From Marx to Lenin: An Evaluation of Marx's Responsibility for Soviet Authoritarianism
Cambridge University Press, 1984. 7. 19. - 239페이지
This study is a contribution to the debate, begun just after the October Revolution, concerning the relationship between Marx's project and Soviet society. It focuses, however, only on the political aspects of the matter: to what extent was early Soviet authoritarianism the necessary outcome of Marx's works? Since Lenin's practice and theory largely determined and justified the early political character of the Soviet state, we may ask whether Lenin was implementing Marx's project or a project of his own design. Lenin, influenced by debates within Social Democracy and by the experience of the Russian revolutionary tradition, used a one-sided interpretation of Marx's work to build and defend a 'transition' which was fundamentally authoritarian. Marx was not causally responsible for the theoretical foundation of Soviet authoritarianism.
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abolition Akimov anarchist Avineri Bakunin become believed Bernstein Blanquist Bolshevik Party bourgeois bourgeois opposition bourgeoisie capitalism capitalist Cited ibid civil society claims class rule class struggle Communist Manifesto critics Critique debate declared defend democ democratic republic economic emancipation Engels Erfurt Programme Eurocommunism Eurocommunists existence explains force freedom fundamental German Herzen historical idea illiberal influence intelligentsia interests IWMA Karl Karl Kautsky Kautsky Kautsky's Lavrov Lenin letariat liberal democracy London Luxemburg major Marx and Engels Marx's concept Marx's project Marxism means MECW Mensheviks MESW movement obshchina opponents organization organizational Paris Commune parliamentary Philosophy Plekhanov political form political power problem proletarian dictatorship proletariat question representative Revisionism Revisionists role Russian Marxists Russian revolutionary tradition Second Congress sense Social Democrats socialist revolution Soviet authoritarianism Soviet regime Stalin suppression tactical task theoretical theory tion Tkachev transition period transition to socialism Trotsky unity universal suffrage Utopian violence workers working-class