Grass Evolution and Domestication
G. P. Chapman, Geoffrey Peter Chapman, Department of Biochemistry and Biological Sciences at Wye College G P Chapman
Cambridge University Press, 1992. 10. 22. - 390페이지
In relation to the origin and spread of grasses, domestication is a recent event confined to about the last ten thousand years and to relatively few grasses. Part I of Grass Evolution and Domestication considers, from an evolutionary point of view, grass taxonomy, the origin and diversification of C4 photosynthesis, S-Z self-incompatibility and apomixis. It also includes a discussion of how the grass inflorescence and the spikelet could have originated. In Part II the origins of domestication are explored, both for cereals and for grasses which have latterly come to have either amenity or ecological significance. For the major cereals, domestication now involves not only classical plant breeding but also the application of molecular techniques to obtain new varieties with desirable characteristics. The world's three most important cereals, wheat, maize and rice, are therefore presented as model systems in an attempt to explore the interaction of plant breeding, cytogenetics and molecular biology.
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Diversification of photosynthesis
The SZ incompatibility system
Apomixis and evolution
The three phases of cereal domestication
Domestication of cereals
Wheat as a model system
Maize as a model system
Rice as a model system
Domestication and its changing agenda
Appendix A system of classification for the grasses
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adapted aestivum Africa agriculture alleles Alloteropsis analysis apomict apomixis Arundinoideae awned bamboos barley biology bundle sheath C3-C4 intermediate C4 acid cycle C4 grasses C4 photosynthesis C4 types carboxylase cells cereals Chloridoideae chloroplast chromosome classical PCK clones crop cultivars cultivated diploid disarticulating domestication enzyme Eragrostis evolution evolutionary fertile floret genera genes genetic genome genotypes genus germplasm glumes grain habitats Harlan harvested Hattersley hexaploid hexaploid wheat Hilu hybrids incompatibility Inflorescence isozyme Journal of Botany leaf blades leaf structure lemma loci locus Lundqvist maize markers mesophyll molecular mutants NAD-ME type Neurachne origin palea panicle panicoid Panicoideae Panicum PCK type PCR tissue pearl millet phenotype photosynthetic photosynthetic pathway Plant Physiology Poaceae pollen polyploid Pooideae populations Prendergast racemes rachis RFLP RFLP map rice Rubisco seed selection Self-incompatibility semi-tough sequence sorghum species spikelets Stapf studies subfamily subtribe taxonomic teosinte tetraploid tion traits tribe Triticum tropical wild
311 페이지 - Tanksley SD (1988): RFLP maps based on a common set of clones reveal modes of chromosomal evolution in potato and tomato. Genetics 120:1095-1103.