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To execute bond. Sec. 2. Each collector so appointed shall, within two weeks from
the date of this act, execute to the Confederate States of America a bond in the same amount and subject to a like condition with his last bond to the United States of America, with sureties to be approved by a judge of any superior or circuit court of the state where such collector is located. And each of the other officers shall, within one week after the collector shall have entered upon the discharge of his duties, execute to the Confederate States of America a bond in the same amount and subject to the like condition with his last bond to the United States of America, (in case he was required to execute a bond,) with sureties to be approved by the collector of the port where such office
is located. And take certain Sec. 3. The said several officers shall take an oath before a magis
trate, well and faithfully to discharge the duties of his office, and to support the constitution of the Provisional Government of the Confed
erate States of America; which said oath shall be endorsed upon the Where bond to be bond; and we bond snail
bond; and the bond shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of the Treasury, or in such other place as he may direct.
ADOPTED February 14, 1861.
February 18, 1861.
CHAP. III.-- An Act to exempt from duty certain commodities therein named, and for other
Articles exempt Be it enacted by the Confederate States of America in Congress from duty.
assembled, That the following articles shall be exempt from duty and admitted free into said states, to wit: Bacon, pork, hams, lard, beef, fish of all kinds, wheat and flour of wheat and flour of all other grains, Indian corn and meal, barley and barley flour, rye and rye flour, oats and oat meal, gunpowder and all the materials of which it is made, lead in all forms, arms of every description, and munitions of war and military accoutrements, percussion caps, living animals of all kinds; also
all agricultural products in their natural state. Goods imported Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all goods, wares and merfrom any one of the chandise imported froin any one of the late United States of America, late U. S. not a member of the c. s. ex. not being now a member of this Confederacy, into this Confederacy, empt from duty.
before the fourth day of March next, which may have been bona fide purchased heretofore, or within ten days after the passage of this act,
shall be exempt and free from duty. State of Texas ex. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the State of Texas be and Sion of the tarim.*e*** is hereby exempted from the operation of the tariff laws heretofore
passed and adopted by this Congress.
ADOPTED February 18, 1861.
CHAP. IV.-An Act to provide Munitions of War, and for other purposes.
Contracts for the Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Confederate States of America in ture and alteration of
Congress assembled, That the President, or the Secretary of War, under his direction, is hereby authorized and empowered to make contracts for the purchase and manufacture of heavy ordnance and small arms;
and of machinery for the manufacture or alteration of small arms and Agents and artisans munitions of war, and to employ the necessary agents and artisans for may be employed.
these purposes; and to make contracts for the establishment of powder mills and the manufacture of powder; and the President is authorized to make contracts provided for in this act, in such manner and on such terms as in his judgment the public exigencies may require.
APPROVED February 20, 1861.
CHAP. V.- An Act to authorize the President to appoint a Private Secretary.
February 20, 1961.
Be it enacted by the Confederate States of America in Con- President autho
rized to appoint a prigress assembled, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the vate secretary. same, That the President of the Confederate States of America be and he is hereby authorized to appoini a private secretary, through whom he may communicate with Congress, and who shall discharge such duties as may be assigned him by the President, and shall receive
See Acts March 7, such compensation for his services as shall be fixed by law.
1861, and May 21,
1861. APPROVED February 20, 1861.
- CHAP. VI.-An Act to determine the Salaries of the Vice President and of the Heads of De- February 21.1861.
President and Heads of the Departments.
The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That Salaries of the Vice the annual compensation of the Vice President, and of the Secretaries of State, of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, the Postmaster General, and the Attorney General, shall be at the rate of six thousand dollars, payable quarterly in advance.
APPROVED February 21, 1861.
CHAP. VII.-An Act to organize the Department of State.
February 21, 1861.
The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, State Department That there shall be an executive department, to be denominated organized. the Department of State; and there shall be a principal officer therein, to be called the Secretary of State, who shall perform and execute such duties as shall from time to time be enjoined on or entrusted to Duties of Secretary him by the President of the Confederate States, agreeably to the Con- of State. stitution, relative io correspondences, commissions or instructions to or with public ministers or consuls from the Confederate States, or to negotiations with public ministers from foreign states or princes, or to memorials or other applications from foreign public ministers and other foreigners, or to such other matters respecting foreign affairs as the President of the Confederate States shall assign to the said department; and, furthermore, the said principal officer shall conduct the business of the said department in such manner as the President of the Con. federate States shall from time to time order or instruct. Said Secretary shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and By whom appointconsent of the Congress, and shall receive a compensation to be ascer- ed; his compensation. tained and regulated by law.
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, It shall be the duty of the Secretary To keep and preof State to keep and preserve all bills and resolutions of the Congress serve the laws. having been approved or signed by the President, or otherwise become laws; and he shall carefully preserve the originals, and shall, as soon s
See Act of Aug. 5 as conveniently may be after he shall receive the same, cause every 1861. Sections 1, 2, such law, order and resolution to be published, in at least three public "And publish the newspapers published within the Confederate States, and shall also same. cause two printed copies, duly authenticated. to be sent to the executive authority of each state. It shall be the duty of the secretary to
This clause repealed.
To keep and aflix keep the great seal of the Confederate States, and to make out and the seal of the C.S.
record and affix said seal to all civil commissions to officers of the Confederate Ştates to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice of the Congress, or by the President alone: Provided, That said seal shall not be affixed to any commission before it is signed by the President, nor to any other instrument or act without the special war
rant of the President therefor. The said secretary shall also cause a To cause a seal to seal of office to be made for said department, of such device as the be made for his Department; authentica. President shall approve; and all copies of records and papers in said tion of records under office, authenticated under the said seal, shall be evidence equally as said seal.
the original record or paper. Clerks in State De- Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That there shall be in the said depart. partment; their compensation, and oath
canh ment a chief clerk, to be appointed by the secretary, and such other
clerks as from time to time may be found necessary and authɔrized by the Congress, who shall receive a compensation for their services to be fixed by law: and the Secretary of State, and every other person to be appointed or employed in said department, shall, before he enters on the execution of his office or employment, take an oath or affirmation
well and faithfully to execute the trust committed to him. Teeg of office.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, There shall be paid to the secretary, for the use of the Confederate States, the following fees of office, by the persons requiring the services to be performed, except when they are performed for any officer of the Confederate States in a matter relating to the duties of his office, to-wit: For making out and authenticating copies of records, ten dents for each hundred words; for authenticating a copy of a record or paper, under the seal of office, one dollar.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, This act shall be in force and take effect from and after its passage.
APPROVED February 21, 1861.
February 21, 1861.
CHAP. VIII.-An Act to establish the Treasury Department.
of the Treasury.
Treasury Depart. The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That
4. there shall be an executive department known as the Department of Oficers in said De- Treasury, in which shall be the following officers, pamely: A Secre.
lary of the Treasury, to be deemed the head of the department; a Comptroller, an Auditor, a Register, a Treasurer, and an Assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury, which assistant shall be appointed by the said Secretary; all of which officers shall receive such salaries,
respectively, as may be provided by law. Duties of Secretary Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the
Secretary of the Treasury to superintend the collection of the public revenae; to digest and prepare plans for the improvement and management thereof, and for the support of the public credit ; to prepare and report estimates of the public revenue and the public expenditures; to decide on the forms of keeping and stating accounts and making returns, and to grant, under the limitations herein established or to be hereafter provided, all warrants for moneys to be paid into the Treasury, and all warrants for moneys to be issued from the Treasury, in pursuance of appropriations by law; to execute such services relative to the sale of the public property belonging to the Confederate States as by law may be required of him ; to make reports and give information to the Congress or the President-in person or in writing, as may be required-concerning all matters referred to him by the Congress or the President, respectively, and which shall appertain to his office; and
generally to perform all such services relative to the finances, and all such other duties, as he may by law be directed to perform. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury May appoint clerks;
their compensation. shall have power to appoint a chief clerk, and also such other clerks, from time to time, as he may deem necessary, and Congress may authorize by law, which officers shall respectively receive such compensation as may be provided by law. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury Shall procure an
's official seal. shall cause to be procured an official seal for the Department of ou Treasury, to be approved by the President; and copies of all official Copies of records,
&c., under seal repapers or records in said department, certified under the seal thereof, ceived as evidence. shall be received in evidence in all the courts of the Confederate States, in lieu of such original papers or records. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Duties of Assistant
Secretary of Treas Assistant Secretary of the Treasury to examine all letters, contracts, des and warrants prepared for the signature of the Secretary of the Treasury, and perform all such other duties as may be devolved on him by law or by the Secretary of the Treasury.
Duties of the CompSec. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the trollers Comptroller to superintend the adjustment and preservation of the public accounts; to examine all accounts settled by the Auditor, and certify the balances arising thereon to the Register; to countersign all warrants drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury which shall be authorized by law; to report to the Secretary the official forms of all papers to be issued in the different offices for collecting the public revenue, and the manner and form of keeping and stating the accounts of the several persons employed therein. He shall, moreover, provide for the regular and punctual payment of all moneys which may be collected, and shall direct prosecutions for all delinquencies of officers of the reveDue, ard for debts that are or shall be due to the Confederate States.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Duties of the Audi. Auditor to receive all public accounts, and after examination to certify the balance, and transmit the accounts, with the vouchers and certificate, to the Comptroller for his decision thereon: Provided, That if any person whose account shall be so audited be dissatisfied therewith, he. may appeal to the Comptroller against such settlement.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the Auditor of the public Auditor may adaccounts shall be empowered to administer oaths or affirmations to minister oaths. witnesses, in any case in which he may deem it necessary or proper for the due examination of the accounts with which he may be charged. Duties of the Re
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the gister. Register to keep all accounts of the receipts and expenditures of the public money, and of all debts due to or from the Confederate States; to receive from the Comptroller the accounts which shall have been finally adjusted, and to preserve such accounts, with their vouchers and certificates; to record all warrants for the receipt or payment of moneys at the Treasury, certify the same thereon, and to transmit to the Secretary of the Treasury copies of the certificates of balances of accounts adjusted as herein directed.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Duties of the Treas. Treasurer to receive and keep the moneys of the Confederate States, and urer. to disburse the same upon warrants drawn by the Secretary of the Treasury, countersigned by the Comptroller, and recorded by the Register, and not otherwise; he shall take receipts for all moneys paid by him, and all receipts for moneys received by him shall be endorsed upon warrants signed by the Secretary of the Treasury, without which warrant, so signed, no acknowledgment for money received into the public Treas.
ury shall be valid. And the said Treasurer shall render his accounts to the Comptroller quarterly, or oftener if required, and shall transmit a copy thereof, when settled, to the Secretary of the Treasury. He shall, at all times, submit to the Secretary of the Treasury and the Comptroller, or either of them, the inspection of the books and records in his office, and of all moneys in his hands; and shall, prior to entering upon the duties of his office, give bond, with good and sufficient sureties, to be approved by the Secretary of the Treasury and Comptroller, in the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars, payable to the Confederate States of America, with condition for the faithful performance of the duties of his office, and for the fidelity of the persons to be by him employed, which bond shall be lodged in the office of the
Comptroller. Prohibition upon
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That no person appointed to any persons appointed to office instituted by this act shall, directly, or indirectly, be concerned tice ander this act.
or interested as owner in whole.or in part of any sea-vessel; or purchase, by himself or another in trust for him, any public property or forfeited goods; or be concerned in the purchase or disposal of any public Securities of any State or of the Confederate States; or take or apply to his own use any emolument or gain for negotiating or transact
ing any business in the said department, other than what shall be
breach allowed by law. And if any person shall offend against any of the of the prohibitions of prohibitions of this act, he shall be guilty of a high misdemeanor, and
forfeit to the Confederate States the penalty of three thousand dollars, and shall, upon conviction, be removed from office and forever thereafter be incapable of holding any office under the Confederate States : Provided, That if any other person than a public prosecutor shall give information of any such offence, upon which a prosecution and conviction shall be had, one-half of the aforesaid penalty of three thousand dollars, when recovered, shall be for the use of the person giving such information.
APPROVED February 21, 1861.
February 21, 1861.
CHAP. IX.-- An Act to establish the War Department.
War Department The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That
an executive department be, and the same is hereby established, under the name of the War Department, the chief officer of which shall be
called the Secretary of War. Duties of Secretary of War. To have
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That said Secretary shall, under the charge of all matters direction and control of the President, have charge of all matters and connected with army any Indian Tribes."' things connected with the army, and with the Indian tribes within the
limits of the Confederacy, and shall perform such duties appertaining to the army, and to said Indian tribes, as may from time to time be
assigned to him by the President. May appoint clerks.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of said department is hereby authorized to appoint a chief clerk thereof, and as many inferior clerks as may be found necessary and may be authorized by law.
APPROVED February 21, 1861.