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ourselves, that your successor will follow up your example in the laborious duties of that very high office, which you have fulfilled, with the most strict zeal, precision, and unshaken perseverance; nevertheless, our having so long experienced the great advantage, derived from your equal and most impartial administration of justice, we cannot see you depart from this, without expressing the deepest and most heart-felt regret, and, as a tribute due to your uncommon merit, and in token of our sincere gratitude— we have to beg your acceptance of our warmest thanks, for the indefatigable and unremitted vigilance you have so strictly manifested in our behalf; and we sincerely wish that your voyage to Europe may be prosperous, and nothing can ever afford us more infinite pleasure than to hear, from time to time, of your future welfare in life;-and have the satisfaction to subscribe ourselves.
Colombo, March 6, 1809.
To which the honourable chief justice answered as follows:
Gentlemen,-Allow me to assure you that the expression of your esteem, and good wishes, upon my approaching departure, is not the less gratifying to myself, because, till yesterday evening, it was altogether unknown, and unexpected, by me. You will allow me, also, to add, that it is the more gratifying from the honourable moives from which alone it can arise.
If my endeavour to administer justice, according to those pure principles which form the common basis of law, in all the countries of Europe, have procured me your esteem, it can be owing only to your disinterested regard for those principles. The good opinion which so many respectable gentlemen have done me the honour to express, flowing from a source so truly honourable to themselves, must ever be remembered by me with the highest satisfaction.
Colombo, March 15, 1809.
CEY LON Occurrences for April.
General Orders. A Head-quarters, Mount Lavinia.-April 8, 1809. Lieutenant-general Maitland takes the earliest opportunity, after his return to the seat of government, to express to lieutenant-colonel Morrice, and the officers and men of the detachment of the 3d Ceylon regiment, / lately returned to this island, his marked approbation of their conduct when detached on service. He naturally did expect, where a regiment had been formed under the immediate eye, and under the happy auspices, of major-general Baillie and lieutenant-colonel Morrice, that any part of it would conduct itself, under any circumstances, with equal propriety and gallantry. In this expectation he has not been deceived, and he directs, that part of the regiment, returned from the coast, be struck off all duty for the three ensuing days, and do receive double rations of every kind. In regard to those who may have suffered during their late service, his excellency the governor requests, that lieutenant-colonel Morrice will submit to him a list, upon the occasion, of such men as he deems deserving such indulgence, as it is his excellency's intention, that they shall be discharged, conditionally, from the regiment, and receive an allotment of land, and a provision for life, each. The respective officers of the ordnance department will assemble, inimediately, for the purpose of submiting, to the lieutenant-general, their opinion upon the most eligible mode of constructing permanent sheds, both at Colombo and Trincomalee, for the field train, &c. at each of those places, and to frame such instructions, as they may deem fitting, for the clerk of the cheque at Trincomalee, and the senior clerk of stores, of the field train, about to proceed there, for their guidance, in conformity to the concluding para
graph of the letter transmitted, by the respective officers, to major Edwards, military secretary, under date the 7th of March. The 89th regiment will be inspected, by the lieutenant-general, on the 24th instant, on the Galle face. The reginient to be taken off all duties on that day, and to parade in light marching order. Second lieutenant Edwards, 3d Ceylon regiment, is appointed to act as extra aid-de-camp until further orders, and is to be obeyed accordingly.
Memorandum relative to the internment of major Beaver, of his majesty's 19th regiment. THE FUNERAL PARTY, -With the drums and fifes of the 80th regiment, and the band of the 3d Ceylon, under the command of major Mi'Bean, 89th regiment. THE BODY. PALL BEARERs, – Lieut.-colonel Morrice, 3d Ceylon regiment; major Chaplin, 2d ditto; major Edwards, 3d ditto ; captain Foote, his majesty's ship Piedmontese; major Wilson, deputy barrack-master-general; major Colebroke, royal artillery. Chief Mou RNER,--The governor. . Members of his majesty's council,Mr. Wood, and the hon. J. Rodney. A i Des-De-CA M P. Th F. COLON i AL OFFICERS. The officers of his majesty's ship, La Piedmontese. The officers of the general staff. The commandant of Colombo, with his staff. The civil servants according to their rank, the senior in front. The commandant will direct a proper number of non-commissioned officers to attend, to prevent any crowding, or undue interference. The senior officers of corps, not included in the above list, will march their officers, on the firing of the first gun, in regular order, according to their rank, to the quarters from which the body of the late major Beaver is to be carried. They are requested to observe the utmost regularity, and to take care that no officer, upon any ac
count, deviates from the spirit of that propriety and regularity which ought to be observed upon such an occaS1011.
Major Beaver has left a widow and three children, in England, to lament his loss; and the only consolation that can be offered, under the afflicting misfortunes which his death has entailed upon them, is the grateful, though nielancholy, record of the general esteem and regard that was entertained for him when living, and of the just and well-merited tribute of regret, which was paid to his memory when dead.
CEY LoN Occurrences for August.
Regulation of government; present, his ercellency the governor in council.
Regulation for ascertaining the persons holding the employs, or titles, of Native headmen in the Cingalese districts, and for preventing the assumption of the authority, or title, of headmen, ly persons not duly appointed for that purpose.
Whereas, in order to ascertain the persons actually holding the employ, or entitled to the rank of Native headmen, in the Cingalese districts of Chilaw, Colombo, Caiturr, Galle, and Matura, it has been necessary to call in all ancient acts, granting such employ or rank ; and new acts have been issued to all persons duly entitled thereto.
His excellency the governor in council is pleased to enact and declare,
1. That all acts, effective or titula, granting the employ or rank of Mohandiram, and upwards, to any person whomsoever, and bearing date at any time previous to the 4th day of June instant, shall be null and void to all intents and purposes; and no persons shall be entitled to bold such employs or rank, except by virtue of an act of the English government, dated on, or after, the said last-mentioned
2. That all acts appointing effective, or titular, Cingalese headmen, under tre ra.k of Motadiram, and bearing date at any time previous to the first day of May last, shall be null and void; and no act for the said purpose shall be valid, unless signed by the commissioner of revenue, and dated on, or subsequent to, the first day of May last. 3. That any person, assuming the rank or title of a Cingalese Native leidman, whether effective or titular, of whatsoever degree, without such proper act as aforesaid, shall, on proof thereof, before any court or magistrate, be subject to a heavy fin according to the nature of the rank or title so assuned, and also to imprisonment or corporal punishment, and shall further, on be lig reported by the magistrate, before whom they are tried, be declared, by government, to be incapable of e' or -erving his majesty in any capacity whatsoever. 4. And, whereas great abuses have been practised by persons having merely the rank, or title, of Cingalese Native headmen, assuming the functions and authority of headmen actually employed, it is hereby declared, that all persons guilty of such fraud shall be liable to the like penalties, as are provided by the next foregoing clause. 5. And, in order to encourage the detection of persons assuming the rank, or title, of Native headmen, without a proper act for that purpose, or assuming the authority of office without any actual employ, it is hereby declared, that the person by whese information such fraud be discovered, and the of. fender brought to justice, shall receive one-third part of the fine levieu on his conviction. 0. That the Cingalese Native headmen, whether effective and in actual employ, or only titular, shall, according to their respective ranks, wear such dress as is specified in the schedule bearing date here with, and any headman assuming the dress of a rank to which he is not entitled, shall be iiable to lose the employ, or rauk, which he may actually hold, and to be further
Schedule of the dress of Native headmen in the Cingalese district, from Chilaw to Matura inclusive. Rank, description, or class of headmen.—l/et/ale cast. 1. Mahamodliars; coat, velvet, silk or cloth, trimmings, gold or silver, lace loops and buttons; sword, hilt, and scabbard of pure massive or wrought gold, or of silver inlaid with, gold. Belt, of gold or silver lace, or of silk embroidered, or spangled, with gold or silver. 2. Modliars of the Attepattoe, Modliars of the Corles, &c. Mahotiars of the guard and Attepattoe, and Mohandirains of the guard ; coat, silk or cloth, trimmings, ditto ; sword, hilt and scabbard of silver inlaid with gold ; belt, do. . 3. Mohandirams of the Attepattoe, the Basnaike, Padikare Mohandirams, and the Mohandirams employed as interpreters in the courts of the several provincial judges; coat, silk, or cloth, trimmings, ditto; sword, the hilt and scabbard of silver, and the eyes and tongue of the lion's head may be of gold , belt of gold or silver lace, but not spangled. 4. The Corals, Corle Mohandiram, and Mohandirams, employed as interpreters in the courts of the sitting magistrates; coat ditto, trimmings ditto; sword, the hilt and scabbard of silver, in the middle of the scabbard must be a plain silver plate; belt ditto. 5. Arrachies; coat, cloth, or linen, trimmings, silver buttons and loops; sword, the hilt and scabbard of silver, with 2 plain plates of tortoise-shell on the scabbard; belt, of coloured ribbon embroidered with flowers of gold, or silver, thread. 0. Canganies; coat, ditto, trim
mings, ditto; sword, the hilt of the sword of horn inlaid with silver, the scabbard of horn or wood, with 3 silver bands; belt, of coloured ribbon without embroidery.
Fisherman and Chandos Cast. 1. Moriliars and Mahavidahn Modliars ; coat, silk or cloth, trimmings, silver buttons and loops; sword, the hill and scabbard of Filver, and the eyes and trngué of the lion's head nay be of gold : belt, of gold or silver lace, but not spangled. * 2. Mahavohans, Mohavidhan Mohandiram, Pattengo, Moilandiratns, all other Mohanatrains of the same casts; coat, cloth or linen, “innings, d; to; sword, the hit and scabbard of silver, but in the n id.le of the scabbard must be a plain plate of tortoiseshell; belt, of gold or silver lace. 3. Arrachies; coat ditto, trimmings, silver buttons and silk loops; sword, the hilt of horn enbellished with silver, with three tortois, -shell plates belt, of coloured iiibon embroidered with silk. 4 Canganies; coat linen, trimmings ditto; sword the lilt of horn embellished with silver, the scabbard of horn or wood, with two silver lates; belt of plain-coloured ribbon. BLACKSM it HS AND WAS HERMEN. 1. Mahavidhans, Mahavidhan Mohandirams; coat, cloth or linen, trimmings, silver buttons and loops; sword, the hilt, and scabbard of silver, must be
one plate of tort ise-shell on the scabbard, and two plates of tortoise-shell to be worn by the washermen; belt of ribbon, embroidered with flowered gold or silver thread. 2. Arrachies; coat linen, trimmings, silver buttons and silk loops; sword, the hilt of horn, embellished withosilver, the scabbard of horn or wood, with three silver bands; belt of plain coloured ribbon. 3. Cang anies; coat, linen, trimmings, ho;; or covered liner, buttons; sword, ti.e hilt of horio, the scabbard of horn or wood,with three copper bands; belt, of plain ribbon. b A R for RS C A St. 1.Vidhan Mohandiyams; coat, cloth or linen, trion.ings, silver buttons and loops; sword, oe hill and scabbard of silver, but on the scabbard there must be two plates of tortoise-shell; belt of coloured ribbon, embroidered with flowers of silver thread. The titular headmen of each rank are to be dressed in every respect as the headmen of the railk and cast to which they belong, but as a distinguishing mark the word “Titular” is to be engraved on the hilts of their swords. By order of the council. (Signed) THoMA's EDEN, Sec. to the council. By his excellency's command. (Signed) John Rod NEY, Chief sec. to govt. Colombo, Aug. 19, 1809.
CHINA Occurrrences for 1808-1809.
Translation of the chop, which the Isontoe of Canton addressed to the senior commander, captains, officers, petty officers, and others belonging to the English ships at the port of Whampoa, and which was delivered to the said senior commander, captain Milliken Craig, of the Elphinstone, by the Mandarins, deputed by the Isontoe, under a canopy of state, surrounded by Chinese guards under aims—erected for the occasion on
French island, on the side of a hill, having a Chinese camp, on each side, on hills, each about one mile distant, and all in view from the Van ships of the hon. company's fleet, moored in line of battle within gun shot. I, the mandarin Fu, by favour of my prince Isontoe of the two provinces of Quang-tong and Quang-si, member of the tribunal of war, &c. direct this letter to the captains, officers, passengers and others, belonging to the
English ships to warn you, that being certain that your bad kingdom is situated on an island of the sea, and that you originally employed yourselves in making watches to enable you to pay your taxes; afterwards, by the especial and profound goodness of our great emperor, who was desirous of benefiting you, he granted you permission to come to this empire to trade. Behold what exalted and profound virtue belong to him ' ' ' Notwithstanding this, the admiral of your kingdom, regardless of the laws, has brought here, for the first time, foreign soldiers, and without leave, introduced them into Macoa, and your chief supra cargo, uniting with him, they are, with one accoid, inaking disturbances. This being the case, I informed the emperor, from whom I
have just received a decree, in virtue of y
which, I again send Mandarius deputed to inform them, that if they persist in detaining the soldiers, a great many troops shall be immediately dispatched to destroy and extinguish them, and to terminate this business, for the consequences of which the admiral and chief supra cargo will be responsible. But you captains, officers, passengers, and other people of the ships, shall be free from all responsibility if you remain quietly in the observance of the laws, and after the soldiers of your nation shall be entirely withdrawn, I shall feel it my duty to inform the emperor, praying him to have the goodness to permit you to carry on your trade as formerly. But if you, giving ear to, and obeying the admiral and chief supracargo, unite yourselves to them to create disturbances, when afterwards our innumerable soldier: shii! arrive, who shall destroy and burn you, even if you are as hard as stone or jasper, I shall then not be able to use you with any indulgence, nor free you from the net of the law in which you will be ensnared, and in order that you may be obedient, and discreet, I direct this chop to you. In the thirteenth year of the emperor Ria King, on the 17th day of the 10th moon, 3d Dec. 1808. Memorandum. – Received on the
* 4th Dec. 1 SOS, from the hands of the Mandarins, delegated by the Isontoe, who were the brigadier Mandarin Chang, and the Quang-choufoo, governor of the city of Canton.
Copy. To his ercellency the viceroy of Quangtong and Quang-si. May it please your Excellency.—We, the undersigned commanders of the honourable English East-India company's ships, at Whampoa, for ourselves, our officers, and our men, have the exalted honour to acknowledge the receipt of your excellency's most gracious letter delivered to us on French island, on the 4th Dec. 180s, by the two Mandarina, whom we are informed it was your condescending pleasure to send for that purpose. Our object of visiting this country is purely for contmercial purposes, to continue in the same manner that friendly and useful intercourse which has existed for centuries, and now become footn its magnitude of the very first importance to both our vast empires. We are taught in our own country, that obedience to our laws is the first essential to the well-being of the state ; the same must apply to all countries, and we are, therefore, ordered, and endeavour to venerate and obey your's; but such is the nature of our own laws and constitution, that we dare not, even in a foreign country, depart from allegiance to our own country, nor to those who are dignified with its most exalted representation. We understand that our admiral, who is an officer of high rank, at the request of the Portuguese, landed some troops at Macoa, to help them to defend it against attacks from the French, This wicked nation, ever since they murdered their sovereign, have waged war upon all nations within their reach, and, we understand, are now marching by land to make war upon the celestral empire, as the British navy prevent them by sea. We, of course, wish to have no concern with any disturbances in the celes