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country; beloved at his fireside. It bread and butter (which choke, somehas been the fortunate lot of both to how, in the swallowing); driven off give incalculable happiness and de- to Wormwood Scrubs in the cold, light to the world, which thanks muddy, misty, moonshiny morning ; them in return with an immense kind- stepped out of the cab, where Mac liness, respect, affection. It may not has bid the man to halt on a retired be our chance, brother scribe, to be spot in the common; in one minute endowed with such merit, or rewarded more, seen another cab arrive, from with such fame. But the rewards of which descend two gentlemen, one of these men are rewards paid to our whom has a case like MacTurk's unservice. We may not win the bâton der his arm ; - looked round and or epaulettes ; but God give us round the solitude, and seen not one strength to guard the honor of the single sign of a policeman - no, no flag!

more than in a row in London ;deprecated the horrible necessity

which drives civilized men to the use ON HALF A LOAF. of powder and bullet; - taken ground A LETTER TO MESSRS. BROADWAY, whilst Mac is neatly loading his weap

as firmly as may be, and looked on BATTERY, AND CO.,

ons; and when all ready, and one YORK, BANKERS.

looked for the decisive One, Two, Is it all over? May we lock up Three-have we even heard Captain the case of instruments? Have we O'Toole (the second of the other prinsigned our wills; settled up our af- cipal) walk up, and say, “Colonel fairs; pretended to talk and rattle quite MacTurk, I am desired by my princheerfully to the women at dinner, cipal to declare at this eleventh so that they should not be alarmed; this twelfth hour, that he is willing sneaked away under some pretext, to own that he sees HE HAS BEEN and looked at the children sleeping in WRONG in the dispute which has their beds with their little unconscious arisen between him and your friend ; thumbs in their mouths, and a flush that he apologizes for offensive exon the soft-pillowed cheek; made pressions which he has used in the every arrangement with Colonel heat of the quarrel; and regrets the Mac Turk, who acts as our second, course he has taken ?" If something and knows the other principal a great like this has happened to you, howdeal too well to think he will ever ever great your courage, you have give in; invented a monstrous fig- been glad not to fight; however ment about going to shoot pheasants accurate your aim, you have been with Mac in the morning, so as to pleased not to fire. soothe the anxious fears of the dear On the sixth day of January in this mistress of the house ; early as the year sixty-two, what hundreds of hour appointed for the - the little thousands - I may say, what milaffair — was, have we been awake lions of Englishmen, were in the pohours and hours sooner; risen before sition of the personage here sketched daylight, with a faint hope, perhaps, - Christian men, I hope, shocked at that MacTurk might have come to the dreadful necessity of battle; some arrangement with the other aware of the horrors which the conside ; at seven o'clock (confound his flict must produce, and yet feeling punctuality !) heard his cab-wheel at that the moment was come, and that the door, and let him in looking per- there was no arbitrament left but fectly trim, fresli, jolly, and well that of steel and cannon! My reader, shaved ; driven off with him in the perhaps, has been in America. If he cold morning, after a very unsatis- has, he knows what good people are · factory breakfast of coffee and stale to be found there ; how polished, how

generous, how gentle, how courteous. | away with their regiments; on whom But it is not the voices of these you we strove to look cheerfully, as we hear in the roar of hate, defiance, shook their hands, it might be for the folly, falsehood, which comes to us last time; and whom our thoughts across the Atlantic. You can't hear depicted, treading the snows of the gentle voices; very many who could immense Canadian frontier, where speak are afraid. Men must go for their intrepid little band might have ward, or be crushed by the maddened to face the assaults of other enemies crowd behind them. suppose after than winter and rough weather! I the perpetration of that act of - went to a play one night, and protest what shall we call it ? - of sudden I hardly know what was the entertainwar, which Wilkes did, and Everett ment which passed before my eyes. approved, most of us believed that In the next stall was an American battle was inevitable. Who has not gentleman, who knew me. « Good read the American papers for six heavens, sir," I thought, “is it deweeks past? Did you ever think the creed that you and I are to be authorUnited States Government would ized to murder each other next week; give up those Commissioners? I that my people shall be bombarding never díd, for my part. It seems to your cities, destroying your navies, me the United States Government making a hideous desolation of your have done the most courageous act coast; that our peaceful frontiers shall of the war. Before that act was done, be subject to fire, rapine, and murwhat an

excitement prevailed in der?"* " They will never give up London! In every Club there was a the men,” said the Englishman. parliament sitting in permanence: in “ They will never give up the men," every domestic gathering this subject said the Arnerican. And the Christwas sure to form a main part of the mas piece which the actors were playtalk. Of course I have seen many ing proceeded like a piece in a dream. people who have travelled in America, To make the grand comic performand heard them on this matter ance doubly comic, my neighbor friends of the South, friends of the presently informed me how one of the North, friends of peace, and American best friends I had in America - the stockholders in plenty. They will most hospitable, kindly, amiable of never give up the men, sir,” that was men, from whom I had twice received the opinion on all sides; and, if they the warmest welcome and the most would not, we knew what was to delightful hospitality was a prishappen.

oner in Fort Warren, on charges by For weeks past this nightmare of which his life perhaps might be risked. war has been riding us. The City I think that was the most dismal was already gloomy enough. When Christmas fun which these eyes ever a great domestic grief and misfortune looked on. visits the chief person of the State, Carry out that notion a little furthe heart of the people, too, is sad and ther, and depict ten thousand, a hunawe-stricken. It might be this sorrow dred thousand homes in England and trial were but presages of greater saddened by the thought of the comtrials and sorrow to come. What if ing calamity, and oppressed by the the sorrow of war is to be added to pervading gloom. My next-door the other calamity ? Such forebod- neighbor perhaps has parted with her ings have formed the theme of many son. Now the ship in which he is, a man's talk, and darkened many a with a thousand brave comrades, is fireside. Then came the rapid orders ploughing through the stormy midfor ships to arm and troops to depart. night ocean. Presently (under the How many of us have had to say flag we know of) the thin red line in farewell to friends whom duty called | which her boy forms a speck, is wind

ing its way through the vast Canadian seized, amounting to nine hundred snows. Another neighbor's boy is millions of dollars. Will England not gone, but is expecting orders to incur this tremendous loss for a mere sail ; and some one else, besides the abstraction ?circle at home maybe, is in prayer Whether “a mere abstraction” and terror, thinking of the summons here means the abstraction of the two which calls the young sailor away. Southern Commissioners from under By firesides modest and splendid, all our flag, or the abstract idea of injured over the three kingdoms, that sorrow honor, which seems ridiculous to is keeping watch, and myriads of. “ The Herald,” it is needless to ask. hearts beating with that thought, I have spoken with many men who “Will they give up the men?” have money invested in the States;

I don't know how, on the first day but I declare I have not met one after the capture of the Southern English gentleman whom the pubCommissioners was announced, a ru- lication of this threat has influenced mor got abroad in London that the for a moment. Our people have nine taking of the men was an act accord- hundred millions of dollars invested ing to law, of which our nation could in the United States, have they? take no notice. It was said that the And “The Herald ” “ calls upon the law authorities had so declared, and Companies” not to take any of this a very noble testimony to the loyalty debt off our hands. Let us, on our of Englishmen, I think, was shown by side, entreat the English press to give the instant submission of high-spirited this announcement every publicity. gentlemen, most keenly feeling that Let us do every thing in our power the nation had been subject to a coarse to make this “call upon the Amerioutrage, who were silent when told cans” well known in England. I hope that the law was with the aggressor. English newspaper editors will print The relief which presently came, it, and print it again and again. It when, after a pause of a day, we found is not we who say this of American that law was on our side, was inde- citizens, but American citizens who scribable. The nation might then say this of themselves. “Bull is take notice of this insult to its honor. odious. We can't bear Bull. He Never were people more eager than is haughty, arrogant, a braggart, and ours when they found they had a a blusterer; and we can't bear brag right to reparation.

and bluster in our modest and decoI have talked during the last week rous country. We hate Bull, and if with many English holders of Amer- he quarrels with us on a point in ican securities, who, of course, have which we are in the wrong, we have been aware of the threat held over goods of his in our custody, and we them. “England,” says “ The New will rob him!” Suppose your LonYork Herald,” “cannot afford to go to don banker saying to you,

Sir, I war with us, for six hundred millions' have always thought your manners worth of American stock is owned by disgusting, and your arrogance insupBritish subjects, which, in event of portable. You dare to complain of hostilities, would be confiscated; and my conduct because I have wrongfully we now call upon the Companies not imprisoned Jones. My answer to to take it off their hands on any your vulgar interference is, that I conterms. Let its forfeiture be held over fiscate your balance !” England as a weapon in terrorem. What would be an English merBritish subjects have two or three chant's character after a few such hundred millions of dollars invested transactions? It is not improbable in shipping and other property in the that the moralists of “The Herald ” United States. All this property, would call him a rascal. Why have together with the stocks, would be the United States been paying seven,

says

eight, ten per cent for money for years Republic: but it is perpetrated. It is past, when the same commodity can be to deal harm to ages hence; but it got elsewhere at half that rate of inter- is done. The Indians of old used to est? Why, because, though among burn women and their unborn chilthe richest proprietors in the world, dren. This stone-ship business is creditors were not sure of them. So Indian warfare. And it is performed the States have had to pay eighty by men who tell us every week that millions yearly for the use of money they are at the head of civilization, which would cost other borrowers but and that the Old World is decrepit, thirty. Add up this item of extra in- and cruel, and barbarous, as comterest alone for a dozen years, and see pared to theirs. what a prodigious penalty the States The same politicians who throttle have been paying for repudiation here commerce at its neck, and threaten to and there, for sharp practice, for confiscate trust-money, say that when doubtful credit. Suppose the peace the war is over, and the South is subis kept between us, the remembrance dued, then the turn of the old country of this last threat alone will cost the will come, and a direful retribution States millions and millions more. If shall be taken for our conduct. This they must have money, we must have has been the cry all through the war. a greater interest to insure our jeopar- “We should have conquered the dized capital. Do American Com- South," an American paper panies want to borrow money — as which I read this very day, “but for want to borrow they will ? Mr. England.” Was there ever such puling Brown, show the gentlemen that ex- heard from men who have an army tract from “The New York Herald,” of a million, and who turn and revile which declares that the United States a people who have stood as aloof from will confiscate private property in the their contest as we have from the war event of a war. As the country news- of Troy? Or is it an outcry made papers say, "Please, country papers, with malice prepense ? And is the copy this paragraph.” And, gentle song of “The New York Times” men in America, when the honor of a variation of “ The Herald” tune? your nation is called in question, please “ The conduct of the British in to remember that it is the American folding their arms and taking no part press which glories in announcing in the fight, has been so base that it that you are prepared to be rogues. has caused the prolongation of the

And when this war has drained war, and occasioned a prodigious uncounted hundreds of millions more expense on our part. Therefore, as out of the United States exchequer, we have British property in our will they be richer or more inclined to hands, we, &c., &c." The lamb troupay debts, or less willing to evade bled the water dreadfully, and the them, or more popular with their wolf, in a righteous indignation, creditors, or more likely to get money “confiscated ” him.

Of course from men whom they deliberately have heard that at an undisturbed time announce that they will cheat? I Great Britain would never have dared have not followed – The Herald” to press its claims for redress. Did

stone-ship” question that the United States wait until we were great naval victory appears to me not at peace with France before they went less horrible and wicked than suicidal. to war with us last? Did Mr. Seward Block the harbors forever ; destroy yield the claim which he confesses to the inlets of the commerce of the be just, until he himself was menaced world ; perish cities, - so that we with war ? How long were the may wreak an injury on them. It is Southern gentlemen kept in prison ? the talk of madmen, but not the less What caused them to be set free? and wicked. The act injures the whole I did the Cabinet of Washington see its

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error before or after the demand for is not quite so cheering : -- "The redress ? * The captor was feasted at Saginaw Central Railway Company Boston, and the captives in prison (let us call it) has postponed its Januhard by If the wrong-doer was to be ary dividend on account of the dispunished, it was Captain Wilkes who turbed condition of public affairs." ought to have gone into limbo. At A la bonne heure. The bond and any rate, as “the Cabinet of Wash- share holders of the Saginaw must ington could not give its approbation look for loss and depression in times to the commander of The San Jacin- of war. This is one of war's dreadto,"” why were the men not sooner ful taxes and necessities; and all set free? To sit at the Tremont sorts of innocent people must suffer House, and hear the captain after by the misfortune. The corn was dinner give his opinion on interna- high at Waterloo when a hundred and tional law, would have been better tifty thousand men came and tramsport for the prisoners than the grim pled it down on a Sabbath morning. sulle-à-manger at Fort Warren. There was no help for that calamity,

I read in the commercial news and the Belgian farmers lost their brought by “ The Teutonia,” and crops for the year. Perhaps I am a published in London on the present farmer myself - an innocent colonus ; i3th January, that the pork market and instead of being able to get to was generally quiet on the 29th De- church with my family, have to see cember last; that lard, though with squadrons of French dragoons thunmore activity, was heavy and decided- dering upon my barley, and squares ly lower; and at Philadelphia, whis- of English infantry forming and key is steady and stocks firm. Stocks trampling all over my oats. (By the are firm : that is a comfort for the way, in writing of “ Panies," an ingeEnglish holders, and the confiscating nious writer in “The Atlantic Magaprocess recommended by “The Her-zine” says that the British panics ald” is at least deferred. But pres- at Waterloo were frequent and notoently comes an announcement which rious). Well I am a Belgian peasant,

and I see the British running away *"At the beginning of December the and the French cutting the fugitives British fleet on the West Indian station down. What have I done that these mounted 850 guns, and comprised five liners, ten first-class frigates, and seven

men should be kicking down my teen powerful corvettes. In little peaceful harvest for me, on which I more than a month the fleet available for counted to pay my rent, to feed my operations on the American shore had horses, my household, my children? ments prepared at the various dockyards It is hard. But it is the fortune of included two line-of-battle ships, twenty- war. But suppose the battle over; nine magnificent frigates --- such as "The the Frenchman says, “You scounShannon, The Sutlej,' The Euryalus,' drel ! why did you not take a part vettes, armed like the frigates in part, with me? and why did you stand like with 100 and 40 pounder Armstrong guns; a double-faced traitor looking on? I and the two tremendous iron-cased ships, should have won the battle but for • The Warrior' and The Black Prince; and their smaller sisters * The Resistance,

And I hereby confiscate the and The Defence. There was work to farm you stand on, and you and your be done which might have delayed the family may go to the workhouse." commission of a ew of these ships for The New York press holds this some weeks longer; but if the United States had chosen war instead of peace, argument over English people in terthe blockade of their coasts would have rorem. “We Americans may be ever so been supported by a steam fleet of more wrong in the matter in dispute, but if 1,800 guns, many of them of the heaviest you push us to war, we will confiscate and most effective kind." - Saturday Re- your English property.” Very good. view : Jan. 11.

It is peace now. Confidence of course

you.

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