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public duty in recording the high sense which he entertains of the judgment of lieutenant-colonel Martindell in arranging the attack of the fortified heights of Regowly, and of the distinguished spirit of gallantry and persevering courage manifested by lieutenant-colonel Lawtie, and the officers and men employed under his personal command on that occasion. The governor-general in council duly considers the extraordinary difficulties opposed to the exertion of vigorous enterprize by the strength of the enemy's position, and by the advantages, which it afforded of determined resistance to the efforts of the British troops, and contemplates with sentiments of the highest applause the undaunted zeal and gallant exertions of the brave officers and men of the detachment, which finally succeeded in compelling the enemy to abandon his fortified posts with heavy loss; and the governor-gen', ral in council desires to convey his thanks to lieutenant-colonel JLawtie, and the othcels who are stated by lieutenant-colonel Martindell to have particularly distinguished themselves on this occasion, as well as to the other otiicers and to the men of the detachment employed in the execution of this arduous service. His lordship in council deeply laments the loss sustained by the British troops in the attack, but is happy to reflect, that the casualties have been less extended than night have been expected from the nature of the obstacles which opposed the exertion of the troops. The governor-general in council has received, with extreme concern, the information of the decease of lieutenant Jamieson, who was severely wounded in the gallant discharge of his duty. To the surviving wounded officers, lieutenant Fry and ensign Speck, the governor-general in council desires that his approbation of their animated courage and exertions may be especially conveyed The judicious dispositions, which regulated the successful attack on the fortified hill in the vicinity of Adjyghur and the town of Noshober, are
council to be highly creditable to lieutenant-colonel Martindell's professional abilities, and the energy and exertions of the officers and men, which secured the success of that operation, establish an additional claim to public approbation. To the able arrangements formed by lieutenant-colonel Martindell, and to the zeal, irresistible bravery, and laborious exertions of the officers and men, in carrying them into efiect, and especially to the distinguished example of military ardour and persevering courage afforded at the attack of Regowly, the surrender of the fortress of Adjyghur is principally to be attributed ; and although the governor-general in council is satisfied that the same success would have attended the arduous operation of a storm, his lordship in council is happy to be enabled to express the sentiments of this cordial satisfaction and applause on the complete accomplishment of the object of the late expedition, unaccompanied by the feelings of regret, at the additional loss, which the gallant troops would probably have sustained in the assault of a fortress so strongly fortified by nature and by art as that of Adjyghur. The governor-general in council, therefore, records, on this occasion, his public thanks generally to the officers and men employed during the late campaign in Bundlecund, and especi illy to lieutenant-colonel Martindels, whese judgment and military skill, seconded by the courage and exertions of the gallant detachment, which he commanded, have happily accomplished an undertaking not less arduous in its nature than important in its effects, to the interest of the public service. The governor - general in council deems it an obligation of justice to take this opportunity of expressing the high sense which he entertains of the essential aid afforded to the operations of the detachment, by the zeal, activity, and vigilance manifested by Mr. Richardson, the governor-general's agent in Bundlecund, who accom
panied the troops, and employed his .
personal exertions, and his local influence and authority in a manner materially conducive to the accomplishment of the object of the expedition. Mr. Richardson's exertions were beneficially directed to the important purpose of procuring supplies for the troops, and his judgment and activity were eminently conspicuous in the measures and arrangements by which the besieged were deprived of the resources of the surrounding country, and of the means of external succour, and in the terms of surrender, which he proposed to the killidar of Adjyghur, and which by firmness and decision he ultimately secured. Published by order of the right honourable the governor-general in council. N. B. EDMonpsto NE, Chief Sec. to Govt.
Detachment orders by lieutenantcolonel Martindell, commanding in Bundlecund camp, Adjyghur, 24th February, 1809. The commanding officer observes with regret, that owing to the pressure of business, which occurred after the surrender of Adjyghur, he forgot to mention the name of lieutenant Robertson, of engineers, in his order of thanks to the troops on the 15th instant. He has now much pleasure in rectifying that omission, and requests lieutenant Robertson will accept his most cordial thanks, for the zealand exertion he evinced in the batteries, during the siege, and for the promptitude and ability with which he discharged his duty as an engineer.
(Signed) P. GRANT, M. B.
upper shoulder was a battery for two 18-pounders, lower down, on the other shoulder, was a battery for two 12's ; and at the foot of the hill, in the Shubun Punah, was a third for two 18-pounders and 2 howitzers. “The whole was ready on the night of the 11th February, and opened at day-light the following morning; and so heavy and destructive was the fire, that the enemy could not shew a man, and only fired in the intervals, whilst our guns were cooling. By sun-set, two of their guns were dismounted; and three of the gates, with their defences, laid in ruins : —immense masses of stone and masonry were brought down. “Next morning the batteries played on the upper gate and defences, with powerful effect, and at noon the enemy displayed a white flag. At four they evacuated the fort; and at five we occupied it. “The Boondelahs, from the state of the breach, were apprehensive that we should storm on the night of the 13th ; but the breach required two days more battering to render it more practicable. From the lower bastion breached to the upper gate the measurement was 80 yards, describing an angle of 75 degrees. Had the enemy defended the breach as gallantly as they fought at Regowly, a great effusion of blood mustinevitably havetaken place, as almost every part within was defensible; but in losing the brave Adjudia Persaud, the uncle of Lutchmun Dowah, at Regowly, with 80 men killed, 25 sirdars, and 185 of the finest soldiers wounded, the spirit of Lutchmun was broken, and his people were appalled. In fact, Adjyghur was taken on the fortified hills of Regowly. A more obstinate defence than was there made, I never witnessed. “In the fort are three largereservoirs, cut into the solid rock, of very fine fresh water ; and the ruins of three of the most magnificent Hindoo temples I ever beheld. The whole of the stones composing the buildings are laid without cement; but most nicely fitted to each other ; and the sculpture, both inside and without, is of chaste design, TY
and exquisite workmanship. The time of building these temples is lost in antiquity. From appearances they must have been erected long before the fort. The fort itself was built by an ancient rajah, nanued Aiy Gopaul ; and the fortress was called after him, Adjyghur, or the invincible fortress. “At what period Ajy Gopaul flourished is also unknown ; for I could not learn whether there are any records lespecting him ; but he is represented to have reigned ages ago, and is said to have been a great magician. “In one of the large temples, and on the outside of another, are two large tables of stone, covered with inscriptions, but these are so effaced that it could not be ascertained in what language they were written, or rather indeed raised on the fice of the stone. I could not procure a man who could copy them, “After a siege of 10 months, Alee Behauder took Adjyghur by famine,and, close to the town, he and Hinmat Behander gave the Boondelais a great defeat, and siew their chief, Lui Arjun Sing, a famous war, ior, who is the theme of their national songs. Shumshere Behauder contined his cousin Gunnee Behauds in this fort, and atter we defeated him at Ropsah, on he 12th of October, 1 SO3, he ordered the Mahratta Killidar to poison his prisoner. “This Killidar sold the fort to Lutchimun Dowal, for 15,000 rupees, but it is suspected, as Lutchmun had possession of a most valuable diamond necklace, that had belonged to Gunnee Behauder, that after the Miahrattas marched out, he attacked their property, and took, not the necklace alone, but despoiled the Mahrattas of all they had. “On the north side of the mountain, 2nd within the defences of the lowest of the gates, of which there were five, issues from a spring, a fine stream of water, the source, as the Biraggies maintain, of the Jumna and Ganges; but this honor is keenly disputed by the Biraggies of a neighbouring stupendous hill, called Deo Gong. Adjyghur is about five miles from the foot of the l'aunah Gilauts, and 14 from Callinger.
** The whole of the Ghauts, and almost every hill in this quarter, is a table land, and the country is perhaps the strongest in the world; for every hili is in fact a fortress, and from their
great height and steepness, most diffi
cult to be carried. The face of the country presents a heavy, close jungle; the soil is rich and fine, bearing a number of teak trees, which appear to be of a bastard kind—they are of no great height, except some in the fort, which are of the size of a moderate mowrah, or mango tree.” MARCH 23. — In letters from Cabul of the 0th ultimo, it is stated, that Mr. Elphinstone and his suite, after a stay of some weeks at Derah Ismael Khan, finally quitted that place on the 8th, and proceeded cn their journey towards Paishawar. On their first day's march, they were met by a party of horse, who had been sent forward by Sujah ul Moolk, to reinforce their escort. The commander of the detachment was also the bearer of a complimentary letter from his Sovereign to the British envoy, expressing, in the most cordial terms, the high satisfaction with which he had heard of his approach. The letter was accompanied with a magnificent khelaut, consisting of a garment of gold cloth, and some shawls of the richest description, together with several mules laden with every variety of fruit, which the country produces. This pledge of the royal favour was received with suitable respect by the embassy. A tent was pitched on the occasion, to which Mr. Elphinstone proceeded in state, accompanied by all the gentlemen of his retinue, and escorted by a company of infantry. He was there inwested with the khelaut, under a feu de joie from the detachment. The intelligence, received from the British vakeel, who some time before had been sent on to Paishawar in charge of a dispatch to the King, was most satisfactory and pleasing. The Vakeel himself had experienced the utmost attention and hospitality; apartments had been prepared, by command of the Shah, for the accommodation of the
embassy ; and a third party of horse,
amounting to 500, had left Paishawar, and might be expected to arrive in camp about the 12th. Every thing in short continued to hold out the most favourable prospects to the mission. At the date of these accounts, the embassy was encamped at the entrance of a pass near the small town of Putteeana, three marches distant from Derah Ismael Khan. The scenery in that neighbourhood is described as remarkably picturesque and magnificent. To the north-east and south the landscape is bounded by a stupendous ridge of mountains, while a beautiful valley extends from 60 or 70 miles towards the west, as far as the high and snowy heights of Sooliman. In their next march, the embassy expected to cross another desert, and had accordingly provided a sufficient supply of water and provisions for the whole party. On the 11th, they hoped to reach Isah Khyb, and in two days more to arrive at Kalah Baugh. There they proposed to halt for several days, after which they would go on to Paishawar, where they expected to bring their tedious journey to a close, about the 28th. Soojah-ul-Moolk had sent on his army to Attock, were they were ordered to cross the Indus, for the purpose of chastising the rebellious Soubahdar of Cashmere. It had been the king's intention to accompany his forces in person, as far as Attock ; but, on hearing of the approach of the British embassy, he had altered his purpose, and determined to wait their arrival at Paishawar. MARch 20.-Sorne days ago, a case of seduction and elopement occurred in a Hindoo family, in Calcutta, which, though not uncommet, in the brilliant and more enlightened society of Europe, is rather of unusual occurrence in the dull, insipid routine of Asiatic life, where the fair sex are regarded with inferior consideration, and secluded from the intercourse of general society. Sunkeree, a blooming young woman, the wife of Ishan Dauss, being missed from home early in the morning, and the domestics of the family being unable to give any satis
factory account of the lady, apprehensions were, in consequence, entertained for her safety. The fond, unsuspecting husband, readily supposed that she might have been drowned in the Hooghley, that she might have fallen into a well, or been devoured by an alligator. A sentiment of jealousy had never, for a moment, harboured in his bosom, and the whispers of suspicion, which had occasionally reached his ear, through the officiousness of friends, served only to increase his love and his confidence; and now, when the beloved object was unaccountably absent, his affection still continued to repress every suspicion of her infidelity. The wife had no sooner been missed from home, than it was discovered that all her jewels, and the valuable ornaments of her person, were also gone. An inquiry was immediately set on foot; and it was ascertained that early in the morning she had been seen going towards the house of a female confidant. Thither the husband, with a party of friends, proceeded with all possible dispatch; but they came too late, the fair fugitive, borne on the wings of love, had escaped sonne time before their arrival; and no certain information could be obtained respecting her movements. During the two following days, no account was received respecting her route, or the place of her concealment; and the husband was left to lament his loss, under the aggravation of uncertainty and suspense. At length, some information was communicated by a young girl of the neighbourhood, who undertook to conduct the husband to the house where his wife was concealed. The party, as may be supposed, was ready in an instant to accoinpany the girl, who led them to the house of a Mussulman, where, according to her information, the wife was secreted. It did not appear, however, that she was at that time concealed there, as on searching the house she could not be found ; but as the Mussulinan, on the first appearance of the husband, ran off, and some other circumstances strengthening the suspicion of his being concerned in the elopement, Ishan Dauss applied to the Tannah, where, on an examination of the suspected parties, it was clearly ascertained, that three women of the neighbourhood, the above Mussulman, and a wealthy Hindoo Sircar, were accessaries to the seduction and elopement. Three of the parties have been apprehended and confined. No information has yet transpired to lead to the place were the woman is concealed, a discovery that now, as her elopement was a voluntary act, could answer no other purpose than to recover the jewels and ornaments that she carried off. Sunkeree is represented as a perfect beauty, according to the Hindoo taste. It is conjectured that some native, of more weight and opulence than any of those who have yet appeared as parties in the case, was the prime instigator of the seduction and elopement. This instance of conjugal infidelity has been made much more public than usual among the Hindoos. Whether similar cases among them are so uncommon, as some are disposed to believe, we much doubt; but if their occurrence is not rare, the knowledge of them is, in general, very prudently concealed as much as possible. The propensity of giving currency to the scandal, or of seeking redress in courts of law for such domestic calamities, is utterly repugnant to the practice of the Hindoos.- (Wide Occurrences for April, page 47.) MARCH 22-A young man of the name of Robert Bruce Keith Stuart, a convict from New South Wales, was brought on shore from the Phaeton figate, and lodged in gaol, by an order from government. This young man had been convicted of an offence in England, for which he was transported to New South Wales, from whence, in concert with several other convicts, be carried off, in May last, the brig Harrington, and made the best of his way for Manilla. On the passage thither, when off the coast of Leuconia, the Dedaigneuse frigate fell in with the brig Harrington, and sent a party of seasilen ou board to take possession,
and transhipping the party above-named to the frigate, brought him to Prince of Wales's Island, where he was transferred to the Phaeton, on which frigate he was brought on to this port. Upon being received on board the Dedaigneuse, her commander, captain Dawson, affected by the gentlemanlike appearance of his prisoner, allowed him every reasonable indulgence, and forebore to place him under personal restraint, but having made an attempt to escape, and in which he had nearly succeeded, captain Dawson judged it necessary to place him in close confinement. This unfortunate youth was formerly a lieutenant in the navy, and had the benefit of a liberal education, and is respectably connected. The Harrington, after being boarded by a party of British seamen from the Dedaigneuse frigate, ran aground, and was lost on the coast of Leuconia, when all the convict pirates, who were on board, effected their escape. MARCH 24.—A melancholy case of hydrophobia occurred a few days ago. A native boy, about five or six years of age, was bitten in the cheek by a dog, on the 30th of January last. On the same day, almost immediately, indeed, after the accident, he was carried to the Native hospital, where he received all the assistance that the case could admit. The depth, and unfavorable situation of the wound, prevented recourse to incision. The parts, however, were cauterized very carefully. The child, as almost invariably happens, appeared to do well, and continued in that way till the beginning of this month, when the usual train of symptoms ensued, and quickly terminated in death. This instance of hydrophobia, the most formidable and deadly of all diseases, is more noticeable, from the accident that produced it, occurring in the colder part of the season. It has been by some alleged, that this disease is incident to dogs during the hotter months only. This, however, is a vulgar error. It is, indeed, less frequent in seasons of low temperature; but the above case, with others that