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of our women for a man of wit, because fure in considering this being as an un. be is generally in doubt. He contra certain one, and think to reap an adyardiets with a Mrug, and confutes with cage by it's discontinuance, is in a fair a certain sufficiency, in profesing fuck way of doing all things with a graceful and tuch a thing is above his capacity. unconcern, and gentleman-like ease. What inakes his character the pleasanter Such a one does not behold his life as a is, that he is a professed deluder of wo short, tranfient, perplexing ftate, made men; and because the empty coxcomb up of trifling pleasures, and great has no regard to any thing that is of it.. anxieties; but fees it in quite another felf sacred and inviolable, I have heard light: his griefs are moinentary, and his an unmarried lady of fortune fay, it is joys immortal. Reflection upon death pity lo fine a gentleman as Vocifer is to is not a gloomy and fad thought of re, great an Atheist. The crowds of such figning everything that he delightsin, but inconfiderable creatures, that infelt all it is a fhort night followed by an endleis places of allembling, every reader will day. What I would here contend for have in his eye from his own observa- is, that the more virtuous the man is, tion; but would it not be worth confi- the nearer he will naturally be to the dering what sort of figure a man who character of genteel and agreeable. A formed himself upon those principles man whose fortune is plentiful, thews among us, which are agreeable to the an case in his countenance, and confidictates of honour and religion, would dence in his behaviour, which he that is make in the familiar and ordinary oc

under wants and disticulties cannot ala currences of life?

fume. It is thus with the late of the I hardly have observed any one fill mind; he that governs his thoughts with his several duties of life better than Ig. the everlatting rules of reason and senle, notus. All the under parts of his be.' must have something so inexpressibly haviour, and such as are exposed to graceful in his words and actions, that common observation, have their rise in every circumstance nuit become bim. him froin great and noble motives. A The change of persons or things around firin and unshaken expectation of ano hiin do not alter his fituation, but he ther life, makes him become this. Hu- looks difintereited in the occurrences manity and good-nature, fortified by with which others are distracted, because the sense of virtue, has the same effect the greatest purpose of his life is to inain. upon him, as the neglect of all good. tain an indifference both to it and all it's atls has upon many others. Being enjoyments. In a word, to be a fine firmly established in all matters of im- gentleman is to be a generous and a portance, that certain inattention which brave man. What can make a man lo makes men's actions look easy appears much in constant good-humour, and in him with greater beauty: by a tho. line, as we call it, than to be support. rough contempt of little excellences, he ed by what can never fail him, and to

is perfectly matter of them. This tem believe that whatever happens to hita i per of mind leaves him under no necef- was the best thing that could possibly

lity of studying his air, and he has this befall him, or else he on whom it de pcculiar diftinčtion, that his negligence pends would not have permitted it to is unaffected.

have befallen him at all?

R He that ean work himself into a plea


Hor. Ep. I. vill. 17. AS YOU YOUR FORTUNE BEAR, WE WILL BEAR YOU. : CREECM. THERE is nothing so common, as fion, that he is as much unlike himself,

to observation of his carriage you take to at firit thought him, as any two diftin&t be of an uniform temper, subject to fuch persons can differ from each other. This anaccountable Atarıs of humour and pas. proceeds from the want of forming some


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law of life to ourselves, or fixing some passage that gives us a very lively idea of. notion of things in general, which may the uncommon genius of Pharamond. affect us in such manner as to create He met with one inan whom he had put proper habits both in our minds and to all the usual proofs he made of those bodies. The negligence of this leaves he had a mind to know thoroughly, and us exposed not only to an uncommon found him for his purpose: in discourse levity in our usual conversation, but with him one day, he gave him opportu. also to the same instability in our friend. nity of saying how much would latisfy thips, interests, and alliances. A man all his wishes. The prince immediately who is but a mere spectator of what paf- revealed himself, doubled the sum, and les around him, and not engaged in spoke to him in this manner. commerces of any consideration, is but you have twice what you desired, by an ill judge of the secret motions of the the favour of Pharamond; but look heart of man, and by what degrees it is ' to it, that you are satisfied with it, actuated to make such visible alterations ' for 'tis the last you shall ever receive. in the same person: but at the same time, 'I from this moment consider you as when a man is no way concerned in the mine; and to make you truly so, I effect of such inconfiltencies in the be- "give you my royal word you shall haviour of men of the world, the fpe- ' never be greater or less than you are culation must be in the utmost degree ' at present. Answer me not,' both diverting and instructive; yet to cluded the prince, smiling, but enjoy enjoy such observations in the highest the fortune I have put you in, which relim, he ought to be placed in a post of • is above my own condition; for you direction, and have the dealing of their • have hereafter nothing to hope or to fortunes to them. I have therefore been

o fear.' wonderfully diverted with some pieces His inajesty having thus well chofen of secret history, which an antiquary, and bought a friend and companion, he my very good friend, lent me as a cu enjoyed alternately all the pleafures of riosity. They are the memoirs of the

an agreeable private man and a great private life of Pharamond of France.

and powerful monarch: he gave himself, Pharamond,' says my author,

with his companion, the name of the prince of infinite humanity and gene- merry tyrant; for he punished his cour"rolity, and at the same time the most tiers for their infolence and folly, not

pleasant and facetious companion of by any act of public disfavour, but by his time. He had a peculiar talte in humourously practising upon their imahim, which would have been unlucky ginations. If he observed a man un

in any prince but himself; he thought tractable to his inferiors, he would find • there could be no exquisite pleasure in an opportunity to take some favourable • conversation but among equals; and notice of him, and render him insup

would pleasantly bewail himself that portable. He knew all his own looks, " he always lived in a crowd, but was words, and actions, had their interpre

the only man in France that never tations; and his friend Monsieur Eu

could get into company. This turn of crate, for so he was called, having a • mind made him delight in midnight great soul without ambition, he could 4 rambles, attended only with one per. communicate all his thoughts to him, • son of his bed-chamber: he would in and fear no artful use would be made • these excursions get acquainted with of that freedom. It was no small de

men, whose temper he had a mind to light when they were in private to reflect "try, and recommend them privately upon all which had paffed in public.

to the particular observation of his first Pharamond would often, to satisfy a • minister. He generally found himself vain fool of power in his country, talk • neglected by his new acquaintance as to him in a full court, and with one • soon as they had hopes of growing whisper make him despise all his old • great; and used on such occasions to friends and acquaintance. He was ! remark, that it was a great injustice come to that knowledge of men by long

to tax princes of forgetting them telves obfervation, that he would profess'alter« in their high fortunes, when there were ing the whole mass of blood in fomne • fo few that could with conitancy bear tempers by thrice speaking to them. As - the favour of their very creatures.' fortune was in his power, he gave himMy author in these loose hints has one self constant entertainment in managing

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the mere followers of it with the treat take away a man's five senses, he could
ment they deserved. He would, by a give him an hundred. The man in difa
kilful cast of his eye and half a smile, grace shall immediately lose all his na-
make two fellows who hated, embrace tural endowments, and he that finds
and fall upon each other's neck with as favour have the attributes of an angel."
much eagerness, as it they followed their He would carry it fo far as to say, it
real inclinations, and intended to fifle should not be only so in the opinion of the
one another. When he was in high lower part of his court, but the men
good-humour, he would lay the scene themselves shall think thus meaniy or
with Eucrate, and on a public night greatly of themselves, as they are out,
exercise the paslions of his whole court, or in, the good graces of a court.
He was pleated to see an haughty beauty A monarch, who had wit and hilo
watch the looks of the man me had long mour like Pharamond, inust have plea-
detpiled, from observation of his being fures which no man else can ever have
taken notice of hy Pharamon; and the an opportunity of enjoying. He gave
lover conceive higher hopes, than to fol. fortune to none but those whom he
low the woman he was dying for the knew could receive it without transport:
day before. In a court, where men he made a noble and generous ule of
speak affection in the strongest terms, his obfervations; and did not regard bis
and dillike in the fainteft, it was a comi ministers as they were agreeable to him-
cal mixture of incidents to see dirguilés felf, but at they were useful to his king.
thrown alide in one case and increaled dom: by this means the king appeared
on the other, according as favour or in every officer of state; and no man had
disgrace attended the reipečlive objects a participation of the power, who had
of men's approbation or diteiteem. Pha not a fimilitude of the virtue of Phara-
famond, in his mirth upon the meanness mond.
of mankind, used to lay, as he could



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Y friend Will. Honeycomb is have naturally an aversion to much speakare very often absent in conversation, of ill news, elpecially when it comes too and what the French call a reveur and late to be useful, I left him to be conadifrait. A little before our club-time vinced of his mistake in due time, and last night we were walking together in continued my walk, reflecting on these Someriet garden, where Will. had pick- little absences and distractions in maned up a small pebble of fo odd a make, kind, and resolving to make them the that he said he would prefent it to a subject of a future speculation. friend of his, an entinent' virtuoso. Af. I was the more confirined in my de. ter we had walked some time, I made a sign, when I considered that they were full stop with my face towards the west, very often blenishes in the characters which Will. knowing to be my usual of men of excellent senie; and lielped to method of asking what's o'clock, in an keep up the reputation of that Latin proafternoon, immediately pulled out his verb, which Mr. Dryden has trannated watch, and told me we had seven min in the following lines: nutes good. We took a turn or two

Great wit to madness sure is near ally'd, more, when to my great surprise, I saw And thin partitions do their bounds divide. him squir away his watch a considerable way into the Thames, and with great My reader does, I hope, perceive, felateness in his looks put up the pebble, that í distinguish a man who is abhe had before found, in his fob. As I fent, becaule" he thinks of something




else, from one who is absent, because frankness, were somewhat mal à propos, he thinks of nothing at all: the latter is and undesigned. too innocent a creature to be taken no I chanced the other day to go into a tice of; but the distractions of the for. coffee - house, where Will, was standing mer may, I believe, be generally ac in the midst of several auditors whom he counted for from one of these reasons. had gathered round him, and was giving

Either their minds are wholly fixed on them an account of the person and chasome particular science, which is often racter of Moll Hinton. My appearance the cale of mathematicians and other before him just put him in mind of me, learned men; or are wholly taken up without making him reflect that I was with some violent passion, such as an actually present. So that keeping his ger, fear, or love, which ties the mind

eyes full upon me, to the great surprise to some distant object; or, lastly, these of his audience, he broke off his first distractions proceed from a certain viva. Barangue, and proceeded thus- Why city and fickleness in a man's temper, now there's my friend,' mentioning me which while it raises up infinite num by name,

« he is a fellow that thinks a bers of ideas in the mind, is continually great deal, but never opens his mouth; pushing it on, without allowing it to 'I warrant you he is now thrutting his reft on any particular image. Nothing ( Thort face into some coffee-house about therefore is more unnatural than the ' 'Change. I was his bail in the time thoughts and conceptions of such a man, • of the Popith-plot, when he was taken which are feldoin occasioned either by for a Jeluit.' If he had looked on the company he is in, or any of those me a little longer, he had certainly de. objects which are placed before hin, fcribed me to particularly, without ever While you fancy he is admiring a beau considering what led him into it, that tiful woman, it is an even wager, that the whole company inuft neceflarily have he is folving a proposition in Euclid; found me out; for which reason, reand while you may imagine he is read. membering the old proverb- Out of ing the Paris Gazette, it is far from be ' fight out of mind, I left the room; ing impossible, that he is pulling down and, upon meeting him an hour afterand rebuiiding the front of his country. wards, was asked hy him, with a great house.

deal of good-humour, in what part of At the same time that I am endea. the world I had lived, that he had not vouring to expose this weakness in others, Teen me these three days. I hall readily conferi unt I once la Monsieur Bruyere has given us the boured under the fame infirmity mytelt. character of an Absent Man, with a

The method I took to conquer it was great deal of humour, which he has pusha firm refolution to learn something from ed to an agreeable extravagance; with whatever I was obliged to fee or bear. the heads of it I shall conclude my preThere is a way of thinking, if a man can attain to it, by which he may strike Menalcas,' says that excellent aufomewhat out of any thing. I can at thor, ' comes down in a morniog, opens prelent obferve those itarts of good fenfe his door to go out, but thuts it again, and struggles of unimproved reason in because he perceives that he has his the conversation of a clown, with as night-cap on; and examining hiinfeif much fatisfaction as the moit thining pe • further finds that he is but half-Taved, riods of the most finished orator; and that he has stuck his sword on his right can make a shift to command my atten + side, that his stockings are about his tion at a Puppet-fnow or an Opera, as heels, and that his thirt is over his well as at Hamlet or Othello. I always breeches. When he is dressed, he make one of the company I am in; for goes to court, comes in the drawingthough I lay little myself, my attention

and walking bolt- upright unto others, and those nods of approbation der a branch of candlesticks, his wig which I never betlow uninerited, fuit. is caught up by one of them, and çiently thew that I am among them. hants dangling in the air.

All the Whereas Will. Honeycomb, though a ' courtiers fall a laughing, but Menal. fellow of good sense, is every day doing cas laughs louder than any of them, and saying an hundred things which he • and looks about for the person that is afterwards confeffes, with a well-bred ? the jelt of the company. Coining

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down to the court-gate he finds a • other, and is anı?zed to see in it coach, which taking for phis own, he “ My Lord, I received your Grace's whips into it; and the coachman drives “ commands with an entire submission off, not doubting but he carries his to-" If he is at an entertainment, * maiter. As soon as he itops, Me you may see the pieces of bread con

naicas throws himself out of the coach, tinually multiplying round his plate: crofles the court, ascends the ttair 'tis true the reit of the company want 'cale, and runs through all the cham ' it, as well as their knives and forks, "bers with the greateit familiarity; re ' which Menalcas does not let them

poles himself on a couch, and fancies keep long. Sometimes in a morning • himself at home. The master of the 'he puts his whole family in an hurry,

house at lait comes in, Menalcas rises " and at last goes out without being able to receive him, and desires him to sit ( to itay for his coach or dinner, and "down; he talks, muses, and then • for that day you may see him in every talks again. The gentleman of the


of the town, except the very ' house is tired and amazed; Menalcas place where he had appointed to be

is no less fo, but is every moment in upon a business of importance. You hopes that his impertinent guest will would often take him for every thing at last end his tedious vifit. Night that he is not; for a fellow quite stupid, comes on, when Menalcas is hardly • for he hears nothing; for a fool, for rundeceived.

" he talks to liimself, and has an hun. · When he is playing at backgam dred grimaces and motions with his 'mon, he calls for a full glass of wine • head, which are altogether involun. . and water; 'tis his turn to throw, he tary; for a proud man, for he looks

has the box in one hand, and his glass • full upon you, and takes no notice of

in the other, and being extremely dry, ' your faluting him; the truth on't is, ' and unwilling to lose tiine, he Twal. • his eyes are open, but he makes no

lows down both the dice, and at the I use of them, and neither sees you, nor same time throws his wine into the any man, nor any thing elle: he came tables. · He writes a letter, and fings once from his country-house, and his • the land into the ink - bottle; he writes own footmen undertook to rob him,

a second, and mistakes the superscrip- ' and succeeded: they held a flambeau . tion: a nobleman receives one of them, to his throat, and bid him deliver his ' and upon opening it reads as follows: purse; he did so, and coming home " I would have you, honest Jack, in. • told his friends he had beển robbed; " mediately upon the receipt of this, they defired to know the particulars-"take in hay enough to serve me the “ Aik my fervants," says Menalcas, Il winter." His farmer receives the “ for they were with me.”


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HE following letters are so plea- a genius appears, that it is no wonder reader will be as much diverted with what into a paper which will always live. them as I was. I have nothing to do in As to the Cambridge affair, the hualns day's entertainment, but taking the mour was really carried on in the way I sentence from the end of the Cambridge describe it. However, you have a full letter, and placing it at the front of my commission to put out or in, and to do paper; to thew the author I wish him whatever you think ft with it. I have iny companion with as much earnestneis already haid the satisfaction of seeing you as he invites ine to be his.

take that liberty with fome things I have before sent vou..

Go on, Sir, and prosper. You have Send you the inclosed, to be inserted, the best wishes of, Sir,

if you think them worthy of it, in Your very affectionate your Spectators; in which to surprising

and obliget humble servant.



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