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Exports from the United Kingdom to British Honduras, &c.-Continued.
United States.—The principal imports from British Honduras into the United States consist of raw sugar, fruits, nuts, coffee, drugs and dyes, India-rubber, hides, &c. The greater portion of the imports enters free of duty.
In addition to provisions and breadstuffs, which comprise a large share of our exports to British Honduras, a general assortment of manufactures are consumed in the colony, such as cotton manufactures, beer and ale, sewing-machines, soaps, candles, carriages, paper, musical instruments, cordage, medicines, earthen and glass wares, machinery, edge tools, boots and shoes, refined sugar, tin-ware, saddlery, clothing, furniture, wooden ware, &c.
The increase in cotton goods has been comparatively large. In 1877 our consul then at Belize wrote that American cottons were beginning to attract attention. During the fiscal year 1881 our exports thither of cottons amounted to $78,000, a sum larger than our total sales of cottons to all the Central American States. This increase has been effected solely by the demands of the colony and customers from the Mosquito coast, without much effort on the part of our exporters. With the necessary appliances put in force to supply the trade in this respect our sales of cotton goods to and through British Honduras could be doubled in a little time.
The fact that this colony depends altogether upon the United States for its supplies of breadstuffs and provisions is a steady basis, upon which to enlarge and extend our trade in manufactures therewith.
COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES OF COLOMBIA.
The trade of Great Britain, France, and the United States with Colombia, during the year 1880-'81, was as follows:
In regard to French trade with Colombia as above giren, the exports thither of French goods proper amounted to $4,103,000, leaving goods in transit through France for Colombia to the amount of $1,679,000, more than one-half of which was composed of cotton manufactures, while of the imports from Colombia less than one-half was entered for consumption in France, the other balf passing on to other countries.
Of the exports from Great Britain all but articles to the value of $166,000 were composed of British manufactures and produce.
The exports of foreign goods from the United States to Colombia amounted to only $204,000.
The total trade of Colombia, based principally upon the foregoing statement, may be estimated as follows: Imports, $19,000,000; exports, $20,000,000. How much of this may be in the nature of transit trade I have no means of ascertaining.
The articles which enter into the foreign trade of Colombia will be understood from the following tables:
Imports into Great Britain from Colombia.
For tanning and other purposes
500 1, 239, 000
44, 000 102, 000 15, 000 8,000
2, 000 234, 000 83, 000 84, 000 47, 000 34.000 247, 000
15, 000 14, 000
14,000 113, 000 • 1,000 238,000 15, 000 98, 000 39,000 51, 000 310, 000
Apparel and haberdashery..
By value ......
Imports into France from the United States of Colombia, 1880.
Export: from France to the United States of Colombia, 1880.
The principal imports into the United States from Colombia are rubber and gutta percha, crude, $1,893,744; hides and skins, $1,512,000; coffee, $1,200,000; medicinal barks, $396,000; cacao, &c., all of which enter free of duty.
Of the total exports from the United States to Colombia, breadstuffs and provisions constitute about $1,000,000. The remainder of the ex. ports were made up of wood and manufactures of, principally the latter, $213,000; iron and steel and manufactures of-principally man ufactures—$,000,0100, of which m achinery and similar manufactures amounted to $563,000, edge tools to $159,000, and fire-arms to $150,000; drugs and chemicals, $289,000; paper and stationery, $147,000; ord. nance stores, $127,000; leather and manufactures of, $74,000; refined sugar, tobacco, and manufactures of, ale and beer, books and pam. phlets, carriages, agricultural implements, sewing-machines ($158,000), candles, clocks, coal, cordage, leather and manufactures of, refined petroleum, jewelry, lamps, matches, paints, perfumery, plated ware, printingpresses, soap, distilled spirits, glassware, fancy articles, &c.
In regard to the great export staple, cotton manufactures, the following short statement will prove interesting to our manufacturers in this
The exports from the United States, as above given, show an increase on the preceding year of 4,612,819 yards, and in value $251,446.
The average price, per yard, of British and American cottons exported to Colombia, as above, was as follows: ..
British.-Þlain goods, 5.78 cents; prints, 6.75.
During the year 1879_'80 the average price of American cottons was, plain, 8.79; prints, 6.77. It will thus be seen that American prices are approaching the British year after year, those of printed goods being actually lower, although it may be questioned whether American plain piece goods, while their superior qualities are preserved, can at any time be sold as low as British plain goods.
Taken as a whole our trade with Colombia must be pronounced comparatively satisfactory, although not nearly as large as it should be. Our exports thereto show a larger percentage of manufactures than our exports to any other country in South America. There would seem to be room for considerable development in our exports of cotton manu. factures, wearing apparel, hardware and cutlery, mercery, wines, and spirits, paper and stationery, silks, pottery and glassware; in fact, in almost every article of manufacture consumed in the country.
This view of the subject is fully borne out by our consuls, as well as by the consuls of other nations, in Colombia.
The British consul at Panama, a few years back, in reviewing the trade relations of the Republic with the outside world, wrote as follows:
The United States, from their geographical position, are naturally far more favorably situated as regards trade with the republics, on the north and west coasts especially, of the South American continent, than Great Britain; and but for their high tariffs, * which are detrimental to the admission of South American produce to their ports, and also to the much shorter system of credit given by American manufacturers to that which obtains amongst British manufacturers, there can be little doubt that English commerce with this continent would be seriously imperiled by our great North American rivals.
FOREIGN COMMERCE OF VENEZUELA.
The latest available returns of Venezuelan trade are those supplied by Consul Barnes, formerly of La Guayra, in his valuable report, dated March, 1881,t on the trade conditions and commercial statistics of Ven. ezuela. While this report covers all other statistics up to its date, the trade statistics, owing to the fact that some were compiled thereafter by the national government, cover only the years 1876 and 1877.
For the year 1877 the imports and exports of Venezuela were estimated by the national customs as follows: Imports, $14,000,000; exports, $15,000,000; distributed as follows:
While the foregoing statement is nearly correct as to the total values of imports and exports, it would seem to be incorrect in the distribution.
The customs returns of Venezuela, as above, give the following as the values of the imports for the countries mentioned during the year 1877: From England, $3,998,000; from the United States, $2,407,000; from France, $2,288,000. According to the official returns of these countries the exports therefrom to Venezuela, which were the imports into Vene
* The British consul errs in assuming that our tariff is “detrimental to the admis. sion of South American products" into our ports; on the contrary, the greater portion of Soutb American products are embraced in our “free list," viz: The imports into the United States from South America during the year 1881 amounted to about $81,000,000, of which $67,000,000 worth was entered free, leaving only $14,000,000 subject to tariff. According to British official returns the total imports into the United Kingdom from South America during the year 1881 amounted to only about $70,000,000, or $11,000,000 less than the imports into the United States with our “detrimental tariff”!' The exports from the United Kingdom to South America during the same year amounted to $83,592,000, while the exports from the United States amounted to only about $23,000,000. It will thus be seen that our tariff is not detrimental to our trade with South America, as the British consul assumes in his interest. ing report.
* Trade Conditions and Commercial Statistics of Venezuela. Report by Consul Barnes of Curacoa, lately of La Guayra, in Consular Reports No. 7, for the month of May, 1881.