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he says, part of policy to observe a discreet mediocrity in the declaring, or not declaring a man's self: for although depth of secrecy, and making way, " qualis est via navis in mari," be sometimes both prosperous and admirable; yet many times “ Dissimulatio errores parit, qui dissimulatorem ipsum illaqueant;” and therefore, we see the greatest politicians have in a natural and free manner professed their desires, rather than been reserved and disguised in them.

See the Advancement of Learning, under the head of the Art of Advancement in Life, and under that part of it which relates to the arts of declaring and of revealing a man's self (pages 278 and 285, vol. ii. of this edition), and see in the treatise De Augmentis, when the same subject is considered, under his comment on “a fool utters all his mind, but a wise man reserves somewhat for hereafter.” See also his Essay on Simulation and Dissimulation, vol. i. p. 17. See his conclusion of the first book of the Advancement of Learning, page 88 of vol. ii. of this edition. See his essay on Goodness of Nature, vol. i. p. 40. “ Neither give thou Æsop's cock a gem, who would be better pleased and happier if he had a barleycorn."

HH. Life, p. xxx. To the Right Honourable, &c. the Lord Keeper, &c. My very good Lord, -Because I understand your lordship remaineth at court till this day, and that my lord of Essex writeth to me, that his lordship cometh to London, I thought good to remember your lordship, and to request you, as I touched in my last, that if my Lord Treasurer be absent, your lordship woull forbear to fall into my business with her majesty, lest it might receive some foil before the time when it should be resolutely dealt in. And so commending myself to your good favour, I most humbly take my leave. Your Lordship's, in all humble duty and service,-Fr. Bacon.

From Gray's Inn, this 8th of April, 1594. To the Right Honourable his very good Lord, the Lord Keeper of the Great

Seal, &c. My very good Lord,- I was wished to be here ready in expectation of some good effect; and therefore I commend my fortune to your lordship's kind and honourable furtherance. My affection inclineth me to be much your lordship's, and my course and way, in all reason and policy for myself, leadeth me to the same dependence : hereunto if there shall be joined your lordship's obligation in dealing strongly for me as you have begun, no man can be more yours. A timorous man is every body's, and a covetous man is his own. But if your lordship consider my nature, my course, my friends, my opinion with her majesty, if this eclipse of her favour were past, I hope you will think I am no unlikely piece of wood to shape you a true servant of. My present thankfulness shall be as much as I have said. I humbly take my leave. Your Lordship's true humble servant,-Fr. Bacon. From Greenwich, this 5th of April, 1594.

To the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. It may please your good Lordship,-I understand of some business like enough to detain the queen to-morrow, which maketh me earnestly to pray your good lordship, as one that I have found to take my fortune to heart, to take some time to remember her majesty of a solicitor this present day. Our Tower employment stayeth, and hath done these three days, because one of the principal offenders being brought to confess, and the other persisting in denial, her majesty, in her wisdom, thought best some time were given to him that is obstinate, to bethink himself; which indeed is singular good in such cases. Thus desiring your lordship's pardon, in haste I commend my fortune and duty to your favour. Your Lordship’s most humbly to receive your commandments, From Gray's Inn,

FR. BACON. this 13th of August, 1594.

II. Life, p. xxx. To the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. My Lord,–In my last conference with your lordship, I did entreat you both to forbear hurting Mr. Fr. Bacon's cause, and to suspend your judgment of his mind towards your lordship, till I had spoken with him. I went since that time to Twickenham Park to confer with him, and had signified the effect of our conference by letter ere this, if I had not hoped to have met with your lordship, and so to have delivered it by speech. I told your lordship when I last saw you, that this manner of his was only a natural freedom, and plainness, which he had used with me, and in my knowledge with some other of his best friends, than any want of reverence towards your lordship; and therefore I was more curious to look into the moving cause of his style, than into the form of it; which now I find to be only a diffidence of your lordship’s favour and love towards bim, and no alienation of that dutiful mind which he hath borne towards your lordship. And therefore I am fully persuaded, that if your lordship would please to send for him, there would grow so good satisfaction, as hereafter he should enjoy your lordship’s honourable favour, in as great a measure as ever, and your lordship have the use of his service, who, I assure your lordship, is as strong in his kindness, as you find him in his jealousy. I will use no argument to persuade your lordship, that I should be glad of his being restored to your lordship's wonted favour; since your lordship both knoweth how much my credit is engaged in his fortune, and may easily judge how sorry I should be, that a gentleman whom I love so much, should lack the favour of a person whom I honour so much. And thus commending your lordship to God's best protection, I rest your Lordship's very assured, Essex.

Indorsed---31 August, 95. My Lord of Essex to have me send for Mr. Bacon, for he will satisfy me. In my Lord Keeper's own hand.

KK. Life, p. xxx. Lord Treasurer Burghley to Mr. Francis Bacon. * Nephew,.--I have no leisure to write much; but for answer I have attempted to place you : but her majesty hath required the Lord Keeper t to give to her the names of divers lawyers to be preferred, wherewith he made me acquainted, and I did name you as a meet man, whom his lordship allowed in way of friendship, for your father's sake : but he made scruple to equal you with certain, whom he named, as Brograve † and Branth wayt, whom he specially commendeth. But I will continue the remembrance of you to her majesty, and implore my Lord of Essex’s help. Your loving Uncle, W. Burghley. Sept. 27, 1593.

LL. Life, p. xxx. To the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c. It may please your Lordship, -I thought it became me to write to your lordship, upon that which I have understood from my Lord of Essex, who vouchsafed, as I perceive, to deal with your lordship of himself to join with him in

Among the papers of Antony Bacon, esq. vol. ii. fol. 197, in the Lambeth Library.

+ Puckering.

† John Brograve, attorney of the duchy of Lancaster, and afterwards knighted. He is mentioned by Mr. Francis Bacon, in his letter to the Lord Treasurer of 7th June, 1595, from Gray's Inn, as having discharged his post of attorney of the duchy with great sufficiency. There is extant of his, in print, a reading upon the statute of 27 Henry VIII. concerning jointures.

♡ Harl. MSS. vol. 6997, No. 44.

the concluding of my business, and findeth your lordship hath conceived offence, as well upon my manner when I saw your lordship at Temple last, as upon a letter, which I did write to your lordship some time before. Surely, my lord, for my behaviour, I am well assured, I omitted no point of duty or ceremony towards your lordship. But I know too much of the court to beg a countenance in public place, where I make account I shall not receive it. And for my letter, the principal point of it was, that which I hope God will give me grace to perform, which is, that if any idol man be offered to her majesty, since it is mixed with my particular, to inform her majesty truly, which I must do, as long as I have a tongue to speak, or a pen to write, or a friend to use. And farther I remember not of my letter, except it were that I writ, I hoped your lordship would do me no wrong, which hope I do still continue. For if it please your lordship but to call to mind from whom I am descended, and by whom, next to God, her majesty, and your own virtue, your lordship is ascended ; I know you will have a compunction of mind to do me any wrong. And therefore, good my lord, when your lordship favoureth others before me, do not lay the separation of your love and favour upon myself. For I will give no cause, neither can I acknowledge any, where none is; but humbly pray your lordship to understand things as they are. Thus sorry to write to your lordship in an argument which is to me unpleasant, though necessary, I commend your lordship to God's good preservation. Your Lordship’s, in all humble respect, From Twickenham Park,

Fr. Bacon. this 19th of August, 1595.

To the Right Honourable the Lord Keeper, &c.* It may please your Lordship,---There hath nothing happened to me in the course of my business more contrary to my expectation, than your lordship's failing me, and crossing me now in the conclusion, when friends are best tried. But now I desire no more favour of your lordship, than I would do if I were a suitor in the chancery; which is this only, that you would do me right. And I for my part, though I have much to allege, yet nevertheless, if I see her majesty settle her choice upon an able man, such a one as Mr. Sergeant Fleming, I will make no means to alter it. On the other side, if I perceive any insuffi. cient, obscure, idol man offered to her majesty, then I think myself double bound to use the best means I can for myself; which I humbly pray your lordship I may do with your favour, and that you will not disable me farther than is cause. And so 1 commend your lordship to God's preservation, that beareth your Lordship all humble respect, Fr. Bacon.

From Gray's Iun, the 28th of July, 1595.
Indorsed, in Lord Keeper's hand---Mr. Bacon wronging me.


Life, p. xxx. Your lordship would yet tueri opus tuum and give as much life unto this present suit for the solicitor's place, as may be without offending the queen (for that were not good for me). This last request I find it more necessary for me to make, because (though I am glad of her majesty's favour, that I may with more ease practise the law, which percase I may use now and then for my countenance,) yet to speak plainly, though perhaps vainly, I do not think that the ordinary practice of the law, not serving the queen in place, will be admitted for a good account of the poor talent that God hath given me, so as I make reckoning, I shall reap no great benefit to myself in that course.

To Lord Burleigh. I have ever had your lordship in singular admiration; whose happy ability ber majesty hath so long used, to her great honour and yours. Besides that amendment of state or countenance, which I have received, hath been from

Harl. MSS. vol. 6997, No. 37.

your lordship. And therefore, if your lordship, shall stand a good friend to your poor ally, you shall but “tueri opus” which you have begun. And your lordship shall bestow your benefit upon one that hath more sense of obligation than of self-love. Thus humbly desiring pardon of so long a letter, I wish your lordship all happiness. Your Lordship’s in all humbleness to be commanded. June 6, 1595.

FR. Bacon.


NN. Life, p. xxx. The author of the Biographia says, It was now that he discovered how little reason he had to trust to, or depend upon, the Cecils, and had very little cause to be well ipleased with the conduct of the then Lord Keeper. Is not this observation, as far as relates to Lord Burleigh unfounded ?

In Essex's letter to Bacon, indorsed March 28, 1594, Essex says, “ The queen said that none thought you fit for the place, but my Lord Treasurer and myself. So also in Essex's letter to Bacon, of the 18th of May, 1596, Essex says, “ The queen answered that the greatness of your friends, as of my Lord Treasurer and myself, did make men even a more favourable testimony than else they would do, &c. And Bacon himself, in a letter to Sir Robert Cecil, accusing him of having been bribed, says, “ You wrought in a contrary spirit to my lord your father." See also Burleigh's letter of September 27, 1593, ante,

In a letter to Lord Burleigh, after the appointment of Fleming, Bacon says, And therefore, (my singular good lord) « ex abundantia cordis," I must acknowledge how greatly and diversely your lordship hath vouchsafed to tie me unto you by many your benefits. The reversion of the office which your lordship only procured unto me, and carried through great and vehement opposition, though it yet bear no fruit, yet it is one of the fairest flowers of my poor estate ; your lordship's constant and serious endeavours to have me solicitor : your late honourable wishes, for the place of the wards : together with your lordship’s attempt to give me way by the remove of Mr. Solicitor ; they be matters of singular obligations ; besides many other favours, as well by your lordship's grants from yourself, as by your commendation to others, which I have had for my help ; and may justly persuade myself out of the few denials I have received that fewer might have been, if mine own industry and good hap had been answerable to your lordship’s goodness.

00. Life, p. xxxi.

00. In a letter to Lord Burleigh, he says, If I did show myself too credulous to idle hearsays, in regard of my right honourable kinsman and good friend Sir Robert Cecil (whose good nature did well answer iny honest liberty), your lordship will impute it to the complexion of a suitor, and of a tired sea-sick suitor, and not to mine own inclination.

PP. Life, p. xxxi.

Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon. Sir, I wrote not to you till I had had a second conference with the queen, because the first was spent only in compliments : she in the beginning excepted all business: this day she hath seen me again. After I had followed her humour in talking of those things, which she would entertain me with, I told her, in my absence I had written to Sir Robert Cecil, to solicit her to call you to that place, to which all the world had named you ; and being now here, I must follow it myself ; for I know what service I should do her in procuring you the place ; and she knew not how great a comfort I should take in it. Her answer in playing just was, that she came not to me for that, I should talk of those things when I came to her, not when she came to me; the term was coming,

and she would advise. I would have replied, but she stopped my mouth. Tomorrow or the next day I will go to her, and then this excuse will be taken away. When I know inore, you shall hear more ; and so I end full of pain in my head, which makes me write thus confusedly. Your most affectionate friend.

The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon. Mr. Bacon,--Your letter met me here yesterday. When I came, I found the queen so wayward, as I thought it no fit time to deal with her in any sort, especially since her choler grew towards myself, which I have well satisfied this day, and will take the first opportunity I can to move your suit. And if you come hither, I pray you let me know still where you are. And so being full of business, I must end, wishing you what you wish to yourself. 1593, Sept.

Your assured friend, Essex. The Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon.t Sir,—I have now spoken with the queen, and I see no stay from obtaining a full resolution of what we desire. But the passion she is in by reason of the tales that have been told her against Nicholas Clifford, with whom she is in such rage, for a matter, which I think you have heard of, doth put her infinitely out of quiet ; and her passionate humour is nourished by some foolish women. Else I find nothing to distaste us, for she doth not contradict confidently; which they, that know the minds of women, say is a sign of yielding: I will to-morrow take more time to deal with her, and will sweeten her with all the art I have to make benevolum auditorem. I have already spoken with Mr. Vice-Chamberlain, and will to-morrow speak with the rest. Of Mr. ViceChamberlain you may assure yourself; for so much he hath faithfully promised me. The exceptions against the competitors I will use to-morrow ; for then I do resolve to have a full and large discourse, having prepared the queen to-night to assign me a time under colour of some such business, as I have pretended. In the mean time I must tell you, that I do not respect either my absence, or my showing a discontentment in going away, for I was received at my return, and I think I shall not be the worse. And for that I am oppressed with multitude of letters that are come, of which I must give the Queen some account to-morrow morning, I therefore desire to be excused for writing no more tonight: to-morrow you shall hear from me again. I wish you what you wish yourself in this and all things else, and rest your most affectionate friend, This Friday at night,

Essex. Indorsed, March 29, 1594.

Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon. Sir,- I went yesterday to the queen through the galleries in the morning, af. ternoon, and at night. I had long speech with her of you, wherein I urged both the point of your extraordinary sufficiency proved to me not only by your last argument, but by the opinion of all men I spake withal, and the point of mine own satisfaction, which, I protested, should be exceeding great, if, for all her unkindness and discomforts past, she should do this one thing for my sake. To the first she answered, that the greatness of your friends, as of my Lord Treasurer and myself, did make men give a more favourable testimony than else they would do, thinking thereby they pleased us.

And that she did acknow. ledge you had a great wit, and an excellent gift of speech, and much other good learning. But in the law she rather thought you could make show to the uttermost of your knowledge, than that you were deep. To the second she said,

Among the

papers of Antony Bacon, esq. vol. iii. fol. 197, in the Lambeth Library.

+ Among the papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iv. fol. 89, in the Lambeth Library.

Sir Thomas Heneage.

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