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partial distribution of fame


the • of a widow-woman, and was a great great men of the present age.

• húmourist in all parts of his life. I cannot forbear entertaining myself · This is all we can affirm with any very often with the idea of such an ima • certainty of his person and character, ginary historian defcribing the reign of • As for his speculations, notwithstandAnne the First, and introducing it with ' ing the several obsolete words and ob. a preface to his reader, that he is now scure phrases of the age in which he entering upon the most fining part of lived, we itill underitand enough of the Englis story. The great rivals in " them to see the diversions and characfame will be then distinguished accord ters of the English nation in his time: ing to their respective merits, and shine ' not but that we are to make allowin their proper points of light. . Such ance for the mirth and humour of the • an one,' lays the historian, though ' author, who has doubtless ftrained ' variously represented by the writers of many representations of things beyond • his own age, appears to have been a • the truth. For if we interpret his

man of more than ordinary abilities, words in their litera} meaning, we great application, and uncommon in ' must suppose that women of the first

tegrity: nor was such an one, though quality used to pass away whole mornof an opposite party and intereft, in ings at a puppet- show: that they at. • ferior to him in any of these respects.' telted their principles by their patches : The several antagoniits who now endea that an audience would fit out an vour to depreciate one another, and are evening to hear a dramatical performcelebrated or traduced by different par written in a language which they ties, will then have the same body of • did not understand: that chairs and admirers, and appear i lustrious in the ' flower-pots were introduced as actors opinion of the whole British nation.

upon the British Itage: that a promis. The deserving man, who can now re cuous afsembly of men and women commend himself to the esteeir of but were allowed to meet at midnight in half his countrymen, will then receive 'masques within the verge of the court: the approbations and applauses of a ' with many improbabilities of the like

We must therefore, in these Among the several persons that fou • and the like cases, suppose that these rih in this glorious reign, there is no remote hints and allusions aimed at question but such a future historian, as i fome certain follies which were then the person of whom I am speaking, will ' in vogue, and which at present we make mention of the men of genius and have not any notion of. We may learning, who have now any figure in guess by several passages in the Spe. the British nation. For my own part, • culations, that there were writers who I often flatter myself with the honour endeavoured to detract from the works able mention which will then be made • of this author; but as nothing of this of ine; and have drawn up a paragraph nature is coine down to us, we can. in my own imagination, that I fancy not guess at any objections that could will not be altogether unlike what will be made to his paper. If we confibe found in some page or other of this • der his file with that indulgence imaginary historian.

• which we muft Mew to old English • It was under this reign,' says he, • writers, or if we look into the variety • that the Spectator published those little. • of his subjects, with thote several cri• diurnal ellays which are itill extant. • tical differtations, moral reflections, ( We know very little of the name or • person of this author, except only that • he was a man of a very short face, • extremely addicted to silence, and so

great a fover of knowledge, that he 'made a voyage to Grand Cairo for no ' other reason but to take the measure • of a pyramid. His chief friend was The following part of the paragraph «cne Sir Roger de Coverley, a whimsi- is so much to my advantage, and be • cal country knight, and a Templar yond any thing I can pretend to, that I i whose naine he has not transinitted to hope my reader will excule me for not ile lived as a lodger at the houlè inderting it.


whole age.



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PHÆDR. FAB. Xrv. L. 3.




lowing letter a satire upon coquettes, eafy motion, and stands in a readiness or a representation of their several faná to receive the next word of command. taftical accomplishments, or what other All this is done with a close fan, and is title to give it; but as it is I Mall com generally learned in the firft week. municate it to the public. It will suffi. The next motion is that of “unfurl. ciently explain it's own intentions, lo ing the fan,' in which are comprethat I shall give it my reader at length, hended several little flirts and vibrations, without either preface or postscript. as also gradual and deliberate openings,

with many voluntary fallings asunder MR. SPECTATOR,

in the fan itself, that are seldom learned WOMEN are armed with fans as under a month's practice. This part

men with swords, and sometimes of the exercise pleases the spectators more do more execution with them. To the than any other, as it discovers on a sudend therefore that ladies may be entire den an infinite number of cupids, gar. mittresses of the weapons which they lands, altars, birds, beasts, rainbows, bear, I have erected an academy for the and the like agreeable figures, that distraining up of young women in the play themselves to view, whilst every ' exercise of the fan,' according to the one in the regiment holds a picture in most fashionable airs and motions that her hand. are now practised at court. The ladies Upon my giving the word to ' dirwho carry' fans under me are drawn charge their fans, they give one geneup twice a day in my great hall, where ral crack that may be heard at a confi. they are instructed in the use of their derable distance when the wind sits fair. arms, and exercised by the following This is one of the most difficult parts Words of command :

of the exercise; but I have several laHandle your fans,

dies with me, who at their first entrance Unfurl your fans,

could not give a pop loud enough to be Discharge your fans,

heard at the further end of a room, who Ground your fans,

can now discharge a fan'in such a manRecover your fans,

ner, that it shall make a report like a Flutter your fans.

pocket-pistol. I have likewise taken By the right observation of these few care, in order to hinder young women plain words of command, a woman of from letting off their fans in wrong a tolerable genius, who will apply her places or unsuitable occasions, to thew self diligently to her exercise for the upon what subject the crack of a fan space of but one half-year, shall be able may come in properly: I have likewife to give her fan all the graces that can invented a fan with which a girl of sixpoflibly enter into that little modith teen, by the help of a little wind which machine.

is inclosed about one of the largest sticks, But to the end that my readers may can make as loud a crack as a woman form to themselves a right notion of this of fifty with an ordinary fan. exercise, I beg leave to explain it to When the fans are thus discharged,' them in all it's parts. When my fe- the word of command in course is to male regiinent is drawn up in array, I ground their fans.' This teaches a with every one her weapon in her hand, lady to quit her fan gracefully when she upon my giving the word to handle throws it aside in order to take up a “their fans,' each of them makes her fan pack of cards, adjust a curl of hair, reat me with a smile, then gives her right. place a falling pin, or apply herself to hand woman a tap upon the shoulder, any other matter of importance. This then presses her lips with the extremity part of the exercise, as it only confitts

1 C2


in tosling a fan with an air upon a long confused flutter, the merry flutter, and table, (which itands by for that purpote) the amorous flutter. Not to be tedious, may he learned in two days tiine as well there is scarce any emotion in the mind as in a twelvemonth.

which does not produce a suitable agi. When my temale regiment is thus tation in the fan; infomuch, that if I disarmed, I generally let them walk only see the fan of a disciplined lady, I about the room for some time; when on know very well whether the laughs, a fudden, like lailies that look upon frowns, or blushes. I have feen a fan their watches after a long visit, they all fo very angry, that it would have been of them haften to their arms, catch them dangerous for the absent lover who proup in a hurry, and place themselves in voked it to have come within the wind their proper stations upon my calling of it; and at other times fo very languish. out- Recover your fans!'. This part ing, that I have been glad for the lady's of the exercise is not difficult, provided fake the lover was at a sufficient difa woman applies her thoughts to it. tance from it. I need not add, that a

The • fluttering of the fan' is the laft, fan is either a prude or coquette, ac- and indeed the master-piece of the whole cording to the nature of the person who exercise; brit if a lady does not inir bears it. To conclude my letter, I must fpend her time, she may make lierself acquaint you that I have from my own mistress of it in three inonths. I ge- oblervations compiled a little treatise for nerally lay atide the dog-days and the the use of my scholars, intitled • The hot time of the summer for the teach • Passions of the Fan;' which I will coming this part of the exercise; for as foon municate to you, if you think it may be as ever I pronounce-Flutter your of use to the public. I thall have a " fans,' the place is filled with so many general review on Thursday next; to zephyrs and gentle breezes as are very which you shall be very welcome if you refreshing in that feason of the year, will honour it with your presence. though they might be dangerous to la

I am,

&c. dies of a tender constitution in any other.

There is an infinite variety of motions P.S. I teach young gentlemen the to be made use of in the futter of a whole art of gallanting a fan. « fan:' there is the angry Autter, the N. B. I have several little plain fans modith Butter, the timorous flutter, the made for this use, to avoid expence,



HOR. ARS POET. V. 240.



tural where tlie heart is well inclined;

Minich words of complar ance, but are a proibitution of speech, feldom

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which he thinks could be properly ap- intended to mean any part of what they plied to no one living, and I think could express, never to mean all they exprels. be only spoken of him, and that in his Our reverend friend, upon this topic, ahsence, was so extremely offended with pointed out to us two or three paragraphs the excessive way of speaking civilities on this subje&t in the first sermon of the among us, that he made a discourse first volume of the late archbishop's againit it at the club; which he con posthumous works. I do not know cluded with this remark, that he had that I ever read any thing that pleated not heard one compliment made in our me more, and as it is the praise of Lonfociety fince it's commencement. Every ginus, that he speaks of the sublime in a one was pleased with his conclusion: file suitable to it, so one may lay of this and as each knew his good-will to the author upon sincerity, that he abhor's rest, he was convinced that the many any pomp of rhetoric on this occasion, professions of kindness and service, which and treats it with more than ordinary we ordinarily meet with, are not na. fimplicity, at once to be a preacher and


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an example. With what command of ' ness will pass between men, almost himfelf does he lay before us, in the upon no occafion; how great honour language and temper of his profession, ' and elteein they will declare for one a fault, which by the least liberty and whom perhaps they never saw before, warmth of expression would be the moit ' and how entirely they are all on the lively wit and satire ! But his heart was < sudden devoted to his service and in. better disposed, and the good man char tereft, for no reason; how infinitely tised the great wit in such a maaner, and eternally obliged to him, for no that he was able to speak as follows. benefit; and how extremely they will

'-Amongst too many other instances be concerned for him; yea and afbiet' of the great corruption and degeneracy ed too, for no cause. I know it is

of the age wherein we live, the great ' faid, in justification of this hollow kind ' and general want of sincerity in con of conversation, that there is no harm, 'vertation is none of the least. The 'nor real deceit in compliment, but ' world is grown fu full of diffimula the matter is well enough, so long as • tion and compliment, that men's words we underitand one another; et verba ' are hardly any fignification of their valent ut nummi-Words are like 'thoughts; and if any man measure his “ money:" and when the current value words by his heart, and speaks as he' of them is generally understood, no thinks, and do not express more kind man is cheated by them. This is

neis to every man, than men usually • something if such words were any have for any man, he can hardly • thing; but being brought into the ac• escape the censure of want of breeding. count, they are mere cyphers. How• The old English plainness and since ever, it is itill a just matter of com‘rity, that generous integrity of nature, plaint, that sincerity and plainness

and honesty of difpofition, which al are out of fashion, and that our lanways argues true greatness of mind, guage is running into a lie; and that ' and is usually accompanied with un men have almolt quite perverted the

daunted courage and resolution, is in • use of speech, and made words to figa great measure loft amongst us: there nify nothing; that the greatest part of hath been a long endeavour to trans the conversation of mankind is little form us into foreign manners and fa 'elle but driving a trade of dillunulafhions, and to bring us to a fervile • tion; insomuch that it would make a initation of none of the best of our ' man heartily fick and weary of the neighbours in some of the worst of world, to see the little sincerity that their qualities. The dialect of con ris in use and practice among men.' versation is now-a-days so swelled When the vice is placed in this conwith vanity and compliment, and so temptible light, he argues unanswerably surfeited, as I may lay, of expresions against it, in words and thoughts fo naa of kindness and respect, that if a man tural, that any man who reads them that lived an age or two ago should would imagine he himself could have

return into the world again, he would been the author of them. 'really want a dictionary to help him • If the show of any thing be good

to understand his own language, and for any thing, I am sure sincerity is ' to know the true intrinsic value of the • better; for why does any man dira

phrase in fashion, and would hardly " semble, or seem to be that which he at first believe at what a low rate the ' is not, but because he thinks it good highest strains and expressions of kind to have such a quality as he pretends neis imaginable do commonly pass in (to? For to counterfeit and dissemble, current payment; and when he should ' is to put on the appearance of some come to understand it, it would be a • real excellency. Now the best way great while before he could bring him ' in the world to seem to be any thing, 'self with a good countenance and a ' is really to be what he would seem to

good conscience to converse with men I be. Besides, that it is many times as upon equal terms, and in their own • troublesome to make good the pretence

' of a good quality, as to have it; and . And in truth it is hard to say, whe • if a man have it not, it is ten to one ther it should more provoke our con

but he is discovered to want it; and tempt or our pity, to hear what so ' then all his pains and labour to seem lemn expreffions of respect and kind. to have it, is loft.'


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In another part of the fame discourse • jealousy and suspicion, so that he is he goes on to Thew, that all artifice must not believed when he speaks truth, nor Baturally tend to the disappointment of • trusted when perhaps he means hohim that practises it.

• nestly. When a man hath once for« Whatsoever convenience may be • feited the reputation of his integrity,

thought to be in fallhood and dissimu-' " he is set fast, and nothing will then • lation, it is soon over; but the incon serve his turn, neither truth nor false.

venience of it is perpetual, because it hood.' « brings a man under an everlasting





VIRG. Æn. J. V. 320.




Twould be a nobler improvement,

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pose that excellent moralist above-men

good-breeding, if nothing were to pass is inore easily comprehended by an or-
amongst us for agreeable which was the dinary capacity, than expressed with all
least transgreffion against that rule of life his eloquence. This decency of beha.
called decorum, or a regard to decency. viour is generally transgressed among all
This would command the respect of orders of men : nay, the very women,
mankind, because it carries in it defe- though themselves created it as it were
sence to their good opinion, as humility for ornament, are often very much mil-
lodged in a worthy inind is always at taken in this ornamental part of life.
tended with a certain homage, which It would, methinks, be a short rule for
no haughty soul, with all the arts ima- behaviour, if every young lady in her
ginable, will ever be able to purchase. dress, words and a&tions, were only to
Tully says, virtue and decency are so recommend herself as a fifter, daughter,
nearly related, that it is dificult to se. or wife, and make herself the more
parate them from each other but in our esteemed in one of those characters.
imagination. As the beauty of the The care of themselves, with regard to
holy always accompanies the health of the families in which women are born,
it, lo certainly is decency concomitant is the belt motive for their being courted
to virtue: as beanty of body, with an to come into the alliance of other houses.
agreeable carriage, pleases the eye, and Nothing can proinote this end more than
that pleasure consists in that we observe a ftrict preservation of decency. I thould
all the parts with a certain elegance are be glad if a certain equestrian order of
proportioned to each other; so does de. ladies, some of whoin one meets in an
cency of behaviour wirich appears in our evening at every outlet of the town,
lives obtain the approbation of all with would take this subject into their serious
whoin we converse, from the order, consideration : in order thereunto the fol.
consistency, and inoderation of our words lowing letter may not be wholly un-
and actions. This flows from the re worthy their perusal.
verence we bear towards every good
man, and to the world in general; for MR, SPECTATOR,
to be negligent of what any one thinks GOING lately to take the air in one
of you, does not only thew you arrogant of the most beautiful evenings this
but abandoned. In all these confide- season has produced; as I was admiring
rations we are to diftinguith how one the serenity of the sky, the lively colours
virtue differs from another; as it is the of the fields, and the variety of the
part of justice never to do violence, it is landskip every way around me, my eyes

of modesty never to commit offence. In were suddenly called off from these in. . this last particular lies the whole force animate objedts by a little party of horseof wkat is called deeency; to this pur men I saw pasling the road. The greater


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