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she showed her mislike to the suit, as well as I had done my affection in it; and that if there were a yielding, it was fitter to be of my side. I then added, that this was an answer, with which she might deny me all things, if she did not grant them at the first, which was not her manner to do. But her majesty had made me suffer and give way in many things else; which all I should bear, not only with patience, but with great contentment, if she would but grant my humble suit in this one. And for the pretence of the approbation given you upon partiality, that all the world, lawyers, judges, and all, could not be partial to you; for somewhat you were crossed for their own interest, and some for their friends; but yet all did yield to your merit.

Earl of Essex to Mr. Francis Bacon. * Sir, I have received your letter, and since I have had opportunity to deal freely with the Queen. I have dealt confidently with her as a matter, wherein I did more labour to overcome her delays, than that I did fear her denial. I told her how much you were thrown down with the correction she had already given you, that she might in that point hold herself already satisfied. And because I found that Tanfield + had been most propounded to her, I did most disable him. I find the Queen very reserved, staying herself upon giving any kind of hope, yet not passionate against you, till I grew passionate for you. Then she said, that none thought you fit for the place but my Lord Treasurer and myself. Marry, the others must some of them say before us, for fear or for Hattery. I told her, the most and wisest of her council had delivered their opinions, and preferred you before all men for that place. And if it would please her majesty to think, that whatsoever they said contrary to their own words when they spake without witness, might be as factiously spoken, as the other way flatteringly, she would not be deceived. Yet if they had been never for you, but contrarily against you, I thought my credit, joined with the approbation and mediation of her greatest counsellors, might prevail in a greater matter than this ; and urged her, that though she could not signify her mind to others, I might have a secret promise, wherein I should receive great comfort, as in the contrary great unkindness. She said she was neither persuaded nor would hear of it till Easter, when she might advise with her council, who were now all absent; and, therefore, in passion bid me go to bed, if I would talk of nothing else. Wherefore in passion I went away, saying, while I was with her I could not but solicit for the cause and the inan I so much affected ; and therefore I would retire myself till I might be more graciously heard ; and so we parted. To-morrow I will go hence of purpose, and on Thursday I will write an expostulating letter to her. That night or upon Friday morning. I will be here again, and follow on the same course, stirring a discontentment in her, &c. And so wish you all happiness, and rest your most assured friend, Indorsed—March 28, 1594.

Essex. Mr. Francis Bacon to his brother Antony. Good Brother,-Since I saw you this hath passed. Tuesday, though sent for, I saw not the Queen. Her majesty alleged she was then to resolve with the council upon her places of law. But this resolution was ut supra ; and note the rest of the counsellors were persuaded she came rather forwards than otherwise ; for against me she is never peremptory but to my lord of Essex. I missed a line of my Lord Keeper's; but thus much I hear otherwise. The Queen seemeth to apprehend my travel. Whereupon I was sent for by Sir Robert Cecil, in sort as from her majesty ; himself having of purpose immediately gone to London to speak with me; and not finding me there, he wrote to me. Whereupon I came to the court, and upon his relation to me of her majesty's speeches,

Among the

papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. iv. fol. 90, in the Lambeth Library.

# Probably Laurence Tanfield, made Lord Chief aron of Exchequer in Jene, 1607.

I desired leave to answer it in writing ; not, I said, that I mistrusted his report, but mine own wit; the copy of which answer I send. We parted in kindness secundum exterius. This copy you must needs return, for I have no other; and I wrote this by memory after the original was sent away. The Queen's speech is after this sort. Why? I have made no solicitor. "Hath any body carried a solicitor with him in his pocket? But he must have it in his own time (as if it were but yesterday's nomination) or else I must be thought to cast him away. Then her majesty sweareth thus: “If I continue this manner, she will seek all England for a solicitor rather than take me. Yea, she will send for Heuston and Coventry to-morrow next,” as if she would swear them both. Again she entereth into it, that "she never deals so with any as with me (in hoc erratum non est) she hath pulled me over the bar (note the words, for they cannot be her own) she hath used me in her greatest causes. But this is Essex, and she is more angry with him than with me.” And such like speeches, so strange, as I should lose myself in it, but that I have cast off the care of it. My conceit is, that I am the least part of mine own matter. But her majesty would have a delay, and yet would not bear it herself. Therefore she giveth no way to me, and she perceiveth her council giveth no way to others; and so it sticketh as she would have it. But what the secret of it is oculus aquilæ non penetrarit. My lord continueth on kindly and wisely a course worthy to obtain a better effect than a delay, which to me is the most unwelcome condition.

Now to return to you the part of a brother, and to render you the like kind. ness, advise you, whether it were not a good time to set in strongly with the Queen to draw her to honour your travels. For in the course I am like to take it will be a great and necessary stay to me, besides the natural comfort I shall receive. And if you will have me deal with my lord of Essex, or otherwise break it by mean to the Queen, as that which shall give me full contentment, I will do it as effectually, and with as much good discretion as I can. Wherein if you aid me with your direction, I shall observe it. This as I did ever account it sure and certain to be accomplished, in case myself had been placed, and therefore deferred it till then, as to the proper opportunity; so now that I see such delay in mine own placing, I wish ei animo it should not expect.

I pray you let me know what mine unele Killigrew will do ; for I must be more careful of my credit than ever, since I receive so little thence where I deserved best. And, to be plain with you, I mean even to make the best of those small things I have with as much expedition, as may be without loss; and so sing a mass of requiem, I hope, abroad. For I know her majesty's nature, that she neither careth though the whole surname of Bacons travelled, nor of the Cecils neither.

I have here an idle pen or two, specially one, that was cozened, thinking to have got some money this term. I pray send me somewhat else for them to write out besides your Irish collection, which is almost done. There is a collection of King James, of foreign states, largeliest of Flanders ; which, though it be no great matter, yet I would be glad to have it. Thus I commend you to God's good protection. Your entire loving Brother, Fr. Bacon. From my lodging, at Twickenham Park,

this 25th of January, 1594.

To the right honourable my very good Lord, the Lord Keeper. My Lord, ---I have, since I spake with your lordship, pleaded to the queen against herself for the injury she doth Mr. Bacon, in delaying him so long, and the unkindness she doth me in granting no better expedition in a suit which I have followed so long, and so affectionately. And though I find that she makes some difficulty, to have the more thanks, yet I do assure myselt she is resolved to make him. I do write this, not to solicit your lordshii to stand firm in assisting me, because, I know, you hold yourself already tiid ! affection 10 Mr. Bacon, and by your promise to me; but to acquaint your ship of my resolution to

rest, and employ my uttermost stren him placed before the term : so as I beseech your lordship think of rising course, for I shall think the Queen deals unkindly with me, if

both give him the place, and give it with favour and some extraordinary advantage. I wish your lordship all honour and happiness, and rest,

Your Lordship's very assured, Essex. Greenwich, this 14th of January, [1594.] Endorsed - My Lord of Essex, for Mr. Fran. Bacon to be Solicitor.

Earl of Essex to Lord Keeper Puckering. My Lord,—My short stay at the court made me fail of speaking with your lordship, therefore I must write that which myself had told you ; that is, that your lordship will be pleased to forbear pressing for a solicitor, since there is no cause towards the end of a term to call for it; and because the absence of Mr. Bacon's friends may be much to his disadvantage. I wish your lordship all happiness, and rest your Lordship's very assured to be commanded, Essex.

Wanstead, this 4th of May, 1594.

QQ. Life, p. xxxii.

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Queen. Madam,-Remembering that your majesty had been gracious to me both in countenancing me, and conferring upon me the reversion of a good place, and perceiving that your majesty had taken some displeasure towards me, both these were arguments to move me to offer unto your majesty my service, to the end to have means to deserve your favour, and to repair my error. Upon this ground, I affected myself to no great matter, but only a place of my profession, such as I do see divers younger in proceeding to myself, and men of no great note, do without blame aspire unto. But if any

my friends do

press this matter, I do assure your majesty my spirit is not with them.

It sufficeth me that I have let your majesty know that I am ready to do that for the service, which I never would do for mine own gain. And if your majesty like others better, I shall, with the Lacedemonian, be glad that there is such choice of abler men than myself. Your majesty's favour indeed, and access to your royal person, I did ever, encouraged by own speeches, seek and desire ; and I would be very glad to be reintegrate in that. But I will not wrong mine own good mind so much as to stand upon that now, majesty may conceive I do it but to make my profit of it. But my mind turneth upon other wheels than those of profit. The conclusion shall be, that I wish your majesty served answerable to yourself. Principis est virtus maxima

Thus I most humbly crave pardon of my boldness and plainness. God preserve your majesty.

when your

nosse suos.

R R. Life, p. xxxii.

Foulke Grevill, Esq. to Mr. Francis Bacon. Mr. Francis Bacon,-Saturday was my first coming to the court, from whence I departed again as soon as I had kissed her majesty's hands, because I had no lodging nearer than my uncle's, which is four miles off. This day I came thither to dinner, and waiting for to speak with the Queen, took occasion to tell how I met you, as I passed through London ; and among other speeches, how you lamented your misfortune to me, that remained as a withered branch of her roots, which she had cherished and made to flourish in her service. I added what I thought of your worth, and the expectation for all this, that the world had of her princely goodness lowards you : which it pleased her majesty to confess, that indeed you began to frame very well, insomuch as she saw an amends in those little supposed errors, avowing the respect she carried to the dead, with very exceeding gracious inclination towards you. Some comparisons there fell out besides, which I leave till we meet, which I hope shall be this week. It pleased her withal to tell of the jewel you offered her by Mr. Vice-Chamberlain, which she had refused, yet with exceeding praise. I marvel, that as a prince she should refuse those havings of her poor subjects, because it did include a



small sentence of despair ; but either I deceive myself, or she was resocret to take it; and the conclusion was very kind and gracious. Sure as I will ege hundred prands to fifty pounds that you shall be her solicitor, and my friend; in which mind, and for which mind I commend you to God. From the court this Monday in haste, your true friend to be commanded by you,

Borike GREVILL. We cannot tell whether she come to -, or stay here. I am moet absent for want of lodging ; wherein my own man hath only been to blame.

Indorsed-17th of June, 1594.

SS. Life, p. xxxii. See an interesting discussion upon this subject, in Hazlitt's essay on this regal character, in his Political Essays.

TT. Life, p. xxxiii. In a letter to Lord Burleigh, he says, When my father was appointed Attorney of the Duchy, and that he had discharged his duties with great sufficiency: And if her majesty thinketh that she shall make an adventure in using one that is rather a man of study than of practice and experience, surely I may rernen. bet to have heard that my father, an example, I confess, rather ready than like, was made solicitor of the Augmentation,'a court of much business, when he had never practised, and was but twenty-seven years old; and Mr. Brograve was now in my time called attorney of the duchy, when he had practised little or nothing, and yet hath discharged his place with great sufficiency.

V V. Life, p. xxxiii.

To Foulk Grevil. Hit,--My matter is an endless question. I assure you I had said, Requiesce, anima mea : but I now am otherwise put to my psalter ; Nolite confidere. I daro yo no farther. Her majesty had, by set speech, more than once assured me of her intention to call me to her service, which I could not understand but of the place I had been named to. And now, whether invidus homo hoc fecit; or whether my matter must be an appendix to my lord of Essex suit; or whether her majesty, pretending to prove my ability, meaneth but to take advantage of some errors, which like enough, at one time or other, I may commit; or what it is; but her majesty is not ready to dispatch it. And what though the master of the Rolls, and my lord of Essex, and yourself and others, think my case without doubl, yet in the mean time I have a hard condition to stand so, that whatsoever service I do to her majesty, it shall be thought but to be servilium viscatum, lime-twigs and fetches to place myself ; and so I shall have envy, not thanks. This is a course to quench all good spirits, and to corrupt every man's nature ; which will, I fear, much hurt her majesty's service in the end. I have been like a piece of stuff bespoken in the shop; and if her majesty will not take me, it may be the selling by parcels will be more gainful. For lo be, as I told you, like a child following a bird, which, when he is Dearest fieth away, and lighteth a little before, and then the child after it again, and so in infinitum ; I am weary of it, as also of wearying my good friends : of whom, nevertheless, I hope in one course or other gratefully to deserve.

ww. Life; p. xxxiv.

From Bacon's Letter to the Earl of Devonshire. And on the other side, I must and will ever acknowledge my lord's love, trust, and favour towards me, last of all his liberality, having infeofed me e land which I sold for eighteen hundred pounds to Master Reynold Nicholand I think was more worth, and that at such a time, and with so kind content noble circumstances, as the manner was as much as the matter ; which thour

it be but an idle digression, yet because I am not willing to be short in commemoration of his benefits, I will presume to trouble your lordship with the relating to you the manner of it. After the Queen had denied me the solicitor's place, for the which his lordship had been a long and earnest suitor op my behalf, it pleased him to come to me from Richmond to Twicknam Park, and brake with me, and said, Mr. Bacon, the Queen hath denied me the place for you, and hath placed another; I know you are the least part of your own matter, but you fare ill, because you have chosen me for your mean and dependance : you have spent your time and thoughts in my matters ; I die (these were his very words) if I do not somewhat towards your fortune ; you shall not deny to accept a piece of land, which I will bestow upon you. My answer, I remember was, that for my fortune it was po great matter ; but that his lordship’s offer made me call to mind what was wont to be said,

when I was in France, of the Duke of Guise, that he was the greatest usurer in France, because he had turned all his estate into obligations; meaning that he had left himself nothing, but only had bound numbers of persons to him. Now, my lord, (said I) I would not have you imitate his course, nor turn your state thus by great gifts into obligations, for you will find many bad debtors. He bad me take no care for that, and pressed it: whereupon I said, My lord, I see I must be your homager, and hold land of your gift; but do you know the manner of doing homage in law? Always it is with a saying of his faith to the king and his other lords, and therefore, my lord, (said I) I can be no more yours than I was, and it may be with the ancient savings ; and if I grow to be a rich man, you will give me leave to give it back to some of your unrewarded followers.

XX. Life, p. xxxiv. In a letter to Sir Robert Cecil, he says : Casting the worst of my fortune with an honourable friend, that had long used me privately, I told his lordship of this purpose of mine to travel, accompanying it with these very words, that upon her majesty's rejecting me with such circumstance, though my heart might be good, yet mine eyes would be sore, that I should take no pleasure to look upon my friends; for that I was not an impudent man, that could face out a disgrace; and that I hoped her majesty would not be offended, that, not able to endure the sun, I fled into the shade.

Mr. Francis Bacon to the Earl of Essex.* My Lord, -I thank your lordship very much for your kind and comfortable letter, which I hope will be followed at hand with another of more assurance. And I must confess this very delay hath gone so near me, as it hath alınost overthrown my health ; for when I revolved the good memory of my father, the near degree of alliance I stand in to my Lord Treasurer, your lordship’s so signalled and declared favour, the honourable testimony of so many counsellors, the commendations unlaboured, and in sort offered by my lords the Judges and the Master of the Rolls elect;t that I was voiced with great expectation, and, though I say it myself, with the wishes of most men, to the higher place; # that I am a man that the Queen hath already done for; and that princes, especially her majesty, love to make an end where they begin ; and then add hereunto the obscureness and many exceptions to my competitors : when I say I revolve all this, I cannot but conclude with myself, that no man ever read a more exquisite disgrace; and therefore truly, my lord, I was determined, if her majesty reject me, this to do. My nature can take no evil ply; but I will, by God's assistance, with this disgrace of my fortune, and yet with that comfort of the good opinion of so many honourable and worthy persons, retire myself with a couple of men to Cambridge, and there spend my life in my studies and con

Among the papers of Antony Bacon, Esq. vol. ij. fol. 62, in the Lambeth Library

+ Sir Thomas Egerton.
# That of Attorney General.

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