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man abusing his man in that coat, which One might, on this occasion, recount a month or two before was the most the sense that great persons in all ages pleasing distinction he was conscious of have had of the merit of their depend. in himself. He would turn his discourse ents, and the heroic services which men ftill more pleasantly upon the ladies have done their mafters in the extrenity bounties of this kind; and I have heard of their fortunes; and thewn to their him say he knew a fine woman, who undone patrons, that fortune was all the diAributed rewards and punishments in difference between them; but as I degiving becoming or unbecoming diesles sign this my speculation only as a gen. to her maids,

tle admonition to thankless matters, I But my good friend is above these thall not go out of the occurrences of little instances of good-will, in bestow common life, but assert it as a general ing only trifles on his servants; a good obfervation, that I never saw but in Sir servant to him is sure of having it in his Roger's family, and one or two more,

choice very soon of being no fervant at good servants treated as they ought to · all. As I before observed, he is so be. Sir Roger's kindness extends to

good an husband, and knows so tho their children's children, and this very roughly that the skill of the purle is the morning he sent his coachman's grandcardinal virtue of this life; I say, he son to prentice. I shall conclude this knows so well that frugality is the sup- paper with an account of a picture in port of generosity, that he can often his gallery, where there are many which spare a large fine when a tenement falls, will deserve my future observation. and give that lettlement to a good ser At the very upper end of this handvant who has a mind to go into the fome structure I saw the portraiture of world, or make a stranger pay the two young men standing in a river, the fine to that servant, for his more com one naked, the other in a livery. The fortable maintenance, if he itays in his person supported seemed half dead, but service,

itill so much alive as to thew in his face A man of honour and generosity con, exquiste joy and love towards the other. fiders it would be miserable to himself I thought the fainting figure resembled to have no will but that of another, my friend Sir Roger; and looking at the though it were of the best person breath- butler, who itood by me, for an acing, and for that reason goes on as faft count of it, he informed me that the as he is able to put his fervants into person in the livery was a servant of Sir independent livelihoods. The greatest Roger's, who stood on the shore while part of Sir Roger's estate is tenanted by his master was swimming, and observing persons who have served himself or his him taken with some sudden jllness, and ancestors. It was to me extremely plea- sink under water, jumped in and saved sant to observe the visitants from several him. He told iné Sir Roger took off parts to welcome his arrival into the the dress he was in as soon as he came country; and all the difference that I home, and by a great bounty at that could take notice of between the late time, followed by his favour ever since, fervants who came to see him, and those had made him master of that pretty feat who staid in the family, was that these which we saw at a distance as we came to latter were looked upon as finer gentle. this house. I remembered indeed Sir men and better courtiers.

Roger said there lived a very worthy This manumission and placing them gentleman, to whom he was highly ub. in a way of livelihood, I look upon as liged, without mentioning any thing only what is due to a good servant, which further. Upon my looking a little dilo encouragement will make his successor satisfied at some part of the pi&ture, my be as diligent, as humble, and as ready attendant informed me that it was against as he was. There is something won. Sir Roger's will, and at the earnest rederful in the narrowness of those minds, quest of the gentleman himself, that he which can be pleased, and be barren of was drawn in the habit in which he bad bounty to those who piease them. fayed his master.


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s I was yesterday morning walk. good correspondence among all the genhouse, a country-fellow brought him a root in his pocket from one to another, huge fish, which, he told hiin, Mr. Wil. or exchanges a puppy between a couple liam Wimble had caught that very morn

of friends that live perhaps in the oppoing; and that he pre.ented it, with his site fides of the county: Will is a parservice to him, and intended to come ticular favourite of all the young heirs, and dine with him. At the same tiine whom he frequently obliges with a net he delivered a letter which my friend that he has weaved, or a setting-dog read to me as soon as the messenger left that he has made himself. He now him.

and then presents a pair of garters of his

own knitting to their mothers or lifters; SIR ROGER,

and raises a great deal of mirth among I Desire you to accept of a jack, which them, by enquiring as often as he meets

is the belt I have caught this season. them how they wear? These gentlemanI intend to come and itay with you a like manufactures and obliging little week, and see how the perch bite in the humours make Will the darling of the Black River. I observed with some country. concern, the last time I saw you upon Sir Roger was proceeding in the cha. the bowling-green, that your whip racter of Irini, when we taw him make wanted a lath to it; I will bring half a up to us with two or three hazle-twigs dozen with me that I twisted last week, in his hand that he had cut in Sir Ro. which I hope will serve you all the time ger's woods, as he came through them, you are in the country. I have not in his way to the house. I was very been out of the saddle for six days last much pleased to observe on one side the palt, having been at Eton with Sir John's hearty and sincere welcome with which eldest son. He takes to his learning Sir Roger received him, and on the hugely. I am, Sir, your humble servant, other, the secret joy which his guest disWILL WIMBLE. covered at light of the good old knight.

After the first (alutes were over, Will This extraordinary letter, and message desired Sir Roger to lend him one of that accompanied it, made me very cu his servants to carry a fet of Thuttlerious to know the character and quality cocks he bad with him in a little box to of the gentleman who sent them; which a lady that lived about a mile off, to I found to be as follows. Will Wim whom it seems he had promised such a ble is younger brother to a baronet, and present for above this half year. Sir descended of the ancient family of the Roger's back was no fooner turned, but Wimbles. He is now between forty honest Will began to tell me of a large and fifty; but being bred to no business, cock-pheasant that he had fprung in one and bom to no estate, he generally lives of the neighbouring woods, with two with his elder brother as superintendant or three other adventures of the same of his game. He hunts a pack of dogs nature. Odd and uncommon characbetter than any man in the country, and ters are the game that I look for, and

1 ! is very famous for finding out a bare. most delight in; for which reason I was

He is extremely well versed in all the as much pleased with the novelty of the httle handicrafts of an idle man: he person that talked to me, as he could be makes a May-fly to a miracle; and fur. for his life with the springing of the nithes the whole country with angle pheafant, and therefore listened to him rods. As he is a good-natured officious with more than ordinary attention. fellow, and very much esteemed upon In the midst of this discourse the bell xccount of his family, he is a welcome rung to dinner, where the gentleman I Eyeft at every house, and keeps up a have been Speaking of had the pleasure


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of seeing the huge jack he had caught, Will Wimble's is the case of many a served up for the firit dish in a moft younger brother of a great family, who fumptuous manner. Upon our fitting had rather see their children ftarve like down to it he gave us a long account gentlemen, than thrive in a trade or how he had hooked it, played with it, profession that is beneath their quality. foiled it, and at lepgth drew it out upon This humour fills several parts of Eu. the bank, with several other particulars rope with pride and beggary. It is the that lasted all the first course. A dith happiness of a trading nation, like our's, of wild fowl that came afterwards fure that the younger fons, though incapamillied conversation for the rest of the ble of any liberal art or profession, may dinner, which concluded with a late in- be placed in such a way of life, as may vention of Will's for improving the perhaps enable them to vie with the best quail-pipe.

of their family : accordingly we find Upon withdrawing into my room after several citizens that were launched into dinner, I was secretly touched with com the world with narrow fortunes, rising paflion towards the honest gentleman by an honest industry to greater eftate's ihat had dined with us; and could not than those of their elder brothers. It but consider with a great deal of con is not improbable but Will was formercern, how fo good an heart and such ly tried at divinity, law or physic; and busy hands were wholly employed in that finding his genius did not lie that trifles; that so much humanity should way, his parents gave him up at length be so little beneficial to others, and so to his own inventions. But certainly, much industry fo little advantageous to however improper he might have been himself. The same temper of mind and for itudies of a higher nature, he was application to affairs might have recom- perfectly well turned for the occupations mended him to the public esteem, and of trade and commerce. As I think have raised his fortune in another ita- this is a point which cannot be too much tion of life. What good to his country inculcated, I Mall desire my reader to or him felf might not a trader or mer- compare what I have here written with chant have done with such useful though wha: I have said in my twenty-first spe. ordinary qualifications?






Was this morning walking in the • It is,' said he,' worth while to con.

gallery, when Sir Roger entered at ' sider the force of dress; and how the the end opposite to me, and advancing persons of one age differ from those towards me, said he was glad to meet • of another, merely by that only. One me among his relations the De Cover,

may observe alto, that the general faley's, and hoped I liked the converta ' fhion of one age has been followed by tion of so much good company, who one particulas let of people in another, were as filent as myself. I knew be • and by them preserved from one alluded to the pictures, and as he is a ( neration to another. Thus the vast gentleman who does not a little value jetting coat and small bonnet, which himself upon his ancient descent, I ex was the habit in Harry the Seventh's peted he would give me some account time, is kept on in the yeomen of of them. We were now arrived at the 'the guard; not without a good and upper end of the gallery, when the politic view, because they look a foot knight faced towards one of the pica ialler, and a fout and an half broader; tures, and as we stood before it, he en. • besides, that the cap leaves the face tered into the matter, after his blunt expanded, and consequently more terway of saying things as they occur to rible, and fister to stand at the entrance his imagination, wiihout regular intro

of palaces. duction, or care to preserve the appear. · This predecessor of our's, you see, ance of chain of thought.

is drelied after this inanner, and his

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' cheeks would be no larger than mine," and was stolen by a neighbouring • were he in a hat as I am. He was • gentleman, a man of stratagem and

the last man that won a prize in the • resolution, for he poisoned three ma

tilt-yard, which is now a common • stifts to come at her, and knocked • ftreet before Whitehall. You see the • down two deer-Itealers in carrying 'broken lance that lies there by his • her off. Misfortunes happen in all

right foot; he shivered that lance of " families: the theft of this romp and ' his a:lvestary all to pieces ; and bear • so much money, was no great matter

ing himself, look you, Sir, in this ( to our estate. But the next heir that manner, at the faine time he came

• poflessed it was this soft gentleman, ' within the target of the gentleman whom you see there: oblerve the small

who rode against him, and taking buttons, the little boots, the laces, « him with incredible force before him o the fathes about his cloaths, and

in the pommel of his saddle, he in « above all the posture he is drawn in, that manner rid the tournament over, o which to be sure was his own chusing; with an air that shewed he did it rather you

See he fits with one hand on a to perform the rule of the lists, than • desk writing, and looking as it were

expose his enemy; however, it appeared another way, like an easy writer, or a ' he knew how to make ule of a victory, • fonneteer: he was one of those that ' and with a gentle trot he marched up I had too much wit to know how to

to a gallery where their mistress fat, live in the world; he was a man of no ' for they were rivals, and let him down • justice, but great good-manners; le • with laudable courtesy and pardonable • ruined every body that had any thing

infolence. I do not know but it might to do with him, but never faid a rude be exactly where the coffee-house is thing in his life; the most indolent

person in the world, he would fign a • You are to know this ancestor . deed that passed away half his eitate ' was not only of a military genius, but with his gloves on, but would not put

fit also for the arts of peace, for he on his hat before a lady if it were to played on the bass-viol as well as any ' fave his country. He is said to be

gentleman at court; you see where his the first that made love by squeezing 'viol hangs by his baiket-hilt sword. the hand. He left the estate with ten " The action at the tilt-yard you may thousand pounds deht upon it; but • be sure won the fair lady, who was a « however by all hands Lhave been in. ' maid of honour,and the greatest beauty formed that he was every way the finest • of her time; here the stands the next « gentleman in the world. That debt picture.

You fee, Sir, my great • lav heavy on our house for one genegreat great grandınother has on the • ration, but it was retrieved by a gift new-fashioned petticoat, except that from that honest man you see there, a

the modern is gathered at the waist; citizen of our paine, but nothing at my grandmother appears as if she itond

o all akin to us.

I know Sir Andrew 'in a large drum, whereas the ladies • Freeport has said behind my back, now walk as if they were in a go • that this man was descended from one

For all this lady was loed at " of the ten children of the maid of ho. court, she became an excellent coun nour I thewed you above; but it was • try-wife, the brought ten children, never maile out. We winked at the • and when I thew you the library, you ibing indeed, because money was • shall see in her own hand, allowing i wanting at that time.' • for the difference of the language, the Here I faw my friend a little embar. 'best receipt now in England both for raffet, and turned my face to the next

an hafty-pudding and a white-pot. portraiture.
. If you please to fall back a little, Sir Roger went on with his account
because it is necessary to look at the of the gallery in the following manner.
three next pictures at one view, these This man,' pointing to him I looked

are three Gifters. She' on the right- at, ' I take to be the honour of our "hand, who is so very beautiful, died a • house, Sir Hunphrey de Coverley; 'maid; the next to her, till handsomer, he was in his dealings as pun&tual as

had the same fate, against her will; "a tradesman, and as generous as a gen'this homely thing in the middle had “tleman, He would have thought • both their portions added to her own, "himself as much undone by breaking

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« his word, as if it were to be followed • secret bounties many years after the • by bankruptcy. He served his coun • sum he aimed at for his own use was

try as knight of the shire to his dying ' attained. Yet he did not flacken his • day. He found it no easy matter to induttry, but to a decent old age spent • maintain an integrity in his words and the life and fortune which was supera • actions, even in things that regarded • Auous to himself, in the service of his

the offices which were incumbent upon • friends and neighbours.' • him, in the care of his own affairs and Here we were called to dinner, and • relations of life; and therefore drea-led, Sir Roger ended the discourse of this • though he had great talents, to go into gentleman, by telling me, as we fol

employments of itate, where he mult lowed the servant, that this his ancestor • be exposed to the snares of ambition. was a brave man, and narrowly escaped • Innocence of lite and great ability being killed in the civil wars; • For,

were the distinguishing parts of his said he,' he was sent out of the field · character; the latter, he had often oh upon a private message, the day before • served, had led to the destruction of " the battle of Worcester.' The whim • the former, and used frequently to of narrowly escaping by having been • Jament that great and good had not within a day of danger, with other mat• the same signification. He was an ters above-mentioned, mixed with good

excellent husbandman, but had re sense, left me at a loss whether I was • solved not to exceed such a degree of more delighted with my friend's wif• wealth; all above_it he bestowed in dom, or simplicity.




Virg. Æn. 11. v. 7554




T a little distance from Sir Roger's home late that way with a pail of milk house, anong the ruins of an old

upon her head, heard such a rustling abbey, there is a long walk of aged among the bushes that she let it fall., elms; which are not up to very high, I was taking a walk in this place laft that when one paffes under them, the night between the hours of nine and ten, rooks and crows that relt upon the tops and could not but fancy it one of the of them seem to be cawing in another molt proper scenes in the world for a region. I am very much delighted with gholt to appear in. The ruins of the this sort of noise, which I consider as a abbey are scattered up and down on kind of natural prayer to that Being every fide, and half covered with ivy who supplies the wants of his whole and elder bushes, the harbours of seve. creation, and who, in the beautiful lan- ral folitary birds which seldom make guage of the Psalms, . feedeth the young their appearance until the dulk of the

ravens that call upon him. I like evening. The place was formerly, a this retirement the better, because of ar church-yard, and has ftill several marks ill report it lies under of being haunted; in it of graves and burying-places

: for which reason, as I have been told There is such an echo among the old in the family, no living creature ever ruins and vaults, that if you štamp but walks in it besides the chaplain. My a little louder than ordinary, you hear good friend the butler desired me with a the found repeated. At the same time very grave face not to venture myself in the walk of elms, with the croaking of it after sun-set, for that one of the foot. the ravens which from time to time are men had been almost frighted out of his hea froin the tops of them, looks exwits by a spirit that appeared to him in ceeding solemn and venerable. Thele the shape of a black horse without an objects naturally raise . Seriousness and head; to which he added, that about a attention; and when night heightens month ago .one of the maids coming the awfulness of the place, and pours


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