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out her supernumerary horrors upon upon these ridiculous horrors, dil nat every thing in it, I do not at all wonder I find them to very much prevail in all that weak minds fill it with spectres and parts of the country. At the same time apparitions.

I think a person who is thus terrified Mr. Locke, in his chapter of the as- with the imagination of ghosts and fociation of ideas, has very curious re spectres much more reasonable than one marks to thew how by the prejudice of who, contrary to the reports of all lifeducation one idea often introduces into torians sacred and profane, ancient and the mind a whole set that lear no re modern, and to the traditions of all na. femblance to one another in the nature tions, thinks the appearance of spirits of things. Among several examples of fabulous and groundless. Could not, I this kind he produces the following in- give myself up to this general testimony itance. "The ideas of goblins and of mankind, I should to the relations • Iprites have really no more to do with of particular persons who are now living,

darkness than light: yet let but a and whom I cannot distrust in other mata i fok' th maid inculcate these often on ters of fact. I might here add, that not

the mind of a child, and raise them only the historians, to whom we may • there together, posibly he shall never join the poets, but likewise the philolo• be able to leparate then again so long phers of antiquity have favoured this • as he lives; but darkneis fall ever opinion. Lucretius himself, though • afterwards bring with it thole fright- by the courle of his philofophy he was 'ful ideas, and they thall be fo joined phliged to maintain that the foul did that he can no more bear the one than

not exist separate from the body, makes the other.'

no doubt of the reality of apparitions, As I was walking in this folitude, and that men have often appeared after where the dulk of the evening conspired their death. This I think very remarkwith fo many other occasions of terror, able; he was so pressed with the matter I observed a cow grazing not far from of fact which he could not have the conme, which an imagination that was apt fidence to deny, that he was forced to to ftartle might ealily have contrued account for it by one of the most absurd into a black horse without an head; and unphilosophical notions that ever was I dare lay the poor fooiman lost his wits (tarted. He tells us, that the surfaces upon foine such trivial occalion. of all bodies are perpetually flying off

My friend Sir Roger has often told ine from their respective bodies, one after with a good deal of mirth, that at his first another; and that these surfaces or thin coming to his eitate he feund three parts cales that included each other whilst af his house altogether uteless; that the they were joined in the body like the beft room in it had the reputation of be coats of an onion, are sometimes seen ing haunted, and by that means was entire when they are separated from it; locked up; that noises had been heard by which means we often behold the in his long gallery, so that he could not shapes and fhadows of persons who are get a fervant to enter it after eight of either dead or absent. the clock at night; that the door of one I shall dismiss this paper with a story of his chambers was nailed up, because out of Jolephus, not so much for the there went a story in the family that a fake of the itory itself, as for the moral butler had formerly hanged himself in reflections with which the author conit; and that his mother, who lived to a cludes it, and which I fall here set great age, had fhut up half the rooms in down in his own words. Glaphyı a, the house, in which either her husband, the daughter of King Archelaus, after a fon, or daughter had died. The " the death of her two first husbands, knight seeing his habitation reduced to • being married to a third, who was io small a compass, and himself in a • brother to her first husband, and so manner (hut out of his own house, upon paflionately in love with her that he the death of his mother ordered all the turned off hs former wife to make apartments to be flung open, and exor- . room for this marriage, had a very used by his chaplain, who lay in every lodd kind of dream. She fancied that room one after another, and by that • The saw her first huband coming to. means diffipated the fears which had so • wards her, and that she embraced him long reigned in the family.

' with great tenderness; wlien in the Tould not have been thus particular ' midit of the pleasure which she ex.

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pressed at the fight of him, he re • told this dream to several women of proached her after the following man her acquaintance, and died soon after. ner: Glaphyra,” lays he, « thou I thought this story might not be im" hast made good the old saying, that pertinent in this place, wherein I speak

women are not to be trusted. Was • of those kings : besides that the ex“ not I the husand of thy virginity? " an.ple deserves to be taken notice of, " Have I not children by thee? How as it contains a most certain proof of " couldlt thou forget our loves so far the immortality of the soul, and of

as to enter into a second marriage, Divine Providence. If any man thinks " and after that into a third, nay to these facts incredible, let him enjoy

to take for thy husband a man who ' his own opinion to himself, but let " has fo shamefully crept into the bed ' him not endeavour to disturb the be" of his brother? However, for the “lief of others, who by instances of this " fake of our passed loves, I fall free 'nature are excited to the ftudy of vir" thee from thy present reproach, and 'tue.' " make thee mine for ever.“ Glaphyra




Hor. Ep. II. 1. 2. V. 45.



'HÉ course of my last speculation petual progress of the foul to it's per

led me insensibly into a subject fection without a possibility of ever arupon which I always meditate with great riving at it; which is a hint that I do delight, I mean the immortality of the not remember to have seen opened and soul. I was yesterday walking alone in improved by others who have written ove of my friend's woods, and lost my on this subject, though it seems to me self in it very agreeably, as I was run to carry a great weight with it. How ning over in my mind the several argu can it enter into the thoughts of man, ments that establish this great point, that the soul, which is capable of such which is the balis of morality, and the immense perfections, and of receiving fource of all the pleasing hopes and secret new improvements to all eternity, thall joys that can arife in the heart of a rea fall away into nothing almost as soon sonable creature. I considered those le- as it is created! Are fuch abilities made veral proofs, drawn

for no purpose ? A brute arrives at à Firít, From the nature of the soul it- point of perfection that he can never self, and particularly it's immateriality; pass; in a few years he has all the enwhich, though not absolutely necessary dowments he is capable of; and were to the eternity of it's duration, has, I he to live ten thousand more, would be think, been evinced to almost a demon the same thing he is at present. Were itration.

a human soul thus at a stand in her ac. Secondly, From it's passions and sen- complishments, were her faculties to be timents, as particularly from it's love full blown, and incapable of farther of existence, it's horror of annihilation, enlargements, I could imagine it might and it's hopes of immortality, with that fall away infenfibly, and drop at once secret, fatisfaction which it finds in the into a state of annihilation. But can practice of virtue, and that uneasiness we believe a thinking being that is in a which follows in it upon the commission perpetual progress of improvements, of vice.

and travelling on from perfection to Thirdly, From the nature of the Su- perfection, after having just looked preme Being, whose justice, goodness, abroad into the works of his Creator, willoin and veracity, are all concerned in and made a few discoveries of his infi. this point.

nite goodness, wisdom and power, must But anong these and other excellent perish at her first setting out, and in the arquments for the immortality of the very beginning of her inquiries ? foul, there is one drawn from the per Aman, conlidered in his present state,


seems only sent into the world to pro- to strength; to consider that she is to pagate his kind. He provides himself shine for ever with new accessions of with a successor, and immediately quits glory, and brighten to all eternity; that his post to make room for him.

the will be still adding virtue to virtue, Hæres

and knowledge to knowledge; carries Hæredem alterius, velut unda supervenit un

in it something wonderfully agreeable dam.

to that ambition which is natural to the Hor. Ep. 11. 1. 2. v. 175. mind of inan. Nay, it must be a pro-Heir crouds heir, as in a rolling flood spect pleasing to God himself, to see his Ware urges wave.

CREECH. creation for ever beautifying in his eyes,

and drawing nearer to him, by greater He does not seem born to enjoy life, but degrees of resemblance. to deliver it down to others. This is Methinks this single confideration, of not surprising to consider in animals, the progress of a finite spirit to perfec. which are formed for our use, and can tion, will be sufficient to extinguish all finish their business in a fhort life. The envy in inferior natures, and all confilk-worm, after having spun her task, tempt in superior. That cherubim, lays her eggs and dies. But a man can which now appears as a god to a human never have taken in his full measure of soul, knows very well that the period knowledge, has not time to subdue his will come about in eternity, when the passions, eitablish his soul in virtue, human soul shall be as perfect as he and come up to the perfection of his himself now is : nay, when the shall nature, before he is hurried off the stage. look down upon that degree of perfecWould an infinitely wise Being make tion, as much as she now falls short of such glorious creatures for so mean a it. It is true the higher nature still adpurpole? Can he delight in the pro- vances, and by that means preserves his duction of such abortive intelligences, distance and superiority in the scale of such short - lived reasonable beings? being; but he knows that, how high Would he give us talents that are not foever the station is of which he stands to be exerted? Capacities that are never possessed at present, the inferior nature to be gratified? How can we find that will at length mount up to it, and shine wisdom which shines through all his forth in the fame degree of glory, works, in the formation of man, with With what altonishment and veneraout looking on this world as only a tion may we look into our own souls, Gursery for the next, and believing that where there are such hidden stores of the several generations of rational crea virtue and knowledge, such inexhausted tures, which rise up and disappear in sources of perfection? We know not yet such quick successions, are only to re what we shall be, nor will it ever enter ceive their first rudiments of existence into the heart of man to conceive the here, and afterwards to be transplanted glory that will be always in reserve for into a more friendly climate, where him. The soul, considered with it's they may spread and fourish to all eter. Creator, is like one of those mathema. nity?

tical lines that may draw nearer to anThere is not, in my opinion, a more other for all eternity without a poffibipleasing and triumphant consideration lity of touching it: and can there be a in religion than this of the perpetual thought fo transporting, as to consider progress which the soul makes towards ourselves in these perpetual approaches the perfection of it's nature, without to Him, who is not only the standard ever arriving at a period in it. To look of perfection but of happiness! upon the soul as going on from strength



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Am always very well pleased with a As Sir Roger is lan llord to the whole

countıy Sunday, and think, if keep- congregation, he keeps then in very ing holy the seventh day were only a hu- good order, and will suffer nobody to min inititution, it would be the best ileep in it belides himself; for if by method that could have been thought of chance he has been surprised into a mort for the polishing and civilizing of man. nap at fermon, upon recovering out of kind. It is certain the country people it he itands up and looks about him, would soon degenerate into a kind of and if he fees any body else nedding, favages and barbariana, were there not either wakes thein himielf, or sends his fuch frequent returns of a stated time, fervant to them. Several other of the in which the whole village ineet together old knight's particularities break out with their best faces, and in their clean. upon there occafions: sometimes he will lielt habits, to converse with one another be lengthening out a verfe in the fingupon indifferent subjects, hear their du- ing-psalms, half a minute after the rett ties explained to them, and join together of the congregation have done with it; in adoration of the Supreme Being. fometimes, when he is pleased with the Sunday clears away the ruit of the whole matter of his devotion, he pronounces week, 'not only as it refreshes in their ‘Amen' three or four times to the fame intends the notions of religion, but as it prayer; and sometimes itanus puts both the sexes upon appearing in every body else is upon their knees, to Their most agreeable forms, and exert count the congregation, or fee if any of ing all such qualities as are apt to give his tenants are miffing, them a figure in the eye of the village. I was yefterday very much furprised A country fellow distinguishes himself to hear my old friend, in the midit of as much in the church-yard, as a citi- the fervice, calling out to one John zen does upon the 'Change, the whole Matthews to mind what he was about, parish-politics being generally discusled and not disturb the congregation. This in that place either after fermon or be- John Matthews it seems is remarkable ! fore the bell rings.

for being an idle fellow, and at that! My friend Sir Roger, being a good time was kicking his heels for his diverchurch-man, has beautified the inside fion. This authority of the knight, of his church with several texts of his though exerted in that odd manner own chuting; he has likewise given a which accompanies him in all circum. handsome pulpit.cloth, and railed-in ftances of life, has a very good effect the communion-rable at his own ex upon the parish, who are not polite pence. He has often told me, that at enough to see any thing ridiculous in his coming to his eftate he found his his behaviour; besides that the general parishioners, very irregular; and that in good sense and worthiness of his cha. order to make them kneel and join in racter makes his friends observe these the responses, he gave every one of them little fingularities as foils that rather fet a ha:roc and a common prayer book; off than blemish his good qualities. and at the same time employed an itine As soon as ihe sermon is finished, no. rant finging-master, who goes about the body presumes to stir until Sir Roger is country for that purpole, to inftruet gone out of the church. The knight them rightly in the tunes of the psalms; walks down from his feat in the chancel upon which they now very much value between a double row of his tenants, themselves; and indeed out-do most of that itand bowing to him on each side : the country churches that I have ever and every now and then enquires how heard.

such an one's wife, or mother, or son,


or father do, whom he does not fee at to be revenged on the parson never comes church; which is understood as a secret to church. The squire has made all reprimand to the person that is absent. ' his tenants atheilts and tithe itcalers;

The chaplain has often told me, that while the parton inttruets them every upon a catechifng-day, when Sir Roger Sunday in the dignity of his order, and has been pleased with a boy that answers insinuates to them in almost every sere well, he has ordered a Bible to be given mon, that he is a better man than his hin the next day for his encouragement; patron. In short, matters are come to and sometimes accompanies it with a such an extremity, that the squire has fitch of bacon to his mother. Sir Roger not faid his prayers either in public or has likewise added five pounds a year private this half year; and that the parto the clerk's place; and that he may lon threatens him, if he does not mend encourage the young fellows to make his manners, to pray for him in the face themselves perfect in the church-fervice, of the whole congregation. has promised upon the death of the pre Feuds of this nature, though too fresent' incumbent, who is very old, to quent in the country, are very fatal to bestow it according to merit.

the ordinary people; who are lo used to The fair understanding between Sir be dazzled with riches, that they pay as Roger and his chaplain, and their me much deference to the understanding of tual concurrence in doing good, is the a man of an eitate, as of a man of learnmore remarkable, becaule the very next ing; and are very hardly brought to revillage is famous for the differences and gard any truth, how important foever contentions that rise between the parson it may be, that is preached to them, and the squire, who live in a perpetual when they know there are several men state of war. The parlon is always of five hundred a year who do not bepreaching at the squire, and the squire lieve it.




Virg. ÆN. IV. v. 4.


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N my first description of the company tiful creature under these shades. I

in which I pass most of my time, it • have been fool enough to carve her may be remembered that I mentioned a ' name on the bark of several of these great affliction which my friend Sir trees; so unhappy is the condition of Roger had met with in his youth; which men in love, to attempt the removing was no less than a disappointment in of their passions by the methods which love. It happened this evening that we • serve only to imprint it deeper. She fell into a very pleasing walk at a dis • has certainly the finest hand of

any tance from his house. As soon as we ' woman in the world.' came into itIt is,' quoth the good Here followed a profound silence; and old man, looking round him with a I was not displeased to observe my smile, ' very hard, that any part of my friend falling lo naturally into a dita • land should be fettled upon one who course, which I had ever before taken • has used me fo ill as the perverse notice he industriously avoided. After • widow did; and yet I am sure I could a very long pause he entered upon an ac.

not see a sprig of any bough of this count of this great circumstance in his ! whole walk of trees, but I thould re lite, with an air which I thought raised ' Alect upon her and her severity. She has my idea of him above what I had ever ' certainly the fineft hand of any woman had before; and gave me the picture of

in the world. You are to know this was that chearful mind of his, before it re. 'the place wherein I used to muse upon ceived that stroke which has ever since 'her; and by that custom I can never affected his words and actions. But

come into it, but the same tender sen- he went on as follows. "timents revive in my mind, as if I I came to my estate in my twenty• had actually walked with that beau. • second year, and resolved to follow

6 the

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