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known that her notions of government at war, and just upon the point of giving are still the same. This unlucky mole, battle, the women, who were allied to however, has milled several coxcombs; both of them, interposed with so many and, like the hanging out of false co- tears and intreaties, that they prevented jours, made fome of them converse with the mutual flaughter which threatened Rosalinda in what they thought the fpi- both parties, and united them in a firm rit of her party, when on a sudden ihe

and lasting peace. has given them an unexpected fre, that I would recommend this noble examHras lunk them all at once. If Rosa ple to our British ladies, at a time linda is unfortunate in her mole, Nigra- when their country is torn with fo many nilla is as unhappy in a pimple, which unnatural divisions, that if they conti

forces her, against her inclinations, to nue, it will be a misfortune to be born !, patch on the Whig side.

in it. The Greeks thought it so imI am told that many virtuous ma- proper for women to interelt themselves trons, who formerly have been taught in competitions and contentions, that to believe that this artificial spotting of for this reason among others, they forthe face was unlawful, are now recon- bad them, under pain of death, to be ciled by a zeal for their cause, to what present at the Olympic games, notwiththey could not be prompted by a con- standing these were the public diversions cem for their beauty. This way of de- of all Greece. claring war upon one another, puts me As our English women excel those of in mind of what is reported of the tigress, all other nations in beauty, they should that several spots rife in her skin when endeavour to outshine them in all other fhe is angry, or as Mr. Cowley has accomplifuments proper to the fex, and imitated the verses that Atand as the to distinguish themselves as tender motuotto of this paper,

thers, and faithful wives, rather than as She swells with angry pride,

furious partisans. Female virtues are And calls forth all her spots on every side.

of a domestic turn. The family is the

proper province for private women to When I was in the theatre the time fine in. If they muit be lhewing their above-mentioned, I had the curiolity to zeal for the public, let it not be againtt count the patches on both sides, and those who are perhaps of the fame free found the Tory patches to be about mily, or at least of the same religion or twenty stronger than the Whig; but to nation, but against those who are the make amends for this small inequality, open, professed, undoubted enemies of I the ned morning found the whole their faith, liberty, and country. When puppet-how filled with faces spotted the Romans were preffed with a foreign after the Whiggish manner. Whether enemy, the ladies voluntarily contri. or no the ladies had retreated hither in buted all their rings and jewels to assist order to rally their forces, I cannot tell; the government under a public exigence, but the next night they came in so great which appeared fo laudable an action in a body to the opera, that they out- the eyes of their countrymen, that fron Bumbered the enemy.

thenceforth it was permitted by a law This account of party patches will, I to primoprogblic orations, at the fuam afraid, appear improbable to theft PICT; i: l'istit il, in praise of the dewho live at a distance from the fashion- could p-11911, wilich until that time was able world: but as it is a distinction of peephar to men. Woull our English a very singular nature, and what per- laives, izite of sticking on a patch haps may never meet with a parallel, I against thufe of their own country, thew think I should not have dilcharged the themselves 10 ruly public-spirited as to olhce of a faithful Spectator, had not I facrifice every one her necklace against recorded it.

the common enemy, what decrees ought I have, in former papers, endeavoured not to be made in favour of thein? to expose this party-rage in women, as Since I am recollecting upon this fubit only ferves to aggravate the hatreds je&t such passages as occur to my meand animofities that reign among men, wory out of ancient authors, I cannot and in a great measure deprives the fair. omit a sentence in the celebrated funeral fex of those peculiar charmıs with which oration of Pericles, which he made in Bature bis endowed them.

honour of those brave Athenians that When the Romans and Sabines were were fain in a fight with the Lacede


monisos. After having addressed him. fays he, ' I shall advise you in very felf to the several ranks and orders of few words: aspire only to those vir his countrymen, and thewn them how tues that are peculiar to your sex; fol. they fhould behave themselves in the • low your natural modesty, and think public cause, he turns to the female partit your greatest commendation not to of his audience; ' And as for you,' • be talked of one way or other.'



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Juv. Sat. 111. v. 33. HIS FORTUNE'S RUIN'D, AND HIMSELF A SLAVE. DASSING under Ludgate the other figning; and I have a pretty implement charity which I thought I had fome- cravats, handkerchiefs, and stockings, where heard before. Coming near to with proper numbers to know how to the grate, the prisoner called me by my reckon with my laundress. This being Dame, and delired I would throw forne- almost all the bufiness I have in the thing into the box: I was out of coun- world for the care of my own affairs, I tenance for him, and did as he bid me, am at full leisure to observe upon what by putting in half a crown.

n. I went others do, with relation to their equipage away, reflecting upon the strange con- and economy. stitution of some men, and how meanly When I walk the street, and observe they behave themselves in all forts of the hurry about me in this town, conditions. The person who begged of

Where with like haste, through diff'rent ways me is now, as I take it, fifty: I was

they run; ! well acquainted with him until about

Sone to undo, and some to be undone. : the age of twenty-five; at which time a

good eftate fell to him by the death of I say, when I behold this vast variety of a relation. Upon coming to this un- persons and humours, with the pains expedted good fortune, he ran into all they both take for the accomplishment the extravagancies imaginable; was fre- of the ends mentioned in the above quently in drunken disputes, broke verses of Denham, I cannot much wondrawers heads, talked and swore loud, der at the endeavour after gain, but am was annannerly to those above him, extremely astonished that men can be so and infolent to those below him. I insensible of the danger of running into could not but remark, that it was the debt. One would think it imposible a faine baseness of spirit which worked in man who is given to contract debts should his behaviour in both fortunes: the know, that his creditor has, from that fime little mind was insolent in riches, moment in which he transgreffes payand shameless in poverty. This acci- ment, so much as that demand comes dent made me mule upon the circum: to in his debtor's honour, liberty, and Itance of being in debe in general, anul fortune. One would think he did not solve in my mind what temper's were know that his creditor can say the worst most apt to fall into this error of life, thing imaginable on him, to wit, 'that as well as the misfortune it must ceeds • he is unjust,' without defamaticn; and be to languilh under such pressures. As can feize bis person without being guilty for myself, my natural aversion to that of an assault. Yet such is the loole and fort of conversation which makes a abandoned turn of some men's minds, figure with the generality of mankind, that they can live under these constant exempts me from any temptations to apprehensions, and still go on to increase expence; and all my businefs lies within the cause of them. Can there be a more a very narrow compass, which is only low and fervile condition, than to be to give an honeft man, who takes care alhamed or afraid to see any one man of my estate, proper vouchers for his breathing? Yet he that is much in debt, quarterly payments to me, and observe is in that condition with relation to what linen my laundress brings and twenty different people. There are intakes away with her once a week: my deed circumstances wherein men of hoRenard brings his receipt ready for my best na: :res may become liabie to debts, by foine unadvised behaviour in any portion as laudable in a citizen, as it is great point of their life, or mortgaging in a general never to have suffered a difa man's honelty as a lecurity for that of advantage in fight. How different from another, and the like; but thele inttances this gentleman is Jack Truepenny, who are so particular and circumstantiated, has been an old acquaintance of Sir that they cannot come within general Andrew and myself from boys, but confiderations: for one such case as one could never learn our caution. Jack of these, there are ten, where a man, to has a whorish unrefifted good-nature, keep up a farce of retinue and grandeur which makes him incapable of laving within his own house, thall fhrink at the a property in any thing.

His fortune, expectation of furly demands at his his reputation, his time and his capadoors. The debtor is the creditor's city, are at any man's service that comes criminal, and all the officers of power firit. When he was at school, he was and state, whoin we behold make so whipped thrice a week for faults he great a figure, are no other than so many took upon hiin to excuse in others; since persons in authority to make good his he came into the business of the world, charge against him.' Human society de. he has been arrested twice or thrice a pends upon his having the vengeance year for debts he had nothing to do law allots him; and the debtor owes his withi, but as surety for others; and I liberty to his neighbour, as much as the remember when a friend of his had sufmurderer does his life to his prince. fered in the vice of the town, all the

Our gentry are, generally speaking, physic his friend took was conveyed to in debt; and many families have put it him by Jack, and inscribed A bolus into a kind of method of being so from or an electuary for Mı Truepenny." generation to generation. The father Jack had a good estate left him, which mortgages when his son is very young; came to nothing; because he believed and the

boy is to marry as soon as he is all who pretended to demands upon it. at age to redeem it, and find portions This easiness and credulity destroy all for his fifters. This forfooth is no great the other merit he has; and he has all inconvenience to him; for he may wench, his life been a sacrifice to o hers, with. keep a public table, or feed dogs like a out ever receiving thanks, or doing one worthy English gentleman, until he has good action. outrun half his eltate, and leave the I will end this discourse with a speech same incumbrance upon his first-born, which I heard Jack make to one of his and so on, until one man of more vigour creditors, of whom he deserved gentler than ordinary goes quite through the usage, after lying a whole night in cuf. estate, or some man of sense comes into tody at his fuit. it, and scorns to have an estate in partnership, that is to say, liable to the de. mand or insult of any inan living. There • YOUR ingratitude for the many is my friend Sir Andrew, though for • kindnesles I have done you, shall not many years a great and general trader, I make me unthankful for the good you was never the defendant in a law- fuit, ' have done me; in letting me see there in all perplexity of business, and the ' is such a man as you in the world, iniquity of mankind at present: no one • I am obliged to you for the diffidence had any colour for the least complaint " I fall have all the rest of my life: “ ! against his dealings with him. This is " thall hereafter trust no man 1o far as certainly as uncommon, and in it's pro- " to be in his debt,"





VIRG. ÆN, I. v. 468.


WH HEN the weather hinders me visit any thing curious that may be seert

from taking my diversiços with- under covert. My principal entertain out doors, I frequently make a little ments of this nature are pictures, info: party with two or three telect friends, to much that when I have found the wea:


ther set in to be very bad, I have taken him. He was dressed like a German, a whole day's journey to see a gallery and had a very hard name that founded that is furnished by the hands of great something like Stupidity. matters. By this means, when the hea- The third artist that I looked over vens are filled with clouds, when the was Fantasque, dresled like a Veneearth swims in rain, and all nature wears tian scaramouch. He had an excellent a louring countenance, I withdraw my- hand at a Chimera, and dealt very much self from these uncomfortable scenes in distortions and grimaces. He would into the visionary worlds of art; where sometimes affright himself with the I meet with thining landskips, gilded phantoms that flowed from his pencil. triumphs, beautiful faces, and all those In short, the most elaborate of his pieces other objects that fill the mind with gay was at belt but a terrifying dream; and ideas, and disperse that gloominess which one could say nothing more of his finest is apt to hang upon it in those dark dir- figures, than that they were agreeable concolate seasons.

monsters. I was some weeks ago in a course of The fourth person I examined, was these diverlions; which had taken such very remarkable for his halty hand, an intire poffeffion of my imagination, which left his pictures so unfinished, that that they formed in it a short morning's the beauty in the picture, which was dedream, which I shall communicate to signed to continue as a monument of it to my reader, rather as the first sketch and porterity, faded sooner than in the peroutlines of a vision, than as a finihed son after whom it was drawn. He piece.

made fo much halte to dispatch his buI dreamed that I was admitted into a finess, that he neither gave himself time long spacious gallery, which had one to clean his pencils, nor mix his colours. fide covered with pieces of all the fa- The name of this expeditious workman mous painters who are now living, and was Avarice. the other with the works of the greatest Not far from this artist I saw another masters that are dead.

of a quite different nature, who was On the side of the living, I saw several dressed in the habit of a Dutchman, and persons busy in drawing, colouring, known by the name of Industry. His and designing; on the side of the dead figures were wonderfully laboured: if painters, I could not discover more than he drew the portraiture of a man, he one person at work, who was exceeding did not omit a single hair in his face; if flow in his motions, and wonderfully the figure of a ship, there was not a nice in his touches.

rope among the tackle that escaped him. I was resolved to examine the fexeral He had likewise hung a great part of the artists that stood before me, and accord- wall with night-pieces, that seemed to ingly applied myself to the side of the hew themselves by the candles which living. The first I observed at work were lighted up in several parts of them; in this part of the gallery was Vanity, and were so infamed by the fun-thine with his hair tied behind him in a rib- which accidentally fell upon them, that bon, and dressed like a Frenchman. at first light I could scarce forbear cryAll the faces he drew were very remark. ing out-Fire. able for their smiles, and a certain imirk- The five foregoing artists were the ing air which he bestowed indifferently most considerable on this side the gal. on every age and degree of either sex. Jery; there were indeed several others The toujours gai appeared even in his whom I had not time to look into, judges, bishops, and privy-counsellors: One of them, however, I could not forin a word, all his men were Petits Mai- bear observing, who was very busy in tres, and all his women Coquets. The retouching the finest pieces, though he drapery of his figures was extremely produced no originals of his own. His well fuited to his faces, and was made pencil aggravated every feature that was up of all the glaring colours that could before overcharged, loaded every defect, be mixed together; every part of the and poisoned every colour it touched. dress was in a futter, and endeavoured Though this workman did so much to distinguish itself above the rest. mischief on the side of the living, he

On the left-hand of Vanity stood a never turned his eye towards that of the laborious workman, who I found was dead. His name was Envy. hus humble admirer, and copied after Having taken a cursory view of one

lide of the gallery, I turned myself to of the gallery, creeping up and down that which was filled by the works of from one picture to another, and rethose great masters that were dead: when touching all the fine pieces that stood immediately I fancied myself itanding before me, I could not but be very atbefore a multitude of spectators, and tentive to all his motions. I found his thousands of eyes looking upon me pencil was so very light, that it worked at once; for all before me appeared to imperceptibly, and after a thousand like men and women, that I almott for. touches, scarce produced any vitible efgot they were pictures. Raphael's feet in the picture on which he was emfigures stood in one row, Titian's in ployed. However, as he bused hiin. another, Guido Rheni's in a third. One felt incessantly, and repeated touch af. part of the wall was peopled by Han- ter touch without rett or intermillion, nibal Carrache, another by Corregio, he wore off infenfibiy every little difand another by Rubens. To be íhort, agreeable glofs that hung upon a figure. there was not a great master among the He also added such a beautiful brown dead who had not contributed to the to the shades, and mellowness to the co. embellishment of this fide of the gallery. lours, that he made every picture appear The pertors that owed their being to more perfect than when it came fresh these several maiters, appeared all of from the master's pencil. I could not them to be real and alive, and differed forbear looking upon the face of this among one another only in the variety ancient workman, and immediately, by of their shapes, complexions, and cloaths; the long lock of hair upon his forehead, fo that they looked like different nations discovered him to be Time. of the same species.

Whether it were because the thread of Observing an old man, who was the my dream was at an end I cannot tell, fame perfon I before mentioned, as the but upon my taking a survey of this only artist that was at work on this fide imaginary old man, my sleep left me.




VIRG. ÆN.II. v, 6.



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OOKING over the old manu- of business and fatigue of ceremony,

Script wherein the private actions ' made a signal to Eucrate, by putung of Pharamond are fet down by way of • his hand to his face, placing his arm table-book, I found many things which ' negligently on a window, or lome such gave me great delight; and as human " action as appeared indifferent to all the life turns upon the same principles and relt of the company. Upon such no. passions in all ages, I thought it very pro- ' tice, unobserved by others, for their per to take minutes of what palied in that • intire intimacy was always a secret, age, for the instruction of this. The anti. • Eucrate repaired to his own apartment quary, who lent me these papers, gave ! to receive the king. There was a se. me a character of Eucrate, the favourite cret accels to this

part of the court, at of Pharamund, exuracted from an au

which Eucrate used to admit many thor who lived in that court,

The ac

' whole mean appearance in the eyes of count he gives both of the prince and • the ordinary waiters and door-keepers this his faithful friend, will not be im- • made them to be repulsed from other pr«per to intert here, because I may have parts of the palace. Such as these occasion to mention many of their con- were let in here by order of Eucrate, vertations, into which thefe memorials ' and had audiences of Pharamond. of them may give light.

• This entrance Pharamond called • Pharamond, when he had a mind to “ The Gate of the Unhappy," and the • retire for an hour or two from the hurry tears of the aflicted who came before

• him,

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