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Then Five of the Lords Commissioners, HOUSE OF LORDS,


LORD PRESIDENT OF THE COUNCIL (The Tuesday, November 19, 1867.

Duke of Marlborough), The LORD PRIVY HE PARLIAMENT, which had been of Buckingham (The SECRETARY OF STATE

SEAL (The Earl of Malmesbury), The Duke Prorogued successively from the 21st FOR THE COLONIES) and The Earl of Cadoday of August to the 6th day of November, gan, being in their Robes, and seated on and thence to the 19th day of November, a Form placed between the Throne and the met this day for Despatch of Business.

Woolsack, commanded the Yeoman Usher

of the Black Rod to let the Commons know The Session of PARLIAMENT was opened " The Lords Commissioners desire their by Commission.

immediate Attendance in this House, to

hear the Commission read.” The HOUSE OF Peers being met,

Who being come, with their Speaker; THE LORD CHANCELLOR acquainted the House,

THE LORD CHANCELLOR said That Her. Majesty, not thinking fit to be personally present here this day, had

My Lords, and Gentlemen of the

House of Commons, been pleased to cause a Commission to be issued under the Great Seal, in order to “HER MAJESTY not thinking fit to be the opening and holding of this Parlia- present here this day in Her Royal Perment.'

son, hath been pleased, in order to the VOL. CXC. (THIRD SERIES.)


opening and holding of this Parliament, / "A BAND of Italian Volunteers, to cause Letters Patent to be issued without Authority from their own Sounder Her Great Seal, constituting us and several other Lords therein named vereign, having invaded the Papal Her Commissioners, to do all things, in Territory, and threatened Rome itself, Her Majesty's name, on Her part ne- The Emperor of the French felt Him. cessary to be performed in this Parlia. ment: This will more fully appear by the

self called upon to despatch an ExpeLetters Patent themselves, which must dition for the Protection of the Sove. now be read.”

reign Pontiff and his Dominions; that Then the said Letters Patent were read

Object having been accomplished, and by the Clerk. And then

the Defeat and Dispersion of the VoTHE LORD CHANCELLOR said

lunteer Force having relieved the Papal My Lords, and Gentlemen, Territory from the Danger of external “In again applying to you for your

Invasion, I trust that His Imperial Advice and Assistance, I regret that I Majesty

ret that I Majesty will find Himself enabled by have found it necessary to call for an

an early Withdrawal of His Troops, your Attendance at an unusual, and

1 and to remove any possible Ground of probably to many of you an incon

Misunderstanding between His Ma. venient Season.

jesty's Government and that of The

King of Italy. “THE Sovereign of Abyssinia, in violation of all international Law,

"The treasonable Conspiracy comcontinues to hold in captivity several

monly known as Fenianism, baffled of My Subjects, some of whom have

and repressed in Ireland, has assumed been especially accredited to him by

in England the Form of organized Myself, and his persistent Disregard

Violence and Assassination. These of friendly Representations has left

Outrages require to be rigorously put Me no Alternative but that of making

down; and I rely for their effectual a peremptory Demand for the Libera

Suppression upon the firm Administion of My Subjects, and supporting it

tration of the Law, and the Loyalty of by an adequate Force.

the great Mass of My Subjects. "I have accordingly directed an

Gentlemen of the House of Expedition to be sent for that Purpose alone, and I confidently rely upon the

Commons, Support and Co-operation of My Par- “THE Estimates for the ensuing liament in My Endeavour at once to Year are in course of Preparation, and relieve their Countrymen from an un- will in due Time be laid before you. just Imprisonment, and to vindicate They will be framed with a view to the Honour of My Crown. ' Economy and to the necessary Re

"I HAVE directed that Papers on quirements of the Public Service. the Subject shall be forthwith laid before you.

My Lords, and Gentlemen, “I RECEIVE from all Foreign "As a necessary Sequel to the LegisPowers Assurances of their friendly lation of the last Session, Bills will be Feelings, and I see no Reason to ap- laid before you for amending the Reprehend the Disturbance of the general presentation of the People in Scotland

I HAVE Reason to believe that the under the Pressure of more urgent Commissioners appointed to inquire Business, will be submitted for your into and report upon the Boundaries Consideration. of existing Boroughs, as well as of the

“Other Questions apparently call. proposed Divisions of Counties and ing for legislative Action have been newly-enfranchised Boroughs, have referred to Commissioners, whose Remade considerable Progress in their ports, as they shall be received, shall, Inquiries, and no Time will be lost without Delay, be laid before Parliaafter the Receipt of their Report in

ment. laying before you their Recommenda

"It is My earnest Prayer that all tions for your Consideration and De

your Deliberations may be so guided cision.

as to conduce to the general Content“A Bill will also be presented to ment and Happiness of My People.” you for the more effectual Prevention

Then the COMMONS withdrew. of Bribery and Corruption at Elections.

ROLL OF THE LORDS-Garter King of

Arms attending, delivered at the Table “The Public Schools Bill, which in the usual Manner) a List of the Lords has already been more than once sub- Temporal in the Third Session of the mitted to Parliament, will again be dom: The same was ordered to lie on the

Nineteenth Parliament of the United Kinglaid before you.

Table. “The general Question of the Edu

REPRESENTATIVE PEERS FOR IRELANDcation of the People requires your Writs and Returns electing the Earl Anmost serious Attention, and I have no resley a Representative Peer for Ireland

in the Room of the late Earl of Mayo, Doubt you will approach the Subject with the Certificate of the Clerk of the with a full Appreciation both of its Crown in Ireland annexed thereto : Devital Importance and of its acknow livered (on Oath), and Certificate read. ledged Difficulty.

The Lord Colchester-Sat first in Par

liament after the Death of his Father. “MEASURES will be submitted to you during the present Session for

SELECT VESTRIES. amending and consolidating the vari Bill, pro formd, read 1*. ous Acts relating to the Mercantile


SPEECH having been reported by The

LORD CHANCELLOR ;“The Exemption which the Country has now for some Time enjoyed ADDRESS TO HER MAJESTY ON THE from the Cattle Plague affords a fa LORDS COMMISSIONERS' SPEECH. vourable Opportunity for considering EARL BROWNLOW: My Lords, in such permanent Enactments as may in answer to Her Majesty's most gracious

rising to move an Address to Her Majesty, relieve the Home Trade from vexa. Speech, I must not omit to claim the kind tious Restrictions, and facilitate the indulgence of your Lordships for one of Introduction, under due Regulation, its youngest and most inexperienced Memof Foreign Cattle for Home Consump- may commit

, or any short-comings on my

bers; and I trust that the errors that I tion.

part, may be kindly attributed to want of “Measures for the Amendment of experience and of knowledge of the ways

of your Lordships' House. the Law, which have been deferred My Lords, Her Majesty has been gra

ciously pleased, in the Speech from the engaged to proceed to Abyssinia, under the Throne, to bring before the attention charge of Colonel Merewether, who proof the House several most important ceeded with them. Colonel Merewether, matters. The first in order and I on arriving at Massowah with the artizans, think that I am right in saying the first refused very properly to allow them to go in importance — is the Abyssinian Ex- up the country, and be thus placed in the pedition. It comes home to the heart of hands of the King, before the prisoners every Englishman "to feel that a number were released — and therefore he estabof our fellow-countrymen are languishing lished them at a place near Massowah far from their country and their homes in until he could obtain further information, the prisons of a half-civilized barbarian. Colonel Merewether sent a message to the I do not desire to follow minutely the King informing him that the presents from ramifications of the Abyssinian question; Her Majesty and the artizans had arrived, but, at the same time, I feel that it is but that they would not be forwarded until necessary for me to go back as far as the the prisoners were released. The King, in mission of Mr. Rassam. After the seizure reply, wrote to Colonel Merewether reof Consul Cameron and other prisoners, questing that the presents and the artizans Mr. Rassam was sent to Abyssinia with might be immediately forwarded to him, a letter from Her Majesty, requesting but he did not in any way refer to the rethe release of the captives. At first Mr. lease of the captives. Colonel Merewether, Rassam was exceedingly well received, and therefore, wrote to the King again, informthe captives were at one time actually de- ing him that the presents and the work. livered over to him. The King, however, men could not be permitted to proceed up expressed a wish, before the captives started the country until after the liberation of on their homeward journey, that he should the prisoners. No notice having been be reconciled to them; and for this pur- | taken of this communication, the noble pose he sent for them to the Royal camp, Lord at the head of Foreign Affairs wrote when an apparent reconciliation between a letter to King Theodore, expressing the them and the King took place. The cap- great disappointment of Her Majesty that tives then returned to Magdala to await the prisoners had not been liberated, and the approach of the season fittest for them informing him that if their release did not to commence their homeward journey. At take place within three months he would length, when the long wished-for time forfeit Her Majesty's friendship. At a arrived, the captives started on their later date, the noble Lord at the head of homeward journey to Massowah, and Mr. Foreign Affairs again wrote to the King Rassam passed over with his suite to take of Abyssinia, informing him that we had leave of the King. On his arrival, he was resolved, if necessary, to resort to force in asked by the King what had become of order to procure the release of the captives. the prisoners ? and he replied that they Your Lordships will perceive, from the had started on their homeward journey. statement I have made, that there has been Upon this the King once more expressed no desire on the part of Her Majesty's his wish to be reconciled to the prisoners, Government to bring on a war with unand directed them to be again brought necessary rapidity; that before they rebefore him. They were for this purpose solved to use force they had exhausted re-captured, put in chains, and brought every peaceable means in order to procure before the King, when the form of recon- the release of the prisoners. Letters were ciliation was gone through the second written and presents were sent without time. Shortly after, however, the King avail, and it was only when every peaceinformed Mr. Rassam that he intended to able means had failed that it became nedetain them prisoners until the workmen cessary for Her Majesty's Government and artizans he had asked for to instruct to vindicate the honour of the country his people should arrive from England. by demanding by force that which King Mr. Rassam was compelled to write a de- Theodore had refused to concede to peacespatch to this effect; and the King sentable means—the release of the prisoners. one of the prisoners (Mr. Flad) to be the It was considered necessary, by competent bearer of the letter to England. Such judges, that Indian troops should be emwas the state of affairs when the present ployed upon this campaign ; but as ParGovernment came into office. Mr. Flad liament was not then sitting, it was imreturned to England with this letter, and possible to obtain the sanction necessary a number of workmen and artizans were for the employment of Indian troops upon

foreign service. Under these circum- the people. The question of education is stances, Her Majesty's Government took no doubt one of great importance. In upon themselves the responsibility of Ireland there is now a Commission at work adopting active measures, trusting that at inquiring into the subject, and has prothe earliest opportunity Parliament would ceeded to some extent in its labours. In give their approbation to those active mea- the interim, however, the subject is so sures which they deemed it absolutely vast that I cannot help thinking there is necessary for them to pursue.

an enormous amount of statistical inforMy Lords, the friendly relations of this mation which will have to be obtained country with foreign Powers is necessarily before we can deal satisfactorily with the a source of national gratification. The question. wise and careful policy of the noble Lord My Lords, it is a matter of great conat the head of Foreign Affairs has placed gratulation to this country that the cattle this country in such a position that at plague which had so long prevailed has at no time in its history has the friend- length subsided. The cattle trade of this ship and goodwill of England been more country has, of necessity, been greatly earnestly desired than it is at the present trammelled and hampered by the unavoidmoment. Not only are we at peace with able checks which have been imposed. the great Powers of Europe, but they are Now, however, the disease has died out, happily at peace with one another. Some and with its disappearance there is every of those great Powers having passed hope that these impediments may be rethrough a short though sanguinary war, moved. The removal of such impediments are now resting upon their arms, and I will be of the greatest possible service and heartily trust that this calm will be a last- advantage to the country. ing one. Some interruption has, no doubt, Such, my Lords, are the important matbeen caused to the peace of Europe by an ters to which Her Majesty has called the attempt on the part of a band organized in attention of this House in the gracious Italy, who have, acting totally without the Speech from the Throne. My Lords, I authority of their Sovereign, entered the heartily beg to thank you for the kindly Papal States ; but His Imperial Majesty attention you have afforded me; and I beg the Emperor of the French, by a prompt your Lordships' leave to move the following expedition and by allowing the French humble Address, thanking Her Majesty troops to act in concert with the Papal for the gracious Speech which She has army, has been enabled, after fighting only addressed to us from the Throne:one battle, to restore tranquillity to that

Most Gracious SOVEREIGN, part of Europe.

My Lords, the treasonable conspiracy, We, Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal which is commonly known as Fenianism, Subjects, the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in born in a far-off country and nurtured in Parliament assembled, beg leave to offer our Ireland, has unhappily of late spread to humble Thanks to Your Majesty for Your Masome few districts in England where its jesty's gracious Speech. appearance has been characterized by

“WE humbly thank your Majesty for the gracious wicked and blood-thirsty outrages; but it Expression of your Regret that you have found is gratifying to find that in no single in, it necessary to call for our Attendance at an unstance have the English people exhibited usual, and, as Your Majesty is pleased to say, the slightest sympathy with Fenianism. It is therefore to be hoped, my Lords,

probably at an inconvenient time. that no extraordinary measures will have

“We regret to learn that the Sovereign of Abysto be resorted to to put down attempts of sinia, in violation of all international Law, con. so very vague and isolated a character. tinues to hold in captivity several of Your Ma.

My Lords, after the great measure of jesty's Subjects, some of whom have been espeReform passed during the late Session of cially accredited to him by Your Majesty, and Parliament for this country, it no doubt that the persistent Disregard by that Sovereign becomes necessary to bring in Bills to of friendly Representations has left Your Majesty amend the representation of the people in no Alternative but that of making a peremptory other parts of the United Kingdom. This Demand for the Liberation of Your Subjects, and is the necessary sequel of the great mea- of supporting it by an adequate Force. We thank sure passed last Session. The attention Your Majesty for informing us that an Expedition of the House is earnestly called by Her has been sent accordingly for that Purpose alone, Majesty to a measure for the education of and Your Majesty may confidently rely on the

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