the house of the prisoner, and Keong, perceived a noisome smell and
some earth newly turn d up, with a
spear stuck in it, upon which he informed a relation of the deceased, who went there with the constable of the district, and found the body of the deceased buried a cubit under ground, wrapped up in the mat on which he usually slept, and in his curtains, all stained with blood ; this led the constable to the house of the prisoner, where the deceased had resided. The
prisoner was apprehended, and Alock, a labourer, in the house; Keong had fled a few days before. It appeared by Alock, the labourer's evidence, that he was awoke from his sleep about twelve o'clock at night in August last, and that he saw the prisoner and Keong come out of the room where the deceased slept, each with a bloody knife in his hand, and that they threatened the witness with immediate death if he did not take an oath of secrecy, not to divulge what he had seen, which he did take under terror; and he swore that the prisoner and Keong locked him up in the cookroom, while they took the body out and buried it in the jungle where it was found. It further appeared, that the prisoner,when taken up by the constable, first said he did not know what had become of him who murdered the deceased, and that he did not know who had murdered the deceased, or what had become of him; and, afterwards, declared it was by Keong: the avowed cause of the murder was resentment, which Keong entertained against the deceased, for some threats alleged to have been made by the deceased against him.
Sir. E. Stanley delivered a clear and explicit charge to the jury, in which he pointed their attention to the principal circumstances, which confirmed the evidence of Alock, and particularly the contradictory accounts of the deceased, given by the prisoner, when he was missed from the neighbourhood, and afterwards admitting that he was murdered by Keong; and he explained to them tilat in point of law, although the mortal wounds may have been given by Keong, that if the prisoner was present, aiding and assisting, or privy to it, and Joining him in the secret burial of the deceased, he was as much a principal in the murder, as if he had given the mortal wound himself. The jury retired, and returned a verdict of guilty against the prisoner, about six o'clock in the evening.
This was one of the most interesting trials for murder which has hitherto occurred.
PRINCE of WALES’s Is LAND Occurrences for December.
PEN ANG, December.—By the arrival of the Daphne, captain Hall, from Manilla, whence he sailed the 8th ult, the following particulars are received rela: tive to the shipping, which have quitted India on speculation to Luconia, since the opening of the Spanish trade. The under-mentioned vessels were laying at Manilla, when the Daphne sailed. The Barring, Elliot; Sidney, Collingwood; Eagle, Webster; Experiment, Cripps; Union, Thomas; Mary, Smith; Commerce, Chapman ; Balfour, Eaton ; a brig, Berley; Portuguese ships Activo, Marrianne, Primo, and two others. The French national grab Entreprenant, arrived on the 3d September, under a flag of truce, with duplicate of the La Mouche's dispatches, and some numbers of the Times, several of which with paragraphs, or passages, cut out: the grab sent a boat on shore with musters of biscuits, &c. requesting a supply of provisions; the boat was detained, and the crew imprisoned, mean while the vessel was cruising about with the flag of truce flying, and on the next day came to an anchor in Centascido, when some of the English and Portuguese vessels firing on her, she cut and ranout under easy sail; the day after, her people were sent off, but too late to reach her. There were from fifty to seventy gun boats laying in the river, but no attempt made against her. The crews of two American vessels, taken by ber on the coast of Pedier, were on board her. Captain Winther, officers, and crew of the H. C. vessel Margaret, belonging to this port, were landed from her at Manilla. Prior to the sailing of the Daphne, accounts having been received, through the channel of the mutilated Times before noticed, of the retreat of the British arms, from Spain, and of the subsequent successes of the French in that quarter; the government had fitted out the packet-boat La Mouche, for the
~~~~~ea of ranuevin or disnatches to
Spanish America; but she had not sailed when the Daphne came away.
BEN cool.EN Occurrences for 1808.
BeN cool EN, Feb. 6.-Affairs at this settlement, and the different subordinates along the coast, are in a state of profound peace and good order. The season has proved unhealthy at Fort Marlborough Mr. Parry, the resident, and Mr. Siddons, have been both seriously indisposed, - but are entirely recovered. The stores of rice and provision have fallen rather low; this circumstance, however, gives no room for uneasiness, as, besides the supplies from Bengal, which are soon expected, the crops of grain upon the ground promise a harvest of unusual fertility. MARCH 15–Some years ago the nutmeg and clove trees were brought from the Molucca islands, and introduced at this place. The trees are loaded with fruit, and the younger plantations are in such prosperity, that in the course of a few years the produce of Sumatra will be competent to the supply of the Europe market in its demand for cloves, nutmeg, and mace; and thus a valuable branch of trade, long monopolized by the Dutch, and considered necessarily dependent on the possession of the Molucca islands, has been transferred from a foreign country, and already opens to Great Britain a new source of national and private wealth. The soil and climate of Sumatra are particularly favourable to the clove and nutmeg ; but no small part of the extraordinary success of the plantations established, must be ascribed to the fostering care with which they have been nursed in their earlier stages. The nutmeg, mace, and cloves, in appearance, and the more essential point of quality, are, at least, equal to those produced in the Molucca islands.
acquainted with the total destruction of Padang, by fire ; a settlement, laying to the northward, formerly belonging to the Dutch ; but which is at present subject to, and entertained by, the English government. “ The consequences of this melancholy catastrophe, which occurred in February last, were dreadful: private property having been consumed to a great amount, though that of the pubJic did not suffer so much on the occasion. “The fire continued increasing so very rapidly, as to have admitted but little to be saved ; and the whole town was, in the spacc of two hours, levelled to the ground. It is consolatory, however, to observe, that few lives were lost. “In order to alleviate the distressful effects of this unfortunate disaster, as far as it lay in the power of government, whose compassion and humanity, was greatly excited on the occasion, a subscription was raised on account of the relief of the poor sufferers, which amounted to 1800 dollars. “The company, exclusive of this, advanced loans of money to the extent of some thousand dollars, towards enabling the distressed to rebuild their houses, and carry on the cutivation, &c.” Fort MARL borouch, Aug. 17.“We have got here a French lieutenant-colonel prisoner. He was aidde-camp to the goveror or commanderin-chief at Batavia, and had gone to sea for the benefit of his health in a Prow, but, meeting with bad weather
CEY LoN Occurrences for JAN UARY,
General orders. JANUARY 1.-The establishment of the civil branch of the ordnance in this island having been considerably altered, by orders from the master-general and the honourable the board of ordnance,
from the southward, he was obliged to bear up for Pulo Penang, opposite Croe, where he delivered himself up to the acting resident, who sent him to this place. He will, I suppose, arrive in Calcutta at the same time you receive this, as I believe it is proposed to send him in the Lord Castlereagh. In the latter end of April last, we had a visit from the Cannonier and Laurel. They stood in much nearer than Rat Island: but, gaining information, I suppose, that there was no vessel in Pulo Bay, stood off afterwards to the northward. We were greatly afraid, they would have fallen in with the Castlereagh and Anna ; and, had these ships come the inner passage, they certainly would have been captured, as the French vessels were at anchor off Padang for the space of four days.
“As soon as our two ships arrived, they were put into the Bason, at Rat Island; and measures were taken for repairing and planking the old platform there, and for building a furnace for heating shot. That is now finished, and we have two 24 pounders and an eight-inch morter mounted on the island. Soon after we had got every thing in readiness, two strange sail were seen, when we instatly cleared for action, both ashore and on board.
“They did not come in, however, but stood to the southward. On a second occasion, every thing was again cleared for action ; but the vessels proved to be the Procris and Dasher, brig and sloop of war. They remained four days, to get water and bullocks.”
lieutenant-general Maitland is pleased to publish the following appointments, which have taken place in that departInent. Kenelm Chandler, esq. to be storekeeper; Alexander Gordon, esq. to be