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by vouchers, showing the cost of the paper used and the quantity thereof, and shall be certified to be correctly made out under the law by at least two disinterested practical printers in no way connected with the office or business of the claimant.
Sec. 11. The foregoing rates and provisions do not apply to adver- Usual fees to be paid tisements in public gazettes by order of any of the executive depart. public gazettes. ments, for which the usual fees paid by other advertisers shall be allowed. But no advertisement from any of the executive departments shall be inserted in more than three public gazettes in the same State.
Sec. 12. When printing on parchment is required to be done for any Printing on parchexecutive department, the parchment shall be purchased and furnished ment. by such department, and a special contract made for such printing, not exceeding ten dollars per thousand copies.
Sec. 13. There shall be connected with the Department of Justice a Bureau of printing Bureau of Printing, the chief officer of which shall be appointed by officer, and by whom the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Congress, appointed. and shall be known as the Superintendent of Public Printing. No Eligibility to office person shall be eligible to this office who is not skilled in and acquainted pob uperintendent of with the practical details of the business of printing; nor shall the Superintendent of Public Printing be in any manner, directly or indirectly, interested in the contracts for public printing, nor with the printing office at which the same is done, nor connected with any newspaper in any capacity whatever.
Src. 14. It shall be the duty of the Superintendent to supervise, direct Duties of the Super and control all the printing done by order of Congress, or under contract intendent. with any executive department, as to the quality of paper to be used, the character of type, the style of binding, and the general execution of the work; and also as to the time and order in which the same shall be completed. It shall be his duty also to report to the head of the department, at least once a year, the condition of the public printingstating the amount paid out for the same on each contract, specifying the amount paid out under the order of each department, and giving estimates of the probable expeníliture for the succeeding year; which report shall be laid before the Congress by the President, in connection with his annual message. It shall be his duty also to take from every contractor for public printing such bond, with good security, as he may require, not exceeding the probable amount of the contract price for the printing to be done by such contractor, and conditioned for the faithful performance of his contract in every particular. Such bonds shall be renewed annually by contractors whose work shall be continuing in its character and extends beyond the year of its commencement.
Sec. 15. All accounts for printing done, when rendered as hereinbefore Superintendent to provided, shall be audited and allowed by the Superintendent of Public audits and allow.com Printing before the same shall be paid. If the Superintendent shall authorize payment. refuse to receive any work done, or shall refuse to allow any account rendered, the printer or contractor may appeal from such decision to Appeal from his the head of the department, whose decision on the appeal shall be final decision. and conclusive.
Sec. 16. All laws or parts of laws militating against the provisions of Laws repealed. this act are bereby repealed.
APPROVED February 27, 1861.
February 27, 1861.
CHAP. XIX.- An Act to authorize the Secretary of State to appoint an Assistant.
Secretary of State The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, may appoint an Assistant Secretary.
That the Secretary of State be and he is hereby authorized and em
powered to appoint an assistant, who shall be known as the Assistant His duties, and pay. Secretary of State, who shall perform such duties as may be assigned
him by the Secretary, and receive such compensation for his services as may be fixed by law.
APPROVED February 27, 1861.
February 28, 1861.
CHAP. XX. --An Act to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to establish additional Ports
and Places of Entry and Delivery, and appoint officers therefor.
Secretary of the The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, Treasury authorized to establish ports of That the Secretary of the Treasury be and he is hereby authorized entsy and delivery; and empowered to establish such ports of entry and delivery of goods,
wares and merchandise, as in his judgment may be necessary for the
proper collection of the customs and the enforcement of the revenue his power to change laws of the Confederate States; and that he have power to change, and abolish the same,
alter and abolish such ports and places of entry and delivery at any
time when the public interests may require it. May appoint col- Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury be lectors of the customs, and he is hereby authorized and empowered to appoint suitable persons as
collectors of the customs at such ports and places of entry and delivery, under such regulations and with such salaries as he may from time to time prescribe and establish.
APPROVED February 28, 1861.
February 28, 1861. Chap. XXI.-- An Act to raise Money for the support of the Government, and to provide for
the Defence of the Confederate States of America.
President autho. rized to borrow
The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, money on the credit That the President of the Confederate States be and he is hereby of the 0. s. authorized, at any time within twelve months after the passage of this
act, to borrow, on the credit of the Confederate States, a sum not ex.
ceeding fifteen millions of dollars, or so much thereof as in his opinion How to be applied. the exigencies of the public service may require, to be applied to the
payment of appropriations made by law for the support of the govern
ment and for the defences of the Confederate States. Certificates of stock Sec. 2. The Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized, by the or bonds for the consent of the President of the Confederate States, to cause to be pre
pared certificates of stock or bonds, in such sums as are hereinafter mentioned, for the amount to be borrowed as aforesaid, to be signed by the Register of the Treasury and sealed with the seal of the Treasury; and the said certificates of stock or bonds shall be made payable at the expira.
tion of ten years from the first day of September next; and the inInterest thereon. terest thereon shall be paid semi-annually, at the rate of eight per
cent. per annum, at the Treasury, and such other place as the Secretary
of the Treasury may designate. And to the bonds which shall be Coupons to be at issued as aforesaid, shall be attached coupons for the semi-annual intached to the bonds terest which shall accrue, which coupons may be signed by officers to
When interest to cease.
Form and amount of the certificates of
be appointed for the purpose by the Secretary of the Treasury. And Paith of the C. 8. the faith of the Confederate States is hereby pledged for the due pay- ment of the principal ment of the principal and interest of the said stock and bonds. and interest.
Sec. 3. At the expiration of five years from the first day of Septem- Bonds or stocks ber next, the Confederate States may pay up any portion of the bonds notice.
may be paid on giving or stocks, upon giving three months previous public notice, at ihe seat of government, of the particular stocks or bonds to be paid, and the time and place of payment; and from and after the time so appointed, no further interest shall be paid on said stock or bonds.
SEC. 4. The certificates of stock and bonds shall be issued in such form and for such amounts as may be determined by the Secretary of the Trea- stock and bonds; sury, and may be assigned or delivered under such regulations as he certificates may be may establish; but none of them shall be for a less sum thau fifty dollars. And he shall report to Congress, at its next session, a state- Report of the Secment, in detail of his proceedings, and the rate at which the loans may ry to Congress. have been made, and all the expenses attending the same.
Sec. 5. From and after the first day of August, 1861, there shall be Duty on cotton ex. levied and collecte:! and paid, a duty of one-eighth of one cent. per pound on all cotton in the raw state exported from the Confederate States, which duty is hereby specially pledged to the due payment of interest Duty pledged to the and principal of the loan provided for in this act; and the Secretary of payment or the treating the Treasury is hereby authorized and required to establish a sinking act. fund to carry into effect the provisions of this section : Provided, how- lished.
Sinking fand estab. ever, That the interest coupons, issued under the second section of this act, when due, shall be receivable in payment of the export duty Interest coupons re. on cotton: Provided, also, That when the debt and interest thereon ceivable, in payment herein authorized to be contracted shall be extinguished, or the sinking fund provided for that purpose shall be adequate to that end, the
said When duty to export duty shall cease and determine.
APPROVED February 28, 1861.
CHAP. XXII.- An Act to raise Provisional Forces for the Confederate States of America, and February 28, 1861.
for other purposes.
The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, President to assume That to enable the government of the Confederate States to maintain control of certain its jurisdiction over all questions of peace and war, and to provide for every Štate. the public defence, the President be and he is hereby authorized and directed to assume control of all military operations in every State, having reference to or connection with questions between said States, or any of them, and powers foreign to them.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the President is hereby author- To receive from the ized to receive from the several States the arms and munitions of war acquired from the which have been acquired from the United States, and which are now in v. s. the forts, arsenals and navy yards of the said States, and all other arms and munitions which they may desire to turn over and make chargeable to this government.
Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the President be authorized to receive into the service of this government such forces now in the service vice forces of the of said States as may be tendered, or who may volunteer, by consent of their State, in such numbers as he may require, for any time not less than twelve months, unless sooner discharged.
Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That such forces may be received, with their officers, by companies, battalions or regiments, and when so received received, with their shall form a part of the Provisional Army of the Confederate States, nies, etc.
To receive into ser
The forces may be
officers, by conpa
President may ap; according to the terms of their enlistment; and the President shall appoint their general officers.
point, by and with the advice and consent of Congress, such general
officer or officers for said forces as may be necessary for the service. Pay and allowances Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That said forces, when received into the of the forces received.
service of this government, shall have the same pay and allowances as
may be provided by law for volunteers entering the service, or for the To be subject to army of the Confederate States, and shall be subject to the same rules army rules.
APPROVED February 28, 1861.
March 1, 1861.
CHAP. XXIII.-An Act Supplemental to an act to Regulate the Rates of Postage, and for
Pre-payment of The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, postage in money.
That until postage stamps and stamped envelopes can be procured and distributed, the Postmaster General may order the postage of the Con.' federacy to be pre-paid in money, under such rules and regulations as
he may adopt. Postmaster General Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That until otherwise provided by law, authorized to sowtract the Postmaster General may contract with any line of steamers for the transportation of the transportation of mail matter between the ports of this Confederacy
and ihe ports of foreign governments: Provided, That the rates of Rates of postage. postage shall not exceed the rates allowed by the present laws of the
United States for similar service, and the compensation to be paid shall not exceed the income from postage on such matter.
APPROVED March 1, 1861.
March 2, 1861.
CHAP. XXIV.-- An Act to admit Texas as a Member of the Confederate States of America.
State of Texas ad- The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, mitted into the Confederacy.
That the State of Texas be and is hereby admitted as a member of this Confederacy, upon an equal footing with the other Confederate States.
APPROVED March 2, 1861.
March 5, 1861.
CRAP. XXV.--An Act to repeal so much of the Laws of the Confederate States of America as
prohibit the introduction of Liquors, except in casks or vessels of or above certain named capacity, and for other purposes.
Laws prohibiting The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, liquors, except in That all laws and parts of laws which prohibit the importation into casks, etc., repealed ; this Confederacy of beer, ale or porter, or distilled spirits, except in also laws requiring casks or vessels not below certain prescribed capacities, also all laws in certain vessels and requiring loaf and refined sugars to be brought in in vessels of a cer. packages. tain tonnage and in packages of certain sizes, be and the same are
hereby repealed. And hereafter it shall be lawful to import the same, subject to the payment of the duties prescribed by law, in such quantities as the importer shall choose.
APPROVED March 5, 1861.
CHAP, XXVI.-An Act to provide for the Public Defence.
March 6, 1861.
Volunteers to be
The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That President author in order to provide speedily forces to repel invasion, maintain the rightful militia, military and possession of the Confederate States of America in every portion of haval forces, territory belonging to each State, and to secure the public tranquility and independence againstąthreatened assault, the President be, and he is hereby authorized to employ the militia, military and naval forces of the Confederate States of America, and to ask for and accept the ser
and to ask for and
accept volunteers. vices of any number of volunteers, not exceeding one hundred thousand, who may offer their services, either as cavalry, mounted riflemen, artillery or infantry, in such proportion of these several arms as he may deem expedient, to serve for twelve months after they shall be mustered into service, unless sooner discharged.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the militia, when called into How long militia to service by virtue of this act or any other act, if in the opinion of the serve. President the public interest requires, may be compelled to serve for a term not exceeding six months after they shall be mustered into service, unless sooner discharged. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That said volunteers shall furnish What the volunteers
to furnish. their own clothes, and, if mounted men, their own horses and horse equipments; and when mustered into service, shall be armed by the To be armed by the States from which they come, or by the Confederate States of America. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That said volunteers shall, when
subject to rules and called into actual service, and while remaining therein, be subject to the articles of war. rules and articles of war, and instead of clothing, every non-commissioned officer and private in any company shall be entitled, when called into actual service, in money to a sum equal to the cost of clothing of To receive money a non-commissioned officer or private in the regular army of the Con- in lieu of clothing. federate States of America.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the said volunteers so offer- May be accepted in ing their services may be accepted by the President in companies, rons, etc. squadrons, battalions and regiments, whose officers shall be appointed oficers; how ap
pointed. in the manner prescribed by law in the several States to which they shall respectively belong; but when inspected, mustered, and received into the service of the Confederate States, said troops shall be regarded in all respects as a part of the army of said Confederate States, ccording to the terms of their respective enlistments.
Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, that the President is hereby President may or authorized to organize companies so tendering their services into bat. companies
, battaltalions or squadrons, battalions or squadrons into regiments, regiments fons, etc. into brigades, and brigades into divisions, whenever in his judgment such organization may be expedient; and whenever brigades or divis- And appoint o Mā.
cers for brigades and ions shall be organized, the President shall appoint the commanding divisions. officers for such brigades and divisions, subject to the confirmation of Congress, who shall hold their offices only while such brigades and divisions are in service; and the President shall, necessary, appor- May apportion the
staff and general offition the staff and general officers among the respective States from which the volunteers shall - tender their services, as he may deem proper.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That whenever the militia or vol- Organization and unteers are called and received into the service of the Confederate and volunteers. States, under the provisions of this act, they shall have the same organization, and shall have the same pay and allowances as may be provided for the regular army; and all mounted non-commissioned officers, pri
Allowance for use vates, musicians and artificers shall be allowed forty cents per day for
and risk of horses. the use and risk of their horses; and if any volunteer shall not keep