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Partnerships, (continued.)

s Patents, (continued.)
joint rights where an alion enemy is con-

notice to be given of interfering applica-
cerned to be severed and interest of alien

tion ; decision...........
enemy sequestrated, ...... ............ 206 from what day the notico to be computed,... 146
resident partners dealt with as surviving

remedy at law preserved.......
partners, .....

defective patents may be surrendered and
process and pleadings where the names of

re-issued, ......

...............134-140
the members of a partnership of alien

effect iheroof,..

.......... 140
epewies are unknown..

....... 265-266 patents for new improvements of the origi-
Patent Ofice. See Patents.

nal invention or discovery,.................... 140
established, and attached to the Department

annexing to original patents, descriptions,
of Justice, ............

.................. 136

&c., of such improvements, disallowed,... 141
offeers and clerks, and their compensation,

defendant may plead the general issue and

186, 143, 145, 199 give notice of special matter, ...... ......... 140
seal of office, ...........

................ 136
defence, ...............

140
appropriation for library of,...... ...... 144 what special matters the defendant to state
expenses of; to be paid out of the patent

in his notice, when he relies on a previ-
fund,.........

ous invention, &c...........
messenger; his salary,...
............ 199 judgment, .........

... 140
Patents,

when prior use abroad not to avoid patent, 140
power of Congress to secure, to inventors,...

costs,.... ........

............... 140
patent office established, ...........

remedy iu equity where there are interfer-
appointment of commissioner of patents;

ing patents, or where a patent has been
bis duties,.................................

136} refused on the ground that it would in.
chief clerk,.........

136 terfere with an unexpired patent,........... 141
examiners of patents, and other clerks,...... 136 all actions, &c., cognizable in the district
assistant examiner, ........,

199

courts,...........
commissioner and other officers disqualified

power of the court to grant injunctions...... 141
from taking any interest in pa

writs of crror or appeal,. ..... .............. 141
compensation of commissioner,

136 classification and arrangement in rooms or
oath of office,....

136
galleries of models, &c., .........

141
bond of commissioner and chief clerk,... 136 to be kept open for public inspection, ......... 141
geal of office, ..........
..................... 13 6

fees for several distivct patents on surren-
copies of records to be evidence, ......

.... 136 S
der, .....

............ 141-142
fees for copies,...........

1375 when duplicate models or drawings to be
form of patents, .................

137

filed,...........
term, .........

question of compensation,...

142
for what patent may be granted,....

patents may issue to the assignees of the
application, .........

...........

inrent rs or discoverers,.......................
written description of invention, and of

applicant to furnish duplicate drawings, ..... 142
the manner of making, using, &c., the

patentee may disclain where his specifica-
same,.................................................

tion is too broad; how made; effect
drawings and written references ; speci-

thereof, .............................................. 142
mens of ingredients and of the composition

application for improvements and re-issues
of matter,........

........... 137

to be subject to revision as original ap.
signature; attestation and filing of de-

plication ; disclaimer; appeal................ 142
scriptions and drawings,..........

patent to be good for so much as is origi-
model of invention, ...........

pal,.......................................

...................142-143
oath or affirmation of applicant, ...............

actions for infringements, ......................... 143.
examination of the alleged new invention

no costs unless disclaimer filed,................. 143
or discovery,..........

delay in filing disclaimer to bar................ 143
what to appear to authorize the issuing of

when affirmation may he taken instead of
a patent,............

oath,.........................
commissioner to notify the applicant when

patent fund appropriated for payment of
bis application is refused, ................

expenses of the patent office, ......... 143
if applicant persist in his claim for a pa-

commissioner to make annual report to
tent, new oath required, ...

Congress, .....
appeal to Attorney General,

list of patents to be published,............... 143
proceedings on appeal..........

138 appropriation for the library of the patent
applicatiogs for patents which interfere

ofiice,......

144
with other pending applications or unes-

applications by aliens for patents,............. 144
pired patent8.........................

inventors may dispose of right to use ma-
commissionor to give notice thereof,..........

chines, &c., prior to application,............ '144
appeal from his decision,........

remedy in cases of interference extended to
taking out letters patent in a foreign coun-

all cases where patents are refused,........ 144
try not to deprive inventor of his right

fees paid by mistake may be repaid out of
under this act, ...........

the patent fund, ..............

• 144
date of patent,......

139 how oath to be administered abroad, ......... 144
filing of specifications, &c., in the secret

to whom payments for patents to be made... 144
archives of the office, ..........

139 writ of error or appeal to the supreme
patents may issue to executors or adminis-

court, ..................

145
trators; oath,...........

commissioner to prescribe rules for taking
assignment of patents; to be recorded,...... 139 evidence, .........
inventor may file caveat; fees; to be kept

before whom evidence to be taken,.....
secret,.........

subpoenas for witnesses,....

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............ 207

........ 146

146

146

Pleadinge,

Palents, (continued.)

Penitentiary, (continued.)
failure of witness to attend, or refusal to • person convicted of felony in district courts
testify, .............................................

... 145

of Indian territories may be confined in,. 274
cemsensation of witnesses,...................... 145 Permanent Constitution,
when not required to attend..................... 145 act to put in operation the government un-
when not deemed guilty of cntempt........... 145)

der,............................................. 122, 268
appeal from the decision of the examiners. 145 Perpetuating Testimony,
Becord examination.......

145 how dope,
salaries of commissioner, clerks and exami-

in case of abduction or barboring of slaves
ners,......

145 by the enemy,..........
when models may be réstored ; when dis-

where property olber tban sla res shall bave
rensed witb,...........

146 been seized, wasted or destroyed by the
printing of papers,............

enemy,..............................................
misconduct of patent a zent,......................

@ot not to be construed as implying that
fees paid on application for patents not to

the Confederate States will make com-
be refunded............

146
pensation, .....

................ 207
fee paid on filing a caveat; how considered, 146 Petition,
rate of fees,

right of, secured............

........... 16
may be issued for original designs; term of Physicians,
patent; fees, ...........

..146-147 appropriation for the services of, employed
when applications to be completed,............ 147

in conjunction with the medical staff of
when regarded as abandoned, ................... 1473 the army,..............

.......... 186
how palented articles to be marked, ........... 147 Pillow, Major General Gideon J.,
on failure to mark them, no damages re-

thanks of Congress terdered to, and the
coverable for infringement of letters pa-

officers and soldiers under his command,. 280
tent, except, &c.,................................. 147 Piracies,
commissioner to have printed descriptions

power of Congress to define and punish...... 14
and claims of patents, and drawings of
tbe same, .........

....... 147 in what cases defendant may plead the gen-
copies of letters patont to be evidence,........ 147 eral issue and give notice of special mat-
di crimination between persons in regard

ter,.......

...............140, 160
to pa'ent office fees,............................. 147 plea by defendants in suits under the se-
further fees to be paid by patentee, ......147-148 questration act; what to set forth......... 203
if not paid, patont deemed abandoned ........ 18 in district court in Indian territories..........
patent fund appropriated for payment of ex Polk, Major General Leonidas,
penses of the patent office..........

148 thanks of Congress tendered to, and the
patents issued by the United States to con-

officers and soldiers under his command... 280
tinue in force, .........

.... 148 Pontoniers,
where slave is inventor, &c., his master

company of sappers, miners and pontoniers, 47
may obtain patent for his invention,.......

148 }

officers and their duties,
effect of patents issued by the United States $ Porta,

to citizens of foreign countries................ 148 limits of the port of New Orleans, defined... 111
resolution of March 4, 1861, relating to pa-

the ports of delivery known as Bayou St.
tents and careats, extended to citizens of

John's, Lake Port and Port Ponchartrain,
all slave States, ........

............. 163

and the custom officers abolished and dis-
pre-payment of postage by applicants for

continued,............................................
patents,......

establishment of ports of entry and de-
United States patents continued in force, 250, 251 livery, .........
assigoments of such patents revived,......... 250 power to change and abolish same,........... 42
record of assignment, deposit or draw.

Sabine Pass established as a port of entry
ing, &c..............

........... 250

for district of Sabine Pass, Texas,.........
endorsements on patents and assignments... 251 Posse Comitatus,
affidavit required where patent or assign-

power given to marshal to command, in the
went is lost or cannot be procured from

execution of his duty,.....
United States patent office; its effect,...... 251 | Postage,
notice by applicant,.......... ............. 251 rates of, established............................34,
coin missioner's fee for recording afidavit....

on single letters,..
taking out patent in foreign country not to

what deemed a single letter, ......
debar citizens or aliens,....

what packages rated by weight.............34,
limitation of term ......................

................ 251 drop letters, ............
how act of May 21, 1861, in relation to

postage pre-paid by stamps, ................... 34, 100
United States patents to be construed,.....

additional postage on letters advertised,
specifications, &c., of inventions and useful

postage on newspapers sent from the office
discoveries and improvements may be

of publication to subscribers.............. 34, 109
filed in the office of the Attorney General, 93 on periodicals so sent,..........................34, 109
to operate as a caveat............

............. 93

on other newspapers, periodicals, circulars, er.
Paymasters,

hand-bills, engravings, &C................ 34, 109
appointment of, in the navy; their salaries, 121

on books, bound or unbound,................. 34, 110
Penalty,

publishers may send publications to each

other free of postage;.........
judgment for, on bond,...........

deputy postmasters and others to be fur-
Penitentiary,

nished with postage stamps and stamped
when State penitentiary may be used by the

envelopes,.........
courts or marshals of the Confederate

penalty for forging or counterfeiting post-
States.....

.... 86

age stamps..........

...........

199

.............

..... 251

....

... 80

........................

105

105

..............

249

110

Postage, (continued.)

Postal Serrice, (continued.)
or for making, using or possessing forged.

extra pay allowed where service discon-
or counterfeited dies, plates, &c., ............. 35

tinued, .............
or for delivering postage stamps without

classification of railroads, .........
authority, ........................

compensation allowed railroad companies
postinasters to deface postage stamps at-

for carrying the mail, ......
tached to letters,

additional pay for nigbt service, ...............
penalty for neglect,........

employees of the Post Office Department to
penalty for using postage stamps that had

pass free over the road, .....
been before used..........

extension of mail serviee over the States
franking privilege, abolished, ...........

and territories.......
exception ió favor of certain officers in the

time for presenting claims for postal ser-
Post-Ofice Department, and deputy post-

vice, extended, .......

249
masters,............

35 Postmaster General,
act establishing letter registration system } duties, ...............

............. 33
repealed; .......

36 may appoint clerks in his department.........
express and other chartered companies pro-

to furnish stamps and stamped envelopes,..
bibited from carrying letters unless post-

to contract for blanks for his office; at
age pre-paid, ........

what rates...........
pre-payment of money until stamps, &c.,

to contract with steamers for the transport-
can be procured,.......

ation of the mail, .....
regulations concerning the pre-payment of

may increase clerical force in his depart-
postage on letters, &c., sent by express

ment, ......................
and other chartered companies,............. 67 may employ laborers,............
act of February 23, 1861, relating to post- ? may transfer clerks from one bureau in his
age on certain scaled packages, amended, 109

department to another,
double postage on newspapers, periodicals

to renew, provisionally, the contracts under
and books published out of the Confede-

which the postal service is now perform-
rate States, .........

.......... 110

ed, and continue in office the postmaster:
publishery of newspapers, etc.. may send

and other officers, .............
and receive them to and from each other

to advertiso and enter into contracts for
free of postage, ................. .....................

carrying the mail,...............................
on newspapers, &c., placed in post-office for

to issue circular instructions to postmasters
• delivery only,..........

..........

and other officers performing service un-
ten cent stamps and stamped envelopes to

der the appointment of the United States, 67
be furnished,...

may allow express and other chartered
franking privilege extended to the chiefs of

companies to carry letters and other inail
the contract, appointment and finance,

matter........

.......................... 67
bureaus of the Post Office Department,...

to take entire charge of the postal service,.. 105
pre-payment of postage not required of

empowered to annul contracts, or to dis-
officers, &c., of the army,...........

continue or curtail the service, &c.,........ 105
nor on letters transmitted by a member of 3 in case of death, absence, &c., of, chief of
Congress with his official signature en-

contract bureau to perform his duties;
dorsed,.............................................. 168

for what time,......

................................... 108
forwarding of mail inatter sent to officers,

may contract for carrying the mail over cer-
&c., of the army, in case of removal,

tain routes without advertising for bids,
free of additional postage, ...............167-168

119, 189
pre-payment of postage not required on

to collect and pay over moneys due from
Inailable matter addressed to State offi-

postmasters at the time the Confederate
cers, ......

... ....... 194

States took charge of the postal service,
pre-payment of postage by applicants for

199-200, 249
patents and others, .............................. 199 account thereof to be kept ...................... 249
treasury notes receivable in payment for

reimbursement out of the treasury for the
postage stamps and stamped envelopes,...

amount paid over................................. 249
endorsement by member of Congress of his

to make proclamation to citizens of the
name on newspapers, &c., not to subject

Confederate States, who have rendered
him to increase of postage, ...................

200

postal service under the United States
rates of postage on newspapers and period -

Government, to present their claims, veri-
icals sent to dealers therein,.................. 210

fied, &c., to bis department,..

200
may be carried outside of the mail on pre-

to make report of such claim,........... 200
paying postage, ................................... 211 may appoint additional messenger for Post-
how pre-payment indicated,................211, 217 Office Department,....
treasury notes receivable in payment of Postmasters,
postage or on deposit for advance pay-

to deface postage stamps attached to letters, 35
continued in office,

66
Postage Stamps,

Postmaster General to collect moneys due
"treasury notes receivable in payment of,..... 200 from, at the time the Confederate States
Postal Service,

took charge of the postal service, ...... 199-200
contracts under which, now carried on, may

to receive treasury notes in payment of,
be renewed provisionally,

postage stamps and stamped envelopes,... 200
postmasters and other officers in the postal

certain balances remaining in the bands of,
service continued in office, ....................

to be collected and paid over, ............... 249
Postmaster General to take entire charge of Post-Office Department,
postal service and may anal contracte,

expenses of, after March 1st, 1863, to be
or discontinue or curtail the service, &c., 205 paid out of its own resources,

110)

.........

167

200

ment, ..............."

**** ............ 228

66 }

........ 105

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Post-Ofice Department, (continued.)

President of the Confederate States, (continued.)
established,

33 electors of; number; how appointed, .........
principal officer of,......
33 who cannot be elector, ...........

...........
Assistant Postmaster General and clerks....

how and where to meet, and choice of Pres-
messengers.............................53, 57, 210, 252

ident,...........
clerical force may be increased,...............53, 57 qualifications, ............
laborers,.....

.................53, 57, 252 Facaney in office, ............
chiefs of bureaus, clerks and draftsman,.... 57 compensation and oath,...........................
act of March 7, 1861, creating clerical

powers and duties, .........
force in, repealed, ............

...... 57

may veto bills,..........
employees of, to pass free over railroads

proceedings in case of impeachment,.......12,
carrying the mails, ..........

cannot pardon in case of impeachment, ......
appointment of chiefs of bureaus, clerk,

election of,.......

.............22, 122
draftstoan and other employees; by

when to be inaugurated............
whom to be made............

private secretary,............ ................29, 53
principal clerk allowed to each of the bu-

messenger. ...........
reaus, and to the inspection office....... 108-109 to contract for the purchase of small arms
additional clerks authorized; their salaries, 109 and muditions of war, and for the estab.
watchman ; his salary,......

109

lishment of powder mills,.....
additional pay allowed the disbuis ng clerk

to appoint the oliicers of the general staff
of the contingent and salary funds, ........ 109

of the artny............
the First Auditor of the Treasury to audit

to borrow money on the credit of the Con-
the accounts in,.....

federate States, ......
appeal allowed to the Comptronor of the

to assume control of military operations in
Treasury, .....

113 every State........
report by Auditor to the Postmaster Gen-

to receive from the States the arms, &c.,
cral, ................................................. 113

acquired from the United States.............
Auditor to keep accounts and vouchers and

to receive forces in the service of the States
report delinquencies of postmasters,........

or who may volunteer, and appoint their
to close accounts quarterly, .........

general cfficers, .................. ............... 43-44
to register, charge and countersigo war-

may employ militia, military and paral
rants ; other duties, ...........

113

forces, and ask for and accept volunteers,
to state and certify quarterly, accounts of
the moneys paid, .................................. 114

may purchase and equip vessels, &c., fit for,
to superintend the collection of debts, pen.

or easily converted into, armed vessels,...
alties and forfeitures, and direct suits, &c., 114

to appoint all officers of the army,............
to have charge of lands and other property

may appoint to the lowest grade of subal-
assigned, &c., to the Confederate States

tern officers meritorious non-commission-
in payment of debts due on account of

ed oficers, ........................................
the Post-Office Department and to sell

may enlist master armorers, carriage makers,
and dispose of the same,..

........ 1143

&o., for ordnance service, ...............
clerks to be appointed to aid the First Au.

to call into service only such troops as the
ditor in auditing the accounts; their

safety of the Confederacy may require....
salaries,.........

........

to cause treasury notes to be issued..........
Auditor may send communications relating

to appoint commercial agents or consuls to
to post-office business free of charg@.......

foreign ports...............
disbursing clerk for the department, .........

to cause to be constructed or purchased
permanent clerical force increased, ................

steam gun-boats for coast defence,.........
appointment of additional clerks in the

to appoint attorney and marsbal for the
Office of the Auditor of the Treasury for

court of admiralty at Key West, Florida,
the department,

to appoint second auditor of the Treasury.. 66
one of the clerks to.sign Auditor's name so

to appoint commissioned otficers of the pary,
as to frank mail matter,.....

252;

and employ masters, midshipmen, engi.
Posi-Offices and Roads,

neers, &c.,.............
may be established by Congress, .......

to determire the relate and assimilated
Post Routes,

rank which officers of the navy shall hold
established........119, 189, 197–198, 239, 266-268

toward those of the army,...
Poroder,

to make appointments of inferior officers,... 75
· contracts for the manufacture of.......

to appoint district attorneys, ......
Poroder Hills,

to appoint during recess of Congress all of-
contracts for the establishment of..............

ficers, civil, military and naval,. ...........
Practice,

to appoint commissioners to the government
court of admiralty at Key West, Florida,

of the United States, ...........
to conform to the practice of the district

furnished mansion to be leased for the resi-
courts, .......................... ...............

dence of, ........................
may make rules of practice, ............... 61

authorized to use the whole land and Daval
practice of the district courts,.................81-82

forces to meet the war with the United
practice in civil cases in the distriot courts

States and issue letters of marque and
in certain Indian territories................... 27:

reprisal,
in criminal cases,.............................
Presents,

may revoke letters of marque and reprisal, 101
not to be received by officers of the Confed-

to give instructions to the officers and crews
erate States,

of vessels commissioned........................ 102
Accident of the Confederate States,

may accept the services of volunteers and
bis term of office,...

appoint field and staff offices ........104, 106

....... 252

14

....... 160

115

205

President of the Confederate States, (continued.) Prizes, (continued.)
may receive into the service companies of

notice of sale,.........

... 112
light artillery,..............
..................... 105 terms,............

112
power over telegraph lines..................106-1073 purchaser may pay the money or give his
may increase the corps of engineers,......... 115

promisary note,..........

..... 112
may appoint military storekeepers............. 115 payment by the marshal of proceeds of
may assign officers of the army to staff duty

sale,...............

........... 112
with volunteers or provisional troops.......

commission allowed marsbal for selling,..... 112
may continue appointments made by him in

marsbal to file account of the sales and of
the military and Daval service...........1:6. 217

all duties and charges, with a statement
may grant commissions to officers to raise

of the notes taken; penalty for failure;
and command volunteer regiments, &c.,

how recovered,............

....... 113
of persons from certain States, .............. 174 removal of prize vessel or property from one
to receive and muster into the service vol-

port to another,.......

....... 113
unteer troops in the State of Missouri,... 184 distribution of the proceeds of the sale of
to announce by proclamation the adoption

ship A. B. Thompson, condemned as a
by Missouri of the provisional Constitu-

prize,.......

................. 109
tion of the Confederate States, .............. 184) : relinquishment on the part of the govern-
to determine to what nations the commis-

ment to its share in certain prizes........... 271
sioners now in Europe shall be accredited, 185 Process,
to appoint two other commissioners to for-

how directed where marshal or his deputy
eign nations, and their secretaries, .......... 185 is a party,.... ...................................... 76
may appoint aids.de-camp for his personal

marshal or his deputy to execute process
staff,.......................... ............... 188 till next term of court after his removal
authorized to inflict retaliation on the per-

or the expiration of bis term of office..... 76
sons of prisoners,.......

198 in whose name to bear testo..................... 76
to appoint commissioners under the seques-

issued from the district court to be under
tration act............

seal of the court and signed by the clerk, 77
proclamation of, calling an extra session of

forms of .......

..............77, 273, 274
Congress, ......

............. 219 mistakes may be amended,...................... 80
may delegate power to one or more officers

persons under arrest on process issued from
to affix his signature to commissions in

the United States courts continued in
the army,............................................. 222

custody,..............................................
may appoint and commission persons as

process issuing on any criminal charge from
field officers or captains to raiso regiments,

any of said courts continued in force; to
squadrons, &c.,...........
248 } what court returnable, ............

..... 86
may call upon the several States for troops

when and how citation may be served,........ 264
to serve for three years or during the war, 252) Proclamation,
custody of the returns, &c., of the electoral

by the President, calling an extra session of
votes for President and Vice President,... 237

Congress,

219
President of Congress,

Prohibition,
duties of, in putting in operation the gov-

supreme court may issue writ of, to the dis-
ernment under the permanent Constitu-

trict courts when proceeding as courts of
tion,.........

............. 268

admiralty and maritime jurisdiction....... 83
Prede,

Property,
freedom of, secured .........

power of Congress over the property of the
Price, Major General Sterling,

Confederate States,
thanks of Congress tendered to, and the

new territory may be acquired, ................. 21
Missouri army under his command, ........ 279 Ferpetuating testimony in cases of slaves,
Printing. See Public Printing.

abducted or harbored by the enemy and
of works of aliens not prohibited..............

of other property seized, wasted or de-
Printing Bureau,

stroyed by them........

.. 207
established, ..........

Provisional Conftitution,
its chief officer, and by whom appointed,... ş. publication of, with the autograph signa-
Prisoners,

tures and flag and seal of the Confederacy, 91
of war; transfer, custody and sustenence of, 154 Provisional Forces,
officers, crew, &c., of unarmed vessels not

act to raise,...
to be held as prisoners of war............... 154 Provisional Government,
retaliation on the persons of,... .......

Constitution of .......
Private Contributions,

Publication,
reception and forwarding of, for the army,..

when and how citation may be served by
Private Secretary of the President,

publication in a newspaper,................... 264
appointment,.....

as to the printing, publication, &c., of the
salary, .......

.......29, 53, 149 laws. See Public Printing, and,
Prizes,

39-40, 172-173, 277
forfeiture of captures and prizes of vessels Public Defence. See Army.
and other property,.............................

provision for,..........

........ 45
distribution of,.......

101 Public Printer,
five per cent. of prize money and salvago

acts and journals of Congress to be deliver-
to be paid to collectors of customs, con-

ed to; to publish and bind the same;
suls or other public agents,................... 103

compensation therefor........................." 40
money to constitute a fund for the support

compensation for job printing.................. 40
of the widows and orphang of persons

for bills, resolutions and reports, ............ 40
killed, .............*

for rules, constitutions and other pam-'.
sale of prizes............... ............ 112, 208

phlets,...

18,................. ******* ................ 40

198

...........

104

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