The Early Spanish Main
University of California Press, 1992 - 306페이지
Reissued for the 500th Anniversary of Columbus's Voyage to the Americas, Carl Sauer's Classic Account of the Land, Nature, and People Columbus Encountered
The history of Columbus's four voyages has been told many times. But Sauer's book is still the only work to provide not only a narrative of the voyages and of the colonizing ventures that followed them, but also an exploration of their impact on the peoples, the flora, and the fauna of the Americas.
For Sauer, Columbus was simply "a Genoese of humble birth and small schooling," obstinate and increasingly paranoid. His obsession with gold and the rights he had secured brought the first Spanish venture overseas to the edge of failure. His successors were more competent administrators but continued the quest for riches, destroying the native ecology and the lifestyle of the indigenous peoples. Sauer attempts to show that native Americans had a balanced and highly productive livelihood that gave them abundance, leisure, and satisfaction. This book offers a unique view of the "cultural landscape" Columbus encountered and how it was transformed by the Europeans, establishing a pattern of conquest and settlement that was repeated all over Spanish America.
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Aboriginal Condition of the Islands
Espanola under Columbus
Change of Government License to Discover 14991502
Veragua Last Venture of Columbus 15021504
Organization of the Indies 15021509
Attempts to Occupy Tierra Firme 15041509
Entry to Darien and the South Sea 15111514
Cuevan Country and People
Castilla del Oro 15141519
Indian Lands of Farther Castilla del Oro
Establishment on the South Sea
Native Decline and Ecologic Change in Castilla del Oro
The End of the Era
Expansion from Espanola 15091519
Island Crisis and Its Effects 15091519
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Adelantado Admiral Andagoya Arawak Atrato Balboa basin Bastidas bohios brazilwood cacique called Canaries canoes Caribbean Caribs Casas Castilla del Oro Cibao coast Coiba Columbus Comogre conucos Crown Cuba Cueva Dabeiba Darien discovered discovery east Enciso entrada Espafiola Espanola Espinosa expedition farther Ferdinand fish Fonseca gave gold governor Gulf of San Gulf of Uraba harbor Historia Hojeda hundred Indians Indies Isabela island Isthmus Jamaica King knew known land later leagues letter mainland maize mines mountains natives Nicuesa Ovando Oviedo Pacific Panama party Pearl Coast pearls Pedrarias peninsula Peter Martyr Pinzon plants population Porras port Portobelo province Puerto repartimiento river route sailing San Miguel Santa Maria Santo Domingo savannas settlement Sevilla ships shore slaves Spain Spaniards Spanish thought Tierra Firme took town trade tropical vecinos Velazquez Veragua villas voyage western Xaragua Zuazo