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hon to loquacity, give me a good deal deed a little poetical ornament; and to
of employment when I enter any house thew the genius of the author ainidit all
in the country; for I cannot for my his fimplicity, it is just the same kind
heart leave a room, before I have tho of fi&tion which one of the greatest of
roughly ftudied the walls of it, and ex the Latin poets has made use of upon
amined the several printed papers which a parallel occasion; I mean that passion
are usually pafted upon them. The last in Horace, where he describes himself
piece that I met with upon this occasion when he was a child, fallen afeep in a
gave me a moft exquisite pleasure. My desert wood, and corered with leaves by
Icader will think I am not serious, when the turtles that took pity on hini.
I acquaint him that the piece I am going
to speak of was the old ballad of the Me fabulofa Vulture in Apula,
'Two Children in the Wood,' which Altricis exira limen Apulia,
is one of the darling songs of the com Ludo fatigarumque fom.no
mon people, and has been the delight of

Fronde ncvá puerum palumbes.

OD. IV. I. 3. v.ge most Englishmen in some part of their

In lofty Vulture's rifing grounde, This song is a plain simple copy of Without my nurse Apulia's bounds, nature, deftitute of the helps and orna When young, and tir'd with sport and play, ments of art. The tale of it is a pretty And bound with pleafing sleep I lay, tragical story, and pleases for no other Doves cover'd me with myrile boughs. reason but because it is a copy of nature.

CRELCK. There is even a despicable fimplicity in the verse; and yet because the sentiments I have heard that the late Lord Dorappear genuine and unaffected, they are set, who had the greatest wit tempered able to move the mind of the most polite with the greatest candour, and was one reader with inward meltings of huma- of the finest critics as well as the best nity and compassion. The incidents poets of his age, had a numerous colgrow out of the subject, and are such lection of old English ballads, and took 25 are the most proper to excite pity; for a particular pleasure in the reading of which reason the whole narration has them. I can affirm the fame of Mr. something in it very moving, notwith. Dryden, and know several of the most Standing the author of it, whoever he refined writers of our present age who was, has delivered it in such an abject are of the same hunour. phrafe and poorness of exprellion, that I might likewise refer my reader to the quoting any part of it would look Moliere's thoughts on this subject, as like a defign of turning it into ridicule. he has expressed them in the character But though the language is mean, the of the Milanthrope; but those only who thoughts, as I have before said, from are endowed with a true greatness of soul one end to the other, are natural, and and genius can divest themselves of the therefore cannot fail to please those who images of ridicule, and admire nature in are not judges of language, or those her fimplicity and nakedness. As for who, notwithstanding they are judges of the little conceited wits of the age, who language, have a true and unprejudiced can only thew their judgment by findo taste of nature. The condition, speech, ing fault, they cannot be supposed to and behaviour of the dying parents, with admire these productions which have no. the age, innocence, and distress of the thing to recommend them but the beau. children, are set forth in such tender ties of nature, when they do not know circumstances, that it is impossible for a how to relish even those compositions reader of common humanity not to be that, with all the beauties of nature, affected with them. As for the circum. have also the additional advantages of tance of the Robin-red-breast, it is in.






Ovid. MET. L. II. v. 4474



HERE are several arts which all I think we may be better known by our

men are in fome measure masters looks than by our words, and that a of, without having been at the pains of man's speech is much more easily dir. learning them. Every one that speaks guiled than his countenance. In this or reasons is a grammarian and a logi-, cale, however, I think the air of the cian, though he may be wholly unac whole face is much more expressive than quainted with the rules of grammar or the lines of it: the truth of it is, the logic, as they are delivered in books and air is generally nothing else but the inSystems. In the same manner, every ward disposition of the mind made vione is in some degree a master of that art Gible. which is generally diftinguished by the Those who have eltablished phyfiog. name of Physiog omy; and naturally nomy into an art, and laid down rules forms to himself the character or fortune of judging men's tempers by their faces, of a ftranger, from the features and have regarded the features much more lineaments of his face.

We are no

than the air. Martial has a pretty episooner presented to any one we never gram on this subject faw before, but we are immediately Crine ruber, niger ore, brevis pede, lamine fuck with the idea of a proud, a re lafus: ferved, an affable, or a good-natured Rem magnam præftas Zoile, li bonus es. man; and upon our first going into a

EPIG. LIV. 1. 12. company of strangers, our benevolence

Thy beard and head are of a diff'rent dye; or aversion, awe or contempt, rises na

Short of one foot, distorted in an eye: turally towards several particular per With all there tokens of a knave compleat, sons, before we have heard them speak Should ft thou be honest, thou'st a dev'lish a single word, or so much as know who cheat, they are.

Évery paffion gives a particular cast I have seen a very ingenious author to the countenance, and is apt to dif on this subject, who founds his fpecu. cover itself in some feature or other. I lations on the suppofition, that as a man have seen an eye curse for half an hour hath in the mould of his face a remote together, and an eyebrow call a man a likeness to that of an ox, a sheep, a lion, scoundrel. Nothing is more common an hog, or any other creature; he hath than for lovers to complain, resent, lan the same resemblance in the frame of guish, despair, and die in dumb fhow. his mind, and is subject to those passions For my own part, I am so apt to frame which are predominant in the creature a notion of every man's humour or cir- that appears in his countenance. Accumstances by his looks, that I have cordingly he gives the prints of several sometimes employed myself from Cha- faces that are of a different mould, and ring Cross to the Royal Exchange in by a little overcharging the likeness, drawing the characters of those who discovers the figures of these several kinds have passed by me.

When I see a man of brutal faces in human features. I with a sour rivelled face, I cannot for- remember, in the life of the famous bear pitying his wife; and when I meet Prince of Conde, the writer observes, with an open ingenuo

uous countenance, the face of that prince was like the face think on the happiness of his friends, of an eagle, and that the prince was his family, and relations.

very well pleased to be told so. In this I cannot recollect the author of a fa- case, therefore, we may be sure, that mous saying to a stranger who stood he had in his mind some general impli. filent in his company, Speak that I cit notion of this art of physiognomy • may see thee.'' But with submission, which I have just now mentioned; and


that when his courtiers told him his face did not know he was then in company was made like an eagle's, he understood with him. After a mort examination them in the fame manner as if they had of his face, the phyfiognomist pronounctold him, there was something in his ed him the most lewd, libidinous, looks which thewed him to be strong, drunken old fellow that he had ever met active, piercing, and of a royal descent. with in his whole life. Upon which Whether or no the different motions of the disciples all burst out a laughing, the animal spirits, in different paffions, as thinking they had detected the fall. may have any effect on the mould of hood and vanity of his art. But Sothe face when the lineaments are pliable crates told them, that the principles of and tender, or whether the same kind his art might be very true, notwithltand. of souls require the same kind of habi- ing his present mistake: for that he hip. tations, I shall leave to the consideration felt was naturally inclined to those parof the curious. In the mean time I ticular vices which the physiognomist think nothing can be more glorious than had discovered in his countenance, but for a man to give the lye to his face, that he had conquered the strong difand to be an honest, just, good-natured positions he was born with by the dicman, in spite of all those marks and sig. tates of philosophy. natures which nature seems to have set We are indeed told by an ancient auupon him for the contrary. This very thor, that Socrates very inuch resembled often happens among those, who, in- Silenus in his face; which we find to Head of being exasperated by their own have been very rightly observed from looks, or envying the looks of others, the statues and butts of both, that are apply themselves intirely to the culti- ftill extant; as well as on several antique vating of their minds, and getting those seals and precious stones, which are fre. beauties which are more lasting and quently enough to be met vith in the more ornamental. I have seen many cabinets of the curious. But however an amiable piece of deformity; and have obfervations of this nature may fomeobserved a certain chearfulness in as times hold, a wise man should be par. bad a system of features as ever was ticularly cautious how he gives credit clapped together, which hath appeared to a man's outward appearance. It is more lovely than all the blooming charms an irreparable injustice we are guilty of of an intolent beauty. There is a towards one another, when we are predouble praise due to virtue, when it is judiced by the looks and features of lodged in a body that seems to have those whom we do not know. How been prepared for the reception of vice; often do we conceive hatred againit a in many such cases the soul and the person of worth, or fancy a man to be boly do not seem to be fellows. proud or ill-natured by his aspect,

Socrates was an extraordinary instance whom, we think, we cannot esteem too of this nature. There chanced to be a much when we are acquainted with his great physiognomist in his time at Athens, real character! Dr. Moore, in his ad. who had made strange discoveries of mirable system of Ethics, reckons this men's tempers and inclinations by their particular inclination to take a prejudice outward appearances. Socrates's dif- against a man for his looks, ainong the ciples, that they might put this artist to smaller vices in morality, and, if I re. the trial, carried him to their master, member, gives it the name of a Proso. whom he had never seen before, and poleplia.




VIRG, ECL. II. v. 17.




my (peculations to bring people to or defective. · As the fecrets of the Ugly un unconcerned behaviour, with rela. Club were exposed to the public, that


men mig!ıt see there were some noble catissa have been admitted with so much fpirits in the age, who are not at all dif- applause. I do not want to be put in pleased with themselves upon considera- mind how very defective I am in every tions which they had no choice in; fo thing that is ugly: I am too sensible of the discourse concerning Idols tended to my own unworthiness in this particular, IefTen the value people put upon them. and therefore I only propose myself as a selves from personal advantages and foil to the club. gifts of nature. As to the latter species

You see how honest I have been to of mankind, the Beauties, whether male confess all my imperfe&tions, which is or female, they are generally the most a great deal to come from a woman, and untractable people of all others. You what I hope you will encourage with the are fo excellively perplexed with the favour of your interest. particularities in their behaviour, that, There can be no objection made on to be at ease, one would be apt to wish the side of the matchleis Hecatilla, since there were no fuch creatures. They it is certain I shall be in no danger of expect so great allowances, and give so giving her the least occasion of jealousy: little to others, that they who have to do and then a joint-stool in the very lowelt with them find in the main, a man with place at the table, is all the honour that a better person than ordinary, and a is coveted by your most hunible and beautiful woman, might be very happily obedient servant,

ROSALINDA changed for fuch to whom nature has been lefs liberal. The handsome fel

P.S. I have sacrificed my necklace low is usually so much a gentleman, and

to put into the public lottery against the the fine woman has foinething so be

coinmon enemy. And last Saturday, coming, that there is no enduring either about three of the clock in the after. of them. It has therefore been gene noon, I began to patch indifferently on rally my choice to mix with chearful both sides of


face, ugly creatures, rather than gentlemen who are graceful enough to omit or do

LONDON, JUNE 7, 1711. what they please; or beauties who have

MR. SPICTATOR, charms enough to do and say what would be disobliging in any but them. UPON reading your fate differtation

concerning Idols, I cannot but comfelves. Diffidence and presumption, upon ac

plain to you that there are, in fix or

seven places of this city, coffee-houses count of our persons, are equally faults; kept by persons of that fisterhood. These and both arise from the want of know- idols fit and receive all day long the adoing, or rather endeavouring to know, ration of the youth within such and such ourlelves, and for what we ought to be districts: I know in particular, goods valued or neglected. But indeed, I did sot imagine these little considerations the Custom-house, nor Iaw-reports per

are not entered as they ought to be at and coquetries could have the ill confe

used at the Temple; by reason of one quence as I find they have by the fol- beauty who detains the young merchanis lowing letters of my correspondents,

too long near 'Change, and another where it seems beauty is thrown into the accompt, in matters of sale, to those who house when they should be at study. It

fair-one who keeps the students at her receive no farour from the charmers.

would be worth your while to see how

the idolaters alternately offer incense to MR. SPECTATOR,

JUNI 4. their Idols, and what heart-burnings Α'

FTER I have allured you I am in arise in those who wait for their turn to

every respect one of the handsomest receive kind aspects from those little young girls about town, I need ve par- thrones, which all the company, but ticular in nothing but the make of my these lovers, call the bars. I saw a face, which has the misfortune to be gentleman turn as pale as alhes, beexactly oval.

This I take to proceed cause an Idol turned the sugar into a froin a temper that naturally inclines tea-dish for his rival, and tarelessly callme both to speak and to hear.

ed the boy to serve him, with a SirWith this account you may wonder • rah! why do you not give the gentlehow I can have the vanity to offer my- • man the box to please himself ?' Çerself as a candidate, which I now do, to tain it is, that a very hopeful young a Society, where the Spectator and He. man was taken with leads in his pockets


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