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So Adam, and thus Eve to him replied: 960 About their spirits had play'd, and inmost powers O glorious trial of exceeding love,

Made err, was now exhald; and grosser sleep, Illustrious evidence, example high!

Bred of unkindly fumes, with

conscious drcams Engaging me to emulate, but short

Encumber'd, now had left them; up they rose Of thy perfection, how shall I attain,

As from unrest, and, each the other viewing, 1059 Adam? from whose dear side I boast me sprung, Soon found their eyes how open'd, and their minds And gladly of our union hear thee speak, 966 How darken'd; innocence, that as a veil One hearr, one soul in both; whereof good proof Had shadow'd them from knowing ill, was gone, This day affords, declaring thee resolvd,

Just confidence, and native righteousness, 1056 Rather than death, or ought than death more dread, And honour from about them, naked left Shall separate us, link'd in love so dear, 970 To guilty shame; he cover'd, but his robe To undergo with me one guilt, one crime,

Uncover'd more. So rose the Danite strong, If any be, of tasting this fair fruit,

Herculean Samson, from the harlot-lap 1060 Whose virtue (for of good still good proceeds, Of Philistean Dalilah, and wak'd Direct, or by occasion) hath presented

Shorn of his strength. They destitute and bare This happy trial of thy love, which else 975 Of all their virtue: silent, and in face So eminently never had been known.

Confounded, long they sat, as strucken mute, Were it I thought death menac'd would ensue Till Adam, though not less than Eve abash'd, 1065 This my attempt, I would sustain alone

At length gave utterance to these words conThe worst, and not persuade thee, rather die

strain'd: Deserted, than oblige thee with a fact

980 Pernicious to thy peace, chiefly assur'd

O Eve, in evil hour thou didst give ear Remarkably so late of thy so true,

To that false worm, of whomsoever taught So faithful love unequall'd: but I feel

To counterfeit man's voice, true in our fall, Far otherwise th' event, not death but life

False in our promis'd rising; since our eyes 1070 Augmented, open'd eyes, new hopes, new joys, 985 Open'd we find indeed, and find we know Taste so divine, that what of sweet before

Both good and evil, good lost, and evil got ; Hath touch'd my sense, flat seems to this, and Bad fruit of knowledge, if this be to know, On my experience, Adam, freely taste, [harsh. Which leaves us naked thus, of honour void, And fear of death deliver to the winds."

Of innocence, of faith, of purity,

1075

Our wonted ornaments now soil'd and stain'd, So saying, she embrac'd him, and for joy 990 And in our faces evident the signs Tenderly wept, much won that he his love

Of foul concupiscence; whence evil store; Had so ennohled, as of choice to incur

Even shame, the last of evils: of the first Divine displeasure for her sake, or death

Be sure then. How shall I behold the face 1080 In recompense (for such compliance bad

Henceforth of God or angel, erst with joy Such recompense best merits) from the bough 995 And rapture so' oft beheld those heavenly shapes She gave him of that fair enticing fruit

Will dazzle now this earthly with their blaze With liberal hand: he scrupled not to eat

Insufferably bright. O might I here Against his better knowledge, not deceiv'd,

In solitude live savage, in some glade 1085 But fondly overcome with female charm.

Obscur'd, where highest woods, impenetrable Earth trembled from her entrails, as again 1000 To star or sun light, spread their umbrage broad In pangs, and Nature gave a second groan;

And brown as evening. Cover me, ye pines, Sky lower'd, and muttering thunder, some sad Ye cedars, with innumerable boughs Wept at completing of the mortal sin [drops Hide me, where I may never see them more. 1090 Original; while Adam took no thought,

But let us now, as in bad plight, devise Eating his fill, nor Eve to iterate

1005 What best may for the present serve to hide Her former trespass fear'd, the more to sooth

The parts of each from other, that seem most Him with her lov'd society, that now,

Toshame obnoxious, and unseemliest seen; (sew'd, As with new wine intoxicated both,

Some tree, whose broad smooth leaves together They swim in mirth, and fancy that they feel And girded on our loins, may cover round

1096 Divinity within them breeding wings

1010 Those middle parts, that this new comer, shame, Wherewith to scorn the earth: but that false fruit There sit not, and reproach us as unclean." Far other operation first display'd, Carnal desire inflaming; he on Eve

- So counsell'd he, and both together went 1099 Began to cast lascivious eyes; she him

Into the thickest wood; there soon they chose As wantonly repaid ; in lust they burn: 1015 The fig-tree, not that kind for fruit renown'd, Till Adam thus 'gan Eve to dalliance move:

But such as at this day to Indians known

In Malabar or Decan spreads her arms « Eve, now I see thou art exact of taste,

Rranching so broad and long, that in the ground And elegant, of sapience no small part,

T'he bended twigs take root, and daughters grow Since to each meaning savour we apply,

About the mother tree, a pillar'd shade 1106 And palate call judicious; I the praise 1020 High overarch'd, and echoing walks between; Yield thee, so well this day thou hast purvey'd. There oft the Indian herdsman, shunning heat, Much pleasure we have lost, while we abstain'd Shelters in cool, and tends his pasturing herds From this delightful fruit, nor known till now At loop-holes cut thro' thickest shade. Those leaves True relish, tasting: if such pleasure be

They gatherd, broad as Amazonian targe, 1111 In things to us forbidden, it might be wish'd, 1025 And with what skill they had, together sew'd, For this one tree had been forbidden ten.

To gird their waist, vain covering if to hide But come, so well refresh'd, now let us play, Their guilt and dreaded shame; O how unlike! As meet is, after such delicious fare;

To that first naked glory! Such of late 1115 For never did thy beauty, since the day

Columbus found th American, so girt
I saw thee first, and wedded thee, adorn'd 1030 With feather'd cincture, naked else and wild
With all perfections, so inflame my sense

Among the trees on isles and woody shores. (part With ardour to enjoy thee, fairer now

Thus fenc'd, and as they thought, their shame in Than ever, bounty of this virtuous tree."

Cover'd, but, not at rest or ease of mind, 1120

They sat them down to weep; nor only tears So said he, and forbore not glance or toy

Rain'd at their eyes, but high winds worse within Of amorous intent, well understood

1035 Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate, Of Eve, whose eye darted contagious fire.

Mistrust, suspicion, discord, and shook sore Her hand he seiz'd, and to a shady bank,

Their inward state of mind, calm region once 1125 Thick overhead with verdant roof imbower'd, And full of peace, now toss'd and turbulent: He led her, nothing loath; flowers were the couch, For understanding rul'd not, and the will Pansies, and violets, and asphodel,

1040 Heard not her lore, both in subjection now And hyacinth, earth's freshest, softest lap.

To sensual appetite, who from beneath, There they their fill of love and love's disport Usurping over sov'reign reason, claim'd 1130 Took largely, of their mutual guilt the seal, Superior sway: from this distemper'd breast, The solace of their sin, till dewy sleep

Adam estrang'd in look and alter'd style, Oppress'd them, wearied with their amorous play. Speech intermitted thus to Eve renewa:

Soon as the force of that fallacious fruit, 1040 “ Would thou nadst hearken'd to my words, and That with exhilarating vapour bland

stay'd

With me, as I besought thee, when that strange To whom then first incens'd, Adam replied:
Desire of wand'ring this unhappy morn, 1136 “Is this the love, is this the recompense
I know not whence possess'd thee; we had then Of mine to thee, ingrateful Eve, express'd
Remain'd still happy, not as now, despoil'd

Immutable, when thou wert lost, not I; 1165 Of all our good, sham'd, naked, miserable.

Who might have liv'd and joy'd immortal bliss, Let none henceforth seek needless cause l' approve Yet willingly chose rather death with thee? The faith they owe; when earnestly they seek 1141 And am I now upbraided as the cause Such proof, conclude, they then begin to fail." Ofthy transgressing? not enough severe,

It seems in my restraint: what could I more ? 1170 To whom, soon mov'd with touch of blame, thus I warn'd thee, I admonish'd thee, foretold Eve :

The danger, and the lurking enemy “ What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam, severe! That lay in wait; beyond this had been force, Imput'st thou that to my default, or will 1145 And force upon free will hath here no place. Of wand'ring, as thou call'st it, which who knows But confidence then bore thee on, secure 1175 But might as ill have happen'd thou being by, Either to meet no danger, or to find Or to thyself perhaps ? Hadst thou been there, Matter of glorious trial; and perhaps Or here th' attempt, thou couldst not have discern'd I also err d'in overmuch admiring Fraud in the serpent, speaking as he spake; 1150 What seem'd in thee so perfect, that I thought No ground of enmity between us known,

No evil durst attempt thee, but I rue

1180 Why he should mean me ill, or seek to harm. That error now, which is become my crime, Was I to' have never parted from thy side ?

And thou th' accuser. Thus it shall befall A3 good have grown there still a lifeless rib. Him who to worth in woman overtrusting Being as I am, why didst not thou, the head, 1155 Lets her will rule ; restraint she will not brook, Command me absolutely not to go,

And left to' herself, if evil thence ensue, 1185 Going into such danger as thou saidst?

She first his weak indulgence will accuse.
Too facile then thou didst not much gainsay,
Nay didst permit, approve, and fair dismiss.

Thus they in mutual accusation spent
Hadst thou been firm and fix'd in thy dissent, 1160 The fruitless hours, but neither self-condemning,
Neither had I transgress'd, nor thou with me." And of their vain contest appear'd no end.

END OF BOOK NINTH.

· PARADISE LOST.

BOOK X.

THE ARGUMENT,

Han's transgression knonen, the guardian angels forsake Paradise, and return up to heaven to approve

their vigilance; and are approved ; God declaring that the entrance of Satan could not be by them prevented.

He sends his Son to judge the transgressors, who descends and gives sentence accordingly: then in pity clothes them both, and re-ascends. Sin and Death, sitting till then at the gates of hell, by wondrous sympathy, feeling the success of Satan in this new norld, and the sin by man there committed, resolve to sit no longer confined in hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the place of man. To make the way easier from hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad highway or bridge over Chaos, according to the track that Satan first made ; then preparing for earth, they meet him, proud of his success, returning to hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pandemonium in full assembly relates, with boasting, his success against man; instead of applause is entertained nith a general hiss by all his audience, transformed with himself also suddenly into serpents, according to his doom given in Parato take out the fruit then dust and bitter lashes.

the forbidden tree springing up before them, they, greedily reaching

The

proceedings of Sin and Death. God foretells the final victory of his Son over them, and the renewing

of all things; but, for the present, commands his angels to make several alterations in the heavens and elements. Adam, more and more perceiving his fallen condition, heavily, bewails : rejects the condolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him : then, to evade the curse likely to fall on their

offspring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which he az; proves not, but conceiving better hope, puts her in mind of the late promise made them, that her seed should be revenged on the Serpent, and exhorts her, with him, to seek peace with the offended Deity by repentance and supplication.

MEANWHILE the heinous and despiteful act Which your sincerest care could not prevent; Of Satan done in Paradise, and how

Foretold so lately what would come to pass He in the serpent had perverted Eve,

When first this tempter cross'd the gulf from hell. Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit,

I told ye then
he should prevail and

speed 40 Was known in heaven; for what can scape the eye On his bad errand, man should be seduc'd Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart

6 And flatter'd out of all, believing lies Omniscient? who, in all things

just, Against his Maker; no decree of mine Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind

Concurring to necessitate his fall, Of man with strength entire, and free-will arm'd, Or touch with lightest moment of impulse 45 Complete to have discover'd and repuls'd 10 His free-will, to her own inclining left Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend,

In even scale. But fallen he is; and now For still they knew, and ought to have still re What rests, but that the mortal sentence pass member'd,

On his transgression, death denounc'd that day? The high injunction not to taste that fruit,

Which he presumes already vain and void, 50 Whoever tempted; which they not obeying, Because not yet inflicted, as he fear'd, Incurr'd (what could they less ?) the penalty, 15 By some immediate stroke; but soon shall find And, manifold in sin, deserv'd to fall.

Forbearance no acquittance ere day end.

Justice shall not return as bounty scorn'd. Up into heaven from Paradise in haste

But whom send I to judge them? Whom but thee, Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad

Vicegerent Son ? to thee I have transferr'd 56 For man, for of his state by this they knew,

All judgment, whether in heaven, or earth, or hell, Much wond'ring how the subtle fiend had stol'n 20 Easy it may be seen that I intend Entrance unseen. Soon as th' unwelcome news Mercy colleague with justice, sending thee From earth arriv'd at heaven-gate, displeas'd Man's friend, his mediator, his design'd

60 All were who heard; dim sadness did not spare Both ransom and redeemer voluntary, That time celestial visages, yet mix'd

And destin'd man himself to judge man fallen." With pity, violated not their bliss.

25 About the new-arriv'd, in multitudes

So spake the Father, and unfolding bright The ethereal people ran, to hear and know Toward the right hand his glory, on the Son How all befell: they towards the throne supreme Blaz'd forth unclouded Deity; he full

65 Accountable made haste to make appear

Resplendent all his Father manifest
With righteous plea their utmost vigilance, 30 | Express'd, and thus divinely answer'd mild:
And easily approv'd; when the Most High
Eternal Father, from his secret cloud,

“Father Eternal, thine is to decree, Amidst in thunder utter'd thus his voice:

Mine both in heaven and earth to do thy will

Supreme, that thou in me thy Son belor'd 70 “ Assembled angels, and ye powers return'd May'st ever rest well pleas'd. I go to judge From unsuccessful charge, be not dismay'd,

On earth these thy transgressors, but thou know'st, Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth, Whoever judg'd, the worst on me must light,

When time shall be, for so I undertook

To whom sad Eve, with shame nigh overwhelm'd, Before thee'; and not repenting, this obtain 75 Confessing soon, yet not before her Judge 166 Of right, that I may mitigate their doom

Bold or loquacious, thus abash'd, replied: On me deriv'd; yet I shall temper so

“ The serpent me beguil'd, and I did eat." Justice with mercy', as may illustrate most Them fully satisfied, and thee appease.

Which when the Lord God heard, without delay Attendance none shall need, nor train, where none To judgment he proceeded on th' accurs'd Are to behold the judgment, but the judg'd, 81 Serpent, though brute, unable to transfer 165 Those two; the third best absent is condemn'd, The guilt on him who made him instrument Convict by flight, and rebel to all law :

Of mischief, and polluted from the end Conviction to the serpent none belongs."

Of his creation; justly then accursid,

As vitiated in nature more to know Thus saying, from his radiant seat he rose 85 Concern'd not man (since he no further Enew) 170 Of high collateral glory': him, thrones and powers, Nor alter'd his offence; yet God at last Princedoms and dominations, ministrant,

To Satan, first in sin, his doom applied, Accompanied to heaven-gate, from whence Though in mysterious terms, judg'à as then best : Eden and all the coast in prospect lay.

And on the serpent thus his curse let fall: Down he descended straight; the speed of gods 90 “ Because thou hast done this, thou art accurs d Time counts not, tho' with swiftest minutes wing’d. Above all cattle, each beast of the field; 176 Now was the sun in western cadence low

Upon thy belly grov'ling thou shalt go, From noon, and gentle airs, due at their hour And dust shalt eat all the days of thy life. To fan the earth, now wak'd, and usher in

Between thee and the woman I will put The evening cool, when he from wrath more cool Enmity, and between thine and her seed;

180 Came the mild judge and intercessor both 96 Her seed shall bruise thy head, thou bruise his To sentence man: the voice of God they heard,

heel." Now walking in the garden, by soft winds [heard, Brought to their ears, while day declin'd; they So spake this oracle, then verified And from his presence hid themselves among 100 When Jesus, son of Mary, second Eve, The thickest trees, both man and wife, till God Saw Satan fall like lightning down from heaven, Approaching, thus to Adam call'd aloud:

Prince of the air; then rising from his grave 185

Spoil'd principalities and powers, triumph'd “ Where art thou, Adam, wont with joy to meet In open show, and with ascension bright, My coming seen far off? I miss thee here,

Captivity led captive through the air, Not pleas'd, thus entertain'd with solitude, 105 The realm itself of Satan long usurp'd, Where obvious duty' ere while appear'd unsought: Whom he shall tread at last under our feet; 190 Orcome I less conspicuous, or what change (forth.” Even he who now foretold

his fatal bruise, absents thee, or what chance detains ? Come And to the woman thus his sentence turn'a :

“ Thy sorrow I will greatly multiply He came, and with him Eve, more loath, tho' first By thy conception; children thou shalt bring To offend, discount'nanc'd both, and discompos'd; In sorrow forth; and to thy husband's will 195 Love was not in their looks, either to God 111 Thine shall submit; he over thee shall rule." Or to each other, but apparent guilt, And shame, and perturbation, and despair,

On Adam last thus judgment he pronounc'd : Anger, and obstinacy', and hate, and guile.

“ Because thou' hast hearken'd to the voice of thy Whence Adam falt'ring long, thus answer'd brief : And eaten of the tree, concerning which (wife,

I charg'd thee, saying, Thou shat not eat thereof : “I heard thee in the garden, and of thy voice 116 Curs'd is the ground for thy sake; thou in sorrow Afraid, being naked, hid myself." To whom Shalt eat thereof all the days of thy life; The gracious Judge without revile replied : Thorns also' and thistles it shall bring thee forth “My voice thou oft hast heard, and hast not fear'd, Unbid ; and thou shalt eat th' herb of the field, But still rejoic'd : how is it now become 120 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, 205 So dreadful to thee? that thou' art naked, who Till thou return unto the ground; for thou Hath told thee? hast thou eaten of the tree,

Out of the ground wast taken, know thy birth, Whereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not eat." For dust thou art, and shalt to dust return." To whom thus Adam, sore beset, replied:

So judg'd he Man, both Judge and Saviour sent, « O heaven! in evil strait this day I stand 125 And th' instant stroke of death denounc'd, that day Before my Judge, either to undergo

Remov'd far off; then pitying how they stood 211 Myself the total crime, or to accuse

Before him naked to the air, that now My other self, the partner of my life ;

Must suffer change, disdain'd not to begin Whose failing, while her faith to me remains,

Thenceforth the form of servant to assume, I should conceal, and not expose to blame 130 As when he wash'd his servants' feet, so now, 215 By my complaint; but strici necessity

As father of his family, he clad Subdues me, and calamitous constraint,

Their nakedness with skins of beasts, or slain, Lest on my head both sin and punishment,

Or as the snake with youthful coat repaid; However insupportable, be all

And thought not much to clothe his enemies : Devolv'd; though should I hold my peace, yet thou Nor he their outward only with the skins 220 Wouldst easily detect what I conceal.

136 Of beasts, but inward nakedness, much more This woman, whom thou mad'st to be my help, Opprobrious, with his robe of righteousness, And gav'st me as thy perfect gift, so good,

Arraying cover'd from his Father's sight.
So fit, so acceptable, so divine,

To him with swift ascent he up return'd,
That from her hand I could suspect no ill, 140 Into his blissful bosom reassum'd
And what she did, whatever in itself,

In glory as of old; to him appeas'd
Her doing seem'd to justify the deed;

All, though all-knowing, what had pass'd with man She gave me of the tree, and I did eat."

Recounted, mixing intercession sweet. To whom the sov'reign Presence thus replied : Meanwhile, ere thus was sinn'd and judg'd on “Was she thy God, that her thou didst obey 145

earth, Before his voice, or was she made thy guide, Within the gates of hell sat Sin and Death, 230 Superior, or but equal, that to her

In counterview within the gates, that now Thou didst resign thy manhood, and the place Stood open wide, belching outrageous flame Wherein God set thee' above her, made of thee, Far into Chaos, since the fiend pass'd through, And for thee, whose perfection far excell'd 150 Sin opening, who thus now to Death began : Hers in all real dignity? Adorn'd She was indeed, and lovely to attract

“O son, why sit we here each other viewing 235 Thy love, not thy subjection; and her gifts Idly, while Satan our great author thrives Were such as under government well seem'd, In other worlds, and happier seat provides Unseemly to bear rule, which was thy part 155 For us his offspring dear It cannot be And person, hadst it ou known thyself aright." But that success attends him; if mishap,

Ere this he had return'd, with fury driven 240 So having said, he thus to Eve in few: (done?" By his avengers, since no place like this “Say, Woman, what is this which thou had 'Can fit his punishment or their revenge.

225

Methinks I feel new strength within me rise, He, after Eve seduc'd, unminded slunk
Wings growing, and dominion given me large Into the wood fast by, and changing shape
Beyond this deep; whatever draws me on, 245 To observe the sequel, saw his guileful act
Or sympathy, or some connatural force

By Eve, though all unweeting, seconded 335 Powerful at greatest distance to unite

Upon her husband. saw their shame that sought With secret amity things of like kind

Vain covertures; but when he saw descend By secretest conveyance. Thou, my shade

The Son of God to judge them, terrified Inseparable, must with me along:

250 He fled, not hoping to escape, but shun For Death from Sin no power can separate.

The present, fearing, guilty, what his wrath 340 But lest the difficulty of passing back

Might suddenly inflict; that past, return'd Stay his return perhaps over this gulf

By night, and list'ning where the hapless pair Impassable, impervious, let us try

Sat in their sad discourse, and various plaint, Advent'rous work, yet to thy power and mine 255 Thence gather'd his own doom, which understood Not unagreeable, to found a path

Not instant, but of future time, with joy 345 Over this main from hell to that new world

And tidings fraught, to hell he now return'd, Where Satan now prevails, a monument

And at the brink of Chaos, near the foot Of merit high to all th' infernal bost,

Of this new wondrous pontifice, unhop'd Easing their passage hence, for intercourse, 260 Met, who to meet him came, his offspring dear. Or transmigration, as their lot shall lead.

Great joy was at their meeting, and at sight 350 Nor can I miss the way, so strongly drawn

Of that stupendous bridge his joy increas'd. By this new-felt attraction and instinct.",

Long he admiring stood, till Sin, his fair

Enchanting daughter, thus the silence broke: Whom thus the meagre Shadow answer'd soon : « Go whither fate and inclination strong 265 “O parent, these are thy magnific deeds, Leads thee; I shall not lag behind, nor err

Thy trophies, which thou view'st as not thine own, The way, thou leading, such a scent I draw Thou art their author and prime architect: 356 Of carnage, prey innumerable, and taste

For I no sooner in my heart divin'd,
The savour of death from all things there that live: My heart, which by a secret harmony
Nor shall I to the work thou enterprisest 270 Still moves with thine, join'd in connexion sweet,
Be wanting, but afford thee equal aid."

That thou on earth hadst prosper'd, which thy looks
Now also evidence, but straight I felt,

361
So saying, with delight he snuff's the smell Though distant from thee worlds between, yet felt
Of mortal change on earth. As when a flock That I must after thee with this thy son,
Of ravenous fowl, though many a league remote, Such fatal consequence unites us three:
Against the day of battle, to a field,

275

Hell could no longer hold us in her bounds, 365 Where armies lie encamp'd, come flying, lur'd Nor this unvoyageable gulf obscure With scent of living carcasses design'd

Detain from following thy illustrious track. For death, the following day, in bloody fight: Thou hast achiev'd our liberty, confin'd So scented the grim Feature, and upturn'd Within hell-gates till now, thou us impower'd His nostril wide into the murky air, 280 To fortify thus far, and overlay

370 Sagacious of his quarry from so far.

With this portentous bridge the dark abyss. Then both from out hell-gates into the waste Thine now is all this world ; thy virtue' hath won Wide anarchy of Chaos damp and dark [great) What thy hands builded not, thy wisdom gain'd Flew diverse, and with power (their power was With odds what war hath lost, and fully' aveng'd Hovering upon the waters, what they met, 285 Our foil in heaven; here thou shalt monarch reign, Solid or slimy, as in raging sea

There didst not; there let him still victor sway, 576 Toss'd up and down, together crowded drove As battle hath adjudgd, from this new world From each side shoaling tow'rds the mouth of hell : Retiring, by his own doom alienated, As when two polar winds, blowing adverse

And henceforth monarchy with thee divide Upon the Cronian sea, together drive

290 Of all things parted by th' empyreal bounds, 380 Mountains of ice, that stop th' imagin'd way His quadrature, from thy orbicular world, Beyond Petsora eastward, to the rich

Or try thee now more dangʻrous to his throne.” Cathaian coast. The aggregated soil Death with his mace petrific, cold and dry,

Whom thus the prince of darkness answer'd glad: As with a trident smote, and fix'd as firm 295 “Fair daughter, and thou son and grandchild both, As Delos floating once; the rest his look

High proof ye now have given to be the race 355 Bound with Gorgonian rigour not to move ;

Of Satan, (for I glory in the name, And with Asphaltic slime, broad as the gate, Antagonist of heaven's Almighty King) Deep to the roots of hell, the gather'd beach Amply have merited of me, of all They fasten'd, and the mole immense wrought on Th'infernal empire, that so near heaven's door Over the foaming deep high-arch'd, a bridge 301 Triumphal with triumphal act have met, 390 Of length prodigious, joining to the wall

Mine with this glorious work, and made one realm, Immoveable of this now fenceless world

Hell and this world one realm, one continent Forfeit to death; from hence a passage broad, Of easy thorough-fare. Therefore while I Smooth, easy, inoffensive, down to hell. 305 Descend through darkness, on your road with ease, So, if great things to small may be compar'd To my associate powers, them to acquaint 395 Xerxes, the liberty of Greece to yoke,

With these successes, and with them rejoice; From Susa his Memnonian palace high

You two this

way, among these numerous orbs Came to the sea, and over Hellespont

All yours, right down to Paradise descend; Bridging his way, Europe with Asia join'd, 310 There dwell and reign in bliss, thence on the earth And scourg'd with many a stroke th' indignant Dominion exercise, and in the air.

400 waves.

Chiefly on man, sole lord of all declar'd, Now had they brought the work by wondrous art Him first make sure your thrall, and lastly kill. Pontifical, a ridge of pendent rock,

My substitutes I send

ye, and create Over the vex'd abyss, following the track

Plenipotent on earth, of matchless might Of Satan to the self-same place where he

315

Issuing from me: on your joint vigour now 405 First lighted from his wing, and landed safe My hold of this new kingdom all depends, From out of Chaos, to the outside bare

Through sin to death expos'd by my exploit. Of this round world: with pins of adamant If your joint power prevail, th' affairs of hell And chains they made all fast, too fast they made No detriment need fear; go and be strong." And durable; and now in little space

320 The confines met of empyrean heaven

So saying, he dismiss'd them; they with speed 410 And of this world, and on the left hand hell Their course through thickest constellations held, With long reach interpos'd; three several ways Spreading their bane; the blasted stars look'd wan, In sight, to each of these three places led.

And planets, planet-struck, real eclipse And now their way to earth they had descried, 325 Then suffer'd. Th' other way Satan went down To Paradise first tending, when behold

The causeway to hell-gate ; on either side 415 Satan in likeness of an angel bright

Disparted Chaos, over-built, exclaim'd! Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering And with rebounding surge the bars assaila, His zenith, while the sun in Aries rose:

That scorn'd his indignation : through the gate, Disguis'd he came, but those his children dear 330 Wide open and unguarded, Satan pass'd, Their parent soon discern'd, though in disguise. And all about found desolate; for those 420

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