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press through crowds, who endeavour the female world. As other men of his at the fame end with himself, the favour age will take no ice to you what such a of a coinmander. He will however in minister faid upon such and such an oc. his way of talk excuse generals, for not casion; he will tell you, when the Duke disposing according to men's defert, or of Monmouth danced at court, such a inquiring into it; • For, fays he, that woman was then smitten; another was

great man who has a mind to help taken with him at the head of his troop 'me, has as many to break through to in the Park. In all these important re

come at me, as I have to come at lations, he has ever about the same time • him.' Therefore he will conclude, received a kind glance or a blow of a that the man who would make a figure, fan from some celebrated beauty, moespecially in a military way, must get ther of the present Lord such-a-one. If over all false modetty; and alit his pa- you speak of a young commoner that stron againit the importunity of other said a lively thing in the house, he starts pretenders, by a proper affurance in his up. He has good blood in his veins; own vindication. He says it is a civil • Tom Mirabell begot him; the rogue cowardice to be backward in asserting • cheated me in that affair, that young what you ought to expect, as it is a • fellow's mother used me more like a military fear to be now in attacking . dog, than any woman I ever made when it is your duty. With this can " advances to.' This way of talking dour does the gentleman speak of him- of his very inuch enlivens the conversa belf and others. The same frankness tion among us of a more fedate turn; runs through all his conversation. The and I find there is not one of the commilitary part of his life has furnisned pany, but myself, who rarely speak at him with many adventures, in the rela- ail, but speaks of him as of that sort of tion of which he is very agreeable to the man who is usually called a well-bred *company; for he is never overbearing, fine gentleman. To conclude his chathough accustomed to commandineni in racer, where women are not concernthe utmost degree below him; nor evered, he is an honest worthy man. too obsequious, from an habit of obey. I cannot tell whether I am to account ing men highly above hiin.

him, whom I am next to speak of, as But that our society may not appear a one of our company; for he visits us but set of humourists, unacquainted with the seldom, but, when he does, it adds to gallantries and pleasures of the age, we every man elfe a new enjoyment of him. have among us ihe gallant Will Honey. felf. He is a clergyman, a very philocomb; a gentleman who according to his fophic man, of general learning, great years should be in the decline of his life; fanctity of life, and the molt exact but having ever been very careful of his good-breeding. He has the misfortune person, and always had a very easy for to be of a very weak conftitution, and tune, time has made but a very little consequently cannot accept of such cares impression, either by wrinkles on his and business as preferments in his funcforehead, or traces in his brain. His tion would oblige him to; he is thereperson is well turned, of a good height. fore among divines what a chamberHe is very ready at that fort of discourse counsellor is among lawyers. The prowith which men usually entertain wo- bity of his mind, and the integrity of men. He has all his life dressed very his life, create himn followers; as being well, and remembers habits as others do eloquent or loud advances others. He mer. He can smile when one speaks to seldom introduces the fubject he speaks him, and laughs easily. He knows the upon; but we are to far gone in years, history of every mode, and can inform that he observes when he is among us, you from which of the French king's an earneftness to have him fall on some wenches our wives and daughters had divine topic, which he always treats this manner of curling their hair, that with much authority, as one who has way of placing their hoods; whole frail- no interests in this wo:ld, as one who ty was covered by such-a fort of petti- is hastening to the object of all his wifhes, toat, and whole vanity to shew her foot and conceives hope from his decays and made that part of the drels so fort in infirmities. There are my ordinary comtuch a year. In a word, all his con- ' panions.

R #criation and knowledge have been in

B 2

No III.

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No III. SATURDAY, MARCH 3.

IT QUO QUISQUE TERE STUDIO DEVINCTUS ADHÆRIT,
AUT QUIBUS IN REBUS MULTUM SUMUS ANTE MORATI,
ATQUE IN QUA RATIONE TUIT CONTENTA MAGIS MENS,
IN SOMNIS EADEM PLERUMQUE VIDEMUR OBIRL.

LUCR. L. 4. v. 959

WHAT STUDIES PLEASE, WHAT MOST DELIGHT,
AND FILL MEN'S THOUGHTS, THEY DREAM TALM O'LR AT NIGHT.

CREICH.

IN
N one of my late rambles, or rather and often smiled with a secret pleasure

speculations, I looked into the great as the looked upon them; but, at the hall where the bank is kept, and was same time, shewed a very particular unnot a little pleased to see the directors, easiness, if she saw any thing approachfecretaries, and clerks, with all the other ing that might hurt them. She appearunembers of that wealthy corporation, ed indeed infinitely timorous in all her ranged in their several ftations, accord. behaviour: and, whether it was from the ing to the parts they act in that just and delicacy of her conftitution, or that she regular ceconomy. This revived in my was troubled with vapours, as I was memory the many discourses which I had afterwards told by one who I found was both read and heard concerning the de none of her well-wishers, the changed cay of public credit, with the methods of colour, and startled at every thing The restoring it, and which, in my opinion, heard. She was likewise (as I afterhave always been defective, because they wards found) a greater valetudinarian have always been made with an eye to than any I had ever met with even in separate interests, and party principles. her own sex, and subje&t to such mo.

The thoughts of the day gave my mentary consumptions, that, in the mind employment for the whole night, twinkling of an eye, the would fall away so that I fell insensibly into a kind of from the most florid complexion, and methodical dream, which disposed all my the most healthful state of body, and contemplations into a vision or allegory, wither into a skeleton. Her recoveries or what else the reader shall please to were often as sudden as her decays, infocall it.

much that she would revive in a moment Methought I returned to the great out of a wasting distemper into a habis hall, where I had been the morning be- of the highest health and vigour. fore, but, to my surprise, instead of the I had very soon an opportunity of obcompany that I left there, I saw, to serving these quick turns and changes wards the upper end of the hall, a beau. in her conttitution. There fat at her tiful virgin, leated on a throne of gold. feet a couple of secretaries, who received Her name (as they told me) was Public every hour letters from all parts of the Credit. The walls, instead of being world, which the one or the other of adorned with pictures and maps, were them was perpetually reading to hers hung with many acts of parliament and, according to the news the heard. written in golden letters. At the upper to which she was exceedingly attentive, end of the hall was the Magna Charta, he changed colour, and discovered many with the act of uniformity on the right- fymptoms of health or fickness. hand, and the act of toleration on the Behind the throne was a prodigious left. At the lower end of the hall was heap of bags of money, which were piled the act of settlement, which was placed upon one another so high that they full in the eye of the virgin that fat upon touched the cieling. The foor, on her the throne. Both the tides of the hall right-hand and on her left, was covered were covered with such acts of parlia- with vast sums of gold that rose up in ment as had been made for the establime pyramids on either side of her: but this ment of public funds. The lady seem. I did not fo much wonder at, when I ed to let an unspeakable value upon these heard, upon inquiry, that she had the feveral pieces of furniture, insomuch that same virtue in her touch, which the the often refreshed her eye with them, poets tell us a Lydian king was former

ly

ly poffeffed of; and that she could con

Her spirits faint, vert whatever the pleased into that pre- Her blooming cheeks affume a palid taint, cious metal.

And scarce her form remains. After a little dizziness, and confused hurry of thought, which a man often There was as great a change in the meets with in a dream, methought the hill of money-bags, and the heaps of hall was alarmed, the doors flew open, money, the former fhrinking and falland there entered half a dozen of the ing into so many empty bags, that I most hideous phantoms that I had ever now found not above a tenth part of seen, even in a dream, before that time. them had been filled with money. The They came in two by two, though rest that took up the same space, and marched in the most dissociable man- made the same figure as the bags that Ther, and mingled together in a kind of were really filled with money, had been dance. It would be tedious to describe blown up with air, and called into my their habits and perfons; for which rea memory the bags full of wind, which fon, I shall only inform my reader that Homer tells us his hero received as a the first couple were Tyranny and Anar- present from Æolus. The great heaps chy, the second were Bigotry and A. of gold on either side the throne now theism, the third, the Genius of a Com- appeared to be only heaps of paper, or monwealth, and a young man of about little piles of notched sticks, bound up twenty-two years of age, whose name together in bundles like Bath-faggots. I could not learn. He had a sword in Whilft I was lamenting this sudden his right-hand, which in the dance he desolation that had been made before often brandisherl at the Act of Settle- me, the whole scene vanished: in the ment; and a citizen, who stood by me, room of the frightful spectres, there now whispered in my car, that he saw a entered a second dance of apparitions, sponge in his left-hand. The dance of very agreeably matched together, and so many jarring natures put me in mind made up of very amiable phantoms. of the fun, moon, and earth, in the Re. The firit pair was Liberty with Mohearsal, that danced together for no other narchy, at her right-hand; the second end but to eclipse one another.

was Moderation, leading in Religion; The reader will easily suppose, by and the third a person whom I had what has been before faid, that the lady never seen, with the Genius of Great on the throne would have been almost Britain. At the first entrance the lady frighted to distraction, had the seen but revived, the bags fwelled to their former any one of these spectres; what then must bulk, the piles of faggots and heaps of have been her condition when the law paper changed into pyramids of guia them all in a body? She fainted and died neas: and for my own part, I was to away at the sight

transported with joy, that I awaked, Er segue jam color efi misto candore rubori; though, I must confess, I would faia Ne viger,es vires, ei que modò vila placebanr; have fallen alleep again to have closed Nes corpus remaneta

my vision, if I could have done it, Ovid. M.T. 1. 3. 5. 491.

с

No IV. MONDAY, MARCH 5.

IGREGÍI MORTALEM ALTIQUZ SILENTI?

Hor. Sat.6. 1. 2. v. 58.

ORE OF UNCOMMON SILENCE AND RESERVL.

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N author, when he first appears in

has nothing to think of but his per- by others which gave me as much morformances. With a good share of this tification. It is incredible to think how vanity in my heart, I made it my bu. empty I have in this tiine observed some Iness' these three days to listen after part of the species to be, what mere my own fame; and as I bave sometimes blanks they are when they first come

abroad

abroad in the morning, how utterly and another answer. I have known they are at a stand until they are set a. " the fellow's face these twelve years, going by some paragraph in a news ' and so must you; but I believe you paper: such persons are very acceptable ' are the first ever asked who he was.. to a young author, for they desire no There are, I must confess, many to more in any thing but to be new to be whom my person is as well known as agreeable. If I found confolation among that of their nearest relations, who give luch, I was as much disquieted by the themselves no farther trouble about callincapacity of others. These are mor ing me by my name or quality, but tals who have a certain curiosity without speak of me very currently by Mr. power of reflection, and perused my What d'ye call him. papers like spectators rather than read To make up for these trivial disaders. But there is so little pleasure in en- vantages, I have the high fatisfaction quiries that so nearly concern ourselves, of beholding all nature with an unpre(it being the worst way in the world to judiced eye; and having nothing to do fame, to be too anxious about it) that with men's passions or interests, I can upon the whole I resolved for the future with the greater sagacity consider their to go on in my ordinary way; and with talents, manners, failings, and merits. out too much fear or hope about the It is remarkable that those who want business of reputation, to be very care any one sense possess the others with ful of the design of my actions, but very greater force and vivacity. Thus my negligent of the consequences of them. want of, or rather resignation of, speech,

It is an endless and frivolous pursuit gives me all the advantages of a dumb to act by any other rule than the care of inan. I have, methinks, a more than fatisfying our own minds in what we ordinary penetration in seeing; and flatdo. One would think a silent man, who ter myself that I have looked into the concerned himself with no one breath- highest and loweit of mankind, and ing, Tould be very little liable to mis- make firewd guesses, without being adinterpretations; and yet I remember I mitted to their conversation, at the inwas ‘once taken up for a Jesuit, for no most thoughts and reflections of all other reason but my profound taciturni- whom I behold. It is from hence that ty. It is from this misfortune, that to be good or ill fortune has no manner of out of harm's way, I have ever since force towards affecting my judgment. affe&ted crowds. He who comes into I fee men flourishing in courts, and assemblies only to gratify his curiosity, languishing in jails, without being preand pot to make a figure, enjoys the judiced from their circumstances to their pleasures of retirement in a more exqui- favour or disadvantage; but from their lite degree than he poslihly could in his inward manner of bearing their condicloset; the lover, the ambitious, and tion, often pity the prosperous, and adthe mifer, are followed thither by a

mire the unhappy. worse crowd than any they can with Those who converse with the dumb, draw from. To be exempt from the know from the turn of their eyes, and passions with which others are torment the changes of their countenance, their ed, is the only pleasing folitude. I can Sintiments of the objects before them. very justly say with the ancient fage, I have indulged my silence to such an

Jain never leis alone than when alone.' extravagance, that the few who are inAs I am insignificant to the company timate with me, answer

my

smiles with in public places, and as it is visible I concurrent sentences, and argue to the do not come thither, as most do, to very point I thaked my head at, without thew myself; I gratify the vanity of all my speaking. Will Honeycomb was evho pretend to make an appearance, very entertaining the other night at a and have often as kind looks from weil. play, to a gentleman who sat on his dressed gentlemen and ladies, as a poet right-hand, while I was at his left. would beltow upon one of his audience. The gentleman believed Will was talkThere are so many gratifications attend ing to himself, when upon any looking this public fort of obscurity, that some with great approbation at a young thing little diftastes I daily receive have lost in a box before us, he said, I am ter anguish; and I did the other day, quite of another opinion. She has, I without the least displeasure, overhear " allow, a very pleasing aspect, but meone say of me. That strange fellow;' ' thinks that fiinplicity in her counte

dance

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'nance is rather childish than innocent.' 'complaisance and gallantry of our naWhen I observed her a second time, he tion, the more powerful part of our {ad- I grant her dress is very becom- people, I thall dedicate a considerable

ing, but perhaps the merit of that ihare of these my speculations to their * choice is owing to her mother; for service, and shall lead the young through

though,' continued he," I allow a all the becoming duties of virginity, beauty to be as much commended for marriage, and widowhood. When it the elegance of her dress, as a wit for is a woman's day, in my works, I shall

that of his language; yet, if she has endeavour at a file and air suitable to 'stolen the colour of her ribbands from their understanding. When I say this, another, or had advice about her I must be understood to mean, that I

trimmings, I shall not allow her the shall not lower but exalt the subjects I ' praise of drels, any more than I would treat upon. Discourse for their enter

call a plagiary an author,' When I tainment, is not to be debased but retkrew my eye towards the next woman fined. A man may appear learned to her, Will spoke what I looked, ac without talking sentences, as in his orcording to his romantic imagination, in dinary gesture he discovers he can dance the following manner.

though he does not cut capers. In a • Behold, you who dare, that charm- word, I shall take it for the greatest . ing virgin; behold the beauty of her glory of my work, if

among reasonable . person chastised by the innocence of women this paper may furnish tea-table

ber thoughts. Chastity, good-nature, talk. In order to it, I shall treat on and affability, are the graces that play matters which relate to females, as they ' in her countenance; the knows the is are concerned to approach or fly from

handsome, but the knows she is good. the other sex, or as they are tied to them • Conscious beauty adorned with con- by blood, interest, or affection. Upon scious virtue! What a spirit is there this occasion I think it but reasonable

in those eyes! What a bloom in that to declare, that whatever skill I may * perfon! How is the whole woman ex have in speculation, I shall never bepreffed in her appearance! her air has tray what the eyes of lovers say to each the beauty of motion, and her look other in my presence. At the fame • the force of language.'

time I shall not think myself obliged, It was prudence to turn away my eyes by this promise, to conceal any falle from this object, and therefore I turned protestations which I observe made by shem to the thoughtless creatures who glances in public assemblies; but enmake up the lump of that sex, and move deavour to make both sexes appear in a knowing eye no more than the por- their conduct what they are in their traitures of insignificant people by ordi. hearts. By this means, love, during nary painters, which are but pictures the time of my speculations, shall be of pictures.

carried on with the same sincerity as any Thus the working of my own mind other affairs of less confideration. As is the general entertainment of my life; this is the greatest concern, men Mall I nerer enter into the cominerce of dif- be from henceforth liable to the greatest courfe with any but my particular friends, reproach for misbehaviour in it. Falleand not in public even with them. Such hood in love shall hereafter bear a blacker a9 habit has perhaps raised in me un aspect, than infidelity in friendship, or common reflections; but this effect I villainy in busine's. For this great and cannot communicate but by my writ. good end, all breaches against that noir23. As my pleasures are almost ble passion, the cement of fociety, thail wholly confined to thofe of the fight, I be severely examined. But this, and all take it for a peculiar happiness that I other matters loosely hinted at now, and kave always had an ealy and familiar in my former papers, shall have their vlimittance to the fair-lex. If I never proper place in my following discourses; praised or flattered, I never belyed or the present writing is only to admonith stradicted them. As these compose the world, that they mall not find me kz!f the world, and are, by the just an idle but a busy Spectator. R

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N° V.

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