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would think it an unpardonable fin to fect on the people, as we see they have, read Virgil or Martial with so little taste how great an influence would the feras they do divine service.

vice of our church, containing the best This indifferency seems to me to arise prayers that ever were composed, and from the endeavour of avoiding the im- that in terms most affecting, most hum. putation of cant, and the falle notion ble, and most expreslive of our wants, of it. It will be proper therefore to and dependence on the object of our trace the original and fignification of worship, dilpoled in molt proper order, this word. Cant is, by some people, and void of all confufion; what influence, derived from one Andrew Cant, who, I say, would these prayers have, were they say, was a Presbyterian minister in they delivered with a due emphalis, and lame illiterate part of Scotland, who by apposite riling and variation of voice, exercise and use had obtained the fa- the sentence concluded with a gentle caculty, alias gift, of talking in the pul. dence, and, in a word, with such an accent pit in tuch a dialect, that it is faid he and turn of Ipeech as is peculiar to prayer?' was understood by none but his own As the matter of worship is now macongregation, and not by all of them. naged, in diflenting congregations, you Since Mar. Cant's time it has been un find insignificant words and phraies derstood in a larger sense, and signifies raised by a lively vehemence; in our all sudden exclamations, whinings, un own churches, the most exalted ionle deusual tones, and in tine all praying and preciated, by a dispassionate indolence. preaching, like the unlearned of the I remember to have heard Dr. S—etay Presbyterians. But I hope a proper in his pulpit, of the Common-prayer, elevation of voice, a due emphasis and that, at least, it was as perfect as any accent, are not to come within this de thing of human institution: if the genfeription: fo that our readers may still tlemen who err in this kind would please be as unlike the Presbyterians as they to recollect the many pleasantries they please. The Diflenters, I mean such as have read upon those who recite good I have heard, do indeed elevate their things with an ill grace, they would go voices, but it is with sudden jumps from on to think that what in that case is the lower to the higher part of them; only ridiculous, in themselves is in e and that with so little fenie or skill, that pious. But leaving this to their own their elevation and cadence is bawling reflections, I fali conclude this trouble and muttering: They make use of an with what Cæfar said upon the irrequemphalis, but fo improperly, that it is larity of tone in one who read before often placed on some very insignificant him— Do you read or fing? If you particle, as upon it, or and. Now if ' fing, you ting very ill." these improprieties have so great an ef T Your most humble servant.





the enormities which they lately rigible creature has gone ftill farther, complained of, and I published an ac and in the open cottee-louse, with one count of, are so far from being amend hand extended as leading a lady in it, ed, that new evils arise every day to in- he has danced Both French and countryterrupt their conversation, in contempt dances, and admonished his supposer!

of my reproofs. My friend who writes partner by finiles and nods to hold up 1 from the coffee-house near the Temple, her head, and fall back, according to

informs me that the gentleman who con- the respective facings and evolutions of fantly fings a voluntary in spite of the the dance. Before this gentleman bewhole company, was more musical than gan this his exercise, he was pleased to ordinary after reading my paper; and clear his throat by coughing and spitting has not been contented with that, but a full half-hour; and as soon as he has danced up to the glass in the mid- ftruck up, he appealed to an attorney's dle of the room, and practised minueta clerk in the room, whether he hit as he


ought, ' Since you from death have gets by me, and with a whisper tells o faved me?' and then asked the young me things which all the town knows. fellow, pointing to a chancery-bill un It is no very hard matter to guess at the der his arm, whether that was an opera. source of this impertinence, which is score he carried or not? Without itay. nothing else but a method or mechanic ing for an answer, he fell into the exer art of being wise. You never see any cile above-mentioned, and practited his frequent in it, whom you can suppose to airs to the full house who ivere turned have any thing in the world to do. upon him, without the leatt shame or These persons are worle than bawlers, repentance for his foriner transgreflions. as much as a secret enemy is more dan.

I am to the last degree at a lois what gerous than a declared one. I wish this to do with this young fellows, except I my coffee- house friend would take this declare him an outlaw, and pronounce for an intimation, that I have not heard it penal for any one to speak to him in one word he has told me for these lethe laid house which he frequents, and veral years; whereas he now thinks me direct that he be obliged to drink bis the most trusty repository of his secrets. tea and coffee without sugar, and not The whisperers have a pleasant way of receive from any person whatsoever any ending the close conversation, with say. thing above mere necessaries.

ing aloud-' Do not you think fo?' As we in England are a fuber people, Then whisper again, and then aloudand generally inclined rather to a cer • But you know that person;' then whiltain banfulness of behaviour in public, per again. The thing would be well it is amazing whence Coine fellows come enough, if they whispered to keep the whom one neets within this town; they folly of what they say among friends; do not at all seem to be the growth of but alas, they do it to preserve the im. our illand; the pert, the talkative, all portance of their thoughts. I am sure such as have no tense of the oblervation I could name you more than one perfon of others, are certainly of foreign ex- whom no man living ever heard talk traction. As for my part, I am as upon any fubjet in nature, or ever saw much surpriied when I see a talkative in his whole life with a book in his Englihman, as I mould be to see the hand, that I know not how can whisper Indian pins growing on one of our something like knowledge of what has quicklet bedges. Where thele creatures and does pass in the world; which you get suu enough to m3ke bem such live would think he learned from fome faly animals and dull men, is above my miliar spirit that did not think him philosophy.

worthy to receive the whole story. But There are another kind of imperti- in truth whisperers deal only in half acnents which a man is perplexed with in counts of what they entertain you with. mixed company, and those are your A great help to their discourse is - That loud speakers: these treat mankind as " the town fays, and people begin to if we were all deat; they do not express talk

very freely, and they had it froin but declare themtelves. Many of theie • persons too contiderable to be named are guiltv of this outrage olit of vanity, ' what they will tell you when things because they think all they fay is well; are riper.' My friend has winked or that they have their own persons in pon me any day since I came to town such veneration, that they believe no tut, and has communicated to me as a thing which concerns them can be in- fecret, that he designed in a very Thort fignificant to any body else. For these time to tell me a leciet; but I shall know people's fake, I have often lamented what he means, he now affures me, in that we cannot close our ears with as less than a fortnight's time. much ease as we can our eyes: it is very But I must not omit the dearer part of uncały that we muit necessarily be under mankind, I mean the ladies, to take up persecution. Next to these bawlers, is a whole paper upon grievances which a troublesome creature who comes with concern the men only; but shall humbly the air of your friend and your intimate, propose, that we change fools for an ex• and that is your whisperer. There is periment only. A certain set of ladies one of them at a coffee house which I complain they are frequently perplexed myself frequeni, wlio observing me to with a visitant, who affects to be witer be a man pretty well made for leciets, than they are ; which character lie hopes




to preserve by an obstinate gravity, and out, for she loves you as well as she does great guard against discovering his opin any man, though the never saw you nion upon any occafion whatsoever. A before. She never thought in her life painful silence has hitherto gained him any more than yourself. She will not no farther advantage, than that as he be surprised when you accost her, nor might, if he had behaved himself with concerned when you leave her. Halten freedom, been excepted against, but as from a place where you are laughed at, to this and that particular, he now of to one where you will be admired. You fends in the whole. To relieve these are of no consequence, therefore go ladies, my good friends and correspon- where you will be welcome for being to. dents, I shall exchange my dancing out.

Your most humble servant, law for their dumb visitant, and assign the filent gentleman all the haunts of THE ladies whom you visit, think a the dancer: in order to which, I have wise man the most impertinent creasent them by the penny-post the follow ture living, therefore you cannot be of. ing letters for their conduct in their fended that they are displealed with you. new conversations.

Why will you take pains to appear wise,

where you would not be the more esteemSIR,

ed for being really so? Come to us; forI Have, you may be sure, heard of your get the gigglers; and let your inclina

irregularities without regard to my tion go along with you whether you observations upon you; but fhall not speak or are filent; and let all such wo. treat you with so much rigour as you men as are in a clan or histerhood, go deserve. If you will give yourself the their own way; there is no room for you trouble to repair to the place inentioned in that company who are of the coinin the postscript to this letter at seven mon taste of the sex. this evening, you will be conducted

For women born to be controllid into a spacious room well lighted, where there are ladies' and 'music. You will

Stoop to the forward and the bold;'

Affect the haughty, and the proud, fee a young lady laughing next the window to the street; you may take her

The gay, the frolic, and the loud.


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HE following letter and my an persons; according to the common way

than deierves my fortune, in the other

my fortune more than dulurves the estate. MR, SPECTATOR,

When I consider the firít, I own I am I Am the young widow of a country so far a woman I cannot avoid being

gentleman who has left me entire delighted with the thoughts of living miltrels of a large fortune, which he great; but then he seems to receive such agreed to as an equivalent for the diffe a degree of courage from the knowledge tence in our years. In these circum- of what he has, he looks as if he was Itances it is not extraordinary to have a going to conter an obligation on me; crowd of admirers; which I have abridg- and the readiness lie accoffs me with, ed in iny own thoughts, and reduced to makes me jealous I am only hearing a a couple of candidates only, both young, repetition of the same things he has said and neither of them disagreeable in their to a hundred wonen before. When I



consider the other, I see myself ap- fame thing to Strephon, in taking him proached with so much modesty and re for his wealth only: you are therefore fpect, and such a doubt of himself, as to consider whether you had rather betrays, methinks, an affection with- oblige, than receive an obligation. in, and a belief at the same time that he The marriage life is always an insipid, himself would be the only gainer by my a vexatious, or an happy condition. confent. What an unexceptionable huf. The first is, when two people of no band could I make out of both! but genius or taite for themselves meet tofince that is impoflible, i beg to be con- gether, upon such a settlement as has cluded by your opinion; it is absolutely been thought reasonable by parents and in your power to dispose of your moit conveyancers from an exact valuation of obedient servant,

the land and cash of both parties : in SYLVIA. this case the young lady's person is no

more regarded, than the house and imMADAM,

provements in purchase of an eftate; but OU do me great honour in your ap- the goes with her fortune, rather than

plication to me on this important her fortune with her. These make up occafion; I shall therefore talk to you the crowd or vulgar of the rich, and fill with the tenderness of a father, in gra- up the lumber of human race without titude for your giving me the authority beneficence towards those below them, of one. You do not seem to make any or respect towards those above them; great distinction between these gentle and lead a defpicable, independent and men as to their persons; the whole quer- useless life, without fenfe of the laws of tion lies upon their circumitances and kindness, good-nature, mutual offices, behaviour; if the one is less respectful and the elegant satisfactions which flow because he is rich, and the other more from reaion and virtue. oblequious because he is not to, they The vexatious life arises from a con. are in that point moved by the same junction of two people of quick taste principle, the consideration of fortune, and resentment, put together for reasons and you must place them in each other's well known to their friends, in which circumstances, before you can judge of especial care is taken to avoid, what their inclination. To avoid confusion they think the chief of evils, poverty, in discussing this point, I will call the and ensure to them riches, with every richer man Strephon, and the other Flo- evil besides. These good people live in rio. If you believe Florio with Stre- a constant constraint before company, phon's estate would behave himself as he and too great familiarity alone; when does now, Florio is certainly your man; they are within observation, they fret at but if you think Strephon, were he in each other's carriage and behaviour; Florio’s condition, would be as obse- when alone they revile each other's perquious as Florio is now, you ought for fon and conduct: in company they are your own sake to chuse Strephon; for in a purgatory, when only together in where the men are equal, there is no

an hell. doubt riches ought to be a reason for The happy marriage is, where two preference. After this manner, my persons meet and voluntarily make choice d-ar child, I would have you abstract of each other, without principally rei thein from their circumitances; for you garding or neglecting the circumstances are to take it for granted, that he who of fortune or beauty. These may still is very humble only because he is poor, love in spite of adversity or fickness: the is the very fame man in nature with him former we may in some measure defend who is haughty because he is rich. ourselves from, the other is the portion

When you have gone thus far, as to of our very make. When you have a consider the figure they make towards true notion of this sort of passion, your you; you will please, my dear, next to humour of living great will vanith out consider the appearance you make to of your imagination, and you will find wards thein. If they are men of dif- love has nothing to do with state. Socerning, they can observe the motives litude, with the person beloved, has a of your heart; and Florio can see when pleasure, even in a woman's mind, behe is difregarded only upon account of yond new or pomp. You are there. fortune, which makes you to him a mer- fore to consider which of your lovers cenary creature: and you are fill the will like you beit undressed, which will


bear with you most when oué of hu what


liked in his rival ; but intrinsic mour; and your way to this is to ask of qualities in one man may very probably yourself, which of them you value most purchase every thing that is adventitious for his own fake? and by that judge in another. In plainer terms; he whom which gives the greater instances of his you take for his personal perfections valuing you for yourself only.

will sooner arrive at the gifts of fortune, After you have expressed some sense than he whom you take for the sake of of the humble approach of Florio, and his fortune attain to personal perfeca little disdain at Strephon's assurance tions. If Strephon is not as accomplishin his address, you cry out-"Whated and agreeable as Florio, marriage to

an unexceptionable husband could I you will never make him to; but mare make out of both!' It would there- riage to you may make Florio as rich as fore, methinks, be a good way to de. Strephon: therefore, to make a fure termine yourself : take him in whom purchase, employ fortune upon certainwhat you like is not transferable to an ties, but do not sacrifice certainties to other, for if you chuse otherwise, there fortune. I am your most obedient is no hopes your husband will ever have humble servant,






Juv. Sat. 111. V. 152.


S I was walking in my chamber offers to describe them, are perhaps in into the country, I heard the hawkers able than the former. Juvenal, with with great vehemence crying about a a great deal of reason and humour tells paper, intitled, • The Ninety-nine us, that nothing bore harder upon a

Plagues of an Empty Purse.' I poor man in his time, than the conti had indeed some time before observed, nual ridicule which his habit and dress that the orators of Grub Street had afforded to the beaus of Rome. dealt very much in Plagues. They have already published in the same Quid,quòd matcriam præbet cau

causasque jocorum month, · The Plagues of Matrimony; Sitega fordiduia cjt

, et ruptă calcens alter

Omnibus bic idem; fi feda et liilla lucerna, · The Plagues of a Single Life; The Nineteen Plagues of a Chambermaid;

Pelle patei, vel fi consuro vulnere craf'uni • The Plagues of a Coachman; The Aiqué recens fivum oftendit non una cica:riz. Plagues of a Footman;' and 's The

juv. SAT, 111. y. 147. Plague of Plagues.' The success Add that the rich have still a gibe in store, these leveral plagues met with, probably And will be monstrous witty on the poor; gave occasion to the above-mentioned for the torn surtout and the tatter'd vert,

The wretch and all his wardrobe are a jest; poem on an Empty Purse. However that be, the same noise fo frequently re

The greafy gown (ully'd with often turning,

Gives a good hint to lay the man's in mourn peated under my window, drew me in

ing; sensibly to think on some of those in Or if the face be ript, or patch is put, conveniencies and mortifications which He's wounded, see the plaister on his foot, usually attend on poverty, and in short,

DRYDEN. gave birth to the present speculation : for after my fancy had run over the moft It is on this occasion that he afterwards obvious and common calamities which adds the reflection which I have chofen men of mean fortunes are liable to, it

for my mottom descended to those little insults and con Want is the scorn of ev'ry wealthy fool, tempts, which though they may seem And wit in rags is turnd to ridicule. to dwindle into nothing when a man


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