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upon the plucking of a merry-thought. are natural to the soul of man. The A screech-owi at midnight has alarined horror with which we entertain the a family more than a band of robbers; thoughts of death (or indeed of any funay, the voice of a cricket hath ftruck ture evil) and the uncertainty of it's ap. more terror than the roaring of a lion. proach, fill a melancholy mind with in. There is nothing to inconsiderable, which numerable apprehentions and suspicions, may not appear dieadrul to an imagina. and consequently difpofe it to the obfertion that is filled with omens and prog- vation of such groundless prodigies and noftics. A ruity nail, or a crooked pin, predictions. For as it is the chief con. hoot up into prolizies.

cern of wise men to retrench the evils of I remember I was once in a mixt as life by the reasonings of philosophy; it sembly, that was full of noise and mırth, is the employment of fools to multiply when on a sudden an old womar un them by the sentiments of superstition. luckily observed there was thirteen of us For my own part, I should be very in company. This remark ftruck a panic much troubled were I endowed with this terror into several who were present, in- divining quality, though it should insomuch that one or two of the ladies form me truly of every thing that can were going to leave the room; but a helal me. I would not anticipate the friend of mine taking notice that one of relish of any happiness, nor feel the oar female companions was big with weight of any misery, before it actually child, aifiimed there were fourteen in arrives. the room, and that, initead of portend I know but one way of fortifying my ing one of the company should die, it foul against these gloomy prelages and plainly foretold one of them should be terrors of mind, and that is, by securing born. Had not my friend found this to myself the friendship and protection expedient to break the omen, I question of that Being who disposes of events, not but half the women in the company and governs futurity. He sees at one would have fallen fick that very night. view, the whole thread of my existence,

An old maid, that is troubled with not only that part of it which I have althe vapours, produces infinite disturb. ready palled through, but that whicha ances of this kind among her friends runs forward into all the depths of eterand neighbours. I know a maiden nity. When I lay me down to Nleep, I aunt, of a great family, who is one of recommend myself to his care; when I these antiquated Sibyls, that forebodes awake, I give myself up to his direction. and prophesies from one end of the year Amidit all the evils that threaten me, I to the other. She is always seeing ap. will look up to him for help, and ques. paritions, and hearing deathwatches; and tion not but he will either avert them, was the other day almoft frighted out of or turn them to my advantage. Though her wits by the great houle-dog, that I know neither the time nor the manner howied in the stabie at a time when the of the death I ain to die, I am not at all lay ill of the tooth-ach. Such an extra- folicitous about it; because I am sure vagant cat of mind engages multitudes that he knows them both, and that he of people not only in impertinent terrors, will not fail to comfort and support me but in supernumerary duties of life; and under them.

с arises from that fear and ignorance which



VIRG. ÆN. 1.415.


I Shall here communicate to the world tainment as any that I am able to furnila

a couple of letters, which I believe him with, and therefore Thall make 19 will give the reader as good an enter- apology for them.


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their numbers are so very great, that I TO THE SPECTATOR, &c.

ain afraid they would be able to rout our SIR,

whole fraternity, though we were acI

Am one of the directors of the So- companied with all our guard of conciety for the reformation of manners,

Itables. Both these reasons, which reand therefore think myself a proper per

cure them from our authority, make fon for your correspondence. I have them obnoxious to yours; as both their thoroughly examined the present state of difguile and their numbers will give no religion in Great Britain, and am able particular person reason to think himself to acquaint you with the predominant afronted by you. vice of every market-town in the whole If we are rightly informed, the rules iland. I can tell you the progress that that are observed by this new fociety are virtue has made in all our cities, bo. wonderfully contrived for the advance. roughs, and corporations; and know ment of cuckoldom. The women either as well the evil practices that are con come by themselves, or are introduced mitted in Berwick or Exeter, as what by friends, who are obliged to quit is done in my own family. In a word, them, upon their first entrance, to the Sir, I have iny correspondents in the re. conversation of any body that addresses motest parts of the nation, who send me himself to them. There are several rooms up punctual accounts from time to time where the parties may retire, and if they of all the little irregularities that fall please, thew their faces by confent. under their notice in their several di- Whispers, squeezes, nods, and embraces, stricts and divisions.

are the innocent freedoms of the place. I am no less acquainted with the par. In short, the whole design of this libi. ticular quarters and regions of this great dinous assembly seems to terminate in town, tha: with the different parts and aflignations and intrigues; and I hope distributions of the whole nation. I can you will take effe&tual methods by your de cribe every parish by it's impieties, public advice and admonitions, to preand can tell you in which of our streets vent tuch a promiscuous multitude of lewdress prevaiis, which gaming has both fixes from meeting together in fo taken the posession of, and where drunk

clandestine a manner. I am, your humenness has got the better of them both. ble servant, and fellow-labourer, When I am disposed to raise a fine for

T.B. the poor, I know the lanes and alleys that are inhabited by common swearers. Not long after the perufal of this letter When I would encourage the hospital I received another upon the same fub. of Bridewell, and improve the hempen ject; which, by the date and tile of it, manufacture, I am very well acquaint- I take to be written by some young ed with all the haunts and resorts of fe. Templar. wale night-walkers. After this thort account of myself, I

MIDDLE TEMPLE, 1710-11. must let you know, that the design of WHEN a man has been guilty of this paper is to give you information of any vice or folly, I think the best a certain irregular assembly, which I atonement he can make for it, is to warn think falls very properly under your ob others not to fall into the like. In orfervation, especially fince the persons it der to this I muit acquaint you, that is composed of are criminals too consi some time in February last I went to the derable for the animadversions of our son Tuesday's masquerade. Upon my fift ciety. I mean, Sir, the Midnight Mask, going in I was atiacked by half a dozen which has of late been very frequently feinale Quakers, who seemed willing to held in one of the most conspicuous parts adopt me for a brother; but upon a nearer of the town, and which I hear will be examination, I found they were a filtercontinued with additions and improve. hood of coquettes difguifed in that prements. As all the persons who com cile habit. I was toon after taken out pose this lawless allembly are marketi, to dance, and, as I fancied, by a wowe dare not attack any of them in our man of the first quality, for she was way, left we should send a woman of very tall, and moved gracefully. As quality to Bridewell, or a peer of Great foon as the minuet was over, we ogled Britain to the Counter: bcfides that, one another through our masks; and as

I am


I am very well read in Waller, I repeat- tures, but I had not lived in this golden ed to her the four following reries out dream above three days before I found of his poem to Vandike:

good reason to wish that I had continued The heedle's lover does not know,

true to my laundress. I have since Whose eyes they are that wound him fo;

heard, by a very great accident, that. But confounded with thy art,

this fine lady does not live far from CoInquires her name that has his heart.

vent Garden, and that I am not the first

cully whom she has passed herfelf upon I pronounced these words with such a for a countess. languishing air, that I had some reason to Thus, Sir, you fee how I have mir. conclude I had made a conqueft. She taken a Cloud for a Juno; and if you told me that the hoped my face was not can make


use of this adventure, for akin to my tongue; and looking upon the benefit of those who may poslihly be her watch, I accidentally discovered the as vain young coxcombs as myself, figure of a coronet on the back part of I do most heartily give you leave. I am, it . I was fo transported with the thought Sir, your most humble adınirer, of such an amour, that I plied her from

B. L. one room to another with all the gallantries I could invent; and at length I design to visit the next masquerade brought things to so happy, an issue, that myself, in the same habit I wore at he gave me a private meeting the next Grand Cairo; and till then shall suspend day, without page or footman, coach my judgınent of this midnight enterer equipage. My heart danced in rap tainment.

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Jur. SAT. XV. 163.


AN is said to be a sociable ani. force his way through it, the folding

mal; and, as an instance of it, doors were immediately thrown open for we may observe, that we take all occa his reception, and he was faluted as a bons and pretences of forming ourselves brother. I have heard that this club, into those little nocturnal airemblies, though it consisted but of fifteen perfons,., which are commonly known by the nnine weighed above three tun. of Clubs. When a set of men find them In opposition to this fociety, there felves agree in any particular, though sprung up another composed of scarenever lo trivial, they establish themfelves crows and skeletons, who being very into a kind of fraternity, and meet once meagre and envious, did all they could of twice a week, upon the account of to thwart the deligns of their bulky fach a fantastic resemblance. I know brethren, whom they represented as men a considerable market-town, in which of dangerous principles; till at length there was a club of fat men, that did they worked them out of the favour of E.Ol come together, as you may well fup- the people, and consequently out of the pole, to entertajn one another with magiftracy. These factions tore the corsprightliners and wit, but to keep one poration in picces for several years, till another in countenance; the room where at length they came to this accommodathe club met was something of the tion; that the two bailiffs of the towa

largest, and had two entrances, the one slould be annually cholen out of the | by a door of a moderate lize, and the two clulis; by which means the princi

other by a pair of folding doors. If a pal magiftrates are at this day coupled Candidate for this corpulent club could like rabbits, one fat and one lean. make his entrance through the first, he Every one has heard of the club, or was losked upon as unqualified; but if rather the confederacy of the Kings. ba stuck in the pallage, and could not This grand alliance was formed a little



after the return of King Charles the Se- most of the members of it being put to cond, and admitted into it men of all the sword, or hanged, a little after it's qualities and professions, provided they institution. agreed in the furname of King, which, Our modern celebrated clubs are as they imagined, sufficiently declared founded upon eating and drinking, which the owners of it to be altogether un are points wherein molt men agree, and tainted with republican and antino- in which the learned and illiterate, the narchical principles.

dull and the airy, the philosopher and A Christian name has likewise been the buffoon, can all of them bear a part. often used as a badge of distinction, and The Kit-Cat itself is said to have taken made the occasion of a club. That of it's original from a mutton-pye. The the George's, which used to meet at the Beaf-Steak, and O&tober Clubs, are sign of the George on St. George's day, neither of thein averse to eating and and swear before George, is still freih drinking, if we may form a judgment in every one's memory.

of them from their respective titles. There are at present in several parts When men are thus knit together by of this city what they call Street Clubs, a love of society, not a spirit of faction, in which the chief inhabitants of the and do not meet to censure or annoy ftreet converse together every night. I those that are absent, but to enjoy one remember, upon my enquiring after another; when they are thus combined lodgings in Ormond Street, the land- for their own improvement, or for the lord, to recommend that quarter of the good of others, or at least to relax themtown, told me, there was at that time a felves from the business of the day, by very good club in it; he also told me, an innocent and chearful conversation, upon farther discourse with him, that there may be something very useful in two or three noisy country-Iquires, who these little institutions and establishwere settled there the year before, had considerably sunk the price of house I cannot forbear concluding this paper rent; and that the club (to prevent the with a scheme of laws that I met with like inconveniences for the future) had upon a wall in a little alehouse: how I thoughts of taking every house that be

came thither I may inform my reader at came vacant into their own hands, till

a more convenient time. These law's they had found a tenant for it, of a fo.

were enacted by a knot of artisans and ciable nature, and good conversation. mechanics, who used to meet every

The Hum-Drum Club, of which I night; and as there is something in them was formerly an unworthy member, was which gives us a pretty picture of low made up of very honest gentlemen, of life, I fhall transcribe them word for peaceable dispositions, that used to fit word. together, smoke their pipes, and say no. thing till midnight. The Mum Club, as I am informed, is an institution of

TO BE OBSERVED IN THE the same nature, and as great an enemy


THIS PLACE, FOR THE PRESERAfter these two innocent societies, I cannot forbear mentioning a


mir GOOD NEIGHBOURHOOD, chievous one, that was erected in the reign of King Charles the Second; I 1. Every member at his first coming mean the Club of Duellifts, in which in shall lay down his two-pence. none was to be admitted that had not 11. Every member Mall fill his pipe fought his man. The president of it out of his own box. was said to have killed half a dozen in III. If any member absents himself, fingle combat; and as for the other inem. he shall forfeit a penny for the use of the bers, they took their seats according to club, unless in case of fickness or imthe number of their Nain. There was prisonment. likewise a side-table, for such as had iv. If any member swears or curses, only drawn blood, and Mewn a laudable his neighbour may give him a kick upon ambition of taking the first opportu- the Thins. nity to qualify themselves for the first

v. If any member tells stories in the table. This club conuiting only of club that are not true, he shall forfeit nen of honour, did riot continue long, for every third lye an halfpenny..






vi. If any member strikes another xi. None of the club Thall have his wrongfully, he shall pay his club for cloaths or shoes made or mended, but him.

by a brother-member. vu. If any member brings his wife x11. No'Non-juror fall be capable of into the club, he shall pay for whatever being a member. Me drinks or sinokes.

vuit. If any member's wife comes to The morality of this little club is fetch him home from the club, Me Mall guarded by such wholesome laws and speak to himn without the door.

penalties, that I question not but my 1x. If any member calls another reader will be as well pleased with them, cuckold, he shall be turned out of the as he would have been with the Leges club.

Convivales of Ben Jonson, the reguX. None shall be admitted into the lations of an old Roman club cited by club that is of the same trade with any Lipfius, or the rules of a Symposium in miember of it.

an ancient Greek author.






[T is with much fatisfaction that I len. The mind that lies fallow but à

hear this great city enquiring day by single day, sprouts up in follies that are day after these my papers, and receiving only to be killed by a constant and army morning lectures with a becoming fiduous culture. It was said of Socra. feriousness and attention. My publisher tes, that he brought philosophy down tells me, that there are already three from Heaven, to inhabit among men; thousand of them distributed every day; and I fall be ambitious to have it said so that if I allow twenty readers to every of me, that I have brought philosophy paper, which I look upon as a modešt out of closets and libraries, schools

and computation, I may reckon about three colleges, to dwell in clubs and affeinscore thousand disciples in London and blies, at tea-tables and in coffee - houses. Weltminster, who I hope will take I would therefore in a very particular care to distinguish themselves from the . manner recommend these my fpeculations thoughtless herd of their ignorant and to all well-regulated families, that set a. unattentive brethren. Since I have part an hour in every morning for tea and raised to myself so great an audience, I bread and butter; and would earnestly thall spare no pains to make their in- advise them for their good to order this fruction agreeable, and their diversion paper to be punctually served up, and useful. For which reasons I thall en to be looked upon as a part of the teadeavour to enliven morality with wit, equipage, and to temper wit with morality, that Sir Francis Bacon observes, that a my readers may, if possible, both ways well-written book, compared with it's find their account in the speculation of rivals and antagonists

, is like Moses's the day. And to the end that their vir- ferpent, that immediately fwallowed up tue and discretion may not be short, and devoured those of the Ægyptians. transient, intermitting starts of thought, I shall not be so vain as to think, that I have relolved to refresh their memo where the Spectator appears, the other ries from day to day, till I have reco- public prints will vanish; but shall leave vered them out of that desperate state of it to my readers consideration, whether vice and folly into which the age is fal. it is not much better to be let into the

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