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Statement showing the commerce between Mexico and the United States, fc.-Continued.

IMPORTS FROM MEXICO–Continued.

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Brooms and brushes ..............
Candles ........,
Carriages and carts..
Cars, railroad........
Clocks and parts of.
Coffee, cocoa, spices, &c .....
Coal :

Anthracite ...

Bituminous................
Combs .................
Copper:

Pigs, bars, and old...

Manufactures .. Cordage, rope, and twine ......... Cotton :

Raw.................

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Iron, and manufactures of:

Bar .........
Rails..
Sheet, band, and hoop ...
Castings unenumerated .
Car-wheels .......
Stoves, and parts of...
Locomotives...
Steam engines, stationary ....
Boilers...
Machinery...
Nails and spikes .....
All other iron manufactures ........

Total irun, and manufactures of ..........
Steel, and manufactures of:

Ingots, bars, &c ....

utlery ................................................
Edge tools .....
Files and stwo....
Fire-arms ...
Rails.
All other manufactures of steel ........

Total steel, and mnnufactures of............

Total iron and steel, and manufactures of.........
Jewelry and other manufactures of gold and silver.
Lamps......
Lead, and manufactures of...
Leather, and manufactures of:

Morocco ...............
All other kinds ......
Boots and shoes....
Saddlery and barness.

All other manufactures of ...
Lime and cement ......
Marble and stone manufactures...
Matehes ......................
Mathematical and scientifical instruments
Musical instruments:

Organs, melodeons, &c
Pianos ............

All other .........
Tar, piteb, rosin, and turpentine.
Petroleum, refined..
Lulricating oils.
Lard oil ...........
Wbale oil......
Linseed oil...
Ordnance stores:

Cartridges and fases

Gunpowder .....
Paints and painters' colors...
Paintings and engravings ....
Paper and stationery ....
Perfumery......
Plated ware ....
Printing presses and type..........
Provisions:

Bacon .....
Hams.
IU .

................... Butter ...

Cheese.....
- Condensed milk

Fish, dried or smoked
Fisb, other cured ....
Lard..
Meats, preserved.
Oysters.......

23

650 53, 466

5, 670 13, 089

659 8. 660 2, 278 2, 611

2, 293

121 48, 207

,270 20, 269

3, 093 10,948 4, 414 7,421

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EXPORTS TO MEXICO_Continued.

Articles.

1880.

1881.

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Provisions :

Onions ..
Potatoes..

Other vegetables, fresh and preserved
Quicksilver..
Rice ..............
Salt .......
Scales and balances ............
Sewing-machines, and parts of....
Soap, common...
Spirits:

Distilled from grain .....

Distilled from other materials
Spirits of turpentine ...
Starch ...
Fire-engines ....
Suguar, refined ...
Confectionery
Tallow....
Tin, and manufactures of .
Tobaccco:

Leaf ..

Manufactured
Trunks and valises ..
Varnish
Wax (bees').....
Wearing apparel.......
W ine..............

[graphic]

11,774 13, 414

1.830 15, 213

3,840 59, 259

3,813 23, 897 17, 100

123, 998 11, 176 11,536 11, 994

5, 180 18, 236 12, 147

183, 436

9, 369 3,823 2, 877 10, 294 124, 246

2, 770 11, 705 86, 266

4, 305 96, 392

19, 221 30. 616

9, 198, 077 1.993, 161

11, 191, 238

The increase in the exports of British goods to Mexico during the year 1880 as compared with the preceding year was principally in the following articles: Cotton manufactures, $970,000; iron, and manufactures of, $878,000; linen goods, machinery, and mill-work, woolens, &c.

A glance at the very full statement of the exports from the United States to Mexico during the years ending June 30, 1880 and 1881, shows a healthy increase in almost every manufactured article, specifically in the following manufactures: Iron and steel manufactures show an increase of $1,267,000; cotton 'manufactures, $186,000; beer and ale, books, carriages and railroad cars, drugs and medicines, fancy articles, glassware, gunpowder, paper and stationery, printing presses, sewingmachines, household furniture, and other wood manufactures, &c.

Basing an estimate on the exports of Great Britain, France, and the United States, viz, $23,381,000, and allowing $2,000,000 for the exports from Germany, which is a very liberal allowance, the total exports from all countries to Mexico during the year 1880 must have amounted to about $30,000,000, of which the United States supplied nearly $3,200,000, more than one-third.

In reviewing the foreign commerce of Mexico for the year 1880, it is noteworthy that the increase in the consumption of imports thereto is particularly emphatic in iron and steel, and manufactures thereof, in connection with railways and mines, the increase in this class of manu. factures from the United States and England being about $2,200,000, while in a great degree the increase in the general trade of the country may be attributed to the wants created by the development of the rail. road and mining interests of the country. As these industries are developed they will necessarily create other industries, the whole resulting in increased wants, which must be supplied to a great extent from abroad, even while enriching the country by enlarging its exporting power; it is not too much to assume, under normally favorable circumstances, that the imports of Mexico in the next five years will be double their present proportions. It then becomes a question of much importance as to what extent the United States will partake in this trade. Tak. ing into account the community of political and conterminal feeling which should cement the American people of both republics, as well as the further fact that the capital and best intellect of the United States are at the service of Mexico for the development of its natural resources, as well as for the building up of its manufactures, it is not too much to assert that one-half the whole trade of that country should be with this republic. Of course, as corollary to this assertion, we must supply Mexican wants with manufactures at least equally as good, and at as low rates, as can be supplied and given by Europe; we must accoinmodate ourselves to the tastes and habits of the people, give as favorable terms as can be given by others, and in all respects complying with the very best principles of international trade, as if we had to contend against geographical, political, and national prejudices.

In addition to the foregoing advantages, which we undoubtedly possess in our trade relations with Mexico, we have a large and able consular corps, the majority of whom are active and efficient in all that concerns the interests of American trade in that country, as the many instructive reports therefrom which have been published in the last few years fully attest. Placed as these gentlemen are in the very centers of Mexican trade, understanding the wants and the peculiarities of the markets, I can render no greater service to our importers and exporters engaged in this trade than to refer them to their communications as published in the monthly numbers of Consular Reports.

FOREIGN COMMERCE OF CENTRAL AMERICA. In the absence of all other statistical returns of recent date concern. ing the foreign trade of Central America, the following approximation thereto has been reached through the official returns of England, France, and the United States, and through interesting reports from British consuls for the States of Costa Rica and Guatemala. : Statement showing the estimated value of the foreign commerce of Central America, 1880–81.

Importe. | Exports.

States.

Total.

Costa Rica ..
Guatemala ...
Honduras ...
Nicaragua...
Salvador......

$3,000,000
2, 950,000

750,000
1,100,000
2, 300,000

$4, 200,000
4, 178,000

650,000
1,800,000
3,500,000

$7, 200,000 7. 128, 000 1, 400, 000 2, 900, 000 5, 800,000

Total

10, 100, 000

14, 328,000

24, 428, 000

The trade of England, France, and the United States with Central America, according to the latest official returns of those countries, is as follows:

Imports into Great Britain from Central America.

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$134, 000

9,000 68,000

9,000 141, 000

BRITISH GOODS,
Apparel and haberdashery.
Aims, ammunition, &o
Bags and sacks, empty...
Beer and ale ........
Cotton yarn...
Cottons ;

By the yard....

By value...
Earthern and china ware .....
Hardware and outlery (unenumerated).
Linens, by the yard......
Machinery and mill work.....
Metals: Iron, wrought and not ...
Soap ............................
Woolens:

By the yard.

By value....... All other articles ....

$147,000

20.000
78,000

10,000
224,000
1, 938,000
161, 000
20,000
83, 000
49,000
98, 000
293, 000
20, 000

1, 880,000 151, 000 15, 000 93, 000 57, 000 64, 000 229, 000 30,000

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