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March 11, 1861.
CHAP. XXXVI.-An Act to fix the pay of the Members of the Congress of the Confederate States
members of Congress.
Pay and mileage of The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That
*the pay of the members of ('ongress shall be eight dollars per day during the session, and that each member shall be allowed ten cents per mile for coming to and ten cents per mile for returning from the place where Congress may assemble for each session, to be computed
by the usual mail route from his residence to the seat of government. Same of the Presi- Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That the pay of the President of
Congress shall be sixteen dollars per day, and the same mileage as the members.
APPROVED March 11, 1861.
dent of Congress.
March 11, 1961.
CHAP XXXVII. - An Act making appropriations for the support of Three Thousand Men for
twelve months, to be called in to service at Charleston, South Carolina, under the third and fourth sections of An Act of the Congress « To raise Provisional Forces for the Confederate States of America, and for other purposes."
support of the Provisional troops.
Appropriation for The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That
the following appropriations be made for the support of the provisional troops called into service by the act aforesaid : Pay of the troops, six hundred and fifty-eight thousand six hundred and eighty dollars. Forage for officers' horses and quartermasters' animals and cavalry horses, twenty thousand six hundred and sixty-two dollars. Subsistence for troops, two hundred and seventy thousand collars. Clothing for the troops, two hundred thousand dollars. Camp and garrison equipage, eighteen thuusand two hundred and sixty-seven dollars and seventy-two cents. Supplies for the quartermasters' department, seventy-six thousand one hundred and sixty dollars. Fuel for troops and hospitals, fifty-nine thousand nine hundred and ninety-seven dol
lars. Medical and hospital department, twenty thousand dollars. And for additional Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the additional sum of eight
a hundred and sixty thousand two hundred and twenty-eight dollars and forty-five cents is hereby appropriated for the support of two thousand additional troops to be called into the service of the Confederate States for twelve months, at Charleston, South Carolina, whenever in the discretion of the President their services may be required.
APPROVED March 11, 1861.
troops to be called into service.
March 11. 1861.
CHAP. XXXVIII.-An Act making appropriations for the support of the Regular Army of the
Confederate States of America for twelve months, and for other purposes.
The Congress of the Confederata States of America do enact, That the support of the the following appropriations are made for the support of the regular regular army.
army for twelve months, viz. : For expenses of recruiting and for transportation of recruits, one hundred and ninety-two thousand five hundred dollars. Pay of the army, two millions seventy thousand four hundred and eighty-four dollars. Forage for officers' horses and for cavalry and light artillery horses, one hundred and seven thousand two hundred dollars. Subsistence for troops, nine hundred and twelve thousand five hundred dollars. Clothing for the army, six hundred and forty-eight thousand seven hundred and eighty dollars. Camp and garrison, equipage, sisty thousand dollars. Supplies for the quarter. master's department-consisting of fuel for the officers, enlisted men,
guards, hospitals, store houses and offices; of forage in kind for the horses, mules and oxen of the quartermaster's department, at the several posts and stations and with the armies in the field; of postage on letters and packets received and sent by officers of the army on public service; expenses of courts martial and courts of enquiry, including ihe additional compensation of judge advocates, recorders, members and wit. desses, while in that service; extra pay to soldiers employed under the direction of the quartermaster's department in the erection of barracks, quarters, store houses and hospitals, for constant labor for periods of not less than ten days, including those employed as clerks; expense of interment of officers killed in action, or who die when on duty in the field, or at the posts on the frontiers, and of non-commissioned officers and soldiers ; authorized office furni: ure; hire of laborers in the quartermaster's department; compensation of clerks of the officers of the quartermaster's department; for the apprehension of deserters and the expenses incident to their pursuit; for the following expenses required for the regiment of cavalry and for the four batteries of light artillery ; namely, the purchase of travelling forges, blacksmith's and shoeing tools, horse and mule shoes and nails, iron and steel for shoeing; mediciue for horses and mules; picket ropes, and for shoeing the horses of the corps named-three hundred and fifty-three thousand nine hundred and fifty-six dollars. For constructing barracks and other buildings at posts which it may be necessary to occupy during the year, and for repairing, altering and enlarging buildings at the established posts, including hire or commutation of quarters for officers on military duty, hire of quarters for troops, of storehouses for the safe keeping of military stores, and of grounds for summer cantonments and for temporary frontier stations, for commutation of forage for officers' horses when it cannot be drawn in kind, three hundred and fifty thousand dollars. For mileage, or the allowance made to officers of the army for the transportation of themselves and their baggage when travel. ling on duty without troops, escorts or supplies, thirty-five thousand dollars : Provided, That mileage shall not be allowed when the officer has been transferred or relieved at his own request. For transportation of the army-including the baggage of the troops when moving either by land or water, of horse equipments, and of subsistence-from the places of purchase, and from the places of delivery under contract, to such places as the circumstances of the service may require them to be sent, of ordnance, ordnance stores and small arms, freights, wharfage, tolls, and ferriages, bire of horses, mules and oxen, and the purchase and repair of wagons, carts and drays, and of ships and other sea going vessels required for the transportation of supplies and for garrison purposes, for drayage and cartage at the several posts, hire of teamsters, transportation of funds for the disbursing departments, the expense of public transports on the various rivers, the gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic, six hundred and fifty thousand dollars. For the purchase of horses for the regiment of cavalry and four batteries of light artillery, one hundred and sixty-three thousand two bundred dollars. Contingencies of the army, fifteen thousand dollars. For the medical and hospital departments, seventy-five thousand dollars. Contingencies of the adjutant general's department, six hundred dollars. Armament of fortifications and purchase of light artillery, two hundred and fifty thousand dollars. Purchase, manufacture and alteration of small arms, four hundred and fifty thousand dollars. For ordnance, ordnance stores and supplies, including horse equipments for the regiment of cavalry and for light batteries, one hundred and ninety-nine thousand five hundred and forty dollars.
Secretary of War Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of War, under may apply any part of appropriations to the direction of the President, be and he is hereby authorized to apply support of the Pro
the Pro- any portion of the appropriations made by this act to the support of the visional forces.
provisional forces which may be called into service, whenever in his opinion the same ma, be necessary.
APPROVED March 11, 1861.
March 11, 1861.
CHAP. XXXIX.-An Act to establish a Court of Admiralty and Maritime Jurisdiction at K,
West, in the State of Florida.
Court of Admiralty
Court of Admiralty The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That at Key West, State of Plorida.
a court of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction at Key West, in the Sta e of Florida, shall be and is hereby created, wbich shall have cog. nizance of all civil causes of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, including all seizures under the revenue laws or laws of navigation and trade of the Confederate States, when the seizures are made or cause of complaint arises on waters which are navigable from the sta by vessels of ten or more tons burden, as well as upon the high seas,
saving to suitors in all cases the right of a common law remedy, where Jurisdiction. the remedy at common law is ample and complete. The said court
shall excrcise jurisdiction in all that part of the State of Florida which lies south of a line drawn due east and west from the northern point of Charlotte Harbor, including the islands, keys, reefs, shoals, harbors, bays and inlets south of said line.
Sec. 2. The said court shall also have cognizance of all crimes and offences cognizable under the authority of the Confederate States arising upon the high seas and within the territorial limits aforesaid. And until otherwise provided by law of Congress, the laws of the United States in regard to crimes and offences, and to the mode of procedure, practice and trial in all criminal or penal cases, shall be in force and
form the rule of practice and decision in the said court. Judge of said Sec. 3. There shall be appointed by the President, by and with the sourt, and his salary. advice and consent of Congress, a judge of said court, for the term
prescribed by the Constitution, who shall receive compensation at the rate Where to reside of three thousand five hundred dollars per annum, payable quarterly. The
judge shall reside at Key West, in the State aforesaid, and shall hold Terms of court, two regular terms of said court in each year, at Key West, the one
commencing on the first Monday of May, the other on the first Monday Extra session.
of November in each year, and shall bold extra sessions of the same from time to time, at such places in said district as occasion may require, to dispatch the business of said court. And the said court shall be at all times open for the purpose of hearing and determining all
cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction. Marshal and clerk. Sec. 4. The said judge shall also appoint a marshall and a clerk for
said court, who shall be in all respects subject to the p:ovisions of the act entitled - An Act to establish the judicial courts of the Confederate States of America,” so far as the ame relates to the bords, (aibs, qualifications, powers, duties, liabilities and official conduct of the
clerks or marshals respectively, and to the remedy for any violation of Their fees. duty, breach of bond or other official delinquency. And they shall also
have the same fees for their respective service as in suid act are pre
scribed. Residence of clerk, Sec. 5. The clerk shall reside and keep the records of the court at
the place of holding the same, and it shall also be his duty to attend the sitttngs of the said court wherever held, and keep a record of its acts and proceedings, as if held at the regular place of bolding the
sad his duties.
same. The said marshal shall also attend the said court wherever Marshal to attend
court, may appoint hoiden, and shall have power to appuint as many deputies as he may deputies deem necessary, for whose official acts he shall be bound as for his own. Sec. 6. Appeals may be allowed and writs of error sued out from Appeals and write
of error. said court to the supreme court of the Confederate Siates, in the same manner and upon the same terms as from a district court of the Confederate States, SEC. 7. The said judge shall also appoint for said court a fit person, at
Judge to appoint an
", attorney. learned in law, to act as attorncy for the Confederate States in all mat.
Bis duties, rers touching their interest, and in all crimes and offences against their laws. He shall receive for his services a salary of two hundred dol
and compensation. lars per andum, payable quarterly, and the farther sum of five dollars a day for each day that he may attend said court when in actual session. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That no vessel, or any master,
Business of wreck
ing on the coast of thereof, shall be regularly employed in the business of wrecking on the Florida. coast of Florida without the license of the judge of said court; and before licensing any vessel or master, the judge shall be satisfied that the vessel is seaworthy and properly and sufficiently equipped and fitted for the business of saving property shipwrecked and in distress, and that the master thereof is trustworthy and innocent of any fraud lic
v and innocent of any fraud Judge may grant or unisconduct in relation to any property shipwrecked or saved on said coast.
Sec. 9. That the said court shall conform to the practice of the dis. When the court to trict courts when exercising admiralty and maritime juris ‘iction, and th:e of the District shall moreover have power to make rules to govern the practice therein, co
wer the pracuce merein, may make rules of not inconsistent with the laws of the Confederate States.
practice. Sec. 10. All writs and process, either mesne or final, which shall Writs and process. issue from said court, shall bear test of the judge of said court, and shall be under the seal and signed by the clerk thereof.
Sec. 11. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after the When act takes elpassage thereof.
APPROVED March 11, 1861.
Caar. XL.-- An Act making appropriations to carry out the provisions of "An Act to provide
for the Public Defence."
March 12, 1861.
The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That Appropriation for
the public defence, to enable the President to carry into effect the provisions of the act of and le vay, etc., of the Congress of the Confederate States, entitled “An act to provide volunteer forces. for the public defence,” and to provide for the pay, subsistence and transportation of such volunteer forces as may be called into service by authority of the said act, the sum of five millions of dollars, or as fruch thereof as may be necessary, be and the same is hereby appropriated from any moneys in the treasury, not otherwise appropriated.
APPROVED March 12, 1861.
March 14, 1861.
CHAP. XLI.--An Act amendatory of An Act for the organization of the Staf Departments of
the Army, and An Act for the establishment and organization of the Army of the Confed. erate States of America.
spector General's De
The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That Adjutant and lothe adjutant and inspector general's department shall consist of two partment re-organ. Assistant adjutants general with the rank of lieutentant colonel, two Ized.
assistant adjutants general with the rank of major, and four assistant
adjutants general with the rank of captain. Brigadier General Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That there shall be added one brigaadded to those here. ofore appointed.
re- dier general to those heretofore authorized by law, and that any one May be assigned of the brigadier generals of the arn:y of the Confederate States may to the duty of Adju. be assigned to the duty of adjutant and inspector general, at the distant and Inspeutor General.
cretion of the President. Quartermaster Gen. Sec. 3. Be it further enacted, That the quartermaster general's de. eral's Department re- partment shall consist of one quartermaster general with the rank of organized.
colonel, one assistant quartermas. er general with the rank of lieutenant colonel, four assistant quartermasters with the rank of major, and such
other officers in that department as are already provided by law. Commissary Gen. Sec. 4. Be it further enacted, That the commissary general's de. eral's Department reo partment shall consist of one commissary general with the rank of organized.
colonel, one commissary with the rank of lieutenant colonel, one commissary with the rank of major, and three commissaries with the Tank of captain; and as many assistant commissaries as may from time to time be required by the service mav be detailed by the War Department from the subalterns of the line, who, in addition to their pay in the line, shall receive twenty dollars per month while
engaged in that service. Commissions to offi- Sec. 5. Be it further enacted, That in all cases of officers who have cers of U. S. army resigned, or who may within six months tender their resignations who have resigned and been appointed from the army of the United States, and who have been or may be to original v «can :ies in the army of the 0.
els appointed to original vacancies in the army of the Confederate States, S., to bear the same the commissions issued shall bear one and the same date, so that the
relative rank of officers of each grade shall be deterinined by their former coin missions in the United States army, held anterior to the
secession of these Confederate atates from the United States. Oath prescribed for Sec. 6. Be it further enacted, That every officer, non-commissioned officers, non-commis. pioned" officrs, must. officer, musician and private shall take and subscribe the following oath cians and privates. or affirmation, to-wit: I, A, B., do olemnly swear or affirm (as the
case may be) that while I continue in the service I will bear true faith and yield obedience to the ('onfederate States of America, and that I will serve them honestly and faithfully against their enemies, and that I will observe and obey the orders of the President of the Confederate States, and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to
the rules and articles of war. Laws miji tating Sec. 7. Be it further enacted, That all laws and parts of laws mili. against this act, repealed.
te tating against this act be and the same are hereby repealed.
APPROVED March 14, 1861.
March 14, 1861.
CHAP. XLII.- An Act to regulate Foreign Coins in the Confoderato Status.
Laws of the U. s. The Congress of the Confederate States of America do enact, That for the regulation of the mints and branch all laws and parts of laws now in force for the regulation of the mint mints, declared to be and branch mints of the United States, and for the government of the in force.
officers and persons employed therein, and for the punishment of all offences connected with the mint or coinage of the United States, sball be and they are hereby declared to be in full force in relation to the
mints of New Orleans and Dahlonega. Also the laws of the Sec. 2. That all laws now in force in reference to the coins of the 0.8. in reference to United States, and the striking and coining the same, shall, as far as ap. coins, and coinage.
plicable, hare full force and effect in relation to the coins therein authorized, whether the said laws are penal or otherwise, and whether they are for preventing counterfeiting or debasement, for protecting the