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tial empire. And we, therefore, most humbly implore your excellency to order the trade to be opened, that we may thereby find employment in the quiet habits of industry, which we conceive would prevent our services being required for other purposes : but which, if called for, our laws and our honour would compel us to obey, whatever might be the consequences. With sentiments of the most profound veneration, and prayers for your excellency's welfare, we beg leave to subscribe our names. (Signed) M. Craig, senior officer— C. E. Prescott—H. Moffat-– H. Meriton—J. Locke—W. Dunsford—R. H. Brown — J. J. Williamson — C. B. Gribble—Luke Dodds—F. Armitage, chief officer for W. A. Montague—J. Strachan, ditto for R. Nisbett—John Lochner–William Patterson. H. C. S. Elphinstone, Hohampoa, Dec. 7, 1808. Copy of the translation. I, Isontoe, &c., in reply to your letter, have to inform you, that I first thought that you, like your merchants, came to carry on trade, and that you would not have joined with your superiors, I mean the admiral and chief, to make disorders. Under this idea I sent you a chop; but seeing now that you do not think proper to alter your way of thinking, taking as a pretence the protection of the Portuguese, I plainly know that you have joined your opinions with those of the above superiors; remaining in the same vain hope, I, the Isontoe, have repeatedly sent my chops, declaring, that as long as there remained a single soldier at Macoa, and you would not obey my orders, I absolutely will not consent to your continuing to carry on your trade. If you do not wish to trade you may take away your ships as you think proper, but if you are desirous of pursuing your mercantile negotiations, it is necessary to remain peaceable, and to obey the laws ; relying with certainty that after your troops shall have entirely evacuated Macoa, that your trade shall be granted you as formerly:-as your letter declares, that you must, of

dynasty, this shews that you have respect and veneration for them; therefore, I have directed to you this chop, with all the edicacy possible, to open yet a way for you : but after this dispatch, if your admiral and you all will not change your sentitments, and send any more letters, I have given orders that they shall not be received.

in the 13th year of Kia King, 21st day of the 10th moon. (7th December, 1808.) Received 9th December, 1 SOS.

(Copy.) Captain Craig, senior officer of the honourai le company's ships, at Canton. Russel Chuenpee, Dec. 19th, 1808. SIR,--I have received your various communications, and have great pleasure in assuring you, every part of your conduct has met my entire approbation, and evinced most fully the experienced officer and able seaman, prompt, vigorous, and obedient. I am, Sir, - Your most obedient servt. (Signed) W. O. B. DRURY.

(Copy.) On the service. To William O'Brien Drury, esq. rear admiral of the white, o'c or co’c. SiR,--I had the honour to receive your address of the 19th must wherein you have been pleased to express your approbation of my official conduct, in terms that I shall ever be proud to merit. I beg leave to assure you, that I shall ever most zealously endeavour to merit a continuance of your good opinion, and that of any of his majesty's officers, under whom I may have the honour to serve. With sentiments of the highest respect and consideration, I have the honour to remain, Sir, Your most obedient, and faithful servant, (Signed) M. CRA1G, Senior officer of the lion. company's fleet in China. Elphinstone, Iloiampoa,

(Copy.) On the service. To captain Colin Gil, of the ship, Darid Scott, and senior commander of the country ships. Sih,--As the first fleet of country ships will soon leave this port for India, and as I understand that your ship will be one of them, I have much ple sure in feeling it to be my public dirty to express to you, thus officially, previous to your departure, my warm thinks for the ready manner in which you, and all the other commanders of the country ships, now here, attended to try requisition of services in aid of the Hate public cause in which we were involved with the Chinese government. Be pleased to communicate the above to your brother commanders, and with sentiments of real esteem, I have the honour to be, Sir, Your most obedient servant, (Signed) M. CRA1G, Senior officer, in cornmand of the H.C.'s fieet. IPhampoa, Elphinstone, \ 28th Dec. 1808.

(Copy.) To Milliken Craig, esq., senior officer in command of the honourable company's fleet, at is 'hampoa. SIR,--I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of your official letter, of the 28th inst. in which you have directed me to make known to the different commanders of the country ships, now at Wilampoa, your approbation of, and thanks for, their prompt compliance with your orders, in the late unpleasant difference with the Chinese government. I have made known your sentiments to them, and we feel gratified in having gained the favourable opinion of an oicer of such distinguished zeal and experience; and although we are happy at the amicable termination of the dispute, yet had it been otherwise, tander the direction and auspices of an officer, on whom we had the firmest reliance, and that officer commanding so formidable a force as the honourable

empany's ships now compose at

Whampoa, we could not, for a moment, doubt of a favourable issue to the contest.

I have the honour to be, in the name of my brother commanders, with the highest sentiments of respect,

Your most obedt. humble servi.
(Signed) Colin GIs.

I/7ampoa, ship, David

Scott, Dec. 29th, 1808.

(Copy.) To fillikon Craig, esq. captain of the Elphinstone, and senior officer of the H C.'s ships. o S. R,-As the fleet that arrived, under your convoy, are now about to separate; we, the commanders of the country ships, which formed a part of it, deem it an indispensable duty in us, before that event takes place, to return you our most sincere thanks for the upremitting care and attention which you, at all times, manifested to the ships under our commands, from the time of your receiving charge of the convoy, from captain Ferrier, off Acheen; but more especially for the very handsome manner in which you so readily acquiesced with our wishes, by taking us under your convoy from Malacca to this port. We shall only add, that, to the best of our judgments, a fleet, under similar circumstances, could not have been more ably conducted; and that the most eligible track was pursued to ensure a safe and speedy passage to this Jort. With best wishes for your welfare, and with the sincerest esteem, We have the honour to be, Sir, Your very obliged, humble servts. (Signed) W. Denneston,-commander of the Bombay ; James M. Robertson, Shaw Pherrie ; N. L. Purves, Gangava ; James Purefoy, Resolution ; John Angus, William. Canton, 24th Jan. 1809.

(Copy.) To captains IV. Denneston, commander of the ship Bombay,+James M. Itobertson, do. Shaw Pherrie, -N

L. Purves, do. Gangava, James Purefoy, do. Resolution,-John Angus, do. William. Gentlemen, I had the honour to receive your address of yesterday, wherein you have deemed it necessary to thank me, before your departure from this port, for India, for the protection and convoy which I gave you, and your approbation of the track which I took up the China seas. At all times it must be pleasing to a man in a public situation, to have his conduct and measures approved, but when this approval proceeds spontaneously from men, who are, from their long professional habits, the most competent to appreciate their merits, it becomes a gratification more easily felt han expressed. When it has been in my power I have always been ready and willing to give my aid and protection to the country ships of India, as much from natural inclination as from a duty which I conceive British subjects owe to each other. To you, gentlemen, I have been only a few months personally acquainted, but I have much pleasure in saying, for the information of the owners of your ships,that you uniformly attended, with the greatest precision, to my orders and signals, and to the general welfare of the fleet. With wishing you safe and prosperous voyages, I have the honour to be, Gentlemen, Your most obedient servant, (Signed) M. CRA G. Senior officer of the H. C.'s Fleet, China. Cantan, 25th Jam. 1800. “Canton, 25th Aug. 1809. “In the middle of May last, the new viceroy of Canton, named Pauk Toy En, arrived at Macao. A piece of silver was given, in the name of the emperor, to each of the soldiers at Macao, as a compliment on the occation to the Portuguese. This governor is invested with more extensive powers than any of his predecessors. “Both the governor and Hoppo, who were last wear in office been

dismissed from their publ’c employments; and the former has been cast into prison in consequence of his misconduct, in the negotiations with the English, at the time when their troops were at Macao. “Two interpreters have been appointed by the new viceroy, to reside at M cao, for the purpose of reporting to him all arrivals from sea. On the 17th of May, shortly after this arrangement took effect, the Baring came it, from Bengal, with, a cargo of 450 boles of cotton; and was followed by the Cumbrian on the 29th, and the Troubridge on the 2d of June. These three ships were detained at Macao until the 6th of June, when a general permission was at length granted, for all country ships to go up the river,-Pilots were immediately received on board, and the ships anchored in safety at Whampoa on tile 9th. “The Hong merchants at Canton had, in the mean time, entered into a

, combination for keeping down the rates

of the market; and had established the following regulations: “ 1. That it shall be determined by lot, what Hong merchant shall become security for each ship. “2. That the merchant, who shall be security for the ship, shall also be the purchaser of the cargo. “3. That the valuation of the cargo shall be fixed by the Congso, before they proceed to draw lots. “4. That the agent for the ship shall be allowed to purchase her return cargo from her security only. “5. That all persons, taking freight on the ship, shall, in like manner, be compelled to purchase their goods from the ship's security. “6. That all payments shall, if possible, be made, two thirds in goods and one third in cash; but, if otherwise, that the time of polyment shall be fixed at four months credit. “ In confortuity with these resolutions, all the merchants assembled at the Congoo house on the 12th of June; and inqua, Mowgua and Newqua, were severally assigned by lot, as seculrities to the three ships. Cumbrian, Baring and Troubridge ; the price of the

Cumbrian's cargo of cotton having been previously fixed at 10 tales per pecul, that of the Baring at 10, 5, and that of the pepper and tin imported on the Troubr.dge, at 7# and 20 dollars per pecul. On the day following these arrangements were made public; and the price of cotton began immediately to fall in the market. “ The proceedings of the Congso, being reported to Mr. Roberts at Macao, the committee of Supracargoes took every step in their power to break the §. No immediate satisfaction, however, being obtained, the commanders of the ships, after a delay of fourteen days, entered a protest against the Congso, on account of the detention of their vessels. At length, on the 25th of May, in consequence of a strong remonstrance from the Supracargoes, the Hong merchants gave up their regulation. “The emperor has written a letter to his excellency the viceroy, expressing his wish, that the chief supracargo should address a petition to the presence, relative to the events of last year; on which, the company's trade should be restored to its former footing,<-the men of war, of course, always remaining beyond the Boca Tigris, and the Indianen at Whampoa, conforming to the regulations of the Chinese government. “The viceroy has fitted out a number of vessels of war against the Ladrones; and, by laying an embargo on all mandau in boats, has detected a number of the merchants, engaged in supplying those pirates with rice, and other articles of provision. .“ The cotton cargo, of the Bengal ship, Russell, consisting of 7400 bales of the best quality, was “old so low as 10, 7 per pecul; and the cargo of the Baring did not bring more than 10, 5. The tin, imported on the Russell, was sold for 20 dollars, the pepper at 6 dollars, and the rattans at 4 dollars per pecul. In short, the depreciation of every article in the market is beyond example. The pepper, by the Troubridge, brought 7% and that by the Mercury 64 dollars per pecul. “The company's cotton. which was

chants at 14 5, and including duty, cost them upwards of 16 tales, is now selling at from 12 S to 13 2. Mowqua's loss, on the puschases of the year, will exceed four lacs of dollars; that of Howqua will not be less than two lacs; and all the other Hong merchants have suffered more or less, according to the extent of their concerns. The interruption of the trade, last year, bore very hard on many of the Hong merchants; and they have now their warehouses full of Europe articles, and no purchasers. “Mowgua was last year desirous of retiring from the Hong, but the viceroy would not permit him. Another merchant, who had withdrawn in a former year, would have been compelled to enter it again, had he not compromised the matter by undertaking to pay two lacs of tales towards the expenses of the government. “In the month of April, last, a Hong merchant, named Fonqua, failed for the sum of 325,000 dollars, which he owed principally to the Bombay merchants. A r., resentation having been sent in on the subject, Fonqua was taken into custody; but no final settlement has yet been made with his creditors. “ The Bombay fleet, consisting of nine ships, together with the ship, Mornington, from Bengal, arrived in safety at Macao, on the 2d of August. They were detained there for pilots until the 0th, and did not reach Whampoa until the 9th. The king's ship, which gave them convoy, remains at Chumpa. The cotton, imported by this fleet, was sold, after a long detention, at from 10, 5 to 10, 15. The grab, Dudaloy, arrived on the 20th. “The trade with America has been re-opened to the great joy of the Chinese. Six American ships have arrived already at Whampoa, and have imported a large sum in specie. Many more are daily expected.

CANto N, 29 September, 1809. “Since the date of my last communication, eleven American ships have arrived, with a large supply of dollars. “ The fleet of Indiamen. from Eng

Majesty's ship, St. Albans, arrived in Niacao roads on the 17th current. All the Hong merchants are endeavouring to prevail on his excellency the viceroy to allow them pilots, to conduct them into the river. “The Mercury, a vessel belonging to Penang, has been engaged in the service of the Chinese government, and has been fitted out from Whampoa as a ship of war. She sailed on the 15th current, under the command of captain Williams, accompanied by sixty mandarin junks, on an expedition against the La

drones. No sooner had she made her appearance, than the whole Ladrone force quitted the river, and took to flight. The Ladrones had previously committed great depredations on the adjacent country and villages. Three mandarins of rank went out on the Mercury, from whom the most favourable reports of captain. William's success, in the destruction of the Ladrones, have been daily received. “ The two lndiamen from Madras, arrived at Macao on the 24th current.”


Fok r Willi AM, July 8, 1800.—The governor-general in council is pleased to direct, that the following regulation, for the support of the police, in the cantonments and military bazars; for defining the powers of the civil and military officers in the performance of that duty; and, for fixing the local limits of the said cantonments and bazars.-Passed by the governor-general in council, on the 13th March, 1809, corresponding with the 2d chyte 1215, Bengal era; the 11th chyte 1216 Fusilly; the 3d chyte 1216 Willairy; the 12th chyte 1866 Sumbut ; and the 25th Mohurrum 1224 Higeree; be published, in general orders, for the information of the army. I. Under the existing regulations, the charge of the police, in the cantonments and military bazars, is vested in the magistrates and their otiicers. This ar. rangement, having, however, been in some instances attended with inconvenience, the following rules have accordingly been issued, for the more effectual support of the police, in places of that description; for defining the powers of the civil and military otficers in the performance of that duty, and for fixing the local limits of the cantonments and bazars. . II. First. The support of the police, and the maintenance of the peace within the limits of the cantonments and military bazars, (which are to be fixed in the Inanner hereafter stated) are thereby vested in the officers command

The commanding officers will accordingly adopt the necessary measures, by means of the troops under their command, for preventing, as far as possible, the commission of thefts, robberies, murders, and other public crimes, within the limits of the said cantonments and military bazars, and for the discovery and apprehension of persons who may at any time, be guilty of any such acts. Second. Nothing contained in the preceding rule shall however be construed to authorize the commanding officers of cantonments, or the persons acting under their authority in the support of the police, to interfere with respect to assaults and petty affrays, or other, offences of inferior magnitude, unless the persons, guilty of those of fences, shall be apprehended in the actual commission of such acts. Third. Any person, apprehended under the preceding rules in any of the cantonments or military bazars, on account of the commission of any public crime or offence, shall be delivered over, with all practicable expedition, to the magistrate of the district, in which such cantonments or bazars are situated, and the magistrate shall proceed against the occused in the manner prescribed

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