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& the steps of the most worthy of my thought so groundless and frivolous,
my fervants, officers, and whole equi men, but indulge themselves in no
page, indulged the pleasure of a young 'farther consequences. Hepce it is that « man, who did not think ill of his own • she has ever had a train of admirers, • person, in taking that public occafion " and me removes from her slaves in • of thewing my figure and behaviour town to those in the country, accord. • to advantage. You may catily ima ing to the seasons of the year.
She "gine to yourself what appearance I " is a reading lady, and far gone in the
made, who am pretty tall, rid well, • pleasures of friendship: she is always • and was very well dressed, at the head accompanied by a confident, who is
of a whole county, with music before witness to her daily protestations • me, a feather in my hat, and my against our sex, and consequently a • horse well bitted. I can assure you I • bar to her first steps towards love, upon " was not a little pleased with the kind • the strength of her own maximns and « looks and glances I had from all the 6 declarations. • balconies and windows as I rode to the • However, I must needs say this ac. « hall where the aflizes were held. But complished mistress of mine has distin. when I came there, a beautiful crea guished me above the rest, and has • ture in a widow's habit sat in court, been known to declare Sir Roger de < to hear the event of a cause concern • Coverley was the tamest and most hu• ing her dower. This commanding mane of all the brutes in the country. • creature, who was born for the de • I was told the said so, hy one who • ftruction of all who behold her, put on " thought he rallied me; but upon the · such a relignation in her countenance, • strength of this flender encouragement 6 and bore the whispers of all around • of being thought least detestable, I • the court, with such a pretty uneasi • made new liveries, new-paired my • ness, I warrant you, and then recover ' coach-horses, sent them all to town to • ed herself from one eye to another, be bitted, and taught to throw their • until he was perfe&tly confused by • legs well, and move all together, before • meeting something so wistful in all the . I pretended to cross the country, and « encountered, that at last, with a mur. ' wait upon her. As soon as I thought • rain to her, she cast her bewitching ' my retinue suitable to the character of " eye upon me. I no sooner met it, but my fortune and youth, I set out from • I bowed like a great surprised boohy; hence to make my addresses. The 6 and knowing her cause to be the first • particular skill of this lady-has ever « which came on, I cried, like a capti • been to inflame your wishes, and yet « vated calf as I was—"Make way for ' command respect. To make her mis. of the defendant's witnesses," This sud. • tress of this art, me has a greater share • den partiality made all the county of knowledge, wit, and good sense, • immediately see the sheriff also was be • than is usual even among men of me
come a slave to the fine widow. Dur. rit. Then she is beautiful beyond the sing the time her cause was upon trial, race of women. If you will not let « me behaved herself, I warrant you, her go on with a certain artifice with • with such a deep attention to her busi • her eyes, and the skill of beauty, Me • ness, took opportunities to have little I will arm herself with her real charms, i billets handed to her counsel, then Sand ftrike you with admiration in. 6 would be in such a pretty confusion, • stead of desire. It is certain that if • occasioned, you must know, by acting you were to behold the whole woman, « before so much company, that not only • there is that dignity in her aspect, that « I but the whole court was prejudiced composure in her motion, that com• in her favour; and all that the next placency in her manner, that if her • heir to her hulband had to urge, was form makes you hope, her merit makes
you fear. But then again, she is such « faid! After she had done speaking to a desperate scholar, that no country me, she put her hand to her bosom and gentleman can approach her without adjusted her tucker. Then she cait being a jest. As I was going to tell ' her eyes a little down, upon my beyou, when I came to her houle, I was • holding her too earnestly. They say admitted to her presence with great " she sings excellently: her voice in her civility; at the fame time the placed ordinary speech has something in it herself to be first seen by me in such • inexpreilibly sweet. You muit know an attitude, as I think you call the "I dined with her at a public table the poiture of a picture, that the disco day after I first saw her, and the helpvered new charms, and I at laft came • ed me to some tanly in the eye of all
towards her with such an awe as made the gentlemen in the country. She 'me speechless. This she no sooner has certainly the finelt hand of any • observed but she made her advantage woman in the world. I can ailure
you, of it, and began a discourse to me • Sir, were you to behold her, you concerning love and honour, as they • would be in the same condition; for both are followed by pretenders, and as her speech is music, her form is anthe real votaries to them. When she • gelic. But I find I grow irregular
discuffed these points in a discourse, " while I am talking of her; but indeed ' which I verily believe was as learned • it would be stupidity to be unconcern• as the best philosopher in Europe could • ed at such perfection. Oh the excel
possibly make, she asked me whether "lent creature! she is as inimitable to 'The was so happy as to fall in with ' all women, as she is inaccessible to all • my sentiments on these important par- men.' . ticulars. Her confident sat by her, I found my friend begin to rave, and
and upon my being in the last confu- insensibly led him towards the house, • fion and filence, this malicious aid of that we might be joined by some other
hers turning to her fays-“ I am very company; and am convinced that the “ glad to observe Sir Roger pauses upon widow is the secret cause of all that in" this subject, and seems resolved to consistency which appears in fome parts “ deliver all his sentiments upon the of my friend's discourse; though he has " matter when he pleases to speak." so much command of himself as not di
They both kept their countenances, rectly to mention her, yet according to + and after I had fat half an hour medi that of Martial, which one knows not • tating how to behave before such pro- how to render into English-Dum tacet • found casuits, I rose up and took my • hanc loquitur.' I Niall end this paper • leave. Chance has since that time with that whole epigram, which repre
thrown me very often in her way, and sents with much humour my honest • The as often has directed a discourse to. friend's condition. me which I do not understand. This barbarity has kept me ever at a dir: Quicquid agit Rufus, nibil est,nifiNaviaRufo, tance from the most beautiful object Si gaudit, fi fler, fi cacet, bonc loquitur : my eyes ever beheld. It is thus also Cænat, propinat, poscit, negat, annuii, una eft • the deals with all mankind, and you
Nævia; fi non fit Navia, mutus erit, must make love to her, as you would
Scriberet befierná patri cùm luce falutemi,
Navia lux inquit, Navia numen, ave. conquer the sphinx, by posing her,
EPIG. LXIX. L.I. But were the like other women, and that there were any talking to her, how Let Rufus weep, rejoice, ftand, fit, or walk,
constant must the pleasure of that man Still he can nothing but of Nævia talk; . be, who could converse with a crea Let him eat, drink, ask questions, or dispute,
ture-But, after all, you may be sure Still he must speak of Nævia, or be mute. . her heart is fixed on some one or other; He writ to his father, ending with this line, * and yet I have been credibly inform- I am, my lovely Navia, ever thine. .ed; but who can believe half what is
No CXIV. WEDNESDAY, JULY 11.
PAUPERTATIS PUDOR IT FUGA
Hor. Ep. XVIII. L. 1. V. 24.
ECONOMY in our affairs has ing, and exchanged for a libertine way
the same effect upon our fortunes, of service in all about him. which good-breeding has upon our con This gentleman's condue, though a veriations. There is a pretended beha very common way of management, is viour in both cases, which, initead of as ridiculous as that officer's would be, making men esteemed, renders them who had but few men under bis comboth miserable and contemptible. We mand, and should take the charge of an had yetterday at Sir Roger's a set of extent of country rather than of a small country gentlemen who dined with him; pats. To pay for, personate, and keep and after dinner the glass was taken, in a man's hands, a greater estate than by thote who pleated, pretty plentifully. he really has, is of all others the moft Among others I oblerved a person of a umpardonable vanity, and muft in the tolerable good aspect, who feemed to end reduce the man who is guilty of it be more greedy of liquor than any of to dishonour. Yet if we look round us the company, and yet, methought, he in any county of Great Britain, we shall did not taite it with delight. As he see many in ebis fatal error; if that may grew warm, he was fufpicious of every be called hy so foft a name, which prothing that was faid; and as he advanced ceeds from a false thame of appearing towards being fuddled, his humour grew whiat they really are, when the contrary worfe. At the same time his bitternets behaviour would in a short time advance feemed to be rather an inward disfatis them to the condition which they prefaction in his own mind, than any dillike tend to. he had taken to the company. Upon Laertes has fifteen hundred pounds a hearing his name, I knew him to be a year, which is mortgaged for fix thougentleinan of a considerable fortune in fand pounds; but it is impossible to conthis county, but greatly in debt. What vince bim that if he fold as much as gives the unhappy man this peevithness
off that debt, he would save of spirit is, that his citate is dipped, and four snillings in the pound, which tre is eating out with usury; and yet he has gives for the vanity of being the reputed not the heart to tell any part of it. His master of it. Yet if Laertes did this, proud ttomach, at the cost of restless he would, perhaps, be eater in his own nights, conftant inquietusles, danger of fortune; but then Irus, a fellow of yefaffronts, and a thousand paineless in terday, who has but twelve hundred a conveniencies, preserves this canker in year, would be his equal. Rather than his fortune, rather than it shall be said this fhall be, Laertes goes on to bring he is a man of a fewer hundreds a year well-born beggars into the world, and than he has been cominonly reputed. every twelvemonth charges his estate Thus he endures the torment of pover with at leait one year's rent more by the ty, to avoid the name of being less birth of a child. rich. If you go to his house you see Laertes and Irus are neighbours, great plenty; but ferved in a manner whose way of living are an abomination that shews it is all unnatural, and that to each other. I u's is moved by the the matter's mind is not at home. There fear of poverty, and Laertes by the is a certain waste and carelessness in the fhame of it. Though the inotive of acair of every thing, and the whole ap. tion is of so near affinity in both, and pears but a covered indigence, a nag may be resolved into this, that to each of nificent poverty.
That neatness and them poverty is the greatest of all evils, shearfulness which attends the table of yet are their manners very widely difhim who lives within compass, is want ferent, Shame of poverty makes Laertes
launch into unnecessary equipage, vain authority of the wiselt men of the best expence, and lavish entertainments; fear age of the world, to strengthen his opiof poverty makes Irus allow himself nion of the ordinary pursuits of manonly plain necessaries, appear without a kind. servant, sell his own corn, attend his It would mechinks be no ill maxim of labourers, and be himself a labourer. life, if according to that ancestor of Sir Shame of poverty makes Laertes go Roger, whom I lately mentioned, every every day a step nearer to it; and fear man would point to himself what sum of poverty ftirs up Irus to make every he would resolve not to exceed. He day fome further progress from it. might by this means cheat himself into
These different motives produce the a tranquillity on this side of that exexcesses which men are guilty of in the pectation, or convert what he Mould get negligence of and provilion for them- above it to nobler uses than his own felves. Usury, stock-jobbing, extortion, pleasures or necessities. This temper of and oppression, have their seed in the mind would exempt a man from an igdread of want; and vanity, riot, and norant envy of restless men above him, prodigality, from the shame of its but and a more inexcusable contempt of both these excesses are infinitely below happy men below him. This would be the pursuit of a reasonable creature. sailing, by some compass, living with After we have taken care to commard some design; but to be eternally bea lo much as is necessary for maintaining wildered in prospects of future gain, ourselves in the order of men suitable to and putting on unnecessary armour aour character, the care of superfluities gainit improbable blows of fortune, is is a vice no less extravagant, than the a mechanic being which has not good neglect of necessaries would have been sense for it's direction, but is carried on before.
by a sort of acquired instinct towards Certain it is, that they are both out things below our confideration and unof nature, when the is followed with worthy our esteem. It is possible that reason and good senfe. It is from this the tranquillity I now enjoy at Sir Roreflection that I always read Mr. Cowley ger's may have created in me this way with the greatest pleasure: his magnani of thinking, which is fo abstracted from mity is as much above that of other the common relish of the world; but as
confiderable men, as his underftanding; I am now in a pleasing arbour surrounds and it is a true distingaishing spirit in ed with a beautiful landskip, I find no
the elegant author who published his inclination so strong as to continue in works, to dwell so much upon the tem these mansions, so remote from the often. per of his mind and the moderation of tatious scenes of life; and am at this his desires : by this means he has ren present writing philosopher enough to dered his friend as amiable as famous. conclude with Mr. Cowley That state of life which bears the face If e'er ambition did my fancy cheat, of poverty with Mr. Cowley's great with any wish fo mean as to be great; Vulgar, is admirably described; and it Continue, Heav'n, still from me to remove is to small satisfaction to those of the The bumble bleffings of that life I love. same turn of desire, that he produces the
N° CXV. THURSDAY, JULY 12.
-VT SIT MENS SANA IN CORPORE SANO.
Jur. Sat. *. V.3561
A HEALTHY BODY AND A MIND AT EASE.
RODILY labour is of two kinds, from ordinary labour as it rises from
another motive. for his livelihood, or that which he un A country life abounds in both these dergoes for his pleasure. The latter of kinds of labour, and for that reason them generally changes the name of la- gives a man a greater stock of health, bour for that of exercise, but differs only and consequently a more perfect enjoy
ment of himself, than any other way of riches and honour, even food and saia life. I consider the body as a fyftein of ment are not to be come at without the tubes and glands, or to use a more rustic toil of the hands and sweat of the brows. phrase, a bundle of pipes and strainers, . Providence furnishes materials, but exfitted to one another after so wonderful pects that we should work them up oura manner as to make a proper engine selves. The earth must be laboured for the soul to work with. This de. before it gives it's increase, and when scription does not only comprehend the it is forced into it's several produ&s, bowels, bones, tendons, veins, nerves, how many hands must they pass through and arteries, but every muscle and every before they are fit for use? Manufac. ligature, which is a composition of fibres, tures, trade, and agriculture, naturally that are so many imperceptible tubes or employ more than nineteen parts of the pipes interwoven on all dides with invi- fpecies in twenty; and as for those who lible glands or strainers.
are not obliged to labour, by the conThis general idea of a human body, dition in which they are born, they are without considering it in it's niceties of more miserable than the rest of mananatomy, lets us see how absolutely ne kind, unless they indulge themselves in cellary labour is for the right preserva- that voluntary labour which goes by tion of it. There inuit be frequent mo the name of exercise. tions and agitations, to mix, digelt, and My friend Sir Roger has been an infeparate the juices contained in it, as well defatigable man of business of this kind, as to clear and cleanse that infinitude of and has hung several parts of his house pipes and strainers of which it is com with the trophies of his former labours. poled, and to give their solid parts a more The walls of his great hall are covered firm and lasting tone.
Labour or ex with the horns of several kinds of deer ercile ferments the humours, casts them that he has killed in the chace, which into their proper channels, throws off he thinks the most valuable furniture redundancies, and helps nature in those of his house, as they afford him frequent fecret distributions, without which the topics of discourse, and thew that he has body cannot fubhift in it's vigour, nor not been idle. At the lower end of the the soul act with chearfulness.
hall is a large otter's skin stuffed with I might here mention the effects which hay, which his mother ordered to be this has upon all the faculties of the mind, hung up in that inanner, and the knight by keeping the understanding clear, the looks upon with great fatisfaction, beimagination untroubled, and refining cause it seems he was but nine years those spirits that are neceflary for the old when his dog killed him. A little proper exertion of our intellectual facul room adjoining to the hall is a kind of ties, during the present laws of union arser al filled with guns of several fizes between foul and body. It is to a neglect and inventions, with which the knight in this particular that we must ascribe has made great havock in the woods, the spleen, which is so frequent in men and destroyed many thousands of pheaof studious and sedentary tempers, as fants, partridges, and woodcocks. His well as the vapours to which zhose of Atable-doors are patched with noses that the other fex are so often subject. belonged to foxes of the knight's own
Had not exercite been absolutely ne hunting down. Sir Roger shewed me cessary for our well-being, nature would one of them that for diftinction fake has not have made the body to proper for a brass nail stuck through it, which cost it, by giving such an activity to the him about fifteen hours riding, carried limbs, and such a pliancy to every part him through half a dozen connties, killed as necessarily produce those compref- him a brace of gellings, and lott above fions, extenfions, contortions, dilata. half his dogs. This the knight looks tions, and all other kinds of motions upon as one of the greatest exploits of that are necessary for the preservation his life. The perverse widow, whom I of such a system of tubes and glands as have given some account of, was the has been before mentioned. And that death of several foxes; for Sir Roger we might not want inducements to en has told me that in the course of his gage us in such an exercise of the body amours he patched the western door of as is proper for it's welfare, it is so or- bis ftable. Whenever the widow was Cared that nothing valuable can be pro- cruel, the foxes were sure to pay for it, unced without it. Not to mention in proportion as his passion for the wi