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HoR. OD. x111. L. 1. 4. 18.

tell you


HE following letters being ge. Madam, thus to think, and thus to fuf

nuine, and the inages of a worthy fer, is what I do for her who is in pain passion, I am willing to give the old la at my approach, and calls all my tender dy's admonition to myfelf, and the re sorrow impertinence. You are now hepresentation of her own happiness, a fore

my eves, my eyes that are ready to place in my writings.

flow with tenderness, but cannot give

relief to my gushing heart, that diftates MR.SPECTATOR, AUGUST 9,1711.

what I am now faying, and yearns to Am now in the fixty-seventh year I


all it's achings. How art thou,
my age, and read

with approba-

my soul, stolen from thyself! Hot tion; but methinks you do not strike at

is all thy attention broken! My books the root of the greatest evil in life, which

are blank paper, and my friends inis the falle notion of gallantry in love.

truders. I have no hope of quiet but It is, and has long been, upon a very ill from your pity: to grantit, would make foot; but I who have been a wife forty is the tyranny, to make happy the true

more for your triumph. To give pain years, and was bred in a way that has made me ever since very happy, see empire of beauty. If you would confir through the folly of it. In a word, Sir, dei aright, you would find an agreeable when I was a young woman, all who change in dismilling the attendance of a avoided the vices of the age, were very

Nave, to receive the complaisance of a carefully educated, and all fantastical companion. I bear the former in hopes obje&ts were turned out of our sight. of the latter condition: as I live in chains The tapestry hangings, with the great

without murmuring at the power which and venerable fimplicity of the Scripture inflicts them, so I could enjoy freedom fories, had better effects than now the without forgetting the mercy that gue loves of Venus and Adonis, or Bacchus it. Madam, I am your most devoted, and Ariadne in your fine prefent prints.

most obedient servant. The gentleman I am married to made love to me in rapture, but it was the

Though I made him no declarations rapture of a Chriftian and a man of ho- in his favour, vou see he had hopes of nour, not a romantic hero or a whining

me when he writ this in the month fola coxcomb: this put our life upon a right

lowing batis. To give you an idea of our regard one to another, I inclose to you

SIFT. 3, 1671. several of his letters, writ forty years BEFORE the light this morning ago, when my lover; and one writ the

dawned upon the earth, I waked, other day, after so many years coha

and lay in expectation of it's return, not bitation, Your servant,

that it could give any new sense of joy

to ine, but as I hoped it would bless you
ANDROMACHE. with it's chearful face, after a quiet

which I withal you last night. If my
AUGUST 7, 1671.

prayers are heard, the day appeared with
Fmy vigilance and ten thousand wishes all the influence of a merciful Creator

for your welfare and repose could upon your person and actions. Let have any force, you last night slept in others, my lovely charmer, talk of a fecurity, and had every good angel in blind being that difposes their hearts, I your attendance. To have my thoughts contemn their low images of love. I ever fixed on you, to live in conitant have not a thought which relates to you, fear of every accident to which human that I cannot with confidence beseech the life is liable, and to send up my hourly all-feeing Power to bless me in. May prayers to avert them from you; I tay, he direct you in all your feps, antre

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ward your innocence, your fanétity of my evenings in so sweet a conversation, manners, your prudent youth, and be and have the elteem of a woman of your coming piety, with the continuance of merit, has in it a particularity of haphis grace and protection! This is an piness no more to be expressed than reunusual language to ladies; but you turned. But I am, my lovely creature, have a mind elevated above the giddy contented to be on the obliged side, and notions of a sex enfnared by flattery, to employ all my days in new endeaand milled by a false and Mort adora vours to convince you and all the world tion into a solid and long contempt. of the sense I have of your condescension Beauty, my fairest creature, palls in the in chuling, Madam, your most faith pofleffion, but I love also your mind; ful, most obedient humble servant. your soul is as dear to me as my own; and if the advantages of a liberal edu He was, when he writ the following cation, some knowledge, and as much letter, as agreeable and pleasant a man contempt of the world, joined with the as any in England. endeavours towards a life of striet virtue and religion, can qualify me to raise MADAM,

OCT. 20, 1671. new ideas in a breat so well disposed as I Beg pardon that my paper is not finer, yours is, our days will pass away with but I am forced to write from a cofjoy; and old age, instead of introduc fee-house where I am attending about ing melancholy prospects of decay, give business. There is a dirty crowd of us hope of eternal youth in a better life. busy faces all around me talking of mo. I have but few minutes from the duty ney, while all my ambition, all my of my employment to write in, and wealth, is love: love which animates my without time to read over what I have heart, sweetens my humour, enlarges writ, therefore beseech you to pardon my soul, and affects every action of my the first hints of my mind, which I have life. It is to my lovely charmer I owe expressed in so little order. I am, dear that many noble ideas are continually est creature, your molt obedient, most affixed to my words and actions: it is devoted servant.

the natural effe&t of that generous par.

fion to create in the admirer fome fimi. The two next were written after the litude of the object admired; thus, my day for our marriage was fixed. dear, am I every day to improve from

so sweet a companion. Look up, my MADAM,

SEPT. 25, 1671. fair-one, to that Heaven which made IT is the hardest thing in the world to thee fuch, and join with me to implore

be in love, and yet attend bufiness: it's influence on our tender innocent as for me, all that speak to me find me hours, and beleech the Author of love out, and I must lock myself up, or to bless the rites he has ordained, and other people will do it for me. A gen- mingle with our happiness a juft fense teman alked me this morning what of our transient condition, and a relignews from Holland; and I antwered nation to his will, which only can re• She is exquisitely handsome.' An- gulate our minds to a steady endeavour other detired to know when I had been to please him and each other. I am, Jait at Windsor, I replied She den for ever, your faithful servant. ' figns to go with me.' Pr'ythee allow me at least to kiss your hand before the I will not trouble you with more letappointed day, that my mind may be ters at this time; but if you saw the in some composure. Methinks I could poor withered hand which sends you write a volume to you, but all the lan- ihese minutes, I am sure you will smile guage on earth would fail in saying how to think that there is one who is so gal. much, and with what disinterested paf- lant as to speak of it still as so welcome fion, I am ever yours.

a present, after forty years poffeffion of

the woman whom he writes to. SEPTEMBER 30, 1671.




Heartily beg your pardon for my N TEXT to the influence of Heaven, omission to write yesterday; . It was

I ain to thank you that I see the no failure of my tender regard for you; returning day with pleasure. To pals but having been very much perplexed in



say thoughts on the subject of my last, life, to take from me the pleasing esteem made me determine to suspend speaking I have for you, or the memory of the of it until I came myself. But, my bright figure you appeared in when you lovely creature, know it is not in the gave your hand and heart to, Madam, power of age, or misfortune, or any your most grateful husband, and obeOcher accident which hangs over human dient servant,



Mar. Erig. LXX, L.6.



T is an unreasonable thing some men well pleased, if they are admitted whe

expeet of their acquaintance. They are always complaining they are fad. are ever complaining that they are out Whatever we do, we should keep up the of order, or displeased, or they know chearfulness of our fpirits, and never not how; and are so far from letting let them fink below an inclination at that be a reason for retiring to their own least to be well-pleased: the way.to this, homes, that they make it their argu- is to keep our bodies in exercise, our ment for coming into coinpany. What minds at ease. That infipid Itate where has any body to do with accounts of a in neither are in vigour, is not to be acman's being indisposed but his physię counted any part of our portion of becian? If a man laments in company, ing: When we are in the satisfaction where the rest are in humour enough to of some innocent pleasure, or pursuit of enjoy themselves, he should not take it some laudable design, we are in the pofill if a servant is ordered to present him session of life, of human life.

Fortune with a porringer of caudle or posset. will give us disappointments enough, drink, by way of admonition that he and nature is attended with infirmities go home to bed. That part of life which enough, without our adding to the unwe ordinarily understand by the word happy fide of our account by our fpleen Conversation, is an indulgence to the

or ill-Imour. Poor Cottilus, among fociable part of our make; and Mould so many real evils, a chronical distem incline us to bring our proportion of per and a narrow fortune, is never heard good will or good-humour among the to complain : that equal spirit of his, friends we meet with, and not to trouble which any man may have, that, like them with relations which must of ne him, will conquer pride, vanity, and cessity oblige them to a real or feigned affectation, and follow nature, is not whiction. Cares, distresses, diseases, to be broken, because it has no points uneasinesses, and dislikes of our own, to contend for. To be anxious for no. are by no means to be obtruded upon thing but what nature demands as neour friends. If we would consider how cessary, if it is not the way to an estate, little of this vicissitude of motion and is the way to what men aim at by getting relt, which we call life, is spent with an estate. This temper will preserve satisfaction, we should be more tender health in the body, as well as tranquilof our friends, than to bring them little lity in the mind. Cottilus sees the sorrows which do not belong to them. world in an hurry, with the same scorn There is no real life, but chearful life; that a sober person fees a man drunk. therefore valetudinarians should be sworn Had he been contented with what he before they enter into company, not to ought to have been, how could, sayshe, fay a word of themselves until the meet such a ome have met with such a disaping breaks up. It is not here pretended, pointment? If another had valued his that we should be always sitting with mistress for what he ought to have loved chaplets of flowers round our heads, or her, he had not been in her power: if be crowned with roses in order to make her virtue had had a part of his passion, our entertainment agreeable to us; but her levity had been his cure; the could if, as it is usually observed, they who not then have been false and amiable at resolve to be merry, feldom are To ; it the same time. will be much more unlikely for us to be Since we cannot promise ourselves


conftant health, let us endeavour at such days, one in thirty that was not down, a temper is may be our beit support in right fick or indisposed, or but a very the decay of it.' Uranius has arrived at little better than she was, and so forth. that coinposure of soul, and wrought It is certain that to enjoy life and bimself up to fuch a neglect of every health as a conitant fealt, we should not thing with which the generality of man- think pleafure necessary; but, if possible, kind is enchanted, that nothing but to arrive at an equality of mind. It is acute pains can give him disturbance, as mean to be overjoyed upon occasions and against thofe too he will tell his in. of good fortune, as to be dejected in timate friends he has a secret which circumstances of distress. Laughter in gives him present ease. Uranius is so one condition, is as unmanly as weepthoroughly perfuaded of another life, ing in the other. We should not form and endeavours so sincerely to secure an our minds to expect transport on every interest in it, that he looks upon pain occasion, but know how to make it enbut as a quickening of his pace to an joyment to be out of pain. Ambition, home, where he Mall be better provided envy, vagrant desire, or impertinent for than in his present apartment. In- mirth, will take up our minds, without Azad of the melancholy views which we can possess ourselves in that fobriety others are apt to give themselves, he of heart which is above all pleafures, will tell you that he has forgot he is and can be felt much better than demortal, nor will be think of himself as fcribed. But the ready way, I believe, fuch. He thinks at the time of his to the right enjoyment of life, is by a birth he entered into an eternal being; prospect towards another to have buí a and the short article of death he will not very mean opinion of it. A great auallow an interruption of life, since that thor of our time has fet this in an excelmoment is not of half the duration as is lent light, when with a philosophic pity his ordinary sleep. Thus is his being of human life, he spoke of it in his one uniforin and confitent series of Theory of the Earth in the following cheartul diversions, and moderate cares, without fear or hope of futurity. Health « For what is this life but a circulato him is more than pleasure to another tion of little mean actions? We lie man, and sickness less affecting to hin down and rise again, dress and unthan in disposition is to others.

dress, feed and wax hungry, work or I mult confess, if one does not regard play, and are weary, and then we lie life after this manner, none hut ideots down again, and the circle returns. can pass it away with any tolerable pa • We spend the day in trifles, and when tience. Take a fine lady who is of a the night comes we throw ourselves delicate frame, and you may observe into the bed of folly amongst dreams from the hour she rises a certain weari ' and broken thoughts and wild imaness of all that passes about her. I 'ginations. Our reason lies atleep by know more than one who is much too and we are for the time as errant Nice to be quite alive. They are fick • brutes as those that fleep in the stalls of such brange frightful people that they or in the field. Are not the capaci. 'meet; one is to aukward, and another • ties of man liigher than there? And jo difagreeable, that it looks like a pen ought not bis ambition and expectaance to breathe the same air with them. tions to be greater? Let us be advenYou see this is so very true, that a great • turers for another world; it is at least part of ceremony and good-bree:ling fair and noble chance; and there is among the ladies turns upon their uns nothing in this worth our thoughts or ealineis; and I will undertake, if the our passions. If we should be disaphow-d'ye fervants of our women were pointed, we are still no wore than to make a weekly bill of fickness, as " the reft of our fellow-mortals; and if the parish-clerks do of mortality, you fucceed in our expectations, we are would not find in an account of seven eternally happy."





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TER. EUN, ACT. 111. SC. Se


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it began. The philosophers have felt the arts of good-breeding, without leave it's influence so sensibly, that almost ing nature, She has not lost the native every one of them has left us some fay- fimplicity of her aspect, to subtitute ing or other, which intimated that he that patience of being itared at, which too well knew the power of it. One has is the usual triumph and distinction of a told us that a graceful person is a more town-lady. In public allemblies you powerful recommendation than the best meet her careless eye diverting itself letter that can be writ in your favour. with the objects around her, injenible. Another detīres the poffeffor of it to con that the herself is one of the brightest in lider it as a mere gitt of nature, and not the place. any perfection of his own. A third calls Dulcitla is quite of another make, the it a short-lived tyranny; a fourth, a is almost a beauty by nature, but more filent fraud, because it imposes upon us

than one by art. If it were poffible for without the help of language; but I her to let her fan or any limb about her think Carneades spoke as much like a relt, she would do some part of the exephilofopher as any of them, though more cution the meditates; but though the like a lover, when he called it royalty designs herself a prey, she will not tay without force. It is not indeed to be to be taken. No painter can give you denied, that there is fomething irresitin words for the different aspects of Duta, ble in a beauteous form; the most severe cisfa in half a moment, wherever the will not pretend, that they do not feel appears: so little does she accomplish an immediate prepoffeffion in favour of what the takes so much pains for, to be, the handsome. No one denies them the gay and careless. privilege of being first heard, and being Merah is attended with all the charms regarded before others in matters of or- of woman and accompliments of man. dinary consideration. At the same time It is not to be doubted but the has a the handsome should consider that it is great deal of wit, if she were not such a a poffeffion, as it were, foreign to them.' beauty; and the would have more beauty No one can give it himself, or preserve had me not so much wit. Affedarioa it when they have it. Yet so it is, that prevents her excellencies from walking people can bear any quality in the world together. If the has-3 mind to speak better than beauty. It is the consola such a thing, it must be done with such tion of all who are naturally too much an air of her body; and if she has an affected with the force of it, that a little inclination to look very careless, there attention, if a man can attend with judg- is such a smart thing to be said at the ment, will cure them. Handsome peo. finie time, that the design of being ad. ple ulually are so fantastically pleated mired destroys itfelf. Thus the unwith themselves, that if they do not kill happy Merah, though a wit and beauty, at firit fight, as the phrase'is, a second is allowed to be neither, because she will interview disarms them of all their power. always be both. But I shall make this paper rather a Albacinda has the kill as well as warning-piece to give notice where the power of plcasing. Her form is madanger is, than to propose instructions jeitic, but her aspect humble. All good how to avoid it when you have fallen men should beware of the destroyer. in the way of it. Handsome men hall She will speak to you like your filter unbe the subjects of another chapter, til she has you fure; but is the most vexathe women Ball take up the present disa tious of tyrants when you are fo. Her course.

familiarity of bchaviour, her indifferent


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