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with every Virtue, and even flatters with Sincerity. Hence the portrait of each Patron of the Muses in drawn with the same Outline, and finished as a Model of Perfeółion. Instructed by the Errors of others, I presume not to make the Panegyrick of the Prince of WA les, nor to extol the Patronage of Literature as the most shining Quality of a Prinee. Your Royal Highness will permit me to mention one sort of Patronage which can never be praised too much; that, I fnean, which extending its Influence to the whole Society, forms and excites the Genius of Individuals &y exalting the Spirit of the State.
Institutions, that revive, in a great and highly civillized People those Wirtues of Courage, Manhood, and Love of their Country, which are most apt, in the Progress of Refinement, to decay, produce at the same
time that pleasing and ornamental Genius, which cannot subsist in a Mind that does not partake of those Rualities which it describes. This is an Observation which has escaped the Notice of the greater Part of Writers, who have inquired into the Causes of the Growth and Decay of Poetry and Eloquence; but it has not escaped the Penetration of Lon G IN Us, who writing in the decline of the Roman Empire, and Iamenting that the true Sublime was not to be found in the Works of his Time, boldly imputes that Defeet to the Change of Policy; and enumerates with Indignation the Vices of Avarice, Effeminacy, and
had so enthralled and debased the Minds of Men, that they could not look up, as he calls it, to any thing elevated and sublime: And here, as in other, Questions, the great Critic quotes the Authority of his Master Ho MER. The Day of Slavery bereaves a Man of half his Virtue. The Experience of succeeding Times has shewn that Genius is affected by Changes less violent than the Loss of Liberty; that it ever flourishes in Times of Wigour and Enterprize, and
languishes amidst the sure Corruption of an inactive
Tour Royal Highness, as Heir Apparent of the British Empire, bath in view the noblest Field that ever a laudable Ambition entered. The envied State of thir Nation cannot remain precisely as it is ; the
FTide must flow, or ebb faster than it has ever flowed.
A Prince destined in such a Period to reign, begins a
memorable Era of Perfestion or Degeneracy. The serious Cares and princely Studies of your 1%uth, the visible Tenor of your generous and constant Mind, have filled the Breasts of all good Men with hopes of you equal to their Wishes. That these Hopes may be fulfilled in their utmost Extent, is the sincere and ardent Prayer of
Tour Royal Honor,
john HOME. JOHN HOME.
The Author of the Tragedy of Douglas was originally designed for the Ministry—The Biographia remarks, that looking upon Tragedy as a Moral Poem, inculcating the purest principles of Religion, he did not imagine the particular designation of his life as at all exempting him from thus indulging in the strong bent of Genius: He accordingly composed the Tragedy of Douglas.
The Kirk of Scotland however, conscientiously no doubt, endeavoured to win over this stray child from presumed perdition, and finding him resolutely bent upon standing the hazard of the die, they charitably persecuted not merely himself, but those who encouraged our young Bard.
If he bore up against all this inveterate wrong, he had the success of his piece to console him for what he might lose, and what was certainly better still for Ho ME, the attention of the Earl of Bute, who, like a true Maecenas, introduced him to the
knowledge of his Au Gustus, our present gracious Sovereic N, then Prince of Wales: this assured Mr. Home the comforts of a pension, and we believe, a place. He “has kept the noiseless “ tenour of his way,” known only to his Friends and to the Muses.
The following are his Dramas : - 1 Douc las, printed 1757 4 Fatal Discovery 1769 2 Ac is - - 1758 5AlonzA - - 1773 3 S1Ecz of AQui L E 1 a 1760 6 Alf RED - - 1778