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lively recollection of the distinguished services and character of his Majesty's 22d dragoons, and shall ever feel interested in its success and prosperity. With the sincerest wishes for the increased welfare and happiness of yourself and the officers of the regiInleint, I remain, Sir, Your most faithful And obliged servant, (Signed) HAY MAcDow ALL. Madras, Jan. 20, 1809. JAN. 20.-The honourable the governor in council having recently received a report, from his excellency the commander-in-chief, of the particular spirit and exertion which were evinced in the 6th regiment of Native cavalry, at the period of the formation of the detachment of cavalry, lately embarked on foreign service, with an explanation that an accidental cause had prevented an earlier communication on that subject, the governor in council has now great pleasure in expressing his public approbation of the zeal and loyalty evinced by the 6th regiment of cavalry on the above occasion. By order of the honourable the governor in council. (Signed) G. Buch a N, Ch. Sec. to govt. Head-quarters, Choultry Plain, 28th Jan. 1809. General order's ly the commander-in-chief. The immediate departure of lieutenant-general Macdowali from Madras, will prevent his pursuing the design of bringing lieut.-colonel Munro, quartermaster-general, to trial, for disrespect to the commander-in-chief, for disobedience of orders, and for contempt of military authority, in having resorted
secretary to liberate lieutenant-colonel Miunro from arrest. Such conduct on the part of lieutenant-colonel Munro being destructive of subordination, subversive of military discipline, a violation of the sacred rights of the commander-in-chief, and holding out a most dangerous example to the service; lieutenant-general Macdowall, in support of the dignity of the profession, and his own station and character, feels it incumbent on him to express his strong disapprobation of lieutenant-colonel Munro's unexampled proceeding, and considers it a solemn duty imposed upon him to reprimand lieutenant-colonel Munro in general orders, and he is reprimanded accordingly. (Signed) T. Boles, Deputy adj.-gen.
General orders by government.
Fort St. GeoRGE, JAN. 31.-It has recently come to the knowledge of the honourable the governor in council, that lieutenant-general Hay Macdowall did, previously to his embarkation from this presidency, leave to be published to the army a general order, dated the 28th instant, in the highest degree disrespectful to the authority of the government, in which that officer has presumed to found a public censure on an act adopted under the immediate authority of the governor in council, and to convey insinuations grossly derogatory to the character of the government, and subversive of military discipline, and of the foundation of public authority.
The resignation of lieutenant-general Macdowall of the command of the army of Fort St. George not having been yet received, it becomes the duty of the governor in council, in consideration of the violent and inflammatory proceedings of that officer on the present, and on other recent occasions, and for the purpose of preventing the possible repetition of farther acts of outrage, to anticipate the period of his expected resignation, and to annul the appointment of lieutenant-general Macdowall to the cosumand of the army of this presidency. Lieutenant-general Macdowall is accordingly hereby removed from the station of the commander-in-chief of the forces of Fort St. George. The governor in council must lament, with the deepest regret, the necessity of resorting to an extreme measure of this nature; but where a manifest endeavour has been used to bring into degradation the supreme public authority, it is essential that the vindication should not be less signal than the offence, and that a memorable example should be given, that proceedings, subversive of established order, can find no security under the sanction of rank, however high, or of station, however exalted. The general order in question having been circulated under the signature of the deputy-adjutant general of the army, it must have been known to that officer, that, in giving currency to a paper of this offensive description, he was acting in direct violation of his duty to the government, as no authority can justify the execution of an illegal act, connected as that act obviously, in the present case, has been, with views of the most reprehensible nature, the governor in council thinks it proper to mark his highest displeasure at the conduct of major Boles, by directing that he shall be suspended from the service of the honourable company. The general order left by the commander-in-chief for publication, under date the 28th instant, is directed to be expunged from every public record, and the adjutant-general of the army will immediately circulate the necessary orders for this purpose. By order of the honourable the governor in council.
(Signed) G. Buch as, Chief sec. to govt. MA DRA's
Occurrences for February. General orders by government. FEBRUARY 1.-It having been made kilown to the honourable the governor
in council, that the adjutant-general of the army was materially implicated in the measure of giving currency, to the offensive general order of the commander-in-chief, dated the 28th ultimo, it becomes the duty of the honourable the governor in council to direct, that lieutenant-colonel Capper be suspended from the service of the honourable company, and that officer is hereby suspended accordingly. The governor in council directs, that major Robert Barclay will take charge of the duties of the office of adjutant-general until further orders. By order of the honourable the governor in council. (Signed) G. Buch AN, Chief sec. to govt.
PUBLIC DEPARTMENT.—The ho-. nourable the governor in council is pleased to publish, for general information, the accompanying extract of a letter from the honourable the court of directors to the supreme government, and to give notice, that from and after this date the instructions, therein contained, are to be consid red in force at this presidency. w
“We direct, on the receipt of this dispatch, that public notice be issued, forbidding, under pain of our bioh displeasure, any public assen; b. se, either of our own servants, or of private merchants, traders, or other inhabitants whatsoever, without first obtaining the sanction of the government, through the medium of the sheriff for the time being ; and we further direct that, with the application for holding such meetings, the subjects, intended to be taken into consideration, be also submitted to your previous consideration, in order that you may have it in your power to judge of the propriety of allowing the questions that may be proposed to be agitated, and ch no consideration whatever is the sheriff, or the ofticer presiding at such meetings, to allow any subject to be considered that has not been previously submitted for your consideration. We have full confidence, however, that our governments in India will not preclude our servants, or other European inhabitants
from meeting for the purpose of expressing their sentiments, whenever proper subjects are submitted for their deliberation." Published by order of the honourable the governor in council. G. G. KEBLP, Fort St. George, Sec. to govt. Feb. 1, 1809. General orders ly government. Fort St. George, February 6.The honourable the governor in council having lately adopted the measure of ordering the release of the quartermaster-general of the army from arrest, and it being desirable that the circumstances, connected with that measure, should be distinctly and publicly understood, there being reason to believe that a great degree of misapprehension has hitherto existed, the goveraor in council thinks it proper to state, that the quarter-mastergencial was placed under arrest by the late commander-in-chief, on charges founded on a report, which was submitted by the quarter-master-general, in conformity to express orders; which report having been approved and adopted by the commander-in-chief, lieutenant general Sir John Cradock, was by h. ii., communicated to the late right honourable the governor in council of Fort St. George, and finally laid before the supreme government, under whose approbation and orders it became the foundation of measures already known to the army. In these circumstances the quartermaster-general could be considered no longer responsible for proceedings so sanctioned, and it would have been inconsistent with tile evident inciples of justice, that a public officer should have been liable to the obloquy of a trial for an act not his, but that of his superiors. The question widich, in such a case, would have been submitted to the cognizance of a military tribunal, would not have involved only a discussion of the conduct of the quarter-master-general, but would have extended to the measures of the principal, civil, and military, authorities in this counfrv.–neasures which had undergone
the maturest consideration, and which had been carried into eirect under the most fornial sanction; it must be apparent that a discussion, involving consequences of this nature, would have been contrary to law, contrary to reason, ruinous of public confidence, and subversive of the foundations of military discipline, and of public authority. Impressed with these sentiments, it became the solemn, the bounden duty, of the governor in council, on the facts being Rade known by a communication from the quarter-master-general, which, from the nature of the question, it became the right and duty of that officer to submit by direct reference, on the communication having been refused by the late commanderin-chief, to interpose the authority of the government for the prevention of the most fatal evils ; it was the wish, it was the earnest endeavour of the governor in council to effect this object by every means of conciliation and explanation; but such means having been used in vain, and having been even repelled under certain circumstances highly offensive, no alternative temained, but that of conveying a specific order for the removal of the arrest. * The governor in council desires that the officers of this army will be assured, that this government would not be less solicitous to vindicate their honour and reputation, by rejecting all injurious imputations, if such could have been supposed, than the officers of the army could have been solicitous in their own vindication. The governor in council has, accordingly, under this impression, been led to an attentive consideration of the expressions which are understood to have been deemed objectionable; and he has no hesitation in declaring, that it appears, in iris judgment, impossible, under any co, rect construction, to attach an offensive meaning to words where injury was not meant, and where the intention of offence assuredly did not exist. Having stated this explanation, the honourable the governor in council decius it his farther duty to observe,
that the question, which has been under ('eliberation, must be now considered as concitided ; the farther agitation of a subject of this nature could be availing for no purpose but that of disturbing the established course of public affairs, and for the excitement of teelings, injurious to order and authority; and it will be, accordingly, of importance to the public welfire, that the circumstances, connected with it, should be consigned to oblivion. By order of the honourable the governor in council. (Signed) G. BUCHAN, Chief sec. to govt.
A session of Oyer and Terminer and general gaol delivery, commenced at the court house of fort St. George, on Wednesday the 4th ultimo, and was continued by adjournment until this day. The trial of the most importance, and which lasted for several days, was that of Mr. John Batley, charged with wilful and corrupt perjury in the evidence he had given on the trial of Reddy and Anunda Row, who were convicted of a cheat and conspiracy at the last sessions. o This indictment was tried before the honourable Sir Andrew Strange, Knt. chief justice, and a special jury, composed of the following persons. Martin Jolly, esq. foreman. F. I. Collis, esq.; Wm. Watts, esq.; John Tulloh, esq.; Wm. Oliver, esq.; John Macdouail, esq.; H. George Keene, esq.; Edward Dent, esq.; William Weston, esq.; Alex. Falconar, esq. Wm. Hawkins, esq.; and R. Maconichie, Esq. The jury were nearly three hours out of court, and on their return pronounced a verdict of guilty, but recommended the defendant to mercy. Mr. Batley, Reddy and Anunda Row, were brought into court to receive judgment on Monday last. At this time the honourable the chief justice observed, that as the smallest punishment the court could inflict for the crime of perjury fixes an indelible stain on the object of such
award, he felt a difficulty in pronouncing sentence against Mr. Batley from the circumstance of the jury having recommended him to mercy. It was therefore his intention to continue the defendant at large upon his recognizance, and to refer his case, as well as that of the other two defendays, to the consideration of his Mia esty, FEB. 4.— The honourable the governor in council has recently received a particular account of the action, which took place at Quilon, on the 15th ultimo, between the British troops and the troops of Travancore, in which, after a severe and long contest the Travancore troops were defeated with heavy loss. From the extent of the combined force, which was opposed to the British troops, the signal victory reflects the highest honour on their discipline and valour; and the governor in council has great satisfaction in expressing his strongest approbation of their meritorious conduct. The governor in council accordingly conveys to lieutenant-colonel Chalmers, who commanded the British detachment at Quilon, in this distiriguished action, his public thanks, and lieutenant-colonel Chalmers is requested to convey the thanks of the governor in council to lieutenant-colonel, Picton of his majesty's 12th regiment, major Muirhead, imajor Hamilton, captain Newall, captain Pepper, captain Macintosh, lieutenant Lindsay, lieutenant Arthur of the engineers, and the officers of the staff, captain Cranston and captain Ahmuty ; with the other officers and troops of the detachment, who bravely signalized themselves on the occasion. The honourable the governor in council also takes this opportunity of express.org his warm approbation of the conduct of a detachinent of troops, stationed at Cochin, under the connai to of moor sewitt, who with great ski. ind or overy repulsed a nunorous a.d. i. ittee (orce of the troops of Travanco, e ao Cou... it; an attack witch (i.ey oatie on the British detachment on tile 19th ult. The
governor in council has particular satisfaction in expressing to major Hewitt, and to the officers and troops under his command, his public thanks for their highly-deserving codduct. MA pras, t'eb. 13. – A dispatch, dated 10th instadt, las been received from the honourable lieutenant-colonel Sentieger, from Camp in Travancore, in which he relates the complete sucess which has attended the forces depute by him to storm the barrier. The forty consisted of a detachment of too companies, and the picquet of H. M. 60'h regiment, under captain
Sons, four flank componies, and five.
battalion companies third Native infantry, tinder captain Lucas. The whole commanded by major Welsh. Notwithstanding the dithiculty of approach, the walls were scaled, and the Arambooly lines and covering redoubts, north and south, carried. This service being effected, a company of H. M. 69th and third of the first battalion 13th Native infantry, under captain Hodgson, were sent to reinforce major Welsh, who then stormed and carried the main lines, and at the date of this dispatch colonel Sentieger was encamped two miles within the gate. Colonel Senteger speaks in the highest ferns of the conduct of majors Welsh and Lambton, and of all the
officers emploved on this glorious ser
vice, and particularly laments the wound of captain Cunningham, of H. M. 60th regiment, which we hear has since proved mortal. The names of the officers employed on this service, gre Major Welsh, captains Syms, Lindsay, Cunningham ; lieutenants Carey, Reid, Lone, Baby. Captains Lucas, Pepper, Carfrae, lieutenants Walker, Tay, Dawson, Coble, Inverarity, Jeffery, Rule, Sheppard, Bock, 3d Native infantry, and sieutenant Bertram of the pioideos. Colonel Sentleger was in possession of the arsenal, which was extremely well stored, and of a number of pieces of ordnance.
Head-quarters, Choultry Plain, Felruary 17, 1809. G. O. By M A Jo R GENERAL Gowpre–Major-general Gowdie embraces the earliest moment to express the sense of satisfaction which he entertains, in being called to the command, of an army with which he has passed the greatest portion of his life; which he has accompanied in every vicissitude of misfortune and success ; and which he has seen finally subdue all the enemies by whom it has been opposed. Major-general Gowdie encourages a confident assurance, that the army will be distinguished, while he shall have the honour of commanding it, by the same zeal, public spirit, discipline, and respect for authority, which produced the eminent success that has signalized it, and which are essential to the prosperity of the British interests in India. It is the duty of the officer commanding the army in chief to state, in the actual situation of affairs, that while his conduct shall be uniformly actuated by an earnest desire to afford the most honourable and decided support to the constituted authorities of his country, to maintain discipline and subordination, and to distinguish merit, service, and claims, he expects, from the officers composing his majesty's and the honourable company's services, and particularly from those who held the command of divisions, stations and corps, that cordial and zealous co-operation, which is dictated by the most powerful motives of duty to their sovereign and their country. Trade with Manilla. MADRAs, Feb. 25.-Notice is hereby given, that in consequence of the recent intelligence of the conclusion of peace between Great Britain and Spain, the collector of government customs will be authorized to grant port clearances to ships of individuals desirous of prosecuting commercial enterprizes, to the Spanish Philippine islands, and that ships bound to those islands will be permitted to take advantage of the convoy, appointed to - - ... - * - - - - --- -