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Perry's mines, 608.

Saddle, air seat patent, 635.
Plank roads, 381.

Saddle-tree, Grimsley's dragoon, 97. ·
Ploughing deep, 226; subsoil ploughing, Salt-see commercial statistics.

Salt Lake, California, 618.
Pork, quantity received at St. Louis for Salmon Trout River, 623.

five years, 103; quantity received in Scraps from the editor's table, 276-346.
New Orleans for the year ending 1st Santa Fe, 373.
Sept. 1846–7, 105; quantity received/Siera Nevada, 618.
at New Orleans for ten years, 106; ex- Sculpture, its moral influence, the Apol-
ports from N. Orleans for three years, lo Belvidere, 571; Jewish, Egy plian
whither, 110; number of hogs slaught- and Grecian sculpture 627 ; heroic,
ered at the several cities and towns in philosophic and perfect ages of sculp-
the west, pork packing, &c. &c., 277;| iure, basso relievos, phideas, 672.
quantity exported to Great Britain for Sheep, number in England and Wales,
seven years, 282 ; quantity received at 77.
St. Louis from 1st January to 1st July, Ships, &c., number of arrivals at Phila-
for three years, 448; value of exported delphia from 1787 to 1848, 174; num-
from the U.S. for the year ending 30th ber of arrivals at N. Orleans in 1847-8,
June, 1847, 450; receipts and value of 633.
at New Orleans, for the year ending Ship building on the Ohio river, 332.
31st August, 1848, 575; exports for Ship building at St. Louis, 683.

same time and whither shipped, 576. Slaves and Slavery ; negro slavery in the
Public economy of the United States,480. United States, disobedience to nalural
Potatoes, Irish, region of production, its laws the cause of slavery, its advan-

habits and economy, 16; potato rot, ib; tages to this and other countries, re.
history of the cultivation of the pota flections on the future destiny of the
to, running out of varieties, cause of negro race, 231; existence of slavery
disease, seedlings, experiments of N. depends on the profits of their labor ;
S. Smith, of Buffalo, 219; history and slavery in Russia, 582; application of
habits, 275,

slave labor to manufacturing, 154.

Smoke, consumption of, 315.
Lines to Miss G. W., by Henry F. Wat- Specie and bullion in the U. States, 52.

son, 344 ; lines to Miss - by T. F. Amount coined in the United States, 53.
Risk, Esq., 345.

Imports of into New Orleans, 107.
Profits of Labor, if the condition of the Specie, movements at New York, im-

laborer does not improve, he makes no ports and exports, 385.
profit, and capital absorbs all beyond Specie in the Bank of England, in New
That which is required for subsistence! York and New Orleans, 386 ; produce
522 to 526.

I of gold in Russia, 387; mines of Mex-

ico, 388; exports from New Orleans
Randolph John, chapter from life of 416. for three years, 633.
Remington's Bridge, 663.

Subsoil ploughing & water furrows, 314.
Rivers, see navigation of the Mississippi,

&c., see the Basin of the Salt Lake. Tallow Slate, 611.
Roads, railroads in Massachusetts, their Tea, consumption, &c., in the U. S., from

effects on agriculture and commerce, 1821 to 1847, 171.
73; Cincinnati and St. Louis railroad, Tin in Missouri, 344.
railroad from Memphis to Monterey, Theory of Life and Happiness, 675.
Lieutenant Maury's, scheme, 259; his Tobacco, crops and prices in Missouri,
letter to J. C. Calhoun, 353; plank 28; imports into St. Louis for 5 years,
roads 381 ; road from Independence, 102; exports, 103; the comparative
Mo., to the Mississippi river by White monthly prices for four years, ib; arri-
river; road to the Pacific by Wm. R. vals, exports and stocks at New Or-
Singleton, 489; scheme for M'Adam leans for ten years, 105 ; receipts at
izing the roads in St. Louis county, New Orleans for ten years, 106; ex.
Missouri, 678.

ports from New Orleans from Septem-
Russia, its population, its slaves, price ber to December 25th, in 1846-'7, 109;
of land and products, 582

| exports from N. Orleans for ten years


111; quantity inspected in Virginia) March 4th, 1848, 284; quantity re-
for ten years, where shipped, stocks, ceived at St. Louis from 1st of January,
&c., receipts, exports and stocks of to 1st July, for the years 1846-'7 and 8,
Maryland, Ohio, Kentucky, Missouri, 448; value of exported from the U.
&c., 208; exported to Great Britain for S. for the year ending the 301h June,
seven years, 282; imports into St. 1847, 450; separating it from the hull,
Louis from 1st January to 1st July, 520; quantity received at New Orleans
for three years, 448; exports from the for the year ending 31st Aug., 1848,
U. S. for 1847, 450 ; receipts and value 576; estimates of the American crop
at New Orleans in 1846–7, exports by the commissioner of patents, sur-
from New Orleans for 1846–7, 576; plus, quantity required in the corn pur-
price of freight to Liverpool on the 1st chasing countries, average quantity

of each month, for two years, 632. exported yearly from 1790 to 1843,
Treaty with Mexico, 456 and 507 ; treaty quantity exported in 1845–6, 7 and 8,
with Indians 691.

increase of exports in 40 years, quan-

tity required annually by Great Britain,
Vernal Season, 276.

quantity grown in Russia and other
Vessels—See ships and shipping. parts of Europe, 579 to 588; wheat

growers' association in St. Charles
Weights of produce, as established by county, Mo., 588.

law or custom in St. Louis, 208. Water power and steam power, relative
Wheat, observations on the production cost of each for manufacturing purpo-

and market, 26; quantity received all ses, 32.
St. Louis for five years, 102; compar- Washington County, Missouri, mineral
ative monthly prices at St. Louis for resources of; cobalt, magnesia, mica,
four years, 104; quantity received at silex, china clay, pipe clay, &c., 168.
New Orleans for ten years, 106; du-Wool manufacture at Utica, N. Y., 195.
ties on in Great Britain, 216; wheat Wool trade of Michigan, 451.
and chess 226; quantity exported to
Great Britain for seven years, 281; Zinc, cobalt, mundac, &c., found in Per-
quantity from 1st September, 1847, tol ry's lead mines, 612.



Volume I.]

JANUARY, 1848.

Number I.

ARTICLE I. The objects proposed by the Editors of the Western Journal.

minnan manninn

The combination of knowledge with labor, may be regarded as the only means of securing to the industrial classes their legitimate position in the ranks of civilization.

It is not sufficient that these classes should be acquainted with the details of the arts in which they are employed.They must advance a step further, and enlighten their minds with a knowledge of the science connected with their several pursuits : and they should, also, understand the relation which exists between the producers and the consumers of all the leading articles of human comfort.

Owing to the diversity and variety of human wants, a large portion of mankind must necessarily be employed in producing articles for the use and consumption of others; and hence arises the necessity of an exchange of products : the means of making these exchanges, so as to promote



the iriterest of all classes, constitutes one of the great problems of political economy; and is alike interesting to both the producer and consumer. The nearer these two classes can be brought together-other things being equal—the greater will be the advantage of each ; for, it must be borne in inind, that the labor and capital employed in these exchanges, add nothing to the quantity or quallity of the article, therefore, if we analize the subject, we shall discover that the merchant and the carrier derive all their support and profit from the labor of the producers; and hence it follows as an inevitable result, that the greater the distance and cost of making the exchanges, the greater will be the burthen imposed upon the producing classes. For, although the merchant and the carrier, are necessary agents, yet viewed abstractly, they may be considered as constituting a previledged. class.

Impressed with the truth, as well as the importance of these propositions, the Editors of the “ Western Journal” have entered upon its publication, with the design of collecting and laying before the people of the Mississippi valley, that class of facts and information which relate to the varied pursuits of the People. And, to enable them to do justice to the work which they have undertaken, they respectfully invite the agriculturist, the merchant, the manufacturer and the miner, to furnish the Journal with such facts and information as may be deemed usesul and interesting to the public.

The Western Journal will contain an account of all valuable discoveries and improvements in agriculture, manufactures, and the mechanic arts.

The leading and more important statistics of the agriculture, commerce, manufactures, mining, &c., of not only the Mississippi valley, but of the whole country, will be collected with care and fidelity, and laid before our readers in as concise and clear a form, as their nature will admit.

It is our wish to collect at as early a period as practicable, a full and complete account of all the manufacturing establishments of whatsoever kind in the Mississippi valley; to the end, that we may be enabled to note the increase from year to year, so long as our Journal shall be continued.

Considering internal improvements as one of the great social agents of the age, we shall collect and publish such facts and information touching this subject as may be deemed useful to our readers.

Believing that our Republican form of government can only be sustained by the virtue and the intelligence of the people; we shall advocate the importance of establishing an efficient system of Education in the State of Missouri; one that shall secure sufficient instruction to every free white child within our limits, to enable it to read the Holy Scriptures and the Constitution of the State, and also, that each elector inay be able to write his own ticket at tlie polls of an election. To enable us the better to promote this important object, we shall be pleased to receive and publish the plans and suggestions of such patriutic individuals as may be willing to connect their names with this subject.

In the absence of more important and interesting matter, we shall endeavor to furnish our patrons with original essays upon the various subjects connected with the objects of our Journal; but we' entertain a hope that the intelligence and public spirit of the people of the West will in due season relieve us from much of this labor by furnishing matter more interesting than our own productions.

We shall neither write nor publish any article, which las reference merely to the politics of the State or gen

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