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Art. XII. A Memoir of the Principal Occurrences during an Embassy from the British Government to the Coutt of China, in the Year 1816. By the Rev. Dr. Robert Morrison, Author of the Chinese Dictionary, &c. 8vo. pp. 96. Price 3s. 6d. London. 1820. This pamphlet did not reach us till some time after its pub

Jication, and the interest attaching to the unsuccessful and unproduetive Embassy, bas long since subsided. But; as the present narrative comprises, in a cheap form, some entertejning descriptions of the manners and customs of the Chinese, and is in some of its details more minute thad the heavy quarto of Mr. Commissioner Ellis; as, moreover, the object of the Editor, Dr. Morton, is availing himself of bis excellent relative's permission to publish it, is to afford, by means of its profits; some relief to a widow with ten children, we caönot withbold our recommendation of the work, and have only to regret that it should not have been more timely. Dr. Morrison, who was attached to the Embassy in the character of Interpreter, had, in being acquainted with the language, an advantage over the Compissioners, which he did not fail to turn to the best possible account. He could not only see with his own eyes, but, which they could not, hear with his own ears; and he both saw and beard with other feelings than those of a diplomatist with the views and emotions of a man whose youthful studies and maturer laboúrs have all been devoted to the great work of preparing, in that vast portion of the Pagan world, “ the way of the Lord.

The decay and ruin in which the temples were frequently found, seems to denote, as Dr. M. remarks, a decay of the superstition which reared them ; but a senseless idolatry still prevails.

On the hill above Teih-keang was a temple dedicated to Newshin, the god of kine. A figure of a black cow, with a person sitting on it, stood in the temple ; and by the side were several marble inscriptions, containing the names of the founders, and the views and feelings of the original proposer, who invited all the farmers in the neighbourhood to join in the expense.'

„On the top of a lofty mountain seen from the river Yang-tsze Keang, 'near''Ta-tung, is a temple erected to the god Kew-hwa, which gives its name to the mountain. The ascent is said to be so difficult in some places, that, ' in going up, it is necessary to

attach a rope from above to the persons ascending. In this temple, there are stated to be upwards of a thousand priests.' A tolerable establishment! In the adjacent island of' Ho-ye Chow, the Author

was interested by the appearance of a family containing four generations, amounting to about twenty persons, in the same house. The patriarch was only seventy years of age. At his feet stood his great grand-child, whilst his son was working at his father's coffin. I Vol. XVI. N. S.

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asked the old man why he now prepared his coffin. He said he felt his bealth decline, and he wished to have a place ready in which to rest after death. An opportunity did not offer to ascertain his views of a future state of existence. When asked if the sight of his coffin. did not excite mournful ideas, he replied “ No. А mandarin with me remarked, “ His mouth says No, but it is not the " language of his heart." ,

At Woo-chiog-Cbin, on the left bank of the Tanho, is • a very spacious and elegant temple, dedicated to a man whose name was Heu Chin Keun, who is deified, and is called, “The Happy Lord: of Keang-se." His temple was by some emperor denominated Wan, show Kung, which is the name by which it is now known. The front is decorated with various devices on porcelain, and with handsome masonry. A large court is formed in front, and a fine building raised on the opposite side for the public performance of plays.'

At Nau-chang Foo, the capital of Keang-se, is a temple called Hwa Wang Meaou,' the temple of the king of flowers, in which the figures of the idol and the twelve Months of the Year, by whom he is surrounded, appeared quite new, and were painted in the most lively colours. This temple, an exception to the general appearance of these edifices, * was supported by the salt-merchants in the neighbourhood, who, in an adjoining hall, had placed an idol denominated Tsae-shin, “ the god of wealth.” Before him was a stage for theatrical exhibitions, which are blended with the service of all the temples.'

Thus, in China, the imagined and desired alliance betweenwe may not say the pulpit and the stage, but--the stage and the altar, seeins actually realised.

While the Embassy remained at Nan-chang Foo, an alarmaing fire broke out in the suburbs on the banks of the river.

fire-engines,' says Dr. M., were offered to the Legate, who, with

many professions of thanks, declined accepting them, as it was « the duty of the local officers to see the fire extinguished, not « his. In about the space of two hours, they succeeded.' This might be brutal nonchalance; but, possibly, it was conformable to the requisitions of Chinese etiquette : which etiquette would doubtless bave forbidden at all events the extinguishing of a Chinese fire by an English engine. We bave another illustration of the national sung froid, in the remark made by General Wang, in the course of conversation with our Author,

the wars wbich preceded and accompanied the reigning fa• mily, thinned the population so much, that the earth produced

great abundance for the wants of the people; but, since that period, there has been a vast increase of population, the consequences of which are scarcity and poverty. In the General's opinion,' adds Dr. Morrison, another war to die

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minish the population, would be a good thing.'. One would think General Wang had been reading Malthus. A very sound political economist this General Wang!

As in other countries, so, in the celestial empire, there is quackery of various kinds. In the suburbs of Nan-kin, there are hotbaths for poor people, admittance one penny, the price of a clean shave in this country; and the sign of one of these baths holds forth in large characters the flattering promise, Heang shrouy yu Tang, the bath of fragrant water.' Just as in London, we have the Peerless Pool, or the Wellington chop house. The baths are in a small room, which continues filled with steam; and here all the bathers are together. They come out to dry themselves and dress in a public room, in which are cupboards numbered to contain the separate clothes of each bather. Some of the gentlemen of the Embassy put their heads into the bath, and found the effluvia any thing but fragrant

Fortune-telling is a good trade in some of the towns. The professors of the art keep regular shops. Dr. M. met with one of these gentry sitting at the gate of a temple, with his apparatus about bim-he does not say what apparatus ; but the gifted adeptó could not tell to whom the temple was dedicated.'

Mahommedans were found in every part of the country which was traversed by the Embassy. At Nang-chang Foo they have three mosques. In Keang-nan, they are said to bave thirtysix. The prayers are not translated from the Arabic, and there are no books in Chinese containing their service or doctrines. They call the Deity Choo, · Lord;' not Shin,' a god or spi• rit;' because, they say, the Shin are included in things created, and Chuo marle all things. The Jews appear to be known under the name of the sinew-plucking sect :' but our Author did not meet with one of that dispersed nation, and the informa. tion be could gain, was but doubiful and scanty.

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On the 15th of the present month will be published, the Second Edition, revised and greatly enlarged, of An Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures. By Thomas Hartwell Horne, M.A. Curate of the United Parishes of Christ Church, Newgate Street, and St. Leonard, Foster Lane. lì four large volumes 8vo. Ilustrated with fifteen maps and facsimiles of MSS. Price £3, 3s. More than one third of the present edition consists of new matter. i For further particulars see Select Literary luformation in our Numbar for September.

New edition of Baxter's Practical Works. Mr. Edwards, of Crane Court, who, about thirteen years ago, issued proposals for the republication of the whole of the Practical Works of this eminent divine, when he reluctantly abandoned his purpose for want of sufficient encouragement, has resolved to commence this undertaking, in the hope that the present period will be found favourable to the prosecution of his object. Many ministers and private christians of various denominations have lately been very solicitous for a new and complete edition of Mr. Baxter's Practical Works in a more convenient forin than the folio edition, which is now become extremely scarce and expensive. It is computed that the whole will make about 16 volumes in octavo, each volume to contaju upwarıls of 500 pages; it is to be printed on fine demy paper, with a new type cast for the purpose; and one volume to be published every two months, or oftener, till completed. The work to be edited by the Rev. T. Cloutt, of Walworth.

A new edition of Drew on the Resursection, is in the press, and will be ready in a few days.

Mr. R. Bloomfield, author of the Farmer's Boy, has in the press, thic May day of the Muges

Mr. Gill is preparing for publication, a Technical Repository of Practical lu


formation, on subjects connected with the new improvements and discoveries in the useful arts.

The Rev T. L. Strong, will soon publish, Six Discourses, preached before the University of Oxford, with an appendix,

The Rev. Edmund Butcher has in the press, a volume of Prayers for the use of families and private persons; inck. ding a prayer adapted to each discoucse in his three volumes of Serinons.

The Rev. E. C. Tyson is printiog a Treatise on the Summation of Series by Increment.

Mr. Peter Nicholson's System of Pure and Mixed Mathematics, in a large octavo volume, for schools, which has been soine years in the press, is expected to appear before Christmas.

Dr. Jobo Rcade has in the press, a Treatise on Vision, founded on new and interesting experiments.

Mr. Thomas Webb is preparing. Greck and English Prosodial Lexicon, with synonimns and examples, marked and scanned in the pauper of the Latin Gradus.

Mr. Evans, printer, of Bristol, will soon publish, a Chronological Ouliine of the listory of Bristol, embellished with architectural drawings by Mr. O'Neill

A new voluine of Sermons selected from the Manuscripts of the late Dr. Jaines Lindsay, is now preparing for the press, by his Son-in-Law, the Rev. Dr. Barclay, and will be published by subscription.

In the course of a few days will be pi:blished, The Private and Confidential Correspondence of Charles Talbot, Duke of Shrewsbury, principal Minister to King William, for a considerable period of his reign. By the Rev. Archdeacon Coxe.

The Second Vol. of Sir R. K. Porter's Travels in Georgia, Persia, Armenia, Ancient Babylonia, &c. &c. is nearly ready for publication. It will be illus. trated with numerous engravings of portraits, costumes, antiquities, &c. &c.

Travels the British Poets, respectfully informs appear shorily, by W.J. Burchell, the Subscribers to that work, that, in Esg. whose researcbes in the joterior of consequence of the lamented death of Southern Africa, during a five years' Mr. Thurston, the publication of Part residence in that country, comprise à XL. is unavoidably postponed, from the variety of discoveries and observations first of November to the first of January which have never yet been laid before To prevent, however, ang delay in the the public. Numerous engravings from completion of the work, two parts will the Author's own drawings, with an en be published togetber on that day.. tirely new map, will illustrate the work. Dr. Watkins, Author of the General

Mr. Charles Mills, Author of the Biographical Dictionary, will shortly History of the Crusades, will shortly publish, an interesting work, consisting Jay before the public, the First Part of Memoirs of self-educated persons, (comprising Italy) of the Travels of who, by their own exertions, have risen Theodore Ducas, in various countries of to eminence in literature and science, Europe, at the revival of Letters and Art. Miss Benger is busily employed on

The Memoirs of the Court of King Memoirs of the Life of Mary, Queen of James I. by Lucy Aikin, in % vols, Scots, which will be pubiished in the Bro. is nearly ready:

course of the winter. Preparing for publication, Two Voy, A work entitled, The present State of ages to New South Wales and Van Europe, will shortly appear. Dieman's Land; including a description A new edition of Systematic "Educaof the present condition of that interest- ejon, or Elementary Instruction in the ing colony; with facts and observations various departments of Literature and relative to the state and management of Science, with practical rules for studying convicts of both sexes, 'under sentence each brauch of useful knowledge. By of Transportation. Also, reflections on the Rev. W. Shepherd, the Rev. J. Joyce, Seduction, and its general consequences, and the Rey. Lant Carpenter, LL, D. is By Thomas Reid, Member of the Royal iu the press, with considerable additions. College of Surgeons in London, and The Rev, W. Thorn, of Penrith, has Surgeon in the Royal Navy.

in the press, a new and enlarged edition A new edition (beivg the 7th) of Con- of his Lectures op the Christian Sabbath. yersations on Chemistry, is preparing Preparing for publication, The Preafor the press, with considerable additious, cher, in 6 yols. 12mo., or Sketches of

The Speeches of the late Right Hon. Original Sermons, from the MS3. of two Henry Grattan, edited by bis Son, will eminent divines of the last century, appear shortly in 4 vols. 8vo.

With a familiar Essay on Pulpit Com, Mr. A. T, Thomson, P.L.S, &c. &c. position. Principally intended for Young has in the press, Lectures on the Ele. Ministers and Lily Preachers. Yol. I. ments of Botany, Part I.-Containing 5s. the Anatomy and Physivlogy of those lu the press, a new metrical Version, organs on which the growth and preser- of the Psalms of David, with an ap-. vation of the plant depend : with expla- pendix of select Psalms and Hymns nations of the Terminology connected adapted to the service of the United with these parts. 8vo. illustrated by Church of England and Ireland for marginal cuts, and copper plates. every Sunday in the year, festival days,

The Rey, Samuel Burder, A.M. is saints' days, &c. By the Rev. Basil preparing a new edition of his Oriental Wood, A.M. of Trinity College, Oxford, Customs, or an Illustration of the Şa. and Rector of Draytun Beauchamp, cred Scriptures, by an explanatory ap- Bucks. plication of the Customs and Manners In the press, Sketches of (50) Sero of the Eastern Nations, and especially mons. Vol. II. 1200. the Jews, therein alluded to. This edition Jo the press, and in a few days will be will be considerably enlarged.

published, the following discourses by Vol. III. of the Dublin Hospital Re. S. Sleigh, of Salisbury Jayful Antiports apd Communications iı Medicive cipations: a Sermon occasioned by the and Surgery, will be published in De. death of Mrs. Sloper, Infant Hosągcepler,

nas : a Sermoni, containing many par. The Sixth Part of Dr. Wbittaker's ticulars in the life and death of a child General History of the County of York, belonging to the Scots Lane Sunday. is just ready.

School The Proprietar of the Portraits of Mr. Morison, Minister of Trevor Cha.

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