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o 72 - ASIATIC ANNUAL REGISTER,” 1809. Wellesley, from the eastward, came dresses and declarations, of which eito her moorings, off Calcutta, yes- ther copies, or the originals, have been terday afternoon. - transmitted to me.
She brings accounts from Manilla and China, which had been received at Penang. ,
i he Chinese had levied an exorbitant impost, amounting to one hundred tales, upon every chest of opium; and seven tale upon each pickie of cotton, imported from Bengal and Madras.
The above is 5, id to have been cocasioned by the late differences at China, and in consequence of the failure of one of the principal Hong merchants.
‘I he state of the markets at China, and to the eastwa d, in general, are represented as being extremely unfavourable.
Fo RT WILLIAM, Nov. 18.- His excellency the vice-president in council has great satisfaction in publishing the following copy of a dispatch from the right ironourable the governor-general, for the information of the army.
By order of the vice-president in council,
G. Dow DES w; L1,
To the honouras le J Lumsden, Esq. vice-president in council.
For T WILLIAM. -- I los nu RAB I. K. Sin, -The extreme pressure of public boosiness, incident inot only to the imned.ate object of my visit to this presidency, but also to the preparation of iny dispatches to England by the ships which have sailed from this port, has, Eitherto, suspended the sat factory duty of communicating, through the channel of your authority, the sentirooms of cordial gratitude and approbation, which have been excited in my mood by the loyal and patriotic addresses and declarations of the king's and company's oil cers of the esta. bishment of Bengal, founded on the late proceedings of the officers of the con-pany's a loy on the coast. I now proceed to discia ge this grateful obligation of my public duty.
2. 1 deem it proper, in the first !ace, to enumerate the various ad
Addresses- to his creel/ency the coinmander-in-chief. From all the corps stationed at Muttra, as follows:— Colonel Wood, the commanding officer, and station staff at Muttra. Lieutenant-colonel Stovin, and the officers, of his majesty's 17th regt. of foot. Major A. Knox, and the officers, of the 2d regiment Native cavalry. Lieutenant-colonel Frith, and the officers, of the 8th regiment Native cavalry. Major Richardson, and the officers, of the 2d battalion 14th regiment Native infantry. Captain Orrock, and the officers, of the 2d battalion 17th regiment Native infantry. An address from colonel Marshall, and the officers, of the station of Kurnool. From lieutenant-colonel Browne, and the officers and staff, of the corps of the station of Agra, forming part of the Multra division of the field army. From lieutenant-colonel Ball, and officers, at Rewaree, Goorgwan, and Delhi. From major Mo Morine, and officers, of the 1st battalion 10th regt. Native infantry, at Delhi. From captain Cartwright, and officers, of the 2d battalion 24th regt. Native infontry, and captain Shaw and officers of a detachment of the 2d battalion, 13th regt. at Delhi. From lieutenant-colonel M. Grath, and c.ficers, of the detachment at Kinotuk. from lieut.-colonel Mawby, and officers and staff, of his majesty's 53d regt. of foot at Cawnpore.
Declarations addressed to the Adjutantgeneral. From lieutenant-colonel Gillespie, and officers, of his majesty's 8th regt. light dragoons, at Cawnpore. From lieutenant-colonel Cunning
hame, and officers, of the corps, sta
tioned at Lucknow. From lieutenant-colonel Ochterlony,
and officers, stationed at Lundhiana.
- * Addresses to major-general St. Leger, viz.
From lieutenant-colonel Lawtie, and officers, of the 1st battalion 18th regt. at Cawnpore.
From lieutenant-colonel Horsford, and officers, of the artillery, at Cawnpore.
Addresses to major-general Macdonald, *::::. From captain Hickman, commanding the 1st bat. 1st regiment Native infantry, at Mirzapore, on the part of himself and the officers of that corps. Letter to capain Bovent, brigade. major of the station of Chunar, from lieut.-colonel W. Mans, commanding the 2d battalion 5'h regiment Native infantry, on the part of himself and the officers of that corps. Addresses to major-general Clarke, viz. From lieut.-colonel Gordon, and officers, of his majesty's 07th regt. of foot, at Dynapore. From major Weguelin, and officers, of the honourable company's European regiment, at Dinapore. From lieutenant-colonel Crow, and officers, of the 1st battalion 7th regt. Native infantry, at Dinapore. From lieutenant-colonel Fergusson, in behalf of himself and officers, of the 2d battalion 7th regt. Native infantry, at Kissengunge.
Addresses to major-general Palmer. From lieutenant-colonel De Castro, commanding the 25th regt. Native infantry, on the part of the corps at Berhampore. From lieutenant-colonel M’Cullock, on the part of himself and the officers of the 1st batt. 14th regt. at Midnapore. From major Burton, commanding the 1st battalion 25th regiment, in behalf of himself and officers, at Dacca. Letter from major Fetherstone, commanding 2d division of the 1st batt.
25th regiment, at Chittagong, to major Burton, inclosed in the foregoing.
Addresses to the governor-general. From major-gen. Macdonald, commanding at the station of Chunar. From lieutenant-colonel Need, and officers, of his majesty's 24th regiment light dragoons. From lieutenant-colonel Mortindell, and officers, of the station of Keytah in Bundlecund. 3. These addresses and declarations breatbe the sentiments of the purest loyalty, and of the most animated attachment to the laws and constitution of our country, a love of social order, and a just conception of the criminality and danger of a departure from the establish d principles of military subordination. 4. I have received the expression of these loyal and honourable sentiments with the most lively satisfaction. My personal confidence in the honour and fidelity of the army of England, required no confirmation, and could not be augmented; but my mind is highly gratified by this seasonable manifestation to the world, of that ardent devotion to public duty, and to the service of our country, which seeks for utterance, most of all, in moments of exigency, and furnishes by weight and influence alone, even where active exertion is not required, one of the firmest and most efficient supports of the state. 5. I cannot omit this opportunity of professing, in the most solemn and public manner, the total discredit, with which, at the time of their most industrious circulation, I heard, in common with the public of Calcutta, the calumnious and detestable reports, to which allusion has been made in most of the addresses above enumerated. It would have aforded me much satisfaction to trace these disgraceful fabrications to such a source, as should have subjected the guilty parties to the severest penalties of the law. But in Bengal these scandalous rumours were too general and indefinite to be brought home to individuals concerned in their propagation, and the share, which some of the committees of the coast army have been too distinctly found to have taken, in deluding their brethren by such deceptions, has been buried in the general oblivion, which now happily covers the whole mass of past errors. 6. The army of Bengal will learn, with sentinents alike of public and fraternal satisfaction, that the officers of the coast army are now actuated by every sentiment which becomes their honourable profession, and have obtained the cordial return of undiminished confidence from their government. 7. This happy aspect of our affairs is the more a subject of gratification and joy to every virtuous bosom, as the noble part, which our sovereign and his empire are now acting on the great theatre of the world, demands the union of all our energies, and as every attempt to divide us is not only a desertion from the glorious labours of our country, but from the cause of the human race itself. 8. It is superfluous to state that I most cordially concur in the sentiments of considence, respect, and applause, whica have been declared to the army of Bengal in the general orders of the 23d of August, published under your authority, and in those assurances of in:plicit reliance on the sidelity and attachine it of the officers of that army, v. nich have been afforded in the replies
for the information of the right honourable lord Minto, governor-general in council, that the H. C. ship, Streatham, late under my command, was captured on the 31st May last, by La Caroline, French frigate, commanded by Monsieur Ferretier, Lieutenant de Vaisseau.
Before I proceed to the detail of this unfortunate affair, it is necessary that I should go back to the 25th of May, the day on which the fleet parted company with H. M. ship Victor. The preceding night had been exceedingly dark and squally, attended with much
rain, so that captain Stopford's light
was seldom visible. At day light, on the 25th the H. C. ships Streatham, Europe, Monarch, lord Keith, and earl Spencer, were all close together, but the Victor was not in sight. Knowing we were very near the Nicobar islands, and concluding that captain Stopford had put about during the night, which the badness of the weather had prevented the fleet from observing, at seven in the morning I made the signal for wearing, and stood to the N. W. to enable us to weather the islands, directing a good look out to be kept for the Victor—shortly after, two sail were seen in the N. E. at a great distance, and I bore up in the Streatham, in hopes of finding the Commodore, but as they continued to stand on to the Southward, without taki g any notice of us, I concluded they were two of the country ships, that left Bengal in company with us, bound to the eastward; the weather becoming thick and squally, these ships were soon out of sight. Being the senior officer, I took charge of the fleet, agreeable to my instructions, and made sail close hauled to the N. W. judging that to be the most likely way to rejoin the Victor. \lay the 20th, early in the morning, captain Hawes, of the H. C. extraship, Monarch, communicated to me, by telegraph, that his leak had increased to a most alarming extent, that the ship now made 20 inches of water per hour, and that he was desirous of making the best of his way to Prince of Wales's island to get it stopt, but did not think it safe, considering the state his ship was in, to proceed alone. I in... -- 3:ely made the signal for commanders; captains Gelston and Hawes came on board; captains Campbell and Fleming were prevented atterding by illness. After hearing captain Hawes's statement of the condition his ship was in, Captain Gelston and myself were of opinion, that it was not safe for him to go alone, accordingly, I wrote officially to captain Heming, of the H. C. extraship, Earl Spencer, directing him to accompany the Monarch to Prince of Wales's Island, and put himself under captain Hawes's orders. Sometime previous to this, it had been determined, at a consulation of commanders, held on board the Monarch, by order of captain Stopford, that it was necessary she should put into Prince of Wales's Island, to stop her leak, and captain S. had signified his intention to see her in, when he should leave the fleet. MAY 31 —Latitude 0° 15 north,
‘longitude 90° 30 east, in company with
the hcaourable company's ships, Europe and Lord Keith, at day light, (half past five,) a strange sail was seen from the deck bearing S. by W. we were then standing on a wind to the S. S. E. by E. under double reefed top-sails, the weather very squally, with a good deal of sea. I made the private signal to the stranger, whom I perceived to be a frigate, and as he did not answer it, I made the signal at 6 A.M. to our ships to clear for action, and a few minutes after to form the line of battle, shortening sail to the top-sails and fore-sail for that purpose. I also directed the Packets to be got to hand, to be destroyed in case of necessity. The stranger continued to approach us, and at half past six, being close along side, the Europe to windward, which was the sternmost ship in the line, hoisted French colours, and fired his broadside into her. I hauled our fore-sail up instantly to support the Europe, and endeavoured to bring some of our guns to bear on the frigate, but without effect, being so nearly in our wake; the Europe returned his fire very briskly, and the enemy, after engaging her for sometime, passed a-head of the Europe, and ranging up on the lee quarter of the Streatham, within pistol shot, com
menced firing a little before seven A. M.which was instantly returned,and the action continued, without intermission, till very near 8 o'clock, long before which time every carronade on the upper deck was dismounted on the side we engaged, and the ship, from the effect of the enemy's fire, wholly unmanageable, every brace and bow-line, haulyards, sheets, &c. and most of the standing rigging cut away, the lower masts badly wounded, several shot in the hull, and the sails rendered useless. Our defence being confined to the gun deck alone I sent Mr. Maxwell, the chief officer, below to encourage the people at the guns ; he returned shortly after to inform me that the Chinese and Portuguese, who were stationed on the gun deck, could not, by any exertion of the officers, be kept to their quarters, deserting as fast as they were brought back, and that our firing was almost exclusively maintained by the Europeans, who had been quartered to the upper deck guns. I sent Mr. Maxwell below again to make another effort for the defence of the ship, and, at the same time, ordered the packets, &c. to be thrown overboard. Finding from Mr. Maxwell's report that all the efforts of the officers to keep the Chinese, &c. to stand at their quarters were unavailing, and the enemy's fire continuing to be very destructive, the ships being so close, I consulted with Mr. Maxwell what was best to be done ; and being of opinion that a longer resistance was hopeless, considering the condition of the ship, and only sacrificing the lives of the few Englishmen we had remaining ; at 8 A.M. most reluctantly I ordered the colours to be struck. The Europe and Lord Keith also engaged the enemy, while along side the Streatham, but his whole attention was directed to us. The frigate mounts 46 guns, viz. 28 18-pdrs. on the main deck, 8 30-pdrs. carronades, and 10 long 8 pdrs, on the quarter deck and forecastle, besides 20 swivels carrying a 1-lb. ball, distributed in the tops and round the gunwales, with a complement of 400 men, all Europeans. She had only left the Sand Heads a few days before our fleet sailed, after cruizing there three weeks, during which she captured a small brig going to Madras, which sailed with H. M. ship, Rattlesnake, and their water getting short, she put into the Car Nicobar island to fill up. While watering there, the Silenus, an American ship that sailed with us, appearing off the island, the frigate detained her, and obtained every inforination respecting the fleet, the force of the ships, convoy, &c. and sailed directly in quest of us, so that upon the first view of our ships, he knew immediately what we were. It is with much pleasure I inform you, that I received every assistance, during the action, from Mr. Maxwell, chief officer : the rest of the of icers conducted themselves to my entire satisfaction, and nothing could exceed the determined bravey of the few Jonglishmen I had on board, which enabled me to defend the ship so long against so very superior a force : 1 re. get to say that 3 of them were killed and 2 wounded. I also feel much indebted to Major leathart and Lieutenant Gold-nap, of the honourable company's service, who, with two or three invalided soldiers, ! ept up a constant fire of mushuetry during the whole of the action. The Europe was under the necessity of surrendering shortly after me, the particulars of which C opt in G is on will acquaint you with ; he rendered evo y support to me,that circumstances would admit of, anc I am happy to find that he speaks in high commendation of his officers and ship's company. "I he disabled state of the Streatinam and iu, o, e prevented the role from capturing the Lord Keith, which her very superior sailing would easily !, we eno led her to do, and being, also, favo, or by its coming on thick wea"ther with rain, captain Canobell, fortunately escaped. It occupied them nearly three days to put the ships in a condition to make sail, of er which they resolved upon making for these islands, and arrived here on the 21st July. lt is a justice due to M. Ferretier, captain of La Caroline, to say, that we