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VIRG. Æn. x. y. 108.



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should enter into a kind of affociation room for merit, by throwing down the
for the defence of one another, and the worthless and depraved part of mankind
confusion of their common enemics. As from those conspicuous stations of life
it is deligned this neutral body should to which they have been sometimes ad-
act with a regard to nothing but truth vanced, and all this without any regard
and equity, and divest themselves of the to his private interest, would be no small
little heats and prepoffeffions that cleave benefactor to his country.
to parties of all kinds, I have prepared for I remember to have read in Diodorus

them the following form of an associa- Siculus an account of a very active little . tion, which may express their intentions animal, which I think he calls the in the most plain and simple manner. Ichneumon, that makes it the whole

• We whose names are hereunto fub- business of his dife to break the eggs of 'scribed do solemnly declare, that we do the crocodile, which he is always in ' in our consciences believe two and two search after. This instinct is the more 'make four; and that we shall adjudge remarkable, because the Ichneumon

any man whatsoever to be our enemy never feeds upon the eggs he has broken, who endeavours to persuade us to the nor any other way finds his account in contrary. We are likewise ready to them. Were it not for the incessant

maintain with the hazard of all that • labours of this industrious animal, 'is near and dear to us, that fix is less • Egypt,' says the historian, 'would

than seven in all times and all places; • be over run with crocodiles; for the * and that ten will not be more three Egyptians are so far from destroying years hence than it is at present. We • those pernicious creatures, that they do also firmly declare, that it is our worship them as gods.'

resolution as long as we live to call If we look into the behaviour of or'black black, and white white. And dinary partizans, we fall find them far

we shall upon all occasions oppose such frem resembling this disinterested ani. 6 persons that upon any day of the year mal, and rather acting after the example

Reall call black white, or white black, of the wild Tartars, who are ambitious with the utmost peril of our lives and of destroying a man of the moit extra• Sortunes.'

ordinary parts and accomplishments, as Were there such a combination of how thinking that upon his decease the same neft men, who without any regard to talents, whatever poft they qualified places, would endeavour to extirpate all him for, enter of course into his desuch furious zealots as would sacrifice stroyer. one half of their country to the passion

Ás in the whole train of my specula. and interest of the other; as also such tions, I have endeavoured as much as infamous hypocrites, that are for pro I am able to extinguish that pernicious moting their own advantage, under co- fpirit of passion and prejudice, which lour of the public good; with all the rages with the same violence in all parprofligate immoral retainers to cach fide, ties, I am fill the more desirous of do. that have nothing to recommend them ing some good in this particular, be. but an implicit submission to their lead- cause I observe that the spirit of party ers; we thould soon see that furious reigns more in the country than in the party-spirit extinguished, which may in town. It here contracts a kind of bru. time expose us to the derision and con- tality and rustic fierceness, to which men tempt of all the nations about us. of a politer conversation are wholly


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ney of him.

Atrangers. It extends itself even to the entering into an house of any one that return of the bow and the hat; and at Sir Roger had applauded for an honest the fame time that the heads of parties man. preserve towards one another an outward Since my stay at Sir Roger's in the thew of good-breeding, and keep up a country, I daily find more inítances of perpetual intercourse of civilities, their this narrow party-humour. Being uptools that are difperfed in these outlying on the bowling-green at a neighbouring parts will not so much as mingle to market-town the other day, for that is gether at a cock-match. This hunour the place where the gentlemen on one blls the eountry with several periodical side meet once a week, I observed a meetings of Whig jockies and Tory fox. stranger among them of a better prehunters; not to mention the innumerable fence and genteeler behaviour than orcurfes, frowns, and whispers, it produces dinary; but was much surprised, that at a quarter-fefsions.

notwithstanding he was a very fair betI do not know whether I have observ. ter, nobody would take him up. But ed in any of my former papers, that my upon enquiry I found, that he was one friend Sir Roger de Coverley and Sir who had given a disagreeable vote in a Andrew Freeport are of different prin- former parliament, for which reason ciples, the firit of them inclined to the there was not a man upon that bowl landed, and the other to the monied in- ing.green who would have so much cor terest. This humour is so moderate in respondence with him as to win his moeach of them, that it proceeds so far: ther than to an agreeable raillery, which Among other instances of this na. very often diverts the rest of the club. I ture, I must not omit one which confind, however, that the knight is a much cerns myself. Will Wimble was the fronger Tory in the country than in other day relating several strange stories town, which, as he has told me in my that he had picked up nobody knows ear, is absolutely neceffary for the keeps where of a certain great man; and upon ing up his intereft. In all our journey my staring at him, as one that was fur. from London to his house we did not so prised to hear fuch things in the counmuch as bait at a Whig-inn; or if by ry, which had never been so much as chance the coachman itopped at a wrong whispered in the town, Will stopped place, one of Sir Roger's servants would short in the thread of his discourse, and ride up to his master full speed, and after dinner asked my friend Sir Roger whisper to hin that the master of the in his ear if he was sure that I was not house was against such an one in the last a fanatic. election. This often betrayed us into It gives me a serious concern to see hard beds and bad cheer; for we were such a spiritof diffenfion in the country; not fo inquisitive about the inn as the not only as it deftroys virtue and com. inn-keeper; and provided our landlord's mon fence, and renders us in a manner principles were found, did not take any barbarians towards one another, but as notice of the staleness of his provisions. it perpetuates our animosities, widens This I found still the more inconveni our breaches, and transmits our present ent, because the better the host was, passions and prejudices to our polterity: the worfe generally were his accommo. For my own part, I am sometimes afraid ditions; the fellow knowing very well that I discover the seeds of a civil war that those who were his friends would in these our diversions; and therefore take up with coarse diet and an hard cannot hut bewail, as in their firft prin. Lodging. For these reasons, all the ciples, the miseries and calamities of while I was upon the road I dreaded our children,



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PERS. SAT. I. v. I.


T is our custom at Sir Roger's upon airy, and very proper for the season ;

the coming in of the post, to fit about, but this I look upon to be only a prea pot of coffee, and hear the old knight' tence, and a piece of art, for it is well! read Dyer's letter; which he does with known we have not had a more moderate his spectacles upon his nose, and in an summer these many years, so that it is audible voice, smiling very often at those certain the heat they complain of cannot little strokes of satire, which are so fre be in the weather: besides, I would fain quent in the writings of that author. I ask these tender constitutioned ladies, afterwards communicate to the knight why they should require more cooling fuch packets as I receive under the qua than their mother's before them? lity of Spectator. The following letter I find several speculative persons are chancing to please him more than ordie of opinion that our fex has of late years nary, I shall publish it at his request. been very saucy, and that the boop-pet

ticoat is made use of to keep us at a dis. MR. SPECTATOR,

tance. It is most certain that a wo. you have diverted the town almost man's honour cannot be better intrench

a whole month at the expence of ed than after this manner, in circle the country, it is now high time that within circle, amidst such a variety of you should give the country their re out-works and lines of circumvallation. tenge. Since your withdrawing from A female who is thus invested in whalethis

place, the fair-lex are run into great bone is sufficiently fecured against the extravagancies. Their petticoats, which approaches of an ill-bred fellow, who began to heave and swell before you left might as well think of Sir George Etheus, are now blown up into a molt enor rege's way of making love in a tub, as mous concave, and rise every day more in the midst of so many hoops. and more: in short, Sir, fince our wo Among these various conjectures, men know themselves to be out of the there are men of fuperftitious tempers, eye of the Spectator, they will be kept who look upon the hoop- petticoat as a within no compas. You praised them kind of prodigy. Some will have it a little too soon, for the modesty of their that it portends the downfal of the head-dresses; for as the humour of a French King, and observe that the farf.ck person is often driven out of one thingal appeared in England a little belimb into another, their fuperfluity of fore the ruin of the Spanish monarchy. ornaments, instead of being entirely ba Others are of opinion that it foretels nished, seems only fallen from their battle and bloodihed, and believe it of heads upon their lower parts. What the same prognostication as the tail of they have lost in height they make a blazing ftar. For my part, I am up in breadth, and contrary to all rules apt to think it is a sign that multitulles of architecture widen the foundations at are coming into the world rather than the same time that they shorten the sun going out of it. perftru&ture. Were they, like Spanish The first time I saw a laly dressed in jennets, to impregnate by the wind, one of these petticoats, I could not for: they could not have thought on a more bear blaming her in my own thoughts proper invention. But as we do not for walking abroad when she was so near yet hear any particular use in this petti- her time, but soon recovered myself out coat, or that it contains any thing more of my error, when I found all the modilly than what was supposed to be in those part of the lex as far gone as herself. It of (cantier make, we are wonderfully at is generally thought some crafty women a loss about it.

have thus betrayed their companions The women give out, in defence into hoops, that they might make them ! of these wide bottoms, that they are accessary to their own concealments,


appear amiable.

and by that means escape the censure of am persuaded that if one of the present the world; as wary generals have fome petticoats happens to be hung up in any times diefled two or three dozen of their repository of curiosities, it will lead into friends in their own habit, that they the fanie error the generations that lie might not draw upon themselves any some removes from us; unless we can particular attacks from the oneiny. The believe our pofterity will think so difretrutting petticoat smooths all distinc spectfully of their great grandmothers, tions, levels the mother with the daugh that they made themselves monitious to ter, and fets maids and matrons, wives and widows, upon the same bottom. When I survey this new-fashioned In the mean while, I cannot but be rotunda in all it's parts, I cannot but troubled to fee fo many well-shaped in think of the old philosopher, who, after nocent virgins bloated up, and wad. having entered into an Égyptian tempie, dling up and down like big-bellied wo and looked about for the idol of the men.

the place, at length discovered a little Should this fashion get among the black monkey enthrined in the midst of ordinary people, our public ways would it, upon which he could not for bear be fo crouced that we should want itratcrying out, to the great scandal of the room. Several congregations of the 'worth ppersWhat a magnificent best fashion find themielves alıeady very ' palace is here for such a ridiculous in. much straitened, and if the mode in. « habitant!' creases I wish it may not drive many Though you have taken a resolution, ordinary women into meetings and con in one of your papers, to avoid deicenda venticies. Should our sex at the same ing to particularitic shof dress, I believe time take it into their heads to wear will not think it below you, on so trunk biteches, as who knows what extraordinary an occafion, to unhoop their indignation at this female treat the fair-lex, and cure this fashionable ment may drive them to, a man and his tympany that is got among them. I am wife would fill a whole pew.

apt to think the petticoat will thrink of You know, Sir, it is recorded of it's own accord at your first coming to Alexander the Great, that in his Indian town; at least a touch of your pen will expedition he buried several suits of ar- make it contract itself, like the tensitive mnour, which by his direction were made plant, and by that means oblige leveral much too big for any of his soldiers, in who are either terrified or astonished at order to give posterity an extraordinary this portentous novelty, and among the idea of him, and make them believe he rest, your humble servant, &c. had commanded an army of giants. I C




LUCAN. L. I. v. 98.



TOMEN in their nature are them out of the paths of reason. This

much more gay and joyous will certainly happen, if the one in every than men; whether it be that their blood word and action affects the character of is more refined, their fibres more deli- being rigid and severe, and the other of cate, and their animal Spirits niore light being brisk and airy. Men should be. and volatile; or whether, as some have ware of being captivated by a kind of imagined, there may not be a kind of favage philosophy, women by a thoughtfex in the very foul, I shall not pretend less gallantry. Where these precautions to determine. As vivacity is the gift are not observed, the man often degeof women, gravity is that of men. nerates into a cynic, the woman into a They should each of them, therefore, coquette; the inan grows sullen and keep a watch upon the particular bias morose, the woman impertinent and which nature has fixed in their minds, fantastical. that it may not draw too much and lead By what I have said, we may con.


elude, men and women are "

made as they cannot withstand. To be mort, counterparts to one another, that the the passion of an ordinary woinan for a pains and anxieties of the husband might man is nothing else but self love divertbe relieved by the sprightliness and good ed upon another object: she would have humour of the wife. When there are the lover a woman in every thing but rightly tempered, care and chearfulness the sex. I do not kno:v a finer piece of go hand and hand; and the family, like fatire on this part of womankind, than a ship that is duly trimmed, wants nei- those lines of Mr. Dryden. ther fail nor ballait.

Natural historians observe, for whilft Our thoughtless sex is caught by outward form I am in the country I mult fetch my al

And empty noise, and loves itself in man. lusions from thence, that only the male This is a source of infinite calamities birus have voices; that their songs be- to the sex, as it frequently joins them gin a little before breeding-time, and to men, who in their own thoughts are end a little after; that whilst the hen is as fine creatures as themselves; or if covering her eggs, the male generally they chance to be.good-humourel, ferve takes his stand upon a neighbouring only to dissipate their fortunes, infiame bough within her hearing; and by that their follies, and aggravate their indirmeans amuses and diverts her with his cretions. fongs during the whole time of her fitting. The same female levity is no less fatal

This contract anong birds lats no to them after marriage than before: it longer than till a brood of young ones represents to their imaginations the faitharises from it; so that in the feathered ful prudent husband as an honest trackind, the dares and fatigues of the mar table and domestic animal; and turns ried tate, if I may so call it, lie princi- their thoughts upon the fine gay gentlepally upon the feniale. On the contrary, man that laughs, sings, and drelies, so as in our species the man and the wo- much more agreeably. man are joined together for life, and the As this irregular vivacity of temper main burden rests upon the former, na leads astray the hearts of ordinary woture has given all the little arts of men in the choice of their lovers and the foothing and blandishment to the female, treatment of their husbands, it operates that the may chear and animate her with the same pernicious influence tocompanion in a constant and assiduous wards their children, who are taught to application to the making a provision accomplith themselves in all those subfor his family, and the educating of lime perfections that appear captivating their common children. This however in the eye of their inother. She admires is not to be taken so ftri&tly, as if the in her lon what she loved in her galfime duties were not often reciprocal, lant; and by that ineans contributes all and incurubent on both parties; but me can to perpetuate herself in a worthonly to set forth what seems to have less progeny. been the general intention of nature, in The younger Faustina was a lively the different inclinations and endowe instance of this sort of women. Not ments wbich are bestowed on the dif. withstanding she was married to Marcus ferent sexes.

Aurelius, one of the greatest, wilest, But whatever was the reason that man and beft of the Roman emperors, the and woman were made with this variety thought a common gladiator much the of temper, if we observe the conduct of prettier gentlemán; and had taken fuch the fair-sex, we find that they choose care to accomplish her Ton Commo.' rather to associate themselves with a per. dus according to her own notions of a son who resembles them in that light fine man, that when he ascended the and volatile humour which is natural to throne of his father, he became the moit them, than' to such as are qualified to foolish and abandoned tyrant that was moderate and counter-balance it. It ever placed at the head of the Roman has been an old complaint, that the cox empire, signalizing himself in nothing comb carries it with them before the but the fighting of prizes, and knocking man of lense. When we see a fellow out mens brains. As he had no taite loud and talkative, full of insipid life of true glory, we see him in several ineand laughter, we may venture to pro- dals and statues which are fill extant nounce him a female favourite; noise of him, equipped like an Hercules with and flutter are such accomplishments as a club and a lion's skin.

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