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No war to be shall go upon the war-path, after they are settled upon reserves, against waged or councils any enemy whatever, or as guides to any war-party, except with the heid, except with the consent of the
koowledge and consent of the agent, nor hold any councils or talks with agent.
any white men or other Indians without his knowledge and consent. Who may live And the Confederate States will not permit improper persons to live among them.
among them, but only such persons as are employed by the Confederate States and traders licensed by them, who shall sell to the Indians and buy from them at fair prices, under such regulations as the President
shall make. The stealing of ARTICLE XII. To steal a horse or any other article of property from property to be con- another Indian or white man, shall hereafter be considered disgraceful
, gidered disgrace and the chiefs will discountenance it by every means in their power. ful.
For if they should not, there never could be any perinanent peace. White prisuners ARTICLE XIII. If there should be among the No-co-nis, 'Ta-ne-i-wes, to be delivered up. Y a-pa-rih-cas or Co-cho tih-cas, any white prisoner or prisoners, it is
agreed that they shall be delivered up when they come in to settle; and that if they can peaceably procure possession of any that may be held
by any other band of the Ne-um, or by the Cai-a-was, or any other The C. 8. to pay Prairie tribe, they will also bring them in, to be restored to liberty. And suitable rewards.' the Confederate States agree that it any prisoners are so brought in and
restored, suitable rewards shall be given the band that brings them in, for doing so. But this article creates no obligation to deliver up
Mexicans who may be prisoners. Comanches beld ARTICLE XIV. The Confederate States also agree, that if there be as prisoners to be delivered up and
any person or persons held as prisoners in Texas or any other of the Coorestored to their federate States, or in the Cherokee, Mus-ko-ki, Seminole, Choctaw or bands.
Chickasaw Nation who are of the Ne-um or Comanches, that all such persons shall be set free and delivred up and restored to their band
without charge or expense to the Ne-um. The C. 8. ask ARTICLE XV. The Confederate States ask nothing of the bands of nothing of the Co- the Ne-um, except that they will settle upon their reserves, become manches oncept industrious, prepare to support themselves, and live in peace and quietzle upon the r re- ness; and in order to encourage and assist them in their endeavors to 6.000s, livo peace; become able to support themselves, the Confederate States agree to fur. ably, &c., and
nish them rations of provisions in the same manner as they are now them with rutions, doing for the Wichitas and other tribes and bands settled upon reserves, stocks, agricultu- to include also sugar and coffee, salt, soap and vinegar, for such time 39 ral implements,
may be necessary to enable them to feed themselves. They agree to furnish each of the said bands of the Ne-um with twenty cows and calves for every fifty persons contained in the same, and one bull for every forty cows and calves; and also other stock at the discretion of the superiti
. tendent when they desire to bave the same; all of which aniinals shall be distributed by the agent to such persons and families as shall, in his judg ment, be most likely to take care of them. And they also agree to
furnish for the use of the said bands of the Ne-um, such number of draught oxen, wagons, carts, ploughs, shorels, hoes, piek-axes, spades, seythes, rakes axes and seeds as may be necessary to enable them to farm successfully
. They also agree to furnish the said bands of the Ne-um, annually, with such quantities as the agent shall estimate for, and the superintendent require, of all such articles as are mentioned and contained in schedule here: unto annexed, marked A, to be issued and delivered to them by the agent.
ARTICLE XVI. 'The Confederate States will maintain one agency for the Agency for the tribes and bands now settled upon the reserves in the said leased country, tribes and bands, and for the said four bands and all the other bands of the Ne-um that may
settle therein ; which agency shall be kept either at the present agency house or some other convenient location, at which the agent shall cootinually reside; and they do promise the said four bands and all the other
agree to furnish
bands of the Ne-um that may settle in reserves, that ther shall n'ver be abandoned by the agent, and that he shall not be often nor for any long time away from his agency.
Article XVII. The Confederate States will employ and pay one inter- Interpreter, preter for all the bands of the Ne-um settled upon
and wagon maker. additional blacksmith, another striker, and another wagon-maker, shall be employed for the bands of the Neuin alone, when the said four bands of the Neum shall have come in and settle upon reserves. The interpreter, blacksmith, striker and wagon-maker'shall reside with some one of the bands. The Confederate States will also furnish, from time to time, Tools and supsuch tools and such supplies of iron, steel and wood as may be needed for plies of iron, stoel the work of the said bands; and will also furnish them with medicines and wood.
Medicines and and medical advice, at the agency, where a physician shall be employed medical services. to reside, for their benefit exclusively. And they will also employ, for five years and as inuch longer as the President shall please, a farmer for each Farmer for each reserve, to instruct thein in cultivating the soil, so that they may soon be reserve. able to feed themselves; and will erect such a number of horse-mills, to Grist mills. grind their corn, as the superintendent shall consider to be necessary, in order to accommodate all.
ARTICLE XVIII. The Confederate States also agree to erect such build- Ere otion of ings for the mills, and the blacksmith shops, and houses for the farmers, buildings. interpreters and physicians as have been erected among the other Indian tribes, and also to assist the said Indians in building houses for themselves, and in digging wells for water, and opening their lands.
ARTICLE XIX. The said four bands agree to remain upon their reserves, Bands agree to when they shall have settled thereons, and not, at any time, to leave them remain upon their in order to make crops elsewhere. And, if they should leave them, the Confederate States shall not be bound any longer to feed them or make them presents, or give them any assistance.
ARTICLE XX. The Confederate States also agree to furnish each warrior Rifle and ammuof the said four bands, who has not a gun, with a flint-lock rifle and nition to be furnammunition, which he agrees never to sell or give away, and the Confede- ished each warrior. rate States will punish any trader or other white man who may purchase one from them.
Article XXI. The Confederate States will invite all the other bands Promises made of the Ne-um or Comanches to abandon their wandering life and settle by the C. S. to the within the leased country aforesaid ; and do promise them, in that case, they settle within the same protection and care as is hereby promised to the tribes and bands the leased country now residing therein ; and that there shall be allotted to them reserves of and atono for good land, of sufficient extent, to be held and owned by them forever; and crimes committed. that all the other promises inade by these articles, shall be considered as made to them also, as well as to the tribes and bands now residing on reserves; and that the same presents shall be made to them, and assistance given them in all respects; and the same things, in all respects, are also hereby offered the Cai-a-was and agreed to be given them, if they will settle in said country, atone for the murders and robberies they have lately committed, and show a resolution to lead an honest life; to which end the Confederate States send the Cai-a-was, with this talk, the wampum of peace and the bullet of war, for them to take their choice, now and for all time to come.
ARTICLE XXII. The Confederate States hereby guarantee to the mem- Indomnity for bers of the aforesaid four bands full indemnity for any horses or any other horses or other property that may be killed or stolen from them by any citizen of the proporty killed or Confederate States or by any other Indians : Provided, That the property, Proviso. if stolen, cannot be recovered and restored, and that sufficient proof is produced, to satisfy the agent that it was killed or stolen within the limits of the Confederate States.
Payment to be Article XXIII. The Seminoles having asked the Confederate States to made to the Sempi. poles for bor se s
pay them for certain horses stolen from them by some of the Ne-um, two stolen, accordi n g years ago, and which the United States were bound to pay for if they to the annexed could not be recovered, the Confederate States have accordingly agreed to schedule.
do so, at the time of making the treaty lately with the Seminoles ; and they do hereby agree, in order that the Neum may not hereafter be troubled about the horses so taken, to pay for them the sums, and to the persons, mentioned in the schedule thereof hereunto annexed; but as the Seminoles alleg, that one or more of their horses is now here in the possession of some of the No-co-ni, Ta-ne-i-weh, Ya-pa-rih-ca or Co-chotih-ca band of Ne-um, it is agreed that, if it be so, such borse or horses shall be given up, and the person in possession shall be compensated for the loss of the same. To this end, the Chiefs will let the Seminoles see all their horses; and, after this time, it is distinctly understood that no one can get any right to property by stealing it, and that no compensation will ever again be made to any one who has given up stolen property. And the Confederate States do bereby agree with the several persons from whom horses were stolen, and the heirs of such of them as are deceased, and whose names are found in the said schedule B, hereunto annexed, that they will pay, immediately upon the ratification of this treaty, through the agent for the Seminoles, the amount of loss sustained by each respectively, according to the said schedule, except for such horses as may be
returned as above provided for and noted as returned on the said schedule. Settlement of ARTICLE XXIV. If any difficulty should hereafter arise between any of difficulties between the said four bands or any of their members, or between any of them and count of injuries any of the other tribes or bands settled on reserves, in consequence of to persons or prop the killing of any one, of the stealing or killing of horses, cattle or other erty.
stock, or of injury in any other way to person or property, the same shall be submitted to the agent of the Confederate States, who shall settle and decide the same equitably and justly, to which settlement all parties agree to submit, and such atonement and satisfaction shall be made as he shall
direct. No private re- ARTICLE XXV. In order that the friendship which now exists between venge or retalia- the said several tribes and bands of Indians, now or hereafter settled in tion to be taken for injuries.
the said leased country, and the Choctaws and Chickasaws and the people of the Confederate States, may not be interrupted by the conduct of individuals, it is hereby agreed, that if any white man or any Choctaw or Chickasaw injures an Indian of any one of said tribes and bands, or if any one them injuries a white man or a Choctaw or Chickasaw, no private revenge or retaliation shall take place, nor shall the Choctaws or Chicka.
saws try the person who does the wrong, and punish, him in their courts, Offenders to be but he shall be tried and punished by the Confederate States, and the life triedhand punished of every person belonging to said tribes and bands shall be of the same
Punishinent for value as the life of a white man; and any Indian or white man who kills killing without one of them without cause, shall be hung by the neck until he is dead. Peace and
ARTICLE XXVI. In case either of the bands of the Ne-um, with whom friendebip between this conventiou is made, should not consent to come in and settle, and the C. S. and such should prefer to continue to live as they have heretofore, then there shall of the bands as still be peace and friendship between them and the people of the Confede, they have horeto. rate States, and the Cherokees, Mus-ko-kis, Seminoles, Choctaws and fore.
Chickasaws, and all the tribes and bands settled upon reserves in the country aforesaid ; and all of the same shall travel, without injury or molestation, through the hunting grounds of the Ne-um, and shall be
treated with kindness and friendship. Texan troops to ARTICLE XXVII. It is further hereby agreed by the Confederate States, be withdrawn.
that all the Texan troops now within the limits of said leased country shall be withdrawn across Red river, and that no Texan troops stall bere
after be stationed in forts or garrisons in the said country, or be sent into the same, except in the service of the Confederate States and when on the war.path against the Cai-a-was or other hostile Indians.
ARACLE XXVIII. It is further agreed by the chiefs and head men of other bands of the bands of the Ne-um who have signed this convention, that
suaded t come in return to their bands they will tske this talk and the wampum of peace and settle upon refrom the Confederate States and from the Mus-ko-kis, Seminoles, Choc- serves and to inake taws and Chickasaws, to the bands of the Ne-um, and tell them what they peace. have seen and heard, and persuade them also, if they can, to come in and settle upon reserves in the leased country, and at any rate to make peace by the time when the leaves fall before the next snows. ARTICLE XXIX. It is agreed by the parties, that the making of this Friendly rela
tions between the Convention shall in po wise interrupt the friendly relations between the
Ne-um and tho Ne-um and the people of Mexico; and that the Confederate States desire people of Mexico that perfect peace should exist between the Ne-um and all the Mexicans. not in terrupted by
this treaty. ARTICLE XXX. This convention shall be obligatory on the bands whose
When this con-
with plenary powers, of the Confederate States of America to
has been present but is now absent mourning for a relative SEAL. deceased, with Ke-e-na-toh-pa a head man of the Ta.ne-i-weh
band, for and on behalf of the same; and Te-hi-a-quah, Chief
Done at the Witchita Agency aforesaid, on the twelfth day of
ALBERT PIKE, Commissioner of the Confederate States to the Indian Nations and tribes
west of Arkansas.
TE-HI-A-QUAH, Principal Chief of the Noconi Band.
Chief of the Ya-pa-rih-ca Band. O-TE,
BIS-TE-VA-NA, Sub-Chief of the Noconis.
Principal Chief of the Ya-pa-rih-ca Band. KE-PA-HEWA,
PE-HAI-E-CIII, Sub-Chief of the Noconis.
Chief of the Ya-pa-rih-ca Band. CHO-O-SHI,
MA-A-WE, Retired Chief of the Noconie.
Principal Chief of the Co-cho-lih-ca Band,
Sub-Chief of the Te-ne-wi Baxd.
Signed, sealed and copies exchanged in presence of us.
ISRAEL G. VORE
W. WARREN JOHNSON,
H. P. JONES,
CHARLES B. JOHNSON,
J. J. STURM,
WM. H. FAULKNER.
Of articles of merchandise, &c., agreed to be furnished annually, under the foregoing Convention, to the Comanches, Wichita, Huecos, Cado, Ladachos, Anadaghcos, Tabuacaros, Kichais, Aionais
, Shawnees and Delawares living in reserves in the country leased from the Choctaws and Chickasaws.
Blue drilling, warm coats, calico, plaid check, regatta cotton shirts, woolen shirts, beads, camp kettles, knives and forks, nails, augers
, chopping axes, locks, hats, white drilling, brown domestic, thread, yarn and twine, ribbons, assorted colors, combs, butcher knives, large iron-spoons, hatcheta and hammers, gimlets, fish-hooks, red, white and blue blankets, red and blue list cloth, shawls and handkerchiefs, shoes for men and women, tincups and buckets, coffee-pots and dippers, needles, scissors and shears, ammunition, including powder, lead, flints and percussion caps, tobacco.
This is schedule A, of the treaty with the four bands of the Ne-um, to which it is annexed as part thereof.
ALBERT PIKE, Commissioner.
Of the citizens of the Seminole Nation who are to be paid under the 23d article of the foregoing treaty for the horses stolen from them by the Comanches and other tribes of Indians; and of the amounts to be paid for horses stolen by marauding bands of the Prairie Indians, in November, 1859, and November, 1860.
2 at $75 each,
50 1 « 70 1 « 60
50 1 « 40 1 «
60 50 40
Amount carried forward....