페이지 이미지


the very heavens. They diffused, and pliant, so that you may, fold as they burnt, a very agreeable and unfold it at pleasure, being perfume. He farther remarks, that naturally plaited like a fan. In the best ag ricum grows upon the this state it is not bigger than a larch, and that the arquebusires of min's arm, and extremely light. his time made us: of it for keeping The natives cut it into triangles, up fire, and for making matches. though it is naturally round, and Thus, nature, in crowning the each of them carries one of those sommit of cold and ferruginous sections over his head, holding the mountains with those vast lege- angular part before, in his hand, table torches, has placed the match to open for himself a passage in their branches, the vinder at through the bushes. The soldiers their foot, and the steel at their employ this leaf as a covering to

their tents, He considers it, and To the south, on the contrary, with good reason, as one of the trees present, in their foliage, fans, greatest blessings of Providence, in umbrellas, parasols. The litanier a country burnt up by the sun, and carries e.:ch of its leaves p!aited ?s inulated by the rains, for six à fan, attached to a long iail, and 'inonths of the year. similar, when completely displayed, Nature has provided, in those cli. to a radiating sun of verd::se. Two mates, parasols for whole villages; of those trees are to be seen in the top the fig-tree, denominated, in royal-garden. The leaf of the ba. India, the fig-sree of the Banians, nina resembles a long and broad a drawing of which may be seen in girdle, which, undoubted!', pro. Tavernier, and in several other cured for it the name of Adam's travellers, grovs on the very burn. fig-free. The magnitne of the ing sani of the sea-shore; throwing, leaves of several spøcies of trees from the extremity of its branches, Increases in proprion as we ap

a multitude of shoots, which drop proach the Line. That of the ro. to the ground, there take root, and coz-tree, with double fruit of the form, around the principal trunk, Séchelles Islands, is froin twelve to a great number of covered 'arcados, file n' too long, and from seven

whose shade is inperviois" to the to eight bro id. A single one is suf. rys of the sun. ficient incorer a numerous family. In our temperate cli sates, we One of these leaves i , likewise, to experience a similar benevolence be seen in the Royal Cübinet of on the pari of nature. In the Natural Hisiory. Tht of the ta. wir and thirsty scasons, she belipot of the Island of Ceylon is of ston's upon us a variety of fruits, nearly the same size.

repe nished with the most refresh. The interesting and unfortunate ins juces, such as cherries, peaches, Robert Knox, who has given die mncions; and as winte: ay; roaches, best account of Ceyion which I ain those which warin ind comfort by acquainted with, ceils us, that coe their cil, such as the aimond and of the leaves of the talipot is ca. the walmt. Cercaia waruralists pable of covering from fificen to have considered even the ligneous twenty persons. When it is dry, shells of these fruits, as a preser. continues he, it is at oxe strong rative ag rinst the cold of the gico


my season ; bot these are, as we THE Kainsi has received from have seen, the means of floating the Dutch its name of rock-jumper and of navigating. Nature em. (klip-springer), merely on account ploys others with which we are of the nimbleness with which is not acquainted, for preserving the hounds from rock to rock; and in substances of fruits, from the im. f.&, of all the gazelle tribe it is pressions of the air. For example, the most active. It is the size of a she preserves, through the whole roebuck of a year old, and has a winter, many species of app es and coat of a yellowish gry; but its pears, which have no other cover. hair is singular in this respect, that ing than a pellicle so very ihin, instead of being round, supple, and that it is impossible to deiernine solid, like that of most quadrupeds, how fine it is.

it is dat, harsh, and so little ad. Nature has placed other vege. herent to the skin, that the least cables in humid and dry situations, fri&ion causes it to fall off. Hence the qualities of wbich are inexpli- nothing is more easy than to strip cable or the principles of our phy- the animal of hair, dead or alive; sics, but which admirably harmo. friction, or even touching the skin, nize with the necessities of the men is suficient for the purpose. Of. who inhabit those places. Along ren have I endeavoured to preserve che water-side grow the plant and the fur of those which I had killed, the trees which are the dryest, tfie without being able to effed it: lightest, and, consequently, the notwithstanding all my precautions best adapted for the purpose of in skinning them, the greatest part crossing the stream. Such are of the hair fell off. Anorber par. seeds, which are : hollow, and ticularity is the brittleness of the sushes which are filled with an in. bair; which is such that, if a por. flammable marrow. It requires tion be taken between the fingers, .but a very moderate bundic of and twisted with the other hand, sushes to bear the weight of a very the hairs break. heavy man upon the water. Un however, is common to several the barks of the lakes of the north quadrupeds which live among rocks, are produced those enormous birch. This gazelle also differs from the crées, the bark of a single one of othes species in the form of its which is sufficient to form a large hoot, which is not pointed like canoe. This bark is similar to theirs, but rounded ai the extre. leather in pliancy, and so incorrup- mity; and as it is its custom, in cible by humidity, thai, in Russia, leaping or walking, to pinch with 1. have seen some of it extracted the point of the hoof without bear. from under ihe earth which co. ing on the heel, it leaves a prins vered powder magazines, perfcaly distinguishable from those of all the sound, though i had lain these African apteloses. Its flesh is ex. from the line of Perer the Great, quisire, and much in request, es

pecially among the hunters. The decount of the Kiirsi, a siccies of panthers and leopards are equally Guzelle Or Antei.pes from ke fond of it. I have heard the Hot. Vaillant's Sccund surro' into ile tentots relate that these animals Interior of Africu.

unite to hunt the kainsi; and that


This property;


hen the latter has taken refuge lected all his force, sprang to my 1 the point of some steep rock, side, flew over my head, and then, ne of them will go below to wait alighring some paces from me, or the trey, while the rest ade escaped like I'gaining. I might ance and try to force it to preci. stiil easily have shot him, but his itate itself.

leap had so surprised and pleased I do not, however, give credit me that I gave him his life. My , these pretended associations of dogs only were taken in, who con. nimils of the ryger kind. fused at his escape, did not return 1-h2 ch.ce nf ihe kaini is

very to me without a kind of shame. masir.g. It can scarcely, indeed, je forced hy dogs, from whom it oon escapes by its inconceivable Rifericns of artain feats of Heat gility; and gets out of their reach And Cold on tbe living System. By in the point of some insulated This

mar Beridos, M. D. From on which it remains for Medicul inal and Ouserrations. yours together, saic from all put. uit, ard susi ended, as it were,

I know not, whether it has prer the abyss :--but in this po þeen observed that the inflamma. sition it seems to offer. the best cians, p. rticularly those of che eyes, mark to the ball or the arcos.si and which are so frequent in hot cli. if the hunter cannot always easily spaces, where it is the castom get at it after he has killed it, he to sleep during the saminer in may almost constantly, shoot it. then oren air, are to be - referred Many um:s have I been witness of to the succession of heat to the extreme nimbleness of the ani. cold. „Travellers, especially those mal : but one day I saw an instance into Egype, have variqusly attempt. of it which asicnished me. and was ed to account for this phenomenon. hunting one, and írom the nature Hasselquist impures ii to certain of the place it was suddenly so miasmata arising from the almost pressed by my dng', that it seemed empty reservoirs in which the to have no poss.Ditiny of escape.

waier of the Nile-iş preserved ffort Before it, wiis an immense per inundation to iunda ion. This is, pendicular crag, which stopped it however, a mere hypothesisi'un short : but on this wall, which confirmed by any siriet ararogy ; I thought verti.al, was

a jirtie

nor is the supposed alise in any ledge project ng two ini hes at way brough: bime to tie ettect. most, which the kainsi had pura As lit:ie, in my opinion, can the ceived. He leaped on it, and to

inil ininariup of the eyes be ascribed my great su'prise heid fast. I to the influence of the nocturnal thought at least he woud soon be light of the hča"ens upon the eye, the precipitated; and my dogs theme is being more or jess closed selves so much xpected it, that during sleep. The Catuse seems. ina. ' they ran briow 10 size hen when d:quare. It is common, in ih:s counhe should !a: thev piones at

iry, io se p in chaini.rs not less him to enderung

noto ke tan lose strongly i:luminaied fit not more his bal :108.

m, as it he so) hanin Ezip, during the night, Wallioul any inconvenienc: to our

bad divined by

se 10.

sight. Besides, I think, if we perature of the night and day ; to could suppose

the eye to be so daz. which cause signal eff-et is given zled by the light of the night as by the practice of sleeping sub dis. to be injured, the injury ought to Mr. Clarkson (in his essay on the fall upon the nerve, and not upon imjolicy of ihe African slave. the eyelids and external parts. trade) informs us (p. 71), thai, The nitrous particies with which is when the slaves are brought on Alpinus imagines the atmosphere board, the seamen, to make room of Egypt to be impregnatıd, will for them, are turned out of their not, I suppose, be considered as a

apartments between decks, and cause more probable than any of sleep, for the most part, either on the preceding : but the following deck cr in the tops of the vessel passage may serve to give an idea during the whole of the middle of the nature of the complaint in passage ; or from the time of their question, and its frequency, at leaving the coast of Africa (where Cairo. “ Plurimasqué (oculorum the days are excessively hot, and lippitudines) Cayri easdemque per the dews are excessively cold and omnia anni tempora homines in. heavy, ibid. p. 68), to that of their vadere ob nitrosum pulverem, qui arrival at the West-India islands.” continue oculos habitantium mor. " From this bad lodging,” he pro. dicat, & calesacit, observatur, longè ceeds, “and this continual expo. maximéque in æstatis primâ parte, sure to colds and damps, and sudquo tempore calor ambientis summè denly afterwards to a burning sun, calidi oculos infiammat, talium. fevers originate which carry many que morborum numerum auget. of them off. Nor is this the only Sparsim vero per urbem toto anno effect which this continual vicis. hæ oculorum intammationes va. situde from heat to extreme dampgantur ; atque epidemicæ plurimæ in ness and coldness has upon the surprimâ æstatis parte calidissimâ in. viving crew : inflammatory fevers æqualissimâque ob vehementissi. necessarily attack them. This femum meridionalium ventorum ver attacks the whole frame; the Cxlose!), atque inflammatarum eye feels the inflammation most. arenarum copiam, quæ ab iisdein This infiammation terminates either ventis asportantur. Eo enim anni in dispersion or suppuration : ia tempore è centum hominibus quin. the first instance the eyes are saved; quaginta saltem lifpicntes obser. in the latter they are lost. tantur." (De Medicin. Aegypt. The inflammation of the eye is p. 241. The Aying sand must be not the only disease produced in troublesome, and probably, in many Egypt by the succession of hot days cases, supports and increases the to cool nights, any more than ou inflammation, and in some may board our slave-ships ; in both si. give rise to it; but the following tuations causes and effects ran pa. fact, which seems to me to render rallel, as the reader will find upon the induction complete, shew's that recurring to Alpinus and the later the true and general cause is the travellers. The well-known dana great inequality between the tem- ger of exposure to dews in het fee Niebuhr's Thermometrical tables in the first volume of his Travels.


[ocr errors]

climates, and indeed in all climates, night in winter: and no cough, ca. in certain cases, seems to depend tarrh, or other disorder, has ever upon the same principle.

It is been ihe consequence. It appears, also probable, that the heat of the therefore to me, that within certain preceding day, enables the dews limits, and those not very narrow, of the night to prepare the system the transition from higher to a for the stimulating effects of the lower temperature is attended with heat of the succeeding day; so that, no danger to animals in a state of of two persons who should expose tolerable health ; and a person, I themselves without precaution to conceive, might suddenly pass from the cold of night and the heat of a higher to a lower temperature the following day, he who should without is.convenience, even where have been most exhausted the day the difference is so great as to be before by the heat, would, if other capable of producing considerable circumstances could be rendered inflammation, if the change should alike equal, be most injured by the be made with equal celerity in a next alternation.

contrary direction. On this, though Several circumstances, such as an interesting subject for observa. the redness and swelling of the tions on man, and experiments on parts exposed to cold, together animals, we want precise facts ; with the frequent occurrence of in. and I state the principle in order to Aammatory disorders not long after induce observers to compare it with exposure to cold, were calculated the facts that fall in their way. to mislead observers into a belief Besides the succession of heat that these disorders were the di. and vice versa, there is a third case rect effcct of cold. Yet the great well worthy of consideration ; and difference in the state of a part this where part of the body is ex. during inflammation, and under posed to one of these powers, and the influence of cold, might have the remaining part to the other; induced them to suspect that so as, for instance where a stream of slight an analogy might be illusive : comparatively cold air flows upon and, after taking into the account part of the body of a person sitting other well ascertained facts, they in a warm room, and perhaps also ought to have concluded that the drinking stimulating liquors. In theory was false. Linnæus, in a making chemical experiments it of. paper in the Amenitates Acacie- ten happens that a cold (catarrh) is micæ, expresses his astonishment at taken, if the hands be much im. the impunity with which the heared mersed in cold water, when the Laplander rubs himself with snow, laboratory is much heated ; . by or even rolls in the snow, and adding warm water, to raise the drinks the cold snow-water. We temperature of that in the trough, every day sce horses in a state of this dagger is easily avoided. In the most profuse perspiration free. these cases the effect seems to be ly washed with cold water, and the same as that of the succession always without injury. I have of heat to cold. In persons whose several times within these two years bowels are extremely liable to be caused horses accustomed to be sta. affected, it sometimes happens, as bled, to be turned out for a single I have myself known it to happen, Vol. XXXVIII,



« 이전계속 »