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It is not considered practical or desirable that this provision should apply to all transfers or coordinations. Many such actions are of a minor character, representing necessary adjustments to changes in appropriations or in program emphasis. To require that the Agriculture Committees be notified of all actions under this provision would, on the one hand, burden them with minutiae and, on the other, impose upon Department officials the task of preparing numerous additional reports. At the same time, a delay of 60 days in taking actions of this character would, by that much, slow down the operations.of the Department and hinder the making of prompt adjustments necessary to maintenance of operating efficiency.
On the other hand, with respect to major transfers of functions, it has been the custom of Secretaries of Agriculture to consult with the Agriculture Committees before putting such changes into effect. This was done, for example, before the establishment of the Agricultural Research Administration in 1942, the creation of the Production and Marketing Administration in 1945, and the reorganization of conservation and research activities in 1951 under Secretary's Memoranda No. 1278 and No. 1279. These are examples of the type of transfer with respect to which it is intended that 60 days' notice should be given to the Agriculture Committees.
All regulatory functions of the Department are transferred to the Secretary with authority to redelegate except as they affect hearing examiners or corporations. The functions of the hearing examiners of the Department, of its corporations and their boards of directors and officers, and of the advisory board of the Commodity Credit Corporation are not affected by the act except where expressly mentioned for organizational purposes.
In view of the widely varying nature of the regulatory work of the Department, ranging from functions which require highly specialized scientific training to such matters as inspections to determine compliance with laws requiring humane treatment of cattle during shipment, it has not been deemed advisable to provide for the establishment of a Regulatory Service. This provision of the bill will permit the Secretary to make adjustments from time to time in the organization of regulatory activities and to associate these activities organizationally with other functions of the Department where there is a distinct advantage to be gained from so doing.
The Secretary is authorized to make provisions from time to time for the performance within the Department of any functions vested in him, and to effect transfers of records, property, personnel, etc., incident to any transfers.
It is expressly provided that the unexpended balances of funds transferred incident to any reorganization shall be used only for the purposes for which originally appropriated. Also, the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1949 are not to be superseded.
Section 3 provides for the creation of two Assistant Secretaries of Agriculture in addition to the present Assistant Secretary.
Section 4 prescribes that, in addition to the three Assistant Secretaries of Agriculture, there shall be an Administrative Assistant Secretary of Agriculture.
Section 5 provides for a more unified and efficient development and management of agricultural resources relating to forestry, grazing, and watershed conservation. Subsection (a) transfers to the Secretary of Agriculture from the Department of the Interior the functions of the Bureau of Land Management, with the exception of mineral and other functions not primarily of an agricultural nature. Under subsections (b), (c), and (d), such housekeeping matters as related property. personnel, and funds are included in the transfer.
Subsection (e) retains in their present category, and subject to the present laws, Oregon and California revested grants, Taylor grazing districts, unreserved public domain, and any other lands presently administered by the Bureau of Land Management. It clearly specifies that the transfer of these lands under subsection (a) shall not give them national-forest status but they shall remain subject to mining, reclamation, homestead, and other disposal laws. Pending further action by Congress, both national forests and lands currently administered by the Bureau of Land Management would continue to be administered under laws now applicable to them. Subsection (f) requires the Secretary of Agriculture to prepare and submit to Congress within 2 years after the date of this act a program for combining the management of forestry and grazing resources under a single Forest and Range Service, together with necessary legislation to implement a uniform grazing and forestry policy. The program authorized to be submitted by this subsection shall not include a recommendation to change existing arrangements with regard to payments to counties in lieu of taxes or similar revenues.
Section 6 amends section 32 of the act of August 24, 1935, to eliminate the permanent appropriation and to substitute an authorization to Congress to appropriate thereunder. Under the Agricultural Act of 1949 it is provided that these funds, amounting to 30 percent of the customs receipts, shall be devoted principally to surplus removal, price support, and related programs for perishable nonbasic agricultural commodities other than those for which price support is mandatory, This section is in accord with the general program of the Congress, to repeal general appropriation authority and require annual review and approval of all Federal expenditures by the appropriate committees.
Section 7 requires the establishment of State and national advisory board of grazing permittees to function with respect to grazing matters at their respective levels in the same manner as local advisory boards of grazing permittees now function. It further authorizes the establishment of national-forest multiple use advisory councils as a means of obtaining the views and recommendations of users of national forests and their resources concerning a balanced program of multiple use of the national forests. The creation of the State and national boards of grazing permittees authorized in this section would be of assistance to the Department in the development of uniform grazing programs required under section 5 (f), and is considered to be essential to the establishment of uniform policies in the development of a balanced program of multiple use of the national forests.
Section 8 provides that the Secretary shall survey all Federal agricultural research stations and substations for the purpose of eliminating duplication. Any station or substation determined to be unnecessary is to be transferred to the State where located, if it so desires, upon mutually fair terms with or without consideration. New research stations are to be established only if the Secretary determines existing facilities to be inadequate and only after 90 days' notice to the respective Agricultural Committees of the two Houses.
Section 9 contains a definition of the term “agency" as used in the act.
Section 10 provides that the Director of the Bureau of the Budget shall cause a study to be made of the organization of Federal regulatory functions relating to food and drugs including spray residues on foods. A report of such study including a basis for consolidation of such functions is to be submitted to the Congress on or before July 30, 1953.
GLENN K. SHRIVER,
Professional Staff Member. Approved: WALTER L, REYNOLDS,
STATEMENT BY SENATOR JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, CHAIRMAN OF THE SENATE
COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS, APRIL 1, 1952 The committee, in executive session today, voted to defer action on S. 1149, to provide for the reorganization of the Department of Agriculture in accordance with the recommendations of the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government.
The committee recognized the need for a reorganization of the Department of Agriculture, and the necessity for revising its present structure and operations. The action taken by the committee was due to difficulties encountered in drafting a bill which would overcome valid objections raised at the hearings held in 1951, by Federal officials and farm organizations, pertaining primarily to policy problems involved.
The chairman was instructed to submit the bill, as revised by the committee, to members of the Senate and House Committees on Agriculture in order that those committees might be afforded an opportunity to study the substantive matters coming within the jurisdiction of such committees. They will be requested to advise the Committee on Government Operations as to appropriate action that should be taken to conform to legislative policies established under their jurisdiction. These committees have had various aspects of the proposed legislation under consideration for many years, and any reorganization bill should accord with legislative policies established by the Congress.
The Committee on Government Operations held that, if it were to approve a bill, it would have primary jurisdiction only over reorganizational aspects. It was the view of the committee that the reorganizations proposed in the bill, as revised, closely conforms to the authority already vested in the Department, and that to approve the bill without adequately dealing with the more important aspects of the agricultural programs, which the committee felt also needed extensive revisions, would not accomplish the real objectives of reorganizing the Department of Agriculture.
It was the view of the committee that the approval of the reorganization aspects without a thorough and complete evaluation of the entire structure and operations of the Department and its field activities would not accomplish the objectives recommended by the Hoover report.
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
PRODUCTION AND MARKETING ADMINISTRATION
GENERAL NOTICE 101
Action by: PMA State committees.
ADJUSTMENT IN PMA STATE AND COUNTY OFFICE PERSONNEL Approved:
HOWARD H. GORDON, Administrator. In view of the elimination of work on production goals, cotton acreage determinations, and assistance to farmers except selective service work, it will be necessary to have a reduction in force in State offices and to adjust employment in county offices.
We realize that this will require realinement of duties and responsibilities and perhaps a little heavier workload on each one of us. Your area director or someone from his staff will meet with you at the earliest possible date regarding necessary reductions in State and county personnel. Please defer action with respect to reduction in force until advised by your area director.
It is recognized that reduction in staff now will result in only small savings in funds for fiscal year 1953. On the other hand, unless the personnel reductions are made in time for final leave settlements to be completed by June 30, necessary savings for 1954 will be difficult to attain.
In your discussion of this problem you should keep in mind the following:
(1) State and county committees will carry out the field responsibilities of the programs now assigned to them, including the agricultural conservation program.
(2) The required reduction in personnel applies to permanent full-time employees of your office and does not include part-time or w. a. e. employees. Notice to employees of the effective date upon which they will cease active duty shall be issued at once but may give advance notice of more than 30 days.
(3) Requests for employment of seasonal or emergency part-time employees will be considered as they are needed.
(4) Hereafter, the State committee, in carrying out its responsibilities, will determine program and administration policy, but the execution of such policies will be carried out by its employees under the direction of a State executive officer responsible to the State committee. Accordingly, all State committeemen, including the chairman, will be employed on a w. a. e. basis.
(5) Similarly, the policy-forming and policy-execution functions in the county office will be separated. The policy-forming functions will be left with the county committee and the policy-execution functions will be vested in a county office manager. The county committee will hire the county office manager who will execute the policies of the county committee, be responsible for the day-to-day operations of the county office and hire and direct other county office personnel. Accordingly, in the future, county committeemen will not work on a full-time basis.