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. has entangled all her neighbours.' none in it might expect to outrun the With such false colours have the eyes of steps with which he himself advanced ? Lewis been enchanted, from the de. By such measures this godlike prince bauchery of his early youth, to the su learned to conquer, learned to use his perstition of his present old age. Hence conqueits. How terrible has he apit is, that he has the patience to have peared in battle, how gentle in victory? ftatues erected to his prowess, his va Shall then the base arts of the Frenchlour, his fortitude; and in the softnesses man be held polite, and the honest la. and luxury of a court to be applauded hours of the Russian barbarous ? No: for magnanimity and enterprize in milie barbarity is the ignorance of true hotary atchievements.
nour, or placing any thing instead of it. Peter Alexovitz of Russia, when he The unjust prince is ignoble and barcame to years of manhood, though he barous, the good prince only renowned found himself emperor of a vast and and glorious. numerous people, master of an endless Though men may impose upon themterritory, absolute commander of the selves what they please by their corrupt lives and fortunes of his fubjets, in imaginations, truth will ever keep it's the midst of this unbounded power and station; and as glory is nothing elle but greatness turned his thoughts upon the Mhadow of virtue, it will certainly hinself and people with forrow. Sordid disappear at the departure of virtue. ignorance and a brute manner of life But how carefully ought the true nothis generous prince beheld and con tions of it to be preserved, and how intemned from the light of his own ge
dustrious fhould we be to encourage nius. His judgment suggested this to any impulses towards it? The Weitbim, and his courage prompted him to minster school-boy that said the other amend it. In order to this, he did not day he could not sleep or play for the send to the nation from whence the rest colours in the hall, ought to be free of the world has borrowed it's polite from receiving a blow for ever. ness, but himself left his diadem to But let us consider what is truly glolearn the true way to glory and honour, rious according to the author I have toand application to useful arts, wherein day quoted in the front of my paper. to employ the laborious, the simple, the The perfection of glory,' says Tul. honelt part of his people. Mechanic ly,' conlists in these three particulars: employments and operations were very i That the people love us; that they juftly the first objects of his favour and " have confidence in us; that being atobservation. With this glorious inten « fected with a certain admiration to. tion he travelled into foreign nations in ' wards us, they think we deserve hoan obscure manner, above receiving lit • nour.' This was spoken of greatness tle honours where he fojourned, but pry- in a commonwealth; but if one were to ing into what was of more consequence, form a notion of consummate glory their arts of peace and of war. By this undler our constitution, one must add means has this great prince laid the to the above-mentioned felicities a cerfcundation of a great and lasting fame, tain necessary inexistence, and difrelith by perfonal labour, personal knowledge, of all the rett, without the prince's fapersonal valour. It would be injury to vour. He should, methinks, have riches, any of antiquity to name them with power, honour, command, glory; but him. Who, but himself, ever left a riches, power, honour, command, and throne to learn to fit in it with more glory, Mhould have no charms, but as grace? Who ever thought himself mean accompanied with the affection of his in absolute power, until he had learned prince. He should, methinks, be poto use it?
pular because a favourite, and a faIf we consider this wonderful person, vourite because popular.' Were it not it is perplexity to know where to begin to make the character too imaginary, I his encomium. Others may in a me would give him sovereignty over fome topliorical or philosophic sense be said foreign territory, and make him esteein to command themtelves, but this empe- that an empty addition without the kind ror is also literally under his own com regards of his own prince. One may mand. Flow generous and how good merely have an idea of a man thus was his entering his own name as a composed and circumftantiated, and it private man in the anny he railed, that he were so made for power without an
incapacity of giving jealousy, he would could outlive the common fate of orbe allo glorious without possibility of dinary things, I would say these sketches receiving disgrace. This humility and and faint images of glory were drawn this importance muit make 'his glory in August 1711, when John Duke of immortal.
Marlborough made that memorable These thoughts are apt to draw me march wherein he took the French lines beyond the usual length of this paper, without bloodshed. but if I could suppole such rhapsodies
N CXL. FRIDAY, AUGUST 10.
-ANIMUM NUNC HUC CELIRIM, NUNC DIVIDIT ILLUC.
VIRG. ÆN: IV, V. 285. THIS WAY AND THAT HE TURNS HIS ANXIOUS MIND. DRYDEN.
I acquaint my reader, that I have many other letters yet acknowledged, I believe he will own, them of it. what I have a mind he should believe, that I have no small charge upon me,
MR.SPECTATOR, but am a person of some consequence in this world. I shall therefore employ I Have been delighted with nothing the present hour only in reading peti
more through the whole course of tions, in the order as follows.
your writings than the substantial ac
count you lately gave of Wit, and I MR. SPECTATOR,
could wish you would take some other I Have loft so much time already, that opportunity to express further the cor
I delire, upon the receipt hereof, you rupt taite the age is run into; which I would fit down immediately and give
ain chiefly apt to attribute to the preme your answer. And I would know valency of a few popular authors, whose of you whether a pretender of mine merit in some respects has given a fancreally loves me. As well as I can I tion to their faults in others. Thus will describe his manners.
When he the imitators of Milton seem to place sees me he is always talking of con
all the excellency of that sort of writing tancy, but vouchiafes to visit me but either in the uncouth or antique words, ence a fortnight, and then is always in or something else which was highly vibatte to be gone. When I am fick, I cious, though pardonable, in that great hear, he says he is mightily concerned,
The admirers of what we call but neither comes nor lends, becaule, as point, or turn, look upon it as the pathe tells his acquaintance with a figh, ticular happiness to which Cowley, Ovid, he does not care to let me know all the and others, owe their reputation, and power I have over him, and how impor- therefore imitate them only in such infible it is for him to live without me. Itances; what is just, proper, and naWhen he leaves the town he writes once
tural, does not seem to be the question in fix weeks, desires to hear from me,
with them, but by what means a quaint complains of the torment of absence, antithesis may be brought about, how speaks of flames, tortures, languishings, one word may be made to look two and ecstafies. He has the cant of an ways, and what will be the consequence impatient lover, but keeps the pace of a of a forced allufion. Now, though such lukewarm one. You know I must not authors appear to me to resemble those go faster than he does, and to move at
who make themselves fine, instead of this rate is as tedious as counting a being well-dretled, or graceful; yet the great clock. But you are to know he mischief is, that these beauties in them, is rich, and my mother says, as he is which I call blemishes, are thought to Now he is fure; he will love me long, if proceed from luxuriance of fancy, and he love me little: but I appeal to you overflowing of good fente: in one word, whether he loves at all. Your neglected they have the character of being
witty; but if you would acquaint the LYDIA NOVELL. world they are not witty at all, you
would, among many others, oblige, Sir, past gallantry, by touching so gently your most benevolent reader,
upon gaming: therefore I hope you do
R. D. not think it wrong to employ a little SIR,
leisure time in that diversion; but I I An a young woman, and reckoned should be glad to hear you say some.
pretty, therefore you will pardon me, thing upon the behaviour of fome of the that I trouble you to decide a wager female gamesters. between me and a cousin of mine, who I have observed ladies,who in all other is always contradicling one because he respects are gentle, good-humoured, and understands Latin. Pray, Sir, is Dim the very pinks of good-breeding; who ple spelt with a single or a double p? I as soon as the ombre-table is called for, am, Sir, your very humble servant, and set down to their business, are im.
BETTY SANTER. mediately transmigrated into the verieft Pray, Sir, direet thus: “ To the Kind wasps in nature.
You must know I keep my temper, · Querit,' and leave it at Mr. Lillie's, for I do not care to be known in the
and win their money; but am out of
conntenance to take it, it makes them thing at all. I am, Sir, again your humble fervant.
so very uneasy. Be pleasedl, dear Sir, to instruct them to lose with a better
grace, and you will oblige your's, MR. SPECTATOR,
RACHEL BASTO. I
Must needs tell you there are several of your papers I do not much like.
MR. SPECTATOR, You are often so nice there is no endur. ing you, and so learned there is no un YOUR kindnels to Eleonora, in one durftanding you. Wliat have you to do
of your papers, has given me enwith our petticoats? Your humble
couragement to do myself the honour of writing to you.
The great regard you fervant,
PARTHENOPE. have so often expressed for the instruc
tion and improvement of our fex, will,
I hope, in your own opinion, sufficient. LAST night as I was walking in the ly excuse me from making any apology
Park, I met a couple of friends; for the impertinence of this letter. The Pr'ythee, Jack,' says one of thein,' let us go drink a glass of wine, for I am with some of those graees which you
great desire I have to embellish my mind ' fit for nothing else.' This put me upon refleéting on the many milcar. fert reading helps us to, has made me
say are to becoming and which you arviages which happen in conversations uneasy until I am put in a capacity, of over wine, when men go to the bottle to attaining them: this, Sir, I thall never remove such humours as it only, stirs think myself in, until you fall be pleased up and awakens. This I could not
to recommend some author or authors attribute inore to any thing than to the
to my perusal. humour of putting company upon other's
I thought indeed, when I first cast my which men do not like themselves.
eye on Eleonora's letter, that I should Pray, Sir, declare in your papers, that have had no occasion for requesting it he who is a troublefome companion to
of you; but to my very great concern, himself, will not be an agreeable one to
I found on the perusal of that Spectaothers. Let people reason themielves into good - humour, before they impose as much at a loss how to make use of
tor, I was entirely disappointed, and am themielves upon their friends. Pray, my time for that end as ever. Pray, Sir, be as eloquent as you can upon sir, oblige me at least with one scene, this subject, and do human life fo much
as you were pleased to entertain Eleogood, as to argue powerfully, that it is not every one that can swallow who is you not only my own sentiments, but
nora with your prologue. I write to fit to drink a gials of wine.
also those of several others of my acYour mott humble servant. quaintance, who are as little pleased
with the ordinary manner of spending I This morning cast my eye upon your one's time as myself: and if a fervent
paper concerning the expence of time. defire after knowledge, and a great You are very obliging to the women, sense of our present ignorance, may be especially those who are not young and thought a good presage and earnest of
improvement, you may look upon your papers; but even there I am readier to time you shall bestow in answering this call in question my own shallow underrequest not thrown away to no purpose. ftanding than Mr. Spectator's profound And I cannot but add, that unless you judgment. I am, Sir, your already, have a particular and more than ordi- and in hopes of being more your, obnary regard for Eleonora, I have a bet- liged servant,
PARTHENIA. ter title to your favour than she; since I do not content myself with tea-table This last letter is written with so ur. reading of your papers, but it is my en- gent and serious an air, that I cannot tertainment very often when alone in my but think it incumbent upon me to closet. To thew you I am capable of comply with her commands, which I improvement, and hate flattery, I ac- fhall do very suddenly. knowledge I do not like some of your
NO CXLI. SATURDAY, AUGUST II.
MIGRAVIT AB AURI VOLUPTAS
Hor. Ep. 1. L. 2. v. 187,
PLLASURE NO MORE ARISES FROM THE LAR.
TN the present emptiness of the town, In cases where there is little elle exo
lower parts of the players, to admit suf. eyes, the leait diminution of that pleafering to pass for acting. They in very fure is the highest offence. In acting, obliging terms desire me to let a fall on barely to perform the part is not comthe ground, a stumble, or a good Nap on mendable, but to be the least out is con. the back, be reckoned a jeit. These temptible. To avoid these difficulties gambols I fall tolerate for a season, and delicacies, I am informed, that because I hope the evil cannot continue while I was out of town, the actors have longer than until the people of condi. down in the air, and played such pranks, tion and taste return to townTheo and run such hazards, that none but method, fome time ago, was to enter the servants of the fire-office, tilers and tain that part of the audience, who have masons, could have been able to per. no faculty above eye-sight, with rope- form the like. The author of the fol dancers and tumblers; which was a way lowing letter, it seems, has been of the discreet enough, because it prevented audience at one of these entertainments, confufion, and distinguished such as and has accordingly complained to me could fhew all the postures which the upon it; but I think he has been to the body is capable of, from those who were utmost degree severe against what is ex. to represent all the passions to which the ceptionable in the play he mentions, mind is subject. But though this was without dwelling so much as he might prudently settled, corporeal and intele have done on the author's most excel. lectual actors ought to be kept at a still lent talent of humour. The pleasant wider distance than to appear on the pictures he has drawn of life, should fame itage at all: for which reason I have been more kindly mentioned, at the must propose some methods for the im- same time that he banishes his witches, provement of the bear-garden, by dif- who are too dull devils to be attacked miffing all bodily actors to that quarter with so much warmth.
In cases of greater moment, where men appear in public, the consequence MR. SPECTATOR, and importance of the thing can bear UPON a report that Moll White had them out. And though a pleader or followed you to town, and was to preacher is hoarse or aukward, the weight act a part in the Lancashire-witches, I of the matter commands respect and at went last week to see that play. It was tention; but in the theatrical speaking, my fortune to sit next to a country juta if the performer is not exactly proper tice of the peace, a neighbour, as he and graceful, he is utterly ridiculous. Laid, of Sir Roger's, who pretended to
Mew her to us in one of the dances. wants to be exorcised, more than the There was witchcraft enough in the witches : I mean the freedom of some entertainment almost to incline me to passages, which I should have overbelieve him; Ben Johnson was alınost looked, if I had not observed that thole lamed; young Bullock narrowly saved jetts can raise the loudelt mirth, though his neck; the audience was astonished; they are painful to right sense, and an and an old acquaintance of mine, a outrage upon modesty. perfon of worth, whom I would have We must attributé such liberties to bowed to in the pit, at two yards dis.. the taste of that age, but indeed by such tance did not know me.
representations a poet facrifices the best If you were what the country people part of his audience to the worst; and, reported you, a white witch, I could as one would think, neglects the boxes, have wished you had been there to have to write to the orange-wenches. exorcised that rabble of broomsticks, I must not conclude until I have taken with which we were haunted for above notice of the moral with which this co. three hours. I could have allowed them medy ends. The two young ladies to set Clod in the tree, to have scared having given a notable example of outthe sportsmen, plagued the justice, and witting those who had a right in the diremployed honest Teague with his holy pofal of them, and inarrying without water. This was the proper use of them consent of parents; one of the injured in comedy, if the author had stopped parties, who is easily reconciled, wiods here; but I cannot conceive what rela: up all with this remarktion the sacrifice of the black lamb, and the ceremonies of their worship to the
-Design whate'er we will,
There is a fate which over-rules us ftill. devil, have to the business of mirth and humour.
We are to suppose that the gallants The gentleman who writ this play, are men of inerit, but if they had been and has drawn some characters in it rakes the excuse might have served as very jully, appears to have been milled well. Hans Carvel's wife was of the if his witchcraft by an unwory follow- ' fame principle, but has expressed it with ing the inimitable Shakespeare. The a delicacy, which thews she is not serious arcantations in Macbeth have a folemniin hér excute, but in a sort of humorous ty admirably adapted to the occasion of philosophy turns off the thought of hes that tragedy, and fill the mind with a guilt, and says fuitable horror; hefdes that the witches
That if weak women go astray, are a part of the story itfeli, as we find
Their stars are more in fault than they. it very particularly related in Hector Boetius, from whom he seems to have This, no doubt, is a full reparation, taken it. This therefore is a proper and ditmitles the audience with very edimachine where the busine's is daik, fying impressions. Horridy and bloody; but is extremely
These things fall under a province foreign from the affair of Comediy. you have partiy putued already, and Subjects of this kind, which are in therefore demand your animadversion, themselves disagreeable, can at no time for the itgulating to noble an enterbecome entertaininu; but by paling tainment as that of the stage. It were through an inagination like Shake to be wither that all who write for it
peare's to form them; for which reason hereafter would raise their genius, by Mr. Dryden woukl not alloweven Kean-' the ambition of pleaning people of the inont and Fletcher capable of imitating bett understanding; and leaveothers whu him.
shew nothing of the human ipecies but Bu+Shakespeare's magic cou'd not copy'd be, bear-garden, or fame other privileged
rifibility, to seek their divertion at the Within that circle none durft walk bot be.
place, where reaion and good-ranners 'I should not, however, have troubled have no right to disturb them. you wiih thefe remarks, it there were AUGUSTS, 1711.
I am, ali Kot forming ells in this comedy, which : T