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150

Statement of Continued

Pago

Opsahl, Paul W., president, South Dakota Farmers Union, Huron,

S. Dak.

52

Pollock, Dr. James K., former member, Hoover Commission..

190
Quaal, Ward L., representing the agricultural committee of the
Citizens Committee for the Hoover Report---

194

Rusk, Dr. H. P., dean and director emeritus, College of Agriculture,

University of Illinois, and member of the Agricultural Task Force

of the (Hoover) Commission on Organization of the Executive

Branch of the Government.-----

192

Russell, Hon. Richard B., a United States Senator from the State of

Georgia ---------

Sanders, J. T., legislative counsel, the National Grange.------------

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-

Anderson, Hon. Clinton P., a United States Senator from the State of

New Mexico:

Excerpt from statement before the National Reorganization

Conference of the Citizens Committee for the Hoover Report,

Washington, D. C., December 13, 1949..

117

Statement-Simplifying the structure of the Department of

Agriculture ----

117

Benson, Hon. Ezra Taft, Secretary of Agriculture:

Appendix A-Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953—Department

of Agriculture (authority similar to that in effective plans for
other departments)-------

-----

156
Excerpt from Reorganization Act of 1949.---

151
Excerpts from Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953.---
Excerpts from Studies of Administrative Management in the
Federal Government, 1937...

152
Except from talk before the Graduate School of the Department
of Agriculture, April 30, 1953.---

155
Excerpts from the Hoover Commission's Report on General Man-

agement of the Executive Branch of the Government.------- 147

Memorandum No. 1320, Supplement 1-Revised administrative

grouping of department agencies, March 10, 1953--------- 143

Chart-Organization of the United States Department of

Agriculture, revised March 10, 1953..----

144

Memorandum No. 1320 — Administrative grouping of Depart-
ment agencies.---
Chart-Organization of the United States Department of

Agriculture, effective January 21, 1953...
Dirksen, Hon. Everett M., a United States Senator from the State of

Illinois: Appendix B-Senate action on reorganization plans, 81st
and 82d Congresses --------
---------------- --

104

-------------
Ellis, Clyde T., executive manager, National Rural Electric Coopera-
tive Association:

Excerpts from Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953.------------ 88, 90
Excerpt from the Rural Electrification Act----
Resolution opposing Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953 by
board of directors of the National Rural Electric Cooperative

Association, April 14, 1953.--.
Hoover, Hon. Herbert, letter to Senator Margaret Chase Smith.

May 9, 1953, and statement relative to plan 2 of 1953.----
Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., a United States Senator from the State
of Minnesota ------
Excerpt from statement of former Secretary of Agriculture
Brannan, re Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1950-------

127

Excerpt from statement of Senator Edward J. Thye, re Reorgani-

zation Plan No. 4 of 1950.------

127

Excerpts from testimony of the executive secretary of the Na-

tional Council of Farmer Cooperatives re: plan No. 4 of 1950. 160

Excerpt from testimony of the vice president of the American

Farm Bureau Federation re: plan No. 4 of 1950.---------- 163

142
Pago

Johns Departnited Stallen vorsional Record (

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-Continued

Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., a United States Seuator from the State

of Minnesota–Continued

. Excerpts from the Congressional Record (81st Cong., 2d sess.) re

Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1950.---

188

Table— United States Department of Agriculture, legal basis of
Department agencies and distribution of functions.---

184

Johnston, Hon. Olin D., a United States Senator from the State of

South Carolina:

Excerpt from Louisville Courier-Journal, April 23, 1953.---.

Excerpts from Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1950.-

can 61-

Letter from E. H. Agnew, president, South Carolina Farm

Bureau, Inc., to Senator John L. McClellan, April 29, 1950.--

Letter from Ezra T. Benson, Secretary of Agriculture, to Senator

Olin D. Johnston, April 20, 1953.----

Letter from Senator Olin D. Johnston to Hon. Ezra T. Benson,

March 28, 1953.--.

Letter from Senator Olin D. Johnston, to Hon. Ezra Taft Benson,

May 15, 1953......

Kerr, Hon. Robert S., a United States Senator from the State of

Oklahoma: Letter to Senator Margaret Chase Smith, May 15, 1953.-

Kline, Allan B., president, American Farm Bureau Federation;

accompanied by Frank Woolley, legislative counsel, American Farm

Bureau Federation:

Current resolutions ------

Excerpts from Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953. ----

Meek, J. H., director, division of markets, Virginia Department of

Agriculture and Immigration, Richmond, Va.:

Exhibit 1-Statement by the executive committee of the National

Association of Marketing Officials..

Quotations from Food Crisis, published in 1943 by Roy F.

Hendrickson, Director, United States Food Distribution

Administration.----------

Murray, Hon. James E., a United States Senator from the State of
Montana:
Excerpt from a United Press dispatch, reporting a meeting of

farm editors at the Department of Agriculture, April 23, 1953.-

Excerpt from hearings of the House Subcommittee on Agricultural

Appropriations, March 26, 1953.-----

can

Excerpt from Notice General-101, placed in the Congressional

Record by Congressman Fred Marshall.----
Excerpts from Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1950.--

Excerpt from the Louisville Courier-Journal, April 23, 1953.---

Rusk, Dr. H, P., dean and director emeritus, College of Agriculture,

University of Illinois, and member of the Agricultural Task Force of

the (Hoover) Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch

of the Government:

Excerpt from committee report presented to National Conference

of PMA, held in St. Louis, Mo., December 6-9, 1948.--

Suggested addition to Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1950------- 193

Russell, Hon. Richard B., a United States Senator from the State of

Georgia:

Excerpts from hearings held on Reorganization Plan No. 2 of

1950-------------------------------------------------

1953.--

Excerpts from Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1950 and Reorgani-

zation Plan No. 2 of 1953.----

Excerpt from Senate Report 1566 (81st Cong., 2d sess.), on

Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1950.---.

Excerpts from the Reorganization Act of 1949 -----
Smith, Hon. Margaret Chase, a United States Senator from the State

of Maine, and chairman, Senate Government Operations Sub-
committee on Reorganization:
Chart-Organization of the United States Department of Agri-
culture, January 4, 1950.---

Facing 50
Excerpt from Public Law 109 (81st Cong.)----

- 103

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Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-Continued

Smith, Hon. Margaret Chase, a United States Senator from the State
of Maine, etc. - Continued
Excerpt from staff memorandum explaining differences between

plan No. 4 of 1950 and plan No. 2 of 1953..
Letter to all Senators, from Senator Margaret Chase Smith,

chairman, Subcommittee on Reorganization ----

APPENDIXES

Appendix A-Committee print of S. 1149, February 22, 1952..

Excerpts from Staff Memorandum No. 82–2-17, March 21, 1952.---

Statement of Senator John L. McClellan, chairman, Senate Committee

on Government Operations, April 1, 1952.--

Appendix B- United States Department of Agriculture, Production and

Marketing Administration, General Notice 101, adjustment in PMA

State and county office personnel...--

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REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 2 OF 1953

(Department of Agriculture)

TUESDAY, MAY 12, 1953

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON REORGANIZATION,

Washington, D. C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10 a. m., in room 357, Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C., Senator Margaret Chase Smith (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding

Present: Senators Margaret Chase Smith (Republican, Maine), Henry C. Dworshak (Republican, Idaho), Everett McKinley Dirksen (Republican, Illinois), Clyde R. Hoey (Democrat, North Carolina), John F. Kennedy (Democrat, Massachusetts).

Present also: Senators John L. McClellan (Democrat, Arkansas) and Stuart Symington (Democrat, Missouri), Walter L. Reynolds, chief clerk and staff director, Ann M. Grickis, assistant chief clerk, and Glenn K. Shriver, professional staff member.

Senator Smith. The subcommittee will come to order.

The Subcommittee on Reorganization has before it today Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953, providing for reorganizations in the Department of Agriculture, which the President transmitted to the Congress under date of March 25, under authority of the Reorganization Act of 1949, as amended. It will also give consideration to S. Res. 100, introduced by Senator Russell, of Georgia, disapproving the plan.

The plan under consideration is one of several proposals that have been before the Congress in the past, providing for reorganizations in the Department of Agriculture. The Department consists of many interrelated offices, bureaus, administrations, services, and corporations established over a period of approximately 90 years, to provide specified services to the American farmers and consumers. It is one of the most important agencies of the Federal Government, and its activities affect, either directly or indirectly, the lives and well-being of every one of our citizens. In each instance where the Congress has given consideration to the reorganization of the Department, practically every witness appearing before the committees having such legislation under consideration has stressed the importance of its activities and the essential need for better integration of its services and functions under centralized administrative control.

The Hoover Commission, in its reports to the Congress in 1949, made a number of general recommendations for the centralization of functions and the promotion of adequate administrative controls applying generally to all departments and agencies of the Government. These reports stressed the importance of vesting full responsibility for

the performance of all functions and operations of the departments of the Federal Government in the head of the department, with clear lines of authority reaching down through every step of organization. The Hoover Commission, in addition to recommending that each of the department heads should have adequate staff assistance, and vested with full administrative authority to reorganize his department, submitted 16 specific recommendations in a special report on the Department of Agriculture with a view to insuring better organization and more effective administration of the functions vested by statute in the Department.

Recognizing the complexities of its internal structure and the number of its functions which overlapped into other Federal activities and into areas affecting State, county, and local governments, the Hoover Commission prescribed a specific organizational structure for the Department, grouped into eight major.units. Its report clearly indicated the difficulties that would be encountered in attempting to reorganize the Department of Agriculture, on a basis which would take into adequate consideration the many important areas of its activities and operations.

Following the submission of the Hoover Commission reports, a bill (S. 2055) was introduced in the 81st Congress by the present chairman of the full committee, which had been drafted by attorneys for the Commission and submitted to this committee at the suggestion of the former chairman of this full committee. This bill proposed to carry out the recommendations of the Hoover Commission, as interpreted by its attorneys, and was referred to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry of the Senate, where no action developed in view of the complexity of the many problems involved.

The President subsequently submitted Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1950, providing for the reorganization of the Department of Agriculture. That plan, which was rejected in the Senate, was similar in many respects to the plan now being considered. The present plan, however, attempts to overcome some of the basic objections to the 1950 plan.

Following the rejection of plan No. 4 of 1950, the staff of this committee was directed to reevaluate the Hoover Commission recommendations, previous actions taken in relation to other departments, and to submit for consideration of the committee a revised bill designed to overcome objections raised to the bill (S. 1149) introduced in the 82d Congress. The staff completely redrafted the original Hoover Commission bill in an attempt to develop an acceptable proposal. This committee tentatively approved the proposed committee bill, but before filing it in the Senate, requested the chairman to submit it to the jurisdictional committees of the Congress for comments and recommendations, since it involved changes in substantive policy. No recommendations were made to this committee, as requested, and no further action has developed in regard to the reorganization of the Department of Agriculture, until the submission of the present plan. (See appendix A, p. 200.)

The President, in his message to the Congress transmitting Plan No. 2 of 1953, has recognized the past difficulties Congress has encountered in trying to deal with the complexities of reorganization within the Department of Agriculture. The plan attempts to meet some of the major objections raised to former proposals. In addition

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