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part of them escaped my particular ob- ters is preserved; and if they should be fervation, hy reason that my whole at. more frequent than they are at present, tention was fixed on a very fair youth would look like turning our public af. who rode in the midst of them, and semblies into a general masquerade. seemed to have been dressed by some The model of this Amazonian huntingdeicription in a romance. His features, habit for ladies, was, as I take it, first complexion, and habit, had a remarkable imported from France, and well enough effeminacy, and a certain languishing expresses the gaiety of a people who are vanity appeared in his air; his hair, well taught to do any thing so it be with an curled and powdered, hung to a con- assurance; but I cannot help thinking ir fiderable length on his shoulders, and fits aukwardly yet on our English mowas wantonly tyd, as if by the hands deity. The petticoat is a kind of inof his mistress, in a scarlet ribbon, which cumbrance upon it, and if the Amazon played like a Itreamer behind him; he should think fit to go on in this plunder had a coat and waistcoat of blue camblet of our sex's ornaments, they ought to triinmed and embroidered with silver; a add to their spoils, and compleat their cravat of the finest lace; and wore, in a triumph over us, by wearing the breeches. smart cock, a little beaver hat edged If it be natural to contract infengibly with silver, and made more sprightly by the manners of those we imitate, the a feather. His horse too, which was a ladies who are pleased with assuming pacer, was adorned after the same airy our dresses will do us more honour than manner, and seemed to share in the va we deserve, bui they will do it at their sity of the rider. As I was pitying the own expence. Why should the lovely luxury of this young person, who ap Camilla deceive us in more shapes than peared to me to have been educated only her own, and affect to be repreiented in as an object of light, I perceived on my her picture with a gun and a spaniel; rearer approach, and as I turned my eyes while her elder brother, the heir of a downward, a part of the equipage I had worthy family, is drawn in filks like not observed before, which was a petti his lifter? The dress and air of a man coat of the same with the coat and wait. are not well to be divided ; and those coat. After this discovery, I looked who would not be content with the latagain on the face of the fair Amazon ter, ought never to think of assuming who had thus deceived me, and thought the former. There is so large a portion those features which had before offended of natural agreeableness among the fairme by their softness, were now strength. fex of our illand, that they seem betrayened into as improper a boldness; and ed into these romantic habits without though her eyes, nose, and mouth, having the same occation for them with seemed to be formed with perfect sym- their inventors: all that needs to be de. metry, I am not certain whether the, fired of them is, that they would be who in appearance was a very hand- themselves, that is, what nature de. some youth, may not be in reality a very figned them; and to see their mistake indifferent woman.

when they depart from this, let them There is an objection which naturally look upon a man who affects the soft. presents itself against these occasional per- ness and effeminacy of a woman, to plexities and mixtures of dress, which learn how their sex muit appear to us, is, that they seem to break in upon that when approaching to the relemblance of propriety and diftinction of appearance a man." I am, šir, your most humble in which the beauty of different charac- fervant.





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he could; but finding himself puhed on lues himself very much upon all fides, and especially by the Templar, what he calls the knowledge of man he told us with a little paffion, that he kind, which has cost him many difaiters never liked pedantry in spelling, and that in his youth; for Will reckons every he fpelt like a gentleman, and not like a misfortune that he has met with among scholar; upon this will had recourse to the women, and every rencounter a his old topic of thewing the narrow-spimong the men, as parts of his educ3- ritedness, the pride and ignorance of tion, and fancies he thould never have pedants; which he carried so far, that been the man he is, had not he broke upon my retiring to my lodgings, I windows, knocked down conftables, could not forbear throwing together fuch disturbed honest people with his mid- reflections as occurred to me upon that night serenades, and beat up a lewd wo. subject. man's quarters, when he was a young A man who has been brought up fellow. The engaging in adventures among books, and is able to talk of noof this nature Will calls the studying of thing else, is a very indifferent compamankind; and terins this knowledge of nion, and what we call a pedant. But, the town, the knowledge of the world. methinks, we should enlarge the title, Will ingenuously confefies, that for half and give it every one that does not know his life his head ached every morning how to think out of his profeffion and with reading of men over-night; and particular way of life. at prefent comforts himself under cer What is a greater pedant than a mere tain pains which he endures from time man of the town? Bar him the playto tiine, that without them he could not houses, a catalogue of the reigning beauhave been acquainted with the gallan- ties, and an account of a tew fashiontries of the age. This will looks upon able distempers that have befallen him, as the learning of a gentleman, and re- and you strike him dumb. How many gards all other kinds of science as the a pretty gentleman's knowledge lies all accomplishments of one whom he calls within the verge of the court? He will a scholar, a bookish man, or a philo. tell you the names of the principal fafopher.

vourites, repeat the shrewd sayings of a For these reasons Will shines in mixed man of quality, whisper an intrigue that company, where he has the discretion is not yet blown upon by common fame; not to go out of his depth, and has of- or, if the sphere of his observations is a ten a certain way of making his real ig- little larger than ordinary, will perhaps norance appear a seeming one. Our enter into all the incidents, turns, and club however has frequently caught him revolutions in a game of ombre. When tripping, at which times they never he has gone thus far, he has shewn you spare hiin. For as Will often intults the whole circle of his accomplishments, us with the knowledge of the town, we his parts are drained, and he is disabled sometimes take our revenge upon him from any farther conversation. What by our knowledge of books.

are there but rank pedants? and yet He was last week producing two or these are the men who value themselves three letters which he writ in his youth moit on their exemption from the peto a coquette lady. The raillery of them dantry of colleges. svas natural, and well enough for a mere I might here mention the military pe. man of the town; but, very unluckily, dart, who always talks in a camp , and feveral of the worls were wrong ipvelt. is itorming towns, making lodgn sentido Will laughed this off at first as well as


Fear to the other. Every thing he speaks The worst kind of pedants among learnImelts of gunpowder; if you take away ed men, are such as are naturally enhis artillery from hiin, he has not a dued with a very small share of coinmon word to say for himself. I might like. fense, and have read a great number of wife mention the law-pedant, that is per- books without talte or distinction. petually putting cafes,repeating the tranf The truth of it is, learning, like tra-'. actions of Westmintter Hall, wrangling ' velling, and all other methods of imwith you upon the most indifferent cir- provement, as it finishes good sense, so cunstances of life, and not to be con it makes a Gilly man ten thousand times vinced of the distance of a place, or of more insufferable, by supplying variety' the most trivial point in conversation, of matter to his impertinence, and giving but by dint of argument. The state him an opportunity of abounding in abpedant is wrapt up in news, and loft in furdities. politics. If you mention either of the Shallow pedants cry up one another Kings of Spain or Poland, he talks very much more than men of solid and useful notably; but if you go out of the Ga- learning. To read the titles they give zette, you drop him. In short, a mere an editor, or collator of a manuícript, . courtier, a mere soldier, a mere scholar, a you would take him for the glory of the mere any thing, is an insipid pedantic commonwealth of letters, and the woncharacter, and equally ridiculous. der of his age, when perhaps upon exa

Of all the species of pedants, which mination you find that he has only reétiI have mentioned, the book-pedant is fied a Greek particle, or laid out a whole much the most fupportable; he has at sentence in proper cominas. kait an exercised understanding, and a They are obliged indeed to be thus head which is full though contused, fo lavith of their praises, that they may that a man who convertes with him may keep one another in countenance; and often receive from him hints of things it is no wonder if a great deal of knowthat are worth knowing, and what he ledge, which is not capable of making may possibly turn to his own advantage, a man wise, has a natural tendency to though they are of little use to the owner.

make him vain and arrogant.




Hor. OD. XVII. L. 1. V. 14.



HAVING often received an invita- fields I have observed them stealing å

tion from my friend Sir Roger de sight of me over an hedge, and have Coverley to pass away a month with heard the knight defiring them not to bim in the country, I last week accom let me see them, for that I hated to be panied him thither, and am settled with ftared at. him for some time at his country-house, I am the more at ease in Sir Roger's where I intend to form several of my family, because it consists of sober and ensuing speculations. Sir Roger, who itayed persons; for as the knight is the is

very well acquainted with my hu- best master in the world, he feldom mour, lets me rise and go to bed when changes his servants; and as he is heI please

, dine at his own table, or in my loved by all about him, his servants chamber as I think fit, fit ftill and say never care for leaving him; by this Dothing without bidding me be merry. means his domestics are all in years, and When the gentleinen of the country grown old with their master. You would come to see him, he only. Mews me at a take his valet de chambre for his brodiftance. As I have been walking in his ther, his butler is grey-headed, his

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groom is one of the gravest men that I them from those of other meri. This have ever seen, and his coachman has cast of mind, as it is generally very inthe looks of a privy-counsellor. You nocent in itself, so it renders his conversee the goodness of the master even in fation highly agreeable, and more dethe old house-dog, and in a grey pad lightful than the same degree of sense that is kept in the stable with great care and virtue would appear in their comand tenderness out of regard to his part mon and ordinary colours. As I was services, though he has been useless for walking with him last night, he asked several years.

me how I liked the good man whom I I could not but observe with a great have just now mentioned? and without deal of pleasure the joy that appeared in Itaying for my answer told me, that he the countenance of thele ancient domef

was afraid of being insulted with Latin tics upon my friend's arrival at his coun- and Greek at his own table; for which try-seat. Some of them could not re reason he detired a particular friend of frain from tears at the light of their old his at the university to find him out a master ; every one of them pressed for- clergyman rather of plain sense than ward to do something for him, and much learning, of a good aspect, a clear seemed discouraged if they were not em voice, a fociable temper, and, it pofliployed. At the same time the good old ble, a man that understood a little of knight, with a mixture of the father and backgammon. “My friend,' says Sir the master of the family, tempered the Roger, found me out this gentleman, enquiries after his own affairs with seve "who, betides the endowments required ral kind questions relating to themselves. of him, is, they tell me, a good scholar, This humanity and good- nature en • though he does not shew it: I have gages every body to him, so that when

given him the parlonage of the parish; he is pleasant upon any of them, all and because I know his value, have his family are in good humour, and • settled upon him a good annuity for none so much as the person whom he • life. If he outlives me, he shall find diverts himself with: on the contrary, • that he was higher in my esteem than if he coughs, or betrays any infirmity perhaps he thinks he is. He has now of old age, it is easy for a stander- by • been with me thirty years; and though to observe a secret concern in the looks " he does not know I have taken no. of all his servants.

I tice of it, has never in all that time alkMy worthy friend has put me under ed any thing of me for himself, though the particular care of his butler, who is he is every day foliciting me for somea very prudent man, and, as well as the • thing in behalf of one or other of my rest of his fellow- servants, wonderfully ' tenants his parishioners. · There has desirous of pleasing ine, because they not been a law-fuit in the parish since have often heard their master talk of me • he has lived among them; if any disas of his particular friend.

pute arises, they apply themselves to My chief companion, when Sir Roger • him for the decision; if they do not is diverting himself in the woods or the acquiesce in his judgment, which I fields, is a very venerable man who is I think never happened above once or ever with Sir Roger, and has lived at • twice at molt, they appeal to me. At his house in the nature of a chaplain his first settling with me, I made him above thirty years. This gentleman is 'a present of all the good sermons a person of good sense and some learn • which have been printed in English, ing, of a very regular life and ebliging and only begged of him that every conversation:' he heartily loves Sir Ro • Sunday he would pronounce one of ger, and knows that he is very much in • them in the pulpit. Accordingly, he the old knight's esteem, so that he lives • has digested them into fuch a series, in the family rather as a relation than a • that they follow one another naturally, dependent.

• and make a continued 1ģftem of pracI have observed in several of my pa cical divinity." pers, that my friend Sir Roger, amidst As Sir Roger was going on 'in his all his good qualities, is something of an 'story, the gentleman we were talking of humourist; and that his virtues, as well came up to us; and upon the knight's as in perfections, are as it were tinged alking him who preached to-morrow, by a certain extravagance, which makes for it was Saturday night, told us, the them particularly his, and distinguishes Bishop of St. Alaph in the morning,


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and Dr. South in the afternoon. He then passed any time more to my fatisfa&tion. thewed us his list of preachers for the A fermon repeated after this manner, is utrole year, where I saw with a great like the composition of a poet in the deal of pleasure, Archbishop Tillotson, mouth of a graceful actor. Bishop Saunderson, Dr. Barrow, Dr. I could heartily with that more of our Calamy, with several living authors country-clergy would follow this examwho have published discourses of prac- ple; and instead of wasting their spirits tical divinity. I no sooner saw this ve in laborious compofitions of their own, berable man in the pulpit, but I very would endeavour after a handsome elomuch approved of my friend's infifting cution, and all those other talents that upon the qualifications of a good aspect are proper to enforce what has been and a clear voice; for I was to charmed penned by greater masters. This would with the gracefulness of his figure and not only be more eafy to themselves, but

delivery, as well as with the discourses more edifying to the people. The pronounced, that I think I never







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THE reception, manner of attend-, family. When a servant is called before

ance, undisturbed freedom and his master, he does not come with an quiet, which I neet with here in the expectation to hear himself rated for country, has confirined me in the opinion fome trivial fault, threatened to be stripI always had, that the general corrup ped, or used with any other unbecoming tion of manners in servants is owing to language, which mean masters often the condu&t of matters. The aspect of give to worthy fervants; but it is often every one in the family carries lo much to know, what road he took that he fatisfa&tion, that it appears he knows came so readily back according to orthe happy lot which has befallen him in der; whether he panied by fuch a ground, being a member of it. There is one par. if the old man who rents it is in good ticular which I have seldom seen but at health; or whether he gave Sir Roger's Sir Roger's; it is usual in all other love to him, or the like. places, that servants fly from the parts A man who preserves a respect, foundo the house through which their maltered on his benevolence to his dependents, is passing; on the contrary, here they lives rather like a prince than a master in industrioully place themselves in his way; his family; his orders are received as and it is on both sides, as it were, un favours, rather than duties; and the

derstood as a visit, when the servants distinêtion of approaching him is part 1 appear without calling. This proceeds of the reward for executing what is

from the humane and equal teinper of commanded by him. the man of the house, who also perfetly There is another circumstance in well knows how to enjoy a great elate, which iny friend excels in his managewith such ceconomy as ever to be much ment, which is the manner of rewarding beforehand. This makes his own mind his servants: he has ever been of opiuptroubled, and consequently unapt to nion, that giving his cast clothes to be rept peevish expressions, or give par- worn by valets has a very ill effect upon fionate or inconsistent orders to those little minds, and creates a filly fenle of about him. Thus respect and love go equality, between the parties, in persons together; and a certain chearfulness in affected only with outward things. I performance of their duty is the particu. have heard 'him often pleasant on this lar distinction of the lower part of this occasion, and describe a young gentle

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