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est protection of his liberties—the ,
greatest check on the extension of authority to which we are all naturally inclined—it is the best security we have for the pure administration of the laws we live under, and for keeping unpolluted, by undue influence or arbitrary decision, the sacred seats of justice; Mr. Marsh has, therefore, my leave, as far as it can avail him, to publish these trials. But my leave is comparatively of little value. By the constitution of the court, my lord chief justice at present possesses a double, or casting voice: whether, therefore, Mr. Marsh shall or shall not have the leave of the court, depends on the inclination of his Lordship's mind.
MA DRAs Occurrences for March.
g General Orders.
Fort St. Geo Roe, MARCH 5.-The resident at Travancore, in a dispatch, under date the 21st ultimo, having communicated an account of the spirit and gailantry with which a part of the British forces, encamped at Quilon, under the command of lieutenantcolonel Chalmers, consisting of two columns, under the respective commands of lieutenant-colonel Picton, of his Majesty's 12th regiment, and the honourable lieutenant-colonel Stuart, of his Majesty's 19th regiment, assaulted the batteries and works, erected by the enemy in front of that position, and, after having silenced and carried the batteries, captured seven guns. The honourable the governor in council has great pleasure in recording the high sense which he entertains of the skill and judgment, evinced by lieutenant-colonel Chalmers in the arrangements made by him to secure the success of the attack upon the enemy's position, and requests that lieutenant-colonel Chalmers will convey to lieutenant-colonel Picton. to the honourable lieutenant-colonel Stuart, and to the officers and men who served under them, the public thanks of the Honourable the governor in council,
for their meritorious exertions on this occasion. SUPREME cou RT, MARCH 3. The King on the prosecution of Penaigum, versus John Batley and 1.0/a Reddy Row. At an adjourned session of Oyer and Terminer, held on the 3d instant, at the court-house, in Fort St. George, before sir T. A. Strange, knight, chiefjustice, came on to be tried an indictment, against John Batley and Reddy Row, for a cheat and conspiracy. The indictment charged that the above persons had conspired to defraud one Sadras Venaigum Moodéliar, a soucar, of the sum of 15,500 star pagodas, by inducing him to take a security, purporting to be a lona foe bond of the late nabob, Orndurt-ul-Omrah, for that sum; whereas the same was alleged to be a forgery. The above indictment was tried by a special jury, composed of the following gentlemen : James Balfour, esq. foreman, F. I Collis, Edward Dent, John Gwatkin, W. Hawkins, G. G. Keble, John M. Douall, W. Oliver, Mark Roworth, John Tulloh, W. Weston, AND Martin Jolly, esquires. The trial lasted four days, and on Monday, the 0th instant, the jury returned a verdict of guilty. The defendants were on Wednesday brought up for judgment, when the honourable the chief-justice declared his intention of submitting this verdict, as he had done the two former ones, to the determination of his Majesty; and that, until his pleasure could be known, he should release the prisoners from gaol, and allow then to be at large on their recognizances. MARch 23.-The following is a more circumstantial account of : operations of the southern brigad the Madras army against the to dable lines of Arambooley, than has hitherto appeared. The whole force employed on this service, under the command of colonel St. Leger, consisted of his Majesty's 69th regiment of foot, 500 men of the 1st battalion of the 3rd Native infantry, the 1st battalion of the 13th Native infantry, the 6th regiment of Native ca. valry, and a party of artillery, with ten field pieces and four howitzers. They arrived at the Travancore frontier and pitched their camp opposite to the Arambooley gate, on the 6th February, four days previous to the assault. The works at Arambooley constitute a line of fortifications, which extends for the space of three quarters of a mile, from hill to hill, and is flanked on the right and left by strong redoubts constructed on either height. The great gate in the centre of the lines covers the principal pass through the huge rampart of mountains which divide the kingdoms of Travancore from the English provinces. The force, by which this innportant barrier was defended, consisted of 5000 regular infantry, armed and disciplined after the manner of the company's sepoys, and commanded by several Europeans, besides an immense multitude of Nair bowmen and other regular troops. Though the following concise account of the proceedings of the storming party contains few partculars beyond those which are already known, it will still, as the testimony of an eye-witness, be perused with some degree of interest. 'The access to the works was extremely difficult, from the steepness of the hills, from jungles, ravities, and rocks. The batteries on the southern hill commanded the whole line; and it was proposed by Major Welsh, who commands our corps, to take possession of this hill in the night, by surprize. This plan was adopted, and he accordingly marched on the night of the 9th inst with two coinpanies of the GOth, two companies of the 1st battalion 3d regiment, and seven companies of our battalion, the 2d of the 3d. A party of pioneers carried scaling ladders, and he had a few artillerymen with him. I went with our corps; we
were all night in getting up the hill, through the obstacles I mentioned. The enemy appeared very vigilant, but their whole attention was directed to the north hill, towards which we had sent several reconnoitring parties the day before. Having got to the top, the scaling ladders were placed, and the whole force got in about an hour before day-light, without disturbing a single centinel. It was not a difficult matter then to drive the enemy down the hill. Our artillerymen turned the guns of the battery against the line, and, as soon as day broke, a party of ours charged the enemy on the ramparts of thc line, and drove them before them. At this time the rest of colonel St. Leger's force came up from the camp, and the doors being opened for them they entered, and took possession of the pass and all the works, We had a captain and a sepoy mortally wounded, besides five or six others slightly. After an interval of a few days, which were employed- in destroying the enemy's works, and the unserviceable portion of his ordnance, the army, being joined by 500 Coffres belonging to the Ceylon regiment, and a party of about 100 men of the royal artillery, whom general Maitland had dispatched for Ceylon, began their march into the interior on the 17th. The enemy, meanwhile, had taken post at Kotar, not more than seven miles distant from the British camp, and there awaited our approach. An advanced party of colonel St. Leger's army, however, under the command of coloned Macleod, of the 10th regiment, having entered the village, immediately proceeded to the attack, and drove the Travaticorians from their guns at the point of the bayonet. The guns, to the nuaber of 15, fell into the hands of the conquerors. Our loss in this engagement did not exceed the number of four or five killed, and about thirty wounded; neither was the slaughter on the part of the enemy very considerable, the greater part of them being saved by the precipitancy of their fight. Such, indeed, was the panic, which these rapid and repeated reverses had diffused among all ranks, that they abandoned to their pursuers the fortresses of Outegherry and Papanaveram, which are situated about ten miles from Kotar, and are accounted two of the strongest posts in the whole country, Colonel St. Leger, after blowing up the ordnance which he had captured at Kotar, advanced again on the 19th, and took possession of both fortresses. On the 26th February, the date of our latest advices, the army remained encamped within five miles of Papanaveram. To the great mortification of our gallant countrymen, the splendid palace of the rajah at that piace was found entirely empty, the immense treasure of money and jewels, which it was supposed to contain, having been carefully removed at the time of the evacuation. Besides the detachment of artillery and infantry from Ceylon, which joined colonel St. Leger after the storm of Arambooley, the whole of the king's 19th foot, commanded by lieutenant-colonel the honourable P. Stuart, through the zeal and exertions of the Ceylon government, had, on the first intelligence of the disturbances, been dispatched to Quelon: they reached that place by sea on the 4th ult. After the arrival of this reinforcement, the army there, under colonel Chalmers, consisted of upwards of 1200 Europeans, including his Majesty's 12th and 19th regiments, and four battalions of Native infantry. In consequence of the great difficulty of collecting in that quarter a sufficient number of draft bullocks, and other necessary articles of equipment for the field, this powerful force had hitherio remained on the defensive. The two principal attempts made by the Travancorians on colonel ChalIners's camp, took place on the 15th and 31st of January; the engagement of the 15th was the most severe of the two ; the loss of the 12th regiment on that day amounted to eight men killed and 45 wounded, and that of the sepoy regiments, in all, to about 60 or 70 rank and file. The enemy left 700 dead, and ten pieces of ordnance, zon the field of battle The nortion of
their wounded of course could not be accurately ascertained. On both these occasions our Native troops vied with the Europeans in their steadiness and valour. It does not appear that any treaty with the rajah of Travancore had actually been concluded at the period to which these accounts extend. Proposals of submission, however, on the same terms which had been formerly proffered by the English government, are said to have been sent by the rajah into camp. Colonel St. Leger waited the arrival of the resident, who was alone invested with power to negotiate, MARCH 31.-The name of lieutenant Gore, commanding the light company of the 1st battlion of the 3d regiment, and ensign Meredith attached to the grenadiers of that corps, having been accidentally omitted in the letter from lieutenant coionel the hon. A. St. Leger, dated the 10th ultimo, enclosing a list of the officers who accompanied the detachment employed in the escalade of the lines at Arambooley; the governor in council has much satisfaction in publishing to the army the names of lieutenant Gore and ensign Meredith, whose conduct is equally entitled to that public approbation, by which he has had great pleasure in marking his sense of the gallant exertions of all the other officers engaged in that arduous enterprise.
Occurrences for April.
JUDic1 AL DEPARTMENT.—The following proclamation, published by the authority of the judge and magistrate of the Zillah of Verdachellum, is made public for general information.
Zili.AH WERD Ach ELLUM, 30th March, 1809. — “Whereas on the night of the 12th of March, 1809, at the Choultry named Tavalacoopang, near and within the limits of Pondicherry, an attack was made on 18 Gollah Peons, or others, carrying a large sum of monev in rupees from Madras to Cuddalore, the persons in charge of the money were wounded, and the money carried away. This is to give notice, that a reward of one thousand Star Pagodas will be given, upon conviction, to any person, or persons, who will lodge such information in the office of the magistrates of the Zillahs of Verdachellum, or of Chingleput, as will lead to the detection and apprehension of the ringleader,or ringleaders, the instigator, or instigators, of this atrocious robbery, or who will apprehend and deliver the aforesaid persons into the jail of the Zillahs abovenamed. And it is hereby further made known, that a reward of Star Pagodas 100 will be given upon conviction to any person, or persons, who will apprehend and
deliver into either of the jails aforesaid,
or who will give such information as may lead to the apprehension of any of the other persons, who may have been actively engaged in the commissian of this robbery.” (Signed) D. Cockbur N, Magistrate. By order of the honorable the governor in council. E. C. GREENw AY, Act. Sec. to government.
Fort St. George, April 5, 1809.
-MADRAs Occurrences for May.
General orders by the governor in council.
Fort St. GeoRGE, May 1.—The zeal and discipline, by which the military establishment of Fort St. George had long been distinguished, induced the governor in council to expect that the measures, which the violent and intemperate acts of the late commanderin-chief had imposed on the government, would be received by all the officers of the army with the sentiments of respect and obedience prescribed by the principles of military subordination, and due to the government by which those measures were adopted, as well as to the authorities to which they were ultimately referred.
The governor in council has, however, learned, with a degree of surprize proportionate to the confidence which he reposed in the discipline of the army, that soon after the departure of the late commander-in-chief, proceedings of the most unjustifiable nature, and correspondent to the example which he had afforded, were pursued by certain officers of the army. The most reprehensible of those proceedings consisted in the preparation of a paper addressed tothe right honourable the governor-general, purporting to be a remonstrance, in the name of the army, against the acts of the government under which it serves. That paper is not more hostile to the authority of this government than to the first principles of all government. It maintains opinions directly adverse to the constitution of the British service, and is calculated to destroy every foundation of discipline, obedience,and fidelity. The secrecy observed in preparing this seditious paper, prevented for some time the discovery of the persons engaged in that proceeding. But it has now been ascertained that captain Josiah Marshall, late secretary to the military board, and lieutenant colonel George Martin, lately permitted te proceed to England, were principally concerned in preparing and circulating the memorial in question, and that lieutenant-colonel the honourable Arthur Sentleger was active in promoting its circulation, employing in the influence, which he derived from the important command confided to him by the government, for the purpose of attempting the subversion of its authority, and spreading disaffection among the troops which it had entrusted to his charge. It has also been ascertained that major J. De Morgan has been active in the circulation of the memorial. The governor in council is, also, under the necessity of noticing another paper of a most dangerous tendency, lately in circulation at some of the military stations, purporting to be an address from the officers of the army to major Boles, the late deputy adjutant-general. In this address a right is assumed, to decide on the acts of the government, by condemning, in unqualified terms, the sentence of suspension passed on major Boles; and an encouragement is held out to other officers to violate their duty to the government, by affording a pecuniary indemnification, not only to major Boles, but to all such officers as shall suffer by any act of the government which the subscribers to the address may deem exceptionable. This paper, so incompatible with the military character, and so repugnant to the fundamental principles of military discipline and government, was forced on the attention of
the governor by captain James Grant, .
commandant of his body guard, who, while holding that confidential situation, and employed by order of the governor in council under the resident at Travancore, transmitted a copy of the paper to be laid before the governor, with an avowal that he had affixed his signature to it, and a defence of the grounds on which he adopted that proceeding. - It has also been ascertained that paper of a similar tendency has been circulated among the officers of the corps of artillery at the mount, and that its circulation has been promoted by lieutenant-colonel Robert Bell, the officer commanding that corps. The governor in council regrets that he is obliged to notice, also, the conduct of lieutenant-colonel Chalmers (commanding in Travancore), and lieutenat-colonel Cuppage (lately commanding in Malabar, and employed with the troops under his orders in Travancore), who appear to have taken no steps whatever, either to repress or report to the government the improper proceedings pursued by part of the troops under their orders. It is not sufficient for officers holding continands to avoid a participation in such proceedings; it is their positive and indispensable duty to adopt the most decided measures for their suppression, and to report them to their superior authorities. It has further been ascertained that captain J. M. Coombs, assistant quarter-master-general in Mysore, has
been concerned in these reprehensible proceedings. ' It becomes the painful duty of the governor in council to mark, with the displeasure of the government, the conduct of the above-mentioned officers, who have been engaged in a course of measures, equally dangerous to the
existence of discipline, to the founda
tions of legal government, and to the interests of their country. The under-mentioned officers are accordingly declared to be suspended from the service of the honourable the company, until the pleasure of the honourable the court of directors shall be known. Lieut.-colonel the honourable Arthur Sentleger. Major John De Morgan. Captain Josiah Marshall, Captain James Grant. Lieutenant-colonel - commandant Robert Bell is removed from all military charge and command, until the pleasure of the honourable the court of directors shall be known, but he is permitted to draw his regimental pay and allowances. Lieutenant-colonel-commandant J. M. Chalmers is removed from the command of the subsidiary force in Travancote. The under-mentioned officers are removed from their staff appointments, and ordered to join the corps to which they stand attached. Lieutenant-colonel John Cuppage, Captain J. M. Coombs. The governor in council considers it to be proper to avail himself of this occasion to correct a misapprehension, highly dangerous in its tendency, which has arisen in the minds of some of the officers of the army with regard to the nature of the authority of the governor in council. This misapprehension appears to have originated in the general order, published by the late commander-in-chief on the 28th of January last, from which it might be inferred that the authority of the governor in council is only of a civil nature, whereas by the express enactment of the legislature, the entire civil and military government of the presidency of Fort