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This book builds on James M. Robinson’s observations by seeking to locate Q’s attitude toward the Law and Gentiles more precisely. An important text in this regard is Q 14:5 reconstructed from verbal agreements between Matt 12:11 and Luke 14:5. Though often regarded as isolated sayings, a closer examination suggests they derive from a common source that is form-critically and redaction-critically close to the block of material in Q 13:24-14:35. This book regards Q 14:5 as a historical saying of Jesus, rather than an eschatological and Christological saying engendered by the early church.
The point of this discussion is that the Q community was not merely a passive on-looker as the Gentile mission unfolded, but by its own creative use of Jewish tradition it helped create the rationale for a Gentile mission and thus was instrumental in its ultimate success. It is likely that the Q community contributed in some way to the early Christian missionary activity from the Jewish mission to the Gentile mission. Even though the Q community did not carry out a strong Gentile mission, it must have affected the missionary activity of the early Christian communities on as they wrestled with the tension between Jewish Law and the Gentile mission. They were a true Christian community because of their fidelity in practicing God’s love as a Christian missionary principle.