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treaties, and maintain a good corre natives of the several parts of thie globe fpondence between those wealthy focie might have a kind of dependence uporr ties of men that are divided froni ane an one another, and be united together by other by seas and oceans, or live on the their common interest. Almost every different extremities of a continent. I degree produces fomething peculiar to have often been pleased to hear disputes it. The food often grows in one counadjusted between an inhabitant of Japan 'try, and the sauce in another. The and an alderman of London, or to see a fruits of Portugal are corrected by the subject of the Great Mogul entering products of Barbadoes: the intution of into a league with one of the Czar of a China xant (wectened with the pith Muscovy. I am infinitely delighted in of an Indian cane. The Philippine illands. mixing with these several ministers of give a favour to our European bowls. commerce, as they are distinguished by The single dress of a woman of quality their different walks and different lave is often the product of an hundred cliguages: fometines I am juttled aniong

The muff and the fan come a body of Armenians: sometimes I am together from the different ends of the Bolt in a crowd of Jews; and sometimes earth. The scarf is sent from the torrid make one in a groupe of Dutchmen. I zove; and the tippet from beneath the am'a Dane, Swede, or Frenchman, at pole. The brocade petticoat riles out different times; or rather fancy myself of the mines of Peru; and the diamond like phe old philosopher, who, upon be. necklace out of the bowels of Indottan. ing atked what countryman he was, re

If we consider our own country

in plied, that he was a citizen of the world, it's natural prospect, without any of the

Though I very frequently visit this benefits and pdvantages of commerce, busy multitude of people, I am known , what a barren uncomfortable spot of to nobody there but iny friend Sir An- earth falls to our share! Natural histodrew', who often smiles upon me as he rians tell us, that no fruit grows origilees me bustling in the crowd, but at nally among us, belides hips and haw's, the same time connives at my presence acorns and pig-nuts, with other delicawithout taking any further notice of me. cies of the like nature; chat our climate There is indeed a merchant of Egypt, of itself, and without the aflistances of who just knows me by right, having art, can make no further advances toformerly remitted me some money to wards a plum than to a floe, and carGrand Cairo; but as I am not versed riss an apple to no greater perfection in the modern Coptic, our conferences than a crab; that our melons, our go no further than a bow and a grimace.. peaches, our figs, our apricots, and

This grand scene of business gives me cherries, are strangers among us, imárifirite variety of solid and subítan- ported in different ages, and naturalized tial entertainments. As I am a great in our English gardens; and that they lover of mankind, my heart naturally would all degenerate and fall away into overflows witly pleasure at the figlit of a the trash of our own country, if they prosperous and Trapps multitude, into were wholly neglected by the planter, much that at many public folemnities I and left to the mercy of our fun ard cannot forbear expressing my joy with soil. Nor las traffic more enriched our fears that have itolen down my cheeks. vegetable world, than it has improved For this reaion I am wonderfully de the whole face of nature among us. Our lighted to fee such a body of men thriving lips are laden with the harveit of every in their own private fortunes, and at climate: our tables are stored with spices, the fame time promoting the public and oils, and wines; cur rocins are fills frock; or, in other words, railing estates' ed with pyramids of China, and adorned for their own families, by bringing into with the workmanship of Japan: our their country whatever is wanting, and morning's draught conne: to us from the carrying out of it whatever is superflu. remoteft corners of the earth: we repair

our bodies by the drugs of America, Nature seeins to have taken a particu- and repose ourselves ander Indian car.o. lar care to disseminate her blellings pies. My friend Sir Andrew calls the anong the different regions of the wor vineyards of France our gardens; the with an eye to this mutual intercoursé fpice-islands, our hot-beds; the Persiana and traffic among mankind, that the our ilk weavers, and the Chinese our



potters. Nature indeed furnishes us with frozen zone warmed with the fleeces of the bare neceflaries of life; but traffic, our sheep, gives us a great variety of what is use. When I have been upon the 'Change, ful, and at the same supplies us with I have often fancied one of our king's every thing that is convenient and orna. Itanding in perfon, where he is repremental. Nor is it the least part of this: sented in elbigy, and looking down upon our happiness, that whilat we enjoy the the wealthy concourse of people with remoteit products of the north and forth, which that place is every day filled. In we are free from those extremities of this case, how would he be lirprised to weather which give them birth: that our hear all the languages of Europe Spoken eves are refreshed with the green fields of in this little spot of his former domis Britain, at the same time that our palates nions, and to see so many private men, ae feasted with fruits that rise between who in his time would have been the the tropics.

vallals of some powerful baron, negoFor these reasons there are not more tiating like princes for greater fums (f useful members in a commonwealth than money than were formerly to be met merchants. They knit mankind toge- with in the Royal Treatury! Trade, ther in a mutual intercourse of good of without enlarging the British territories, fices, diltıibute the gifts of nature, find has given us a kind of additional emwork for the poor, add wealth to the pire: it has multiplied the number of rich, and magnificence to the great. the rich, made our landed estates inOur English merchant converts the tin finitely more valuable than they were of his own country into gold, and ex- formerly, and added to them an ac. changes his wool for rubies. The Ma cession of other citates as valuable as the hometans are cloathed in our British lands theintelvce. Danufacture; and the inhabitants of the




Hor. Ep. II. 1, 63.


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and never failed to laugh in the fime ticular delight in hearing the place. songs and fables that are come from I know nothing which more news father to son, and are most in vogue the effential and inherent perfection of among the common people of the coun- fimplicity of thought, sbove that which tries through which I passed; for it is I call the Gothic manner in writing, impossible that any thing thould be uni. than this, that the firit pleates all kinds Vertally tasted and approved by a mul- of palates, and the latter orly such as titude, though they are only the rabble have formed to themselves a wrong arof a nation, which hath not in it fome tificial talte upon little fancitul authors peculiar aptness to please and gratify the and writers of epigrams. Homer, Virmind of man. Human nature is the gil, or Milton, 1o far as the language fame in all reasonable creatures; and of their poems is understood, will pleate whatever falls in with it, will meet with a reader of plain common sense, who adınirers amongst readers of all quali. would neithei relish nor comprehend an ties and conditions. Moliere, we are epigram of Martial; or a poeia of Cow told by Monfieur Boileau, used to read ley; so, on the contrary, an ordinary all his comedies to an old woman who fong or ballad that is the delight of the was his house-keeper, as the fat with common people, cannot fail to please all him at her work by the chimney-corner; such readers as are not unqualified for and could foretel the success of his play the entertainment by their affectation or in the theatre, from the reception it met ignorance; and the reason is plain, beat his fire-fide: for he tells us the audi cause the same paintings of nature which face always followed the old woinan, recommend it to the most orrdinary


S 2

reader, will appear beautiful to the most draws from it a precept for the benefit refined.

of his readers. The old song of Chevy Chase is the

God save the king, and bless the land favourite ballad of the cominon people

In plenty, joy, and peace; of England; and Ben Jonson used to

And grant henceforth thar foul debate fay he had rather have been the author

"Twixt noblemen may cease. of it than of all his works. Sir Philip Sidney, in his discourse of poetry,

speaks The next point observed by the greateft of it in the following words: I never

heroic poets, hath been to celebrate per• heard the old song of Piercy and Doug

fons and actions, which do honour to slas, that I found not my heart more

their country: thus Virgil's hero was « moved than with a trumpet; and yet the founder of Rome; Homer's a prince o it is sung by fome blind crowder with of Greece; and for this reason Va.

no rougher voice than rude stile; which lerius Flaccus and Statius, who were * being to evil apparelled in the dust and both Romans, might be justly derided • cobweb of that uncivil age, what would for having ckosen the expedition of the - it work triinmed in the gorgeous elo

Golden Fleece, and the Wars of Thebes, quence of Pindar?' For my own part,

for the subject of their epic writings. I am so profefied an admirer of this an The poet before us has not only found tiquated song, that I fhall give my out an hero in bis own country, but reader a critique upon it, without any railes the reputation of it by several further apology for 10 doing.

beautiful incidents. The English are The greatest modern critics have laid the first who take the field, and the last it down as a rule, that an heroic poein

who quit it. The English bring only should be founded upon some important fifteen hundred to the battle; the Scotch, precept of morality, adapted to the con. two thousand. The Englith keep the stitution of the country in which the poet field with fifty-three; the Scotch retire writes. Homer and Virgil have form with fifty-five: all the rest on each lide ed their plans in this view. As Greece being flain in battle. But the most rewas a collection of many governinents,

markable circumftance of this kind, is who luffered very much among them- the different manner in which the Scotch selves, and gave the Persian emperor, and English kings receive the news of who was their common enemy, many this fight, and of the great men's deaths advantages over them by their inusual who commanded in it. jealoulies and animofitis, Homer, in

This news was brought to Edinburgh, order to establish among them an union, Where Scotland's king did reign, which was so necessary for their safety, That brave Earl Douglas suddenly grounds his poem upon the discords of Was with an arrow Nain. the several Grecian princes who were

• O heavy news,' King James did sayi engaged in a confederacy against an

• Scotland can witness be, Aliatic prince, and the several advan

• I have not any captain more tages which the enemy gained by such í of such account as he,' their discords. At the time the poem

Like tidings to King Henry came we are now treating of was wri:ten, the

Within as ih rt a space, diffentions of the barons, who were

That Piercy of Northumberland then so many petty princes, ran very Was sain in Chevy-Chase. high, whether they quarrelled among themselves, or with their neighbours, « Now God be with him,'faid our and produced unspeakable calamities to « Sich 'cwill no better be, the country: the poet, to deter men

" I trust I have within my realın from such unnatural contentions, de.

Five bundred good as he. fcribes a bloody battle and dreadful " Yet thall not Scot nor Scotland say fcene of death, occasioned by the mu • But I will vengeance take, tu il feuds which reigned in the families r And be revenged on them all of an English and Scotch nobleman. • For brave Lord Piercy's sake.' That he designed this for the instruction

full well the king performd of his poem, we may learn from his

After, on Humble down; four last lines, in which, after the ex In one day fifty knights were Nain, ample of the modern tragedians, he With lords of great renown.



This voi

And of the rest, of small account, speaking, how the battle should be conDid many thousands die, &c.

tinued after her death. At the same time that our poet shews a Tum fic expirans Accam ex æqualibus unarr laudable partiality to his countrymen, he Aloquitur; fida ante olias quæ fola Camille, represents the Scots after a manner not Quicum partiri curus; atque bæc ita fatur: unbecoming so bold and brave a people. Haftenus, Acca forer, porui: nunc quinus

Accrbum Earl Douglas on a milk-white steed,

Conficie et tenebris nigrefcunt omnia circum: Most like a baron bold, Rode foremost of the company,

Efuge, « hæc Turno mandata avvisomia Whose armour thone like gold.


Succidat pugnæ, Trojanosque arceat urbes His sentiments and actions are every Jonque vali.

Æn, xi, 820. way suitable to an hero.

"One of us A gathering mift o'erclouds her chearful eyes, • two,' says he,' muft die. I am an And from her cheeks the rory colour fies, Starl as well as yourself, so that you Then turns to her, whom, of her female crain,

can have no pretence for refusing the She trusted most, and thus the speakswith pain. * combat: however,' says he, ''tis pity,

Acca, 'tis paft! he (wions before my fight, ! and indeed would be a fin, that to

« lnexorable death! and claims his right. many innocent men should perish for

• Bear my last words to Turnus,fly with speed,

• And bid him timely to my charge succeed; our lakes; rather let you and I end

Repel the Trojans, and the towa relieve: our quarrel in single fight.'

! Farewel.'

DRYDEN. ! Ere thus I will out-braved be,

Turnus did not die in so heroie a ( One of us two shall die; I know thee well, an earl Thou art,

manner; though our poet leems to have " Lord Piercy, so am I,

had his eye upon Turnus's speach in

the last verse, • But trust me, Piercy, pity it were, « Lord Piercy sees my fall.'

• And great offence, to kill | Any of these mar harmless men,

-"'icisi, it wiltum fondere palmas . For they bave done no ill.

Arjonii iure

Æn. X11. 9369 ? Let thou and I the battle try,

The Latian chiefs have seen me beg my life.

DRYDEN • Add set our men aside.'Accurft be he,' Lord Piercy said,

Earl Piercy's lainentation over his By whom this is deny'de'

enemy is generous, beautiful, and para

fionate; I must only caution the rearler When these brave men had distin

not to let the linplicity of the stile, which guished themselves in the battle and in

one may well pardon in fo old a poet, {ingle combat with each other, in the prejudice him against the greatness of midst of a generous parley, full of he the thought. roie sentiments, the Scotch earl fills; and with his dying words encourages

Then leaving life, Earl Piercy took

The dead man by the hand, his men to revenge his death, represent

And said - Earl Dougias, for thy life ing to them, as the most bitter circum

I Would I had lost my land. ftance of it, that his rival saw him fail.

! O Chrift! my very heart doth bleed With that there came an arrow keen

• With forrow for thy fake; Out of an English bow,

• For sure a more renowned knight Which ftruck Earl Douglas to the heart

• Mischance did never take.' A deep and deadly blow.

That beautiful line, Taking the dead Who never spoke more words than there, man hy the hand, will put the reader

Fight on, my merry men all, in mind of Æneas's behaviour towards ! For why, my life is at an end,

Lausus, whom he himself had slain as ! Lord Piercy lees my fail.'

he came to the relcuc of his aged father, Merry Men, in the language of those At verò ut vu'tum vidis morientis, et ora, times, is no more than a chearful word Ora modis Anchifades pallentia miris; for companions and fellow-Soldiers. A Ingemuit, miferans graviter, dextramque te


ÆN, X. 8221 paslage in the eleventh book of Virgil's

The pious prince beheld young Laulus dead; Æneid is very much to be admired, where Camilla in her last agonies, in

He giievid, be wept; then grafp'd his hand, and said, &c.

DRYDIN, Head of weeping over the wound the kad received, as one might have expect.

I Mall take another opportunity to ed from a warrior of her sex, conliders

song only, like the hero of whom we are now






HE intire conquest of our passions The fanning wind upon her borom blows,

To meet the fanning wind the borom rose, who despair of it should think of a less The fanning wind and purling streams difficult task, and only attempt to regu.

continue her repose. late them. But there is a third thing,

The foot of nature stood with stupid eyes which may contribute not only to the

And gaping mouth, that testify'd surprize,

Fix'd on her face, nor could remove bis light, eale, but also to the pleasure of our life;

New as be was to love, and novice in delight, and that is, refining our passions to a

Long mute he stood; and, leaning on his itaff, greater elegance than we receive them

His wonder witness'd with an idiot laugh: from nature. When the passion is love, Then would have spoke; but, by hisglimm'ring this work is performed in innocent, rense, though rude and uncultivated minds, First found his want of words, and fear'd of, by the mere force and dignity of the

fence; obiect. There are forms which natu

Doubted for what he was he should be known, rally create respect in the beholders, and By his clown-accent, and his country cone. at once inflame and chastile the ima. gination. Such an impreilion as this,

But left this fine description Thould gives an immediate ambition to defe:ve, be excepted against, as the creation of in order to please. This cause and ef that great matter, Mr. Dryden, and not feet are beautifully defcribed by Mr.

an account of what has really ever hapDryden in the fable of Cimon and pened in the world; I Mall give you, Iphigenia. After he has represented

verbatiin. the epistle of an cna noused Cimon lo stupid, that

footman in the country to his mistress. He whistled as he went, for want of thought, because their paffion demands a greater

Their Surnames Mhall not be inserted, he makes him fall into the following respect than is due to their quality. scene, and thews it's influence upon him James is servant in a great family, and fo excellently, that it appears as natural Elizabeth waits upon the daughter of as wonderful.

one as numerous, fome miles off of her

lover. James, before he beheld Betty, It happend on a summer's holiday That to the green wood-Inade he took his way; ler, and quarrelsome cudgel. player;

was vain of his strength, a rough wrettHis quarter-itaft, which hecoula ne'er forsake, Hung half before, and half behind his backs.

Betty a public dancer at may-poles, a He trudg’d along, unknowing what he fought, comp at stool ball: he always following And whittied as he went for want of thought. idle wonien, she playing among the peaBy chance conducted, or by thirst con lants; he a country bully, the a counArain'd,

try coquette. But love has made her The deep recefles of the grove he gain'd; conftantly in her mistress's chamber, Where in a plain, defended by the wood; 2 where the young lady gratifies a secret Crept throʻthe matted grass a crystal flood, passion of her own, by making Betty By which an alahaster funtain stood:

talk of James; and James is become a And on the margin of the fount was laid,

conitant waiter near his master's apart(Attended by her saves) a sleeping mail;

ment, in reading, as well as he can, roLike Dian and her nymphs, when tir'd with

I cannot learn who Molly is, sport,

who it seems walked ten miles to carry To rest hy cool Eurotas they resort. 'The dame herself the goddess well express'd, .

the angry mesfage, which gave occasion Not more distinguish'd by her purple veit,

to what follows. Than by the charming features of her face, And evin in flumber a superior grace:

MY DEAR BETTY, - MAY 14, 1711. Her comely limbs compos'd with decent

REMEMBER your bleeding lover; Her body faded with a slight cymart;

who lies bleeding at the wounds Hier bolom to the view was only bare: Cupid made with the arrows he bor





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