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This work has been chiefly prepared by the Rev. TRYON EDWARDS, D. D., of New London, Conn., who, with great labor and care, has drawn the more important statistical tables from original sources.

ECLIPSES IN THE YEAR 1851. There will be two Eclipses of the Sun, and two of the Moon, this year.

I. January 17, Moon eclipsed at the time of Full Moon, in the morning in the United States, except the eastern part of Maine, where it will be afternoon. Invisible here, but will be seen in the opposite regions of the globe. Magnitude, 5.58 digits on the Moon's northern limb.

II. February 1, Sun eclipsed at the time of New Moon in the morning, but will be in the evening of Jan. 31, in the states and territories west of the Mississippi river. Invisible in America. The Sun may be seen more or less eclipsed on the southern limb at Australia, the Cape of Good Hope, and the southern part of Madagascar; and on the northern limb, at New Zealand. This Eclipse will be central and annular on the meridian in longitude 98° 22 cast from Greenwich, and latitude 58° 23' south.

III. July 12, evening, and July 13, morning, Moon eclipsed; visible. Principal Cities. Beginning. Middle. End.

Principal Cities. Beginning Middle. End. D.

H. D. M.

D. R. M. D. E. E. Eastport 13 1 22 m. 13 2 53 m. 13 4 24 Detroit

13 0 18 m. 13 1 49 m. 13 3 20 Boston

13 1 6 m. 13 2 37 m. 13 4 8 Milledgeville - 13 0 17 m. 13 1 48 m. 13 3 19 New York- 13 0 54 m. 13 2 25 m. 13 3 56 Lexington- 13 0 13 m. 13 1 44 m. 13 3 15 Philadelphia -- 13 O 49 m. 13 2 20 m. 13 3 51 Cincinnati 13 012 m. 13 1 43 m. 13 3 14 Baltimore 13 0 43 m. 13 2 14 m. 13 3 45 Indianapolis 13 06 m. 13 1 37 m.13 3 8 Washington -- 13 0 42 m. 13 2 13 m. 13 3 44Nashville - 13 03 m. 13 1 34 m. 13 3 5 Richmond -- 13 0 40 m. 13 2 11 m. 13 3 42 Chicago 12 11 59 ev.13 1 30 m. 13 3 1 Rochester 13 0 39 m. 13 2 10 m. 13 3 41 Mobile 12 11 57 ev.13 1 28 m. 13 2 59 Raleigh 13 0 35 m. 13 2 6 m. 13 3 37|St. Louis 12 11 52 ev.13 1 23 m. 13 2 54 Charleston Pittsburgh 13 O 30 m.13 2 1 m. 13 3 32 New Orleans -- 12 11 50 ev.13 1 21 m. 13 2 52

Austin 12 11 19 ev. 13 0 50 m. 13 2 21 Cleveland 13 0 24 m. 13 1 55 m. 13 3 26 San Francisco 12 9 43 ev. 12 11 14 ev. 13 0 45

Magnitude, 8.47 digits on the Moon's southern limb.

IV. July 28, morning, Sun eclipsed; visible more or less throughout the United States, with the exception of the southern part of Florida : on the Sun's northern limb.

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H. M. H. M.
1. ». Digits.

H. M. 8. M. Digs. Eastport - 8 7 9 3 10 11 54 4.53

Indianapolis... 6 37 | 7 24 8 14 1 37 4.23 Montpelier- 7 418 35 9 311 504.46 Baltimore

7 238 7 8 531 30 3.12 Concord

7 468 38 9 32 1 464.00 Cincinnati 6 45 7 30 8 18 1 33 3.69 Rochester - 7 168 7 9 01 44 | 4.53

Washington

7 21 8 5 8 51 1 30 3.01 Milwaukie - 6 307 21 8 14 1 44 5.23 St. Louis

6 21 7 6 7 54 1 334.03 Buffalo

7 108 1 8 54 1 444.47 Lexington 6 467 29 8 161 30 3.39 Albany

7 348 26 9 20 1 464.02 Richmond 7 208 1 8 451 252.57 Detroit

6 517 41 8 33 1 42 4.66 Nashville 6 367 16 7 591 23 2.95 Boston 7 498 40 9 34 1 45 3.79 Raleigh

7 167 52 8 321 16 2.10 Providence 7 488 37 9 291 41 3.52 Little Rock 6 10 6 49 7 31 1 21 3.03 Chicago 6 297 18 8 10 1 414.81 Milledgeville 6 567 28 8 21 6 1.63 Iowa City 6 1270 7 51 1 39 5.07 Charleston 7 16 7 42 8 100 54 1.05 New Haven 7 398 27 9 18 1 39 3.54 Mobile

6 367 2 7 310 55 1.24 New York 7 348 21 9 121 38 3.42 Austin

5 496 21 6 55 1 6 2.20 Pittsburgh 7 4 7 51 8 421 38 3.79 New Orleans 6 28 6 53 7 21 0 53 1.06 Philadelphia 7 29 8 15 9 41 35 3.32 St. Augustine - 17 37 22 7 43 0 40 0.67

At Astoria, in Oregon, this Eclipse will be chiefly visible. The Sun will rise there at 4 h. 40 m. with 7.01 digits eclipsed, and at 4h. 58 m. it will be 9.18 digits eclipsed. The Eclipse will end at 5 h. 49 m. At San Francisco, the Sun will rise at 5 h. 2 m. with an Eclipse of 6.65 digits diminishing, which will end at 5 h. 43m. This Eclipse will be more or less visi. ble throughout Europe, and in the northern part of Africa. It will be central and total on the meridian in longitude 33° 43' west from Greenwich, and latitude 690 54' north.

CHARACTERS. Sun; ) Moon; 8 Mercury; ! Venus; Earth 3 Mats; 2 Jupiter; 5 Saturn; H Herschel.

1898

49 550

RISING AND SETTING OF PLANETS AND STARS. The reader should understand that these are not materially affected by the longitude of a place: and also that when the hour is less than 6, it is in the morning; and when greater than 6, it is in the evening.

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Jan. 14 Venus rises

21 Feb.

5 Saturn sets 12 Venus rises 20 Jupiter rises

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4 41 4 34 4 22 || July 5 Venus rises.
4 23 4 15 4 3

16

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10 20 10 18 10 15 18 Jupiter sets
4 13 4 5 3 52 Aug. 2
9 49 9 46 9 41

7 | Saturn rises
9 15 9 12 98 8 Jupiter sets
8 58
8. 55
8 50

22 Seven Stars rise
4 14 4 6 3 51 Sept. 5
4 12 4 5 3 54

18
4 8 4 2 3 53

25
3 58 3 54 3 48 Oct. 6 Mars rises
3 43 3 41 3 39

14
3 32 3 32

66 3 33

25 3 19 3 21 3 25 | Nov. 6 3 4 3 9 3 16

66

14 2 58 3 4 3 14

27 2 51 2 59 3 12 Dec. 6

66 2 49 2 59 3 14

18

1. M. 1. M. 1. M. 2 52 3 3 3 19 3 3 3 14 3 31 10 58 | 11 0 | 11 3 10 3 10 5 10 8 10 25 10 30 10 37 9 41 9 43 9 47 9 58 10 9 10 27 9 3 9 14 9 32 8 11 8 23 8 40 7 44 7 55 8 13 11 2 11 12 11 29 10 50 11 011 17 10 32 10 42 10 58 10 9 10 19 10 34 9 51 10 0 10 15 9 17 9 26 9 40 8 48 8 57 9 11 8 1 8 10 8 25

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PHENOMENA OF THE PLANETS FOR 1851. Jan. 4, HI stat.; 5, stat. 00 h; 6, §'s gr. elong. ; 12, 004, § stat. ; 16, O OH; 20, O enters ; 22, inf. Ó O $. Feb. 2, stat. ; 7, 21 stat. ; 15, 8's gr. elong.; 19, O enters H; 25, 's gr. elong. March 20, O enters P. APRIL 1, sup. Ó O &; 8, 8 04; 14, 00h; 20,6 enters 8, 8O3 ; 28, 8's gr. elong. MAY 9, 8 stat. ; 20, inf. 098; 21, O enters I. JUNE 1, § stat. ; 10, 24 stat. ; 15, 's gr. elong. ; 21, O enters . JULY 6, 0 0 24; 15, sup. Ó 08; 23, O enters 8; 00 h, OOH; 28, o eclipsed, vis. Aug. 10, H stat. ; 17, 5 stat. ; 23, O enters m; 26, $'s gr. elong. SEPT. 8, § stat. ; 22, inf. o 08; 23, O enters ; 30, sup. Ó O 4,8 stationary. Oct. 7, Ç's gr. elong.; 23,00, O enters M ; 24, 8 0 h ; 26,8 OH; 27, ó 04. Nov. 7, sup. 0 0 8; 22, O enters f. Dec. 16, 8 stat. ; 20, 's gr. elong. ; 22, O enters 19 ; 27, § stat. ; 31, stationary.

SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC. p Aries; > Taurus; I Gemini; o Cancer; Leo; m Virgo; Libra; M Scor. pio; I Sagittarius; V8 Capricorn; men Aquarius ; # Pisces.

ASPECTS AND NODES. ó. Conjunction; * Sextile, 60 degrees; o Quartile, 90 degrees; A Trine, 120 degrees ; Vc. Quincunx, 150 degrees; 8 Opposition, 180 degrees; 8 Ascending Node; 8 Descending Node.

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES. Dominical Letter, E; Golden Number, or Lunar Cycle, 9; Epact, 28; Solar Cycle, 12; Roman Indiction, 9; Julian Period, 6564.

NOTES TO THE READER. The Calendar page in this Almanac is adapted for use in every part of the United States. It is based on the fact that in the same Latitude, that is, on a line running due east and west, the Sun and Moon rise and set at the same moment by the clock or almanac, not only throughout the United States, but around the world—the variations being so small as to be of no importance for ordinary purposes. Thus, if on any day the Sun rises at Boston at 5 minutes past 6, it rises at 5 minutes past 6 on the same line of latitude westward throughout the states of Massachusetts, New York, Michigan, Iowa, and Oregon.

Hence, a Calendar adapted to Boston for New England, is equally adapted, as to the rising Sand setting of the Sun and Moon, for use in Northern New York and Michigan; a Calendar for New York city is adapted for use in the states of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois; a Calendar for Baltimore is adapted for Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri; and a Calenda for Charleston will answer for North Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana! Wherever the reader is, look for the state at the top of the Calendar page, and underneath are the rising and setting of the Sun and Moon sufficiently accurate for all practical purposes.

The changes, fulls, and quarters of the Moon, however, are governed by another prin ciple, and are essentially the same for all places on the same Longitude; that is, on an line extending due north and south. Thus, the Moon's phases for Charleston, suit Pitts burgh, etc. Any phasis takes place at the same instant of absolute time; but the local time is earlier at the westward, and later at the eastward, at the rate of four minutes for each degree of Longitude; or at the rate of one minute for every 12 miles 273 rods in the lati tude of Boston ; 13 miles 60 rods in the latitude of New York city; 13 miles 143 rods in the latitude of Baltimore; and 14 miles 199 rods in the latitude of Charleston.

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M. The Sun

883,246

25 14 8 Mercury

3,224

37,000,000 1 0 5 28 87 23 15 43 6.61 Venus

7,687 68,000,000 0 23 21 22 2:24 16 49 10 1.91 The Earth

7,912
95,000,000 0 23 56

365 6 9 12 1. The Moon

2,180 95,000,000 27 7 43 12 365 6 9 12 1. Mars -

4,189 144,000,000 1 0 37 22 686 23 30 35 0.43 Vesta 238 224,310,600 unknown

1,325 11 38 24 Iris unknown 226,000,000

1,327 23 22 41 Hebe

230,000,000

1,375 nearly. Flora

240,000,000

1,469 18 37 19 Astræa

246,000,000

1,512 nearly. 0.16 Juno 1,425 253,598,700

1,593

1 36 28 Ceres

160
263,236,450

1,684 17 38 24 Pallas*

110
265,000,000

1,686 7 19 12
Jupiter
€9,170 490,000,000 0 9 55 27 4,332 14 27 10

0.03 Saturn

79,042
900,000,000 0 10 29 17

1 51 11 0.001 Uranus. 35,112 | 1,800,000,000 unknown

30,686 19 41 32 0.000 Neptune35,000 2,850,000,000

60,128 3 20 02 0.06 * A ninth asteroid named Metis, and also a tenth not yet named, have been discovere since the beginning of 1848, between Mars and Jupiter; but as the sizes, distances, etc., an yet unknown, they have not been added to the table.

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Vernal Equinox,- - ... March
Summer Solstice - June
Autumnal Equinox - Sept.
Winter Solstice -Dec.

D. H, M.

1. M.
D. 1. M.
D.

D. H. M.
21 4 55 mo. 21 0 11 mo. 20 11 47 ev. 20 11 17 ev. 20 8 47 et
22 1 41 mo. 21 8 57 ev. 21 8 33 ev. 21 8 3 ey. 21 5 33 1
23 3 51 ev. 23 11 7 mo. 23 10 43 mo. 23 10 13 mo. 23 7 43 me
22 9 29 mo. 22 4 45 mo. 22 4 21 mo. 22 3 51 mo. 22 1 21 m

When it is noon at London, it is 6 h. 52 m. in the morning at Washington; and when i is noon at Washington, it is 5 h. 8 m. in the evening at London.

APOGEE AND PERIGEE OF THE SUN.
The Sun is in
Perigee December 31, 1850, distance from the Earth,
Apogee July 1, 1851,
Perigee January 2, 1852,

The perigee does not occur in 1851, but occurs twice in 1852.

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Miles -93,582,00

96,771,01 -93,575,00

LEAP-YEAR. Every year is leap-year the number of which can be divided by 4, and not by 100; which can be divided by 400.

CALE DAR FOR

CALENDAR FOR
BOSTON; NEW ENGLANDI NEW YORK CITY; PHIL'A

NEW YORK STATE, MICHI'x, Conn., NEW JERSEY, PENN.,
WISCONSIN, AND lowa. Ohio, INDIANA, AND ILLI's.

CALENDAR FOR

CALENDAR FOR BALTIMORE; VIR CHARLESTON; N. CAROLI

GINIA, KENTUCKY, LINA, TENN., GEOR'A, ALA., AND MISSOURI. Missis

AND LOUISIANA.

Third Quarter Full Moon -..... First Quarter .... New Moon....

MOON'S PHASES.

Ist MONTH.

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11 58 mo. 10 11 37 mo.

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5 10 morn.

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Sun

Moon H. W. Sun Sun Moon H. W
Rises. Sets. Rises. Bost'n. Rises. Sets. Rises. N. YORK

M

M. H. M. H. M.
23 1 14||7 324 36 6 38 11 6 7 27 4 41 6 33 8 6 1 W
Th 22 56 47 32 4 36 sets. 11 47 7 27 4 42 sets. 8 47 2 Th
Fr 22 50 267 32 4 37 5 55 morn. 7 274 43 6 1 9 27 3 Fr
Sa 22 44 217 32 4 38 6 51 0 27 7 27 4 41 6 56 10 3 4 Sa

22 37 49 7 32 4 39 7 49 1 3 7 27 4 45 7 53 10 35 5 E
M 22 30 51 7 32 4 408 47 1 35 7 27 4 46 8 50 11 10 6 M

Tu 22 23 257 32 4 41 9 45 2 10 7 274 47 9 47 11 46 Tu
8W 22 15 337 32 4 42 10 44 2 46 7 27 4 48 10 45 morn. 8 W
9 Th 22 7 157 32 4 43 11 43 3 22 7 274 49 11 44 0 22 9 Th
10 Fr | 21 58 317 31 4 44 morn. 4 1

7 26 4 50 morn. 1 1 10 Fr
11

Sa 21 49 21 7 31 4 46 0 41 4 44 7 26 4 51 0 411 41 11 Sa
12 E 21 39 46 7 31 4 47 1 47 5 37 7 26 4 52 1 46 2 37 12 E
13 M

21 29 46 7 31 4 48 2 53 6 48 7 25 4 53 2 50 3 18 13 M
11 Tu 21 19 20 7 30 4 49 4 0 7 57 7 25 4 51 3 57 4 57 14 Tu
15 W21 8 307 30 4 50 5 8 9 67 254 55 5 4 6 6 15
16 Th 20 57 16 7 29 4 51 6 14 10 4 7 24 4 56 6 9 7 4 16 Th
17 Fr 20 45 38 7 29 4 52 rises. 10 55 7 24 4 57 rises.

7 5.5 17 Fr
18 Sa 20 33 37 7 28 4 54 6 23 11 45 7 234 58 6 27| 8 45 18 Sa
19 E 20 21 12 7 284 55 7 38 ev. 31 7 23 5 0 7 42 9 31 19 E
20 M 20 8 21 7 274 568 53 1 22 7 22 5 1 8 35 10 22 | 20 M
21 Tu | 19 55 13 7 264 57 10 6 2 97 22 5 2 10 711 9 21 Tu
22 W 19 41 41 7 26 4 59 11 16 2 56 7 21 5 3 11 16 11 56 ||:22 W
23 Th 19 27 46 7 25 5 0 morn. 3 4.1 7 20 5 4 morn. ev. 44 23 Th
24 Fr 119 13 30 7 24 5 1 0 24 4 32 7 20 5 6 0 23 1 32 24 Fr

Sa 18 58 52 7 23 5 2 1 305 28. 7 19 5 7 1 28 2 25 1125 Sa
26 E 18 43 51 7 22 5 4 2 316 31 7 18 5 8 2 31 331 26 E

M 18 28 35 7 21 5 5 3 35 7 41 7 17 5 9 3 314 41 27 I MI 29 Tu 18 12 567 215 6 4 321 9 0 7 16.5 10 4 28 6 001128 29 W 17 56 577 20 5 8 5 26 10 511 7 16.5 12 5 21 7 0.5 29 W 30 Th 17 40 407 19 5 9 6 11 10 5.5 7 155 13 6 9 7 5.) 11:30 | Th 31 Fr 117 24 37 18.5 10 6 57 11 36 7 14 5 14 6 52 8 36 ||31 Fr

Sun Sun Moon Sun Sun

Moon

H. W

W.
Rises. Sets. Rises. Rises. Sets. Rises. CH'TON.
11. M.
H. M.
1.
1. M. H. M.

M.
7 23 4 45 6 30 7 55 3 6 14 7 6
7 23 4 46 sets. 7 55

7 47
7 234 47 6 57 55 4 6 21
7 23 4 48 7 0 5 5 5 7 15 9 3
7 23 4 49 7 56 7 55 6 8 8 9 35
7 23 4 49 8 53 7 6.5 7 9 2 10 10
7 234 50 9 49 7 6 5 8 9 56 10 46
7 234 51 10 46 65 9 10 49 11 22
7 234 52 11 41 65 9 11 41 morn.
7 224 53 morn.

0 1
7 224 51 0 43

11 0 400 41
7 22 4 551 1 41 5 12 1 38 1 37
7 22 4 56 2 45 7 5 5 13 2 39 2 49
7 21 4 58 3 51 7 5 5 14 342 3 57
7 21 4 59 5 1 1

5 5 15 4 46 5 6
7 215 0 6 6 7 5 5 161 5 50 6 4
7 205
1 rises.
7 4 5 17 rises.

6 5)
7 20 5 2 6 31 7 45 17 6 45 7 15
7 195 3 7 45 7 4 5 15 7 55 8 31
7 19 5 4 8 57 4.) 19 9 4 9 22
7 18 5 5.10 S 7 20 10 11 10 9
18 5 6.11 16 7

11 15 10 56
7 17 3
Simorn.

7 22 morn. 11 41
7 165 9 0 22 7 2 5 23 0 17 ev. 32
7 16 5 10 1 26 7 15 21 1 18 1 28
7 15 5 11 2 25 7 1 5 23 2 17 2 31
7 11.5 12 3 25

7 055 26 3 11 3 44
13 5 14

4 25 7 0 5 27 4 9 5 0 13 5 15 5 18 6 59 5 25 5 11 6 5 7 12.) 16 6 6 6 59.5 29 5 50 6.5.) 7 11 5 17 6 49 65S 5 30

6 31 7 3699

JANUARY, 1851.

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31 DAYS.

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