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near Deran Ismael Khan, whence the letter is dated on the 18th January. * We left Dehlee on the 12th of October, and in a few days quitted the company's provinces. “The country is almost a desert from the frontiers to the Gharrah, which river we reached on the 20th of November. The town of Bikaneer is in the middle of the desert, and about the time of our arrival there we lost forty people from the effects of fatigue and the badness of the water. We remained at Bikaneer for ten days, during which time the town was surrounded, and almost completely blockaded, by the army of the Rajah of Joungoor and his allies. Having left that place, Śwe marched to Bhawuipoor, a town near the Gharrah, and found this by far the worst part of the desert. We had made every possible a rangement for the carriage of water, and were greatly assisted by Bhawul Khan, the prince of the country, between kaijeer and Moultaun. He sent some hundred camels laden with water to meet us in the desert, under the escort of a party of troops, also mounted on camels, forming a finelooking, and they say, an efficient sort of cavalry. Camels are here much more commonly used than horses, and I often rode them for many miles. “We remained on the banks of the Gharī‘ah for near a fortnight, and from thence reached Moultaun in four or five marches. The town is large, walled, and possessed of a citadel. The governor, who is a Suddoo Zyee, (the name of the king of Cabul's tribe) exchanged visits with us, but as he did not seem to relish our being encamped $0 close to his walls, we moved on in a few days to the Chenaub, or Asecines, on the banks of which we remained several days. We at last reached the Indus on the 5th of this month, (January) and crossed at the Ghant (here called Puttun) of Keybeearee. We marched up to the right bank, and insived at this place on the 11th instant.
“We are now waiting for the king's commands respecting our advance, which we expect hourly to receive. We shall meet him at Paishawur, where he has just arrived, and where he generally spends the winter, which is less severe there than at Cabul.” Fort IP?lliam, March 6–The right hon. the governor-general in council, having received the official advices of the final accomplishment of the object of the detachment lately employed in Bundlecund, under the command of lieutenant-colonel Martindeli, by the surrender of the fortress of Adjyghur, deems it proper to direct the publication of the following copies of Jetters from the governor general's agent in Bundlecund, and from lieutenant-colonel Martindell, to the address of the adjutant-general containing reports of the operations of the detachment, and at the saine time to express the sentiments of approbatics and applause, with which his lordship in council contemplates the professional skill, judgment, and ability displayed by lieutenant-colonel Martindell, in regulating the operations of the detachment, and of the zeal and exertion, which have distinguished the conduct of the officers and men under his conimand. To N. B. EDMoNston F, Esq. Secretary to Government in the Secret and Political Department, Fort lf if/iam. Sit-My dispatch of the 21st instant stated, that it was lieutenant-colonel Martíndell's intention to move forward to within about a coss of Adjyghur, the next day, there to determine upon, and take up the most expedient position for the commencement of the siege. 2.—Lieutenant colonel Martindell was induced to alter his determination, in my judgment very properly, from finding that a very strong post on a hill near a small village, called Regowly, about two miles in front of our camp, and a little to the right, on our way to Adjyghur, which was occupied by Sirdar Sing, Kass Kullam, and Adjodeo Purshaud, a near relation to Lutch
mun Dowah, and some of his chosen troops, had been greatly strengthened, and amounted to the number of 500 men, and upwards ; commanded by the above-mentioned Sirdars, estimated by Lutchmun, as amongst the most attached and bravest of his adherents. 3.—Lieutenant-colonel Martindell, having certain intelligence of the above, which all my information corroborated ; and being aware of the danger of leaving these active and attached partizans, in our rear, to issue from their strong hold as pleasure, for the purpose of cutting off our supplies, or plunderiñg the villages in the internal territories of government. 4.—For the above reasons, and to strike terror by a determined and decisive attack, colonel Martindell determined on halting that day, and dislodging the enemy previous to the detachment's advancing, in which determination, as a military precaution rendered necessary by circumstances, I agreed with lieutenant-colonel Martindell in opinion.—Colonel Martindell, in pursuance of his determination, proceeded himself with his staff, brigademajor Grant, a little after noon, with the troops destined for the enterprize. 5.—Not having accompanied colonel Martindell, and not having been an eyewitness of the attack, I beg leave to refer the right honourable the governor-general in council, to No. 1, lieutenant-colonel Martindell's report of the attack, to the adjutant-general, of which lieutenant-colonel Martindell has favored me with a copy. No. 2, is a list of the casualties. 6.—The gallantry of the attack, and the perseverance with which it was kept up under a determined resistance, excited by despair, and rendered insurmountable by natural obstacles, could not possibly be exceeded, either in officers or men. much as they are to be lamented, are by no means what might have been expected from the resistance, the nature of the obstacles, or the persevering continuance of a close attack, upon an enemy sheltered behind rocks and breast-works. 7.-The loss of the rebels has been
The casualities, .
great; 60 are ascertained to have been killed, and their bodies found among the killed ; it has been ascertained beyond a doubt, the Sirdar Adjodeo Purshaud is one. This Sirdar was Lutchmun Dowah's near relation, and a man on which he placed great dependence, and whose loss will, by all accounts, much embarrass his affairs. At a moderate estimation nearly treble the number of wounded, compared to the slain, may be reckoned ; indeed, my intelligence from Adjyghur states, that the report made to Lutchmun Dowah, was between 60 or 70 (including Adjodeo Purshaud) killed ; and 150 or 160 wounded. 8.—The above intelligence, in which I have faith, makes the number of this body considerably greater than mentioned in the foregoing part of this letter, and states that the intention, with which they were posted in this uncommonly strong hold, was from considering the post invulnerable; that this body, who were all chosen troops, should sally out in our rear, when we advanced, cut off our supplies, and spread devastation and plunder amongst our internal territories, to the interruption and loss of our revenues. o 9.—The consequence of this gallant, and, in my judgment, necessary attack, it will be obvious to the right honourable the governor-general in council, to have been highly beneficial, and will, I am confident, ultimately tend to accelerate the fail of Adjyghur. 10.-It would be presumption in me to mention individuals, or to point ont particular instances of extraordinary merit, where the zeal and intrepidity of all were eminently conspicuous. On the professional merit, and unexampled exertions of the gallant parties concerned, both officers and men, in this brave attack, the testimony of the commanding officer is conclusive. I 1.-I take the liberty of adding, before I conclude this letter, that I am convinced the storm of Adjyghur, or almost any fortress, could not present the difficulties that were encountered, and, in many instances, surmounted in the attack of the hill yesterday;
and I am perfectly confident, that under colonel Martindell's military skill and experience his assiduous and unremitting zeal, and the gallantry of the brave troops, under his command, the capture of Adjyghur will not prove a very difficult achievement, or be long protracted. I have, &c.
(Signed) J. Rich ARDson, A.G.G.
Camp at Rogowly, January 23, 1809.
P. S. I am extremely sorry to state, that lieutenant Fry had his left arm amputated this morning, and that lieutenant Jameison is so severely wounded, through both thighs, as to occasion great doubt of his recovery.
(Signed) J. R. A. G. G.
No. 1. Ilieutenant-colonel I/orsley, Adjutantgeneral, Bengal army.
I have the honor to acquaint you, for the information of his excellency the commander in chief, that yesterday, at noon, I directed four companies of the 4th light battalion, with a six-pounder, to take a sweep to the north-east of some hills situated in my front, and occupied by a body of Bondilahs, under a chief named Adjudiah Pursaud, uncle to Lutchmun Sing, in number about 500, in flank, whilst two six-pounders and a howitzer under captain Brooke, protected by the 1st battalion 18th regiment, marched down by the high road to attack them in front, and four companies 2d battalion, 1st : and grenadiers 1st battalion 1 Sth, moved at the same time to attack them on the right.
These hills are of great height, and can only be ascended by narrow pathways, running in a kind of traverse or zigzag, and at every 20 yards were strong posts behind large rocks, each sufficient to contain 20 men, and as these posts commanded the paths, from behind which the enemy could severely fire on our inen as they advanced, his excellency will, I trust, bestow his approbation on those gallant feliows, who forced these posts successively, and drove the enemy to the top of the hills, where they had erected parapet walls,
which they ascended by ladders drawing them up after them, and behind which they made a steady resistance, hurling large stones down upon the assailants, and directing a heavy fire of matchlocks. As it was impossible to carry ladders up such a stupendous, rugged height, the men almost exhausted from fatigue, and want of water, and evening approaching, after an action of three hours
and a half, during which time every
foot of ground was disputed, I deemed it prudent to recall the men, with an intention of renewing the attack this morning, and for which purpose I moved my camp in the evening to this ground. The enemy, however, fled at two o'clock this morning, leaving their chief, Adjudiah Persaud, with about 60 killed, amongst whom were nearly 21 Sirdars, and a number wounded. The attack was directed by lieutenant-colonel Lawtie, under my orders, and I have no hesitation in declaring that, in the course of my service, I never saw men behave with more cool and determined resolution than the officers and men employed in this arduous service, under as close and heavy a fire as I ever witnessed, which his excellency will perceive by the enclosed return of killed and wounded. I deem it my duty, Sir, to recommeud to the particular notice of his excellency lieutenant-colonel Lawtie, who commanded the attack; captain Brooke, of the artillery, under whose judicious and well-directed fire our men advanced to the storm ; major Kelly, of the 4th light battalion ; cap
tain Midwinter, 2d of the 1st ; and
lieutenant Baddely, who volunteered his service with a party of pioneers, and in short every officer and mail, whose exertions and gallantry ma be equailed, but could not be o In detailing the meritorious exertions of the officers employed in this arduous
service, it would be an injustice to my
personal staff, brigade-major Grant, did I not acquaint his excellency, that I feel much indebted to this officer, for the zeal and gallantry he ouced as this, and indeed on every other occasion, since the command in this province has devolved on me. It was my intention to have taken up my ground before Adjyghur today, but want of conveyance for the wounded, has obliged me to halt till toin Orrow. I have the honour to be, Sir, Your most obedient servant, (Signed) G. MARTINDELL, Lieut.-col. comg. the detachment. Camp at Hegowley, January 23, 1809. P. S. In speaking of individual melit, I omitted to mention that of captain Wilson, 2d battalion 26th, who, although no part of his corps was ordered to the assault, volunteered his services, and accompanied lieu.-col. Lawtie as his staff, in which situation he distinguished himself with much zeal and gallantry. (True copy.) (Signed) P. GRANT, M. B. (A true copy.) (Signed) J. R. A. G. G.
to the governor-generalat Bundlecund, to the secretary to the government, under date the 7th February, 1899. 1.—I have much pleasure in reporting, that last night the hill to the northwest angle of the fort, which commands the gateway and the works that defend it, and on the top of which the rebels had a party stationed in a sort of redoubt, was taken possession of, together with the town of Noshober, below the fort, and situated to the southward of the hill in question, without any loss, not a man was either killed or wounded. 2.—Colonel Martindell had in:ended to assault the hill on the night of the 6th, but on a shot being directed against the redoubt, it was the opinion of captain Brooke, the artillery officer, that the place was considerably stronger than was imagined, and colonel Martindell very prudently determined to postpone the assault, till the effect of a little battering was tried; accordingly, the redoubt was briskly battered from the two-pounders, about an hour yesterday, and completely breached. 3.—The attack was made just as the moon rose, after a smart cannonade to alarm them, from the batterries on the plain, and the party fled without resistance; unless the random and harmless discharge of a few matchlocks, can be termed resistance. I consider the fortress half taken by the possession of this hill and the town. All communications with the country is now completely cut off, on the side of the town, and that on the eastern side, by the Terivan Durwajah, the only other outlet, is stopped up by the arrangement I have made with the Ground chiefs, as reported in my address of the 4th instant. 4.—We have now the choice of two certain ways of breaching the work, and the gateways at the northwest angle, the only assailable point, namely, we may either get our guns upon the hill, (which will be a work certainly of great labour,) or we can advance our former batteries on the plain, four if not five hundred yards,
which could not be done while the
party remained in Possession of the
hill, as there was uo possibility of protecting the men and battery from their shot. To the honourable J. E. Elliot, military secretary to the right honourable the governor-general. Camp, Adjyghur, Feb. 15, 1809. SIR,--The enclosed copies of my express of the evening of the 12th, and my letter of the 13th, both to the address of the adjutant-general, I request you will do me the honour to submit to the right honourable the governor-general. I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed) G. MARTINDeli, Lieut.-col. comg. Bundlecund. Lieutenant-colonel J/orsley adjutantgeneral. Camp Adjyghur, 8. P. M. Feb. 13. SIR,+I am happy to congratulate his excellency the commander-in-chief on the surrender of the important and formidable fortress of Adjyghur, the particulars I shall have the honour to detail to-morrow. I am just returned from the fort, in which I left a garrison of six hundred men, under the command of lieutenant-colonel de Auvergne, of the 26th regiment. I am, &c. (Signed) G. MARTINDell, Lieut.-col. comy. Bundlecund.
Ertract of a letter from lieutenantcolonel Martindell to lieutenantcolonel Worsley, under date the 14th February. My letter of the 12th instant will have informed his excellency of the occurrences of the siege, to the afternoon of that date. By sun-set, three of the gates, with their defences, were laid in ruins ; and yesterday morning the fire was directed against the upper gate and defences, and there was every prospect that these would be brought down in the course of the day, but as the road up was extremely steep, describing an angle of seventy degrees, it would have required another day's battering to render the breach practicable.
Richardson communicated to me an overture he received from Lutchmun Dowah, offering to surrender the fort on the terms held out to him on the 9th instant. Taking into consideration the great difficulties the storming party would have to encounter in ascending the breach, added to the desperate resistance we might expect. for all his women and those of his principal Sirdars were in the fort, I agreed in opinion with the governorgeneral's agent, that at the present juncture, it would be advisable to grant him the terms he solicited, as the services of the detachment might be required in another quarter. At three P. M. Lutchmun withdrew his garrison, and at five we occupied the fort of Adjyghur. On a careful and minute exami
nation of this stupendous fortress, and the means that presented themselves of defence, that still remained to the Bondelhas, added to many natural obstacles, in the propriety
of the opinion, I was confirmed,
gave to Mr. Richardson, with respect to allowing Lutchmun Dowah terms, and I am convinced that it has been the means of saving many hundred valuable lives. Before I conclude, I deem it an incumbent duty to request his excellency's particular attention to the merits and services of the troops under my command ; the cheerfulness with which they underwent severe toil and hard duty, their perseverance in working in the trenches and making roads up the hill of Bihoutah for the guns to be drawn up, and the alacrity they shewed in dragging them up a most difficult and steep ascent, entitles them to every praise in my power to bestow. To captain Brooke of the artillery, to his officers and men, I feel the greatest obligation, the unremitting exertions he made, and the skill and science he displayed during the siege, entitles this valuable officer, to my warmest approbation and applause.
The governor-general in council discharges a satisfactory obligation of his