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Vanity in divine service.

ECCLESIASTES.

The vanity of riches.

upon earth: therefore let thy words c be few.

3 For a dream cometh through the multitude of business; and >' a fool's voice is known by multitude of words.

4 'When thou vowest a vow unto God, defer not to pay it; for lie hath no pleasure in fools: 'pay that which thou hast rowed.

5 6 Better is it that thou shouldest not Tow, than that thou shouldest vow and not pay.

6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to 6in; h neither 6ay thou before the angel, that it was an error: wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thine hands?

7 For in the multitude of dreams nnd many words there are also divers vanities: but'fear thou God.

8 1 If thou k secst the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not tat the matter: for !he that is higher than the highest rcgardeth; and there be higher than they.

9 If Moreover the profit of the earth is for all: the king himself is served bv the field.

10 He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied with silver; nor he that loveth abundance with increase: this fat also vanity.

11 When goods increase, they are increased that cat them: and what good is there to the owners thereof, saving the beholding of them with their eyes?

12 The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether he eat little or much: but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep.

13 mThere is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt.

14 But those riches perish by evil travail: and lie begetteth a son, and there is nothing in his hand.

15 "As he came forth of his mother's womb, naked shall he return to go as he came, and shall take nothing of his labour, which he may carry away in his hand.

10 And this also is a sore evil, that in all points as he came, so shall he go: and °what prolit

hath he P that hath laboured for the wind?

17 All his days also i he eateth iu darkness, and he hath much sorrow aud wrath with his sickness.

18 H Behold that which I have seen: 'Mt is good and comely for ojie to eat and to drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he takcth under the sun tall the days of hi6 life, which God giveth him: 'for it is his portion.

19 1 Every man also to whom God hath given riches and wealth, and hath given him power to eat thereof, and to take his portion, and to rejoice in his labour; this is the gilt of God.

20 I For he shall not much remember the days of his life; because God answereth him in the joy of his heart.

CHAPTER VI.

1 The vanity of rirhen iriihont line. .1 Of children, llmtrf olil aqr without j-irhen. !> The fanit/i of' via/it and wandering desiies. 11 The conclusion of ranities.

»rpHERE is an evil which I JL have seen under the sun, and it is common among men:

2 A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, bso that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, 'yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity, and it f* an evil disease.

3 1i If a man beget a hundred children, and live many years, so that the days of his years be many, and his soul be not filled with good, andJ also that he have no burial; I say, that ean untimely birth it better than he.

4 For he cometh in with vanity, and departeth in darkness, and his name shall be covered with darkness.

5 Moreover he hath not seen the sun, nor known any thing: this hath more rest than the other.

0 1i Yea, though he live a thousand years twice told, yet hath he seen no good: do not all go to one placer

7 'All the labour of man is for his mouth, and yet the t appetite is not filled.

8 For what hath the wise more than the fool? what hath the

Remedies against vanity.

ECCLESIASTES.

The difficulty of wisdom.

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poor, that knoweth to walk before the living?

9 T| Better is the sight of the eyes tthan the wandering of the desire: this is also vanity and vexation of spirit.

10 That which hath been is named already, and it is known that it is man: neither may he contend with him that is mightier than he.

11 Tf Seeing there be many things that increase vanity, what is man the better?

12 For who knoweth what is good for man in this life, tall the days of his vain life which he spendeth as h a shadow? for »who can tell a man what shall be after him under the sun?

CHAPTER VII.

1 Remedies against vanity are, a good name, 2 mortification, 7 patience, II wisdom. 1S1 77t* difficulty ofgetting wisdom.

Aa GOOD name is better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth.

2 Hit It better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men; and the living will lay it to his heart.

3 I Sorrow is better than laughter: b for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better.

4 The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth.

5 cIt is better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than for a man to hear the song of fools.

0 d For as the t crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool: this also is vanity.

7 *[ Surely oppression maketh a wise man mad; "and a gift destroyeth the heart.

8 Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: and f the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.

9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.

10 Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou dost not inquire t wisely concerning this.

11 1 Wisdom is II good with an

inheritance: and by it there is profit11 to them that see the sun.

12 For wisdom is a t defence, and money is a defence: but the excellency of knowledge is, that wisdom giveth life to them that have it.

13 Consider the work of God: for 'who can make that straight, which he hath made crooked?

14 kIn the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider: God also hath set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him.

15 All things have I seen in the days of my vanity: 'there is a just man that perisheth in his righteousness, and there is a wicked man that prolongeth his life in his wickedness.

16 ""Be not righteous over much, "neither make thyself over wise: why shouldest thou t destroy thyself?

17 Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish: °why shouldest thou die t before thy time?

18 It is good that thou shouldest take hold of this; yea, also from this withdraw not thine hand: for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all.

19 P Wisdom strengtheueth the wise more than ten mighty men which are in the city.

20 '1 For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.

21 Also ttake no heed unto all words that are spoken; lest thou hear thy servant curse thee:

22 For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast cursed others.

23 If All this have I proved by wisdom: rI said, I will be wise; but it Mm far from me.

24 'That which is far off, and 1 exceeding deep, who can find it out?

25 t«I applied mine heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason of things, and to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness and madness:

26 1 And I find more bitter than death the woman, whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands: twhoso pleaseth God

Kings are to be respected.

ECCLESIASTICS.

Go(Vs work is unsearchable.

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shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her.

27 Behold, this have I found, saith y the Preacher, Xcohhuwj one by one, to find out the account;

28 Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not: 2 one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.

29 Lo, this only have I found, 'that God hath made man upright; but They have sought out many inventions.

CHAPTER VIII.

1 Kings are greatly to be respected. 6 The tht'ftu providence is to be ol>serreil. 12 It is better with the ootiln in adversity, than with the wicked in protnienty. lti Tlte uork of God is unsearchable.

WHO is as the wise man? and who knoweth the interpretation of a thingy? »a man's wisdom makes his face to shine, and the boldness of his face shall be changed.

2 I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, cand that in regard of the oath of God.

3 <'Be not hasty to go out of his sight: stand not in an evil thing; for he doeth whatsoever pleaseth him.

4 Where the word of a king is, there is power: and "who may say unto him, What doest thou i

5 Whoso keepeth the commandment t shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's heart diseerneth both time and judgment.

6 If Because fto every purpose there is time and judgment, therefore the misery of man is great upon him.

7 'For he knoweth not that which shall be: for who can tell him I when it shall be?

8 11 There is no man that hath power 'over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither hath he power in the day of death: and there is no I discharge in that war; neither shall wickedness deliver those that arc given to it.

9 All this have I seen, and applied my heart unto every work that is done under the sun: there is a time wherein one man ruleth over another to his own hurt.

10 And so I saw the wicked buried, who had come and gone from the place of the holy, and they were forgotten in the city

where they had so done: this is also vanity.

11 kBecause sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them t o do evil.

12 1 Though a sinner do evil a hundred tinics, and his days be prolonged, yet surely I know that "'It shall be well with them that fear God, which fear before him:

Vi But it shall not be well with the wicked, neither shall he prolong his days, which are as a shadow; because he feareth not before God.

14 There is a vanity which is done upon the earth; that there be just men, unto whom it "happeneth according to the work of the wicked; again, there be wicked men, to whom it happeneth according to the work of the righteous: I said that this also is vanity.

15 "Then I commended mirth, because a man hath no better thing under the sun, than to eat, and to drink, and to be merry: for that shall abide with him of his labour the days of his life, which God giveth him under the sun.

10 1 When I applied mine heart to know wisdom, and to see the business that is done upon the earth: (for also there is that neither day nor night seeth sleep with his eyes:)

17 Then I beheld all the work of God, that Pa man cannot find out the work that is done under the sun: because though a man labour to seek it out, yet he shall not find it; yea further; though a wise man think to know it, q yet shall he not be able to find it.

CHAPTER IX.

I like things happen to good and bad. 4 There i> a neremtf/ of death unto men. 7 Contfbrt all their portion in this life, II Gotta providence ruleth over all, 13 Wis

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A necessity of death unto men. ECCLESIASTES.

Observations of wisdom, folly,

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eous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacriflceth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that fcareth an oath, i! This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that | there is one event unto all: yea, i also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead.

4 K For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope: for a living dog is better than a dead lion.

5 For the living know that they shall die: but cthe dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for dthe memory of them is forgotten.

6 Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any thing that is done under the sun.

7 H Go thy way,e eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a merry heart; for God now aceepteth thy works.

8 Let thy garments be always white; and let thy head lack no ointment.

9 t Live joyfully with the wife whom thoulovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity: 'for that is thy portion in this life, and in thy labour which thou takest under the sun.

10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither thou goest.

11III returned, sand saw under the sun, that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, neither yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favour to men of skill; but time and .chance happeneth to them all.

12 For "man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so are the sons of men 'snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.

13 If This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it seemed great unto me:

14 k There was a little city, and few men within it; and there came a great king against it, and besieged it, and built great butwarks against it.

15 Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man.

16 1 Then said I, Wisdom is better than strength: nevertheless rathe poor man's wisdom is despised, and his words are not heard.

17 The words of wise men are heard in quiet more than the cry of him that ruleth among fools.

18 "Wisdom is better than weapons of war: but 0 one sinner destroyeth much good.

CHAPTER X.

1 Observation! of wisdom and folly : 1G of riot, IS flotht'illness, 1!) and money. '28 Men's thoughts of kings ought to be reverent.

t"T\EAD flies cause the ointI ) ment of the apothecary to send forth a stinking savour: so doth a little folly him that is in reputation for wisdom and honour.

2 A wise man's heart is at his right hand; but a fool's heart at his left.

3 Yea also, when he that is a fool walketh by the way, this wisdom faileth him, "and he saith to every one that he is a fool.

4 If the spirit of the ruler rise up against thee, b leave not thy place; for "yielding pacifieth great offences.

5 There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, as an error which proceedeth t from the ruler:

6 Folly is set tin great dignity, and the rich sit in low place.

7 I have seen servants eupon horses, and princes walking as servants upon the earth.

8 'He that diggeth a pit shall fall into it; and whoso breaketh a hedge, a serpent shall bite him.

9 Whoso removeth stones shall be hurt therewith; and he that cleaveth wood shall be endangered thereby.

10 If the iron be blunt, and he

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I do not whet the edge, then must
he put to more strength: but
wisdom fa profitable to direct.

11 Surely the serpent will bite
swithout enchantment; and ta
babbler is no better.

12 h The words of a wise man's mouth are tgracious; but 'the Hps of a fool will swallow up himself.

13 The beginning of the words

of his mouth is foolishness: and [ they both shall be alike good.

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5 As 'thou knowest not what
is the way of the spirit, ejior
how the bones do grow in the
womb of her that is with child:
even so thou knowest not the
works of God who maketh all.
C In the morning sow thy seed,
and in the evening withhold not
thine hand: for thou knowest
not whether tBhall prosper,
either this or that, or whether

Before CHRIST about 977.

r John 3. 8.
f Ps. 139.14,
15.

t Heb. shall be right.

the end of this talk fa mischiev-
ous madness.

14 kA fool also tis full of! eyes hto behold the su

Truly the light is sweet, and a pleasant thing it is for the

words: a man cannot tell what
shall be; and 1 what shall
him, who can tell him?

15 The labour of the foolish
wearieth every one of them, be-
cause he knoweth not how to go
to the city.

16 If "Woe to thee, O land, when thy king is a child, and thy princes cat in the morning!

17 Blessed art thou, O land, when thy king is the son of nobles, and ■ thy princes cat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!

18 K By much slothfulness the building decayeth; and through idleness of the hands the house droppeth through.

19 t A feast is made for laughter, and "wine tmaketh merry: but money answeretii all things.

20 f P Curse not the king, no
not in thy I thought; and curse
not the rich in thy bedchamber:

I for a bird of the air shall carry
the voice, and that which hath
wings shall tell the matter.

CHAPTER XI.

] 1 Directions for charity. 1 Death in life,
9 and the aa// of judgment t/t the days of
| youth, are to be thought on.

CAST thy bread "tupon the
waters: bfor thou shalt find
it after many days.

2 cGive a portion Jto seven,
and also to eight; efor thou
knowest not what evil shall be
upon the earth.

3 If the clouds be full of rain,
they empty themselves upon the
earfh: and if the tree fall toward

j the south, or toward the north,
i iu the place where the tree fall-
, eth, there it shall be.
j 4 He that observeth the wind
] shall not sow; and he that re-
, gardeth the clouds shall not
reap.

8 But if a man live many years,
fter [ and rejoice in them all; yet let

him remember the days of dark-
ness; for they shall be many.
All tliat coiucth is vanity.

9 1[ Rejoice, O young man, in
thy youth; and let thy heart
cheer thee in the days of thy
youth, 'and walk in the ways
bf thine heart, and in the sight
of thine eyes: but know thou,
that for all these things 'God
will bring thee into judgment.

10 Therefore remove I sorrow from thy heart, and 'put awayevil from thy flesh: "for childhood and youth are vanity.

CHAPTER XII.

1 The (\rator is to be remembered in due
time, 8 The Preacher's care to edify. 13
The fear of God is the chief antidote of
vanity,

EMEMBER "now thy Cre-
ator in the days of thy
youth, while the evil days come
hot, nor the years draw nigh,
1 when thou shalt say, I have'no
pleasure in them;

2 While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain:

3 In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and \ the strong men shall bow themselves, and I the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows be darkened,

4 And the doors shall be shut in the streets, when the sound of the grinding is low, and he shall rise up at the voice of the bird, and all "the daughters of music shall be brought low;

5 Also when they shall be afraid of that which is high, and fears shall be in the way, and the almond tree shall flourish, and the

■ Pror. 22. 6. Lanu 3. 27.

the grinder; fad. tieeaut, then inmi

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