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It must be confessed that few things wealth, has appeared at an affembly, make a man appear more despicable, or where all the ladies have declared him more prejudice his hearers against what the genteelest man in the company; and he is going to offer, than an aukward in Articus, though every way one of or pitiful dress; infomuch that I fan. the greatest geniules the age has procy,'had Tully himself pronounced one duced, one fees nothing particular in of his orations with a blanket about his his dress or carriage to denote his preBoulders, more people would have tensions to wit and learning: so that at laughed at his dress than have admired present a man may venture to cock up liis eloquence. This lait reflection made his hat, and wear a fashionable wig, ane wonder at a let of men, who, with without being taken for a rake or a fool. out being subjected to it by the unkind. The medium between a fop and a ness of their fortunes, are contented to Noven is what a man of fense would en. draw upon themselves the ridicule of the deavour to keep; yet I remember Mr. world in this particular; I mean such as Osborn advises his son to appear in his take it into their heads, that the first habit rather above than below his for. regular step to be a wit is to commence tune; and tells him, that he will find a floven. It is certain nothing has so an handsome suit of cloaths always promuch débased that, which mult have cures some additional respect. I have been otherwife so great a character; and indeed myself observed that my banker I know not how to account for it, un ever bows lowest to me when I wear my Jess it may possibly be in complaisance full-bottomed wig; and writes me Mr. or to those narrow minds who can have no Esq. accordingly as he fees me dressed. notion of the same person's possessing I Mall conclude this paper with an different accomplishments; or that it is adventure which I was myself an eye. a fort of sacrifice which some men are witness of very lately. contented to make to calumny, by al I happened the other day to call in at lowing it to falten on one part of their a celebrated coffee-house near the Temcharadter, while they are endeavouring ple. I had not been there long when to establish another. Yet, however un there came in an elderly man very mean. accountable this foolish custom is, I am ly dressed, and sat down by me; he had afraid it could plead a long prescription; á thread-bare loose coat on, which it and probably gave too much occasion was plain he wore to keep himself warm, for the vulgar definition till remaining and not to favour his under-suit, which among us of an Heathen Philosopher. seemed to have been at least it's cotem

I have seen the specch of a Terræ- porary: his short wig and bat were both filius, fpoken in King Charles the Se. answerable to the rest of his apparel. cund's reign; in which he describes two He was no sooner seated than he called very eminent men, who were perhaps for a dish of tea; but as several gentiethe greatest scholars of their age; and men in the room wanted other things, after having mentioned the entire friend. the boys of the house did not think ship between them, concludes, that they themselves at leisure to mind him. I had but one mind, one purse, one chain- could observe the old fellow was very þer, and one hat. The men of business uneasy at the affront, and at his being were also infected with a sort of fingu. obliged to repeat his commands leveral larity little better than this. I have times to no purpose; until at last one of heard my father say, that a broad-brim- the lads presented him with some ftale med liar, mort hair, and unfolded hand. tea in a broken dish, accompanied with kerchief, were in his time absolutely necef a plate of brown sugar; which so raised fary to denote a potable man; and that he his indignation, that after several oblig. had known two or three, who aspired ing appellations of Dog and Rascal, he 10 the character of very notable, wear asked him aloud before the whole comfhoe strings with great success.

pany, why he must be used with less re, To the honour of our present age it spect than that fop there? pointing to a must be allowed, that some of our well-dressed young gentleman who was greatest geniuses for wit and business drinking tea at the opposite table. The have almost entirely broke the neck of boy of the house replied with a great deal thele absurdities.

of pertness, that his master had two forts Vi&tor, after having dispatched the of customers, and that the gentleman molt inportant affairs of the common at the other cable had given him many

a fixpence for wiping his shoes. By pay off your extravagant bills once this time the young Templar, who more; but will take effectual care for found his honour concerned in the dis • the future, that your prodigality shall pute, and that the eyes of the whole not spirit up a parcel of rascals to incoffee-house were upon him, had thrown: ' sult your father.' alide a paper he had in his hand, and Though I by no means approve either was coming towards us, while we at the the impudence of the servants or the ex. table made what haste we could to get travagance of the son, I cannot but away from the impending quarrel, but think the old gentleman was in fome were all of us furprised to see him as he measure juftly served for walking in approached nearer put on an air of de. masquerade, I mean appearing in a dress ference and respect. To whom the old fo much beneath his quality and eitate. man said Hark you, firrah, I will





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reason a greater Mock, at the same fation. time that it presents a good ridiculous When pleasure is made the chief purimage to the imagination, than that of fuit of life, it will necessarily follow a man of wit and pleasure about the that such monsters as these will arise town. This description of a man of from a conítant application to such fashion spoken by some with a mixture blandithments as naturally root out the of scorn and ridicule, by others with force of reason and reflection, and subgreat gravity as a laudable distinction, stitute in their place a general impatience is in every body's mouth that spends of thought, and a constant pruriency of any time in conversation. My friend inordinate desire. Will Honeycomb has this expression Pleasure, when it is a man's chief very frequently; and I never could un- purpose, disappoints itself; and the conderstand by the story which follows, Itant application to it palls the faculty upon his mention of such a one, but of enjoying it, though it leaves the sense that his man of wit and pleasure wa's of our inability for that we wish, with either a drunkard too old for wenching, a disrelish of every thing else. Thus or a young lewd fellow with some live- the intermediate seasons of the man of liness, who would converse with you, pleasure are more heavy than one would receive kind offices of you, and at the impofe upon the vilelt criminal. Take same time debauch your fifter, or lie him when he is awaked too soon after a with your wife. According to his de- debauch, or disappointed in following a fcription, a man of wit, when he could worthlets woman without truth, and have wenches for crowns a piece which there is no man living, whofe being is he liked quite as well, would be so ex-- such a weight or vexation as his is. He travagant as to bribe servants, make is an utter stranger to the pleasing refalle friendships, fight relations: I say, flections in the evening of a well-Ipent according to him, plain and simple vice day, or the gladness of heart or quickwas too little for a man of wit and plea- ness of spirit in the morning after profore; but he would leave an easy and found sleep or indolent llumbers. ' He accessible wickedness, to come at the is not to be at ease any longer than he fame thing with only the addition of can keep reason and good senfe without certain falshood and possible murder. his curtains; otherwise he will be hauntWill thinks the town grown very dull, ed with the reflection, that he could not in that we do not hear so much as we believe such a one the woman that upon used to do of these coxcombs, whom, trial he found her. What has he got without observing it, he describes as the by his conquert, but to think meanly molt infamous rogues in nature, with of her for whom a day or two before he

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had the highest honour? and of himself settlements, are the legacies a man of for, perhaps, wronging the man whom wit and pleasure leaves to his family. of r:ll men living he himself would least All the poor rogủes that make such la. willingly have injured ?

mentable speeches after every sessions af Pieature leizes the whole man who Tyburn, were, in their way, men of addicts himself to it, and will not give wit and pleasare, before they fell into him leisure for any good office in life the adventures which brought them which contradiens the gaiety of the pre

thither. sent hour. You may indeed obferve in Irrefolution and procrastination in all people of pleasure a certain complacency a man's affairs, are the natural effects and absence of all severity, which the of being addicted to pleasure: dishonour habit of a loose unconcerned life gives to the gentleman and bankruptcy to the them; but tell the man of pleasure your trader, are the portion of either whose secret wants, cares, or forrows, and chief purpose of life is delight. The you will find he has given up the deli chief cause that this pursuit has been in cacy of his passions to the cravings of all ages received with so much quarter his appetites. He little knows the per- from the soberer part of mankind, has feet joy he loses, for the disappointing been that some men of great talents have gratifications which he purfues. He sacrificed themselves to it: the shining looks at Pleasure as the approaches, and qualities of such people have given a comes to him with the recommendation beauty to whatever they were engaged of warm wishes, gay looks, and grace- in, and a mixture of wit has recomful motion; but he does not observe mended madness. For let any man how he leaves his presence with dis who knows what it is to have pasted order, impotence, down-cast shame, and much time in a series of jollity, mirth, conscious imperfection. She makes our wit, or humorous entertainments, look youth inglorious, our age shameful. back at what he was all that while a do.

Will Honeycomb gives us twenty in- ing, and he will find that he has been timations in an evening of severai hags at one inftant sharp to some man he is whole bloom was given up to his arms; forry to have offended, impertinent to and would raise a value to himself for some one it was cruelty to treat with such having had, as the phrase is, very good freedom, ungracefully noisy at such women, Will's good women are the time, unskilfully open at such a time, comfort of his heart, and support him, unmercifully calumnious at such a time; I warrant, by the memory of past in- and from the whole course of his ap. terviews with persons of their condition. plauded satisfactions, unable in the end No, there is not in the world an occa. to recollect any circumftance which can fion wherein vice makes fo fantastical add to the enjoyment of his own mind a figure, as at the meeting of two old alone, or which he would put his cha. people who have been partners in un- racter opon with other men. Thus it warrantable pleasure. To tell a tooth. is with thofe who are best made for beless old lady that the once had a good coming pleasures; but how monstrous Itt, or a defunét wencher that he once is it in the generality of mankind who was the admired thing of the town, are pretend this way, without genius or infatires infiead of applauses; but on the clination towards it! The scene then is other side, consider the old age of thote wild to an extravagance: this is as if who have paflied their days in labour, fools thould mimic madmen. Pleasure industry, and virtue, their decays make of this kind is the intemperate meals and them but appear the more venerable, loud jollities of the common rate of the and the imperfections of their bodies are country gentlemen, whose practice and beheld as a misfortune to human society way of enjoyment is to put an end as that their make is fo little durable. fast as they can to that httle particle of

But to return more directly to my reason they have when they are fober : man of wit and pleature. In all orders these men of wit and pleasure dispatch of men, wherever this is the chief cha.. their senses as fast as possible by drinkracter, the person who wears it is a ing until they cannot tatte, smoaking negligent friend, father, and husband, until they cannot fex, and roaring untit and entails poverty on his unhappy de. they cannot hear, feenients. Mortgages, diseases, and



Οϊη σερ φύλλων γενεή, τομήδε και ανδρών.

Hom. IL. VI. v46.




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HERE is no sort of people whose ' fresh quarır new scenes, and un

conversation is so pleasant as that common antures. Such are the of inilitary men who derive their coli- . thoughts obe executive part of an rage and magnanimity from thought army, and ired of the grois of manand reflection. The many adventures kind in geal; but none of these which attend their way of life makes. men of mechical courage have ever their conversation so full of incidents, made any gt figure in the profesand gives them so frank an air in speak • lion of al'ms Those who are formed ing of what they have been witnesles of, for comman are such as have rea. that no company can be more amiable ' foned themies, out of a considerathan that of men of sense who are lol.. ' tion of grer good than length of diers. There is a certain irregular way days, into si a negligence of their in their narrations or discourse, which: • being, as taake it their first polia has something more warm and pleasing ' tion, that it one day to be resigned than we meet with among men, who • and since iti, in the prosecution of are used to adjust and methodize their wortly actis and service of manthoughts.

• kind they caut it to habitual hazard. I was this evening walking in the · The event our deligns, they say, fields with my friend Captain Sentry,

as it relate:o others, is uncertain, and I could not, from the many rela ' but as it rees to ourselves it must tions which I drew him into of what 'be profpers, while we are in the passed when he was in the service, for, purtuit of ir duty, and within the bear expressing my wonder, thac the fear terms upon:hich Providence has enof death, which we, the rest of man • fured our !ppinels, whether we die kind, arm ourselves against with so much or live. Alhat nature has prescribed contemplation, reason, and philosophy, ' muit be goi; and as death is natural should appear so little in camps, that to us, it is surdity to fear it. Fear common men march into open breaches, lofes it's p pose when we are sure meet opposite battalions, not only with ' it cannot plerve us, and we thould out reluctance, but with alacrity. My I draw refoluon to meet it from the friend answered what I said in the fola impoflibilit to escape it. Without a lowing manner: "What you wonder at ' refignation:o the neceflity of dying, may very naturally be the subject of ' there can I no capacity in man to ata admiration to all who are not conver tempt any sing that is glorious; but fant in camps; but when a man has, when they ave once attained to that spent some time in that way of life, he • perfe&tion, he pleasures of a life spent observes a certain mechanic courage in martial adventures, are as great which the ordinary race of men be as any of which the human mind is come masters of from acting always in capable. The force of reason gives a a crowd: they see indeed many drop, ' certain beauty, mixed with the conbut then they see many more alive; • science of well-doing and thirst of they observe themselves escape very • glory, to ill which before was terrinarrowly, and they do not know why. • ble and graftly to the imagination. they should not again. Belides which • Add to nis, that the fellowship of general way of loose thinking, they · danger, tłe common good of manusually spend the other part of their kind, the general cause, and the ina.

8 time in pleasures upon which their nifelt virtie you may observe in so

minds are so intirely hent, that short many mer, who made no figure un' labours or dangers are but a cheap • til that day, are so many incentives to purchase of jollity, triumph, victory, deftroy the little confideration of their

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own persons. Such : the heroic part companions. Thus is affection and ¢ of soldiers who are clified for lead. every other motive of life in the gene

ers: as to the refthom I before • rality rooted out by the present busy

spoke of, I know nhow it is, but • scene about them: they lament no man • they arrive at a certahabit of being whose capacity can be supplied by an• void of thought, infach that on oc • other; and where men converte with. • casion of the most ininent danger ' out delicacy, the next man you meet

they are still in the fie indifference. with will serve as well as he whom • Nay I remember an raice of a gay

you have lived with half your life. « Frenchman, who was don in battle « To such the devastation of countries,

by a superior officer, 'ble conduct the misery of inhabitants, the cries of it was his custom to fpx of always ' the pillaged, and the filent forrow of with contempt and railt, and in the ' the great unfortunate, are ordinary obbeginning of the act received a jects; their minds are bent upon the

wound he was sensiblvas mortal; • little gratifications of their own senses « his reflection on this alion was • and appetites, forgetful of compassion, “ I wish I could live aner hour, to infenible of glory, avoiding only “ see how this blundeg coxcomb 'fhame; their whole heart is taken up “ will get clear of this Iness." ' with the trivial hope of meeting and

I remember two yourfellows who ' being merry. These are the people "rid in the fame squadref a troop of • who make up the gross of the foldiery: • horse, who were ever gether; they ' but the fine gentleman in that band

eat, they drank, they rigued; in a of men, is such a one as I have now

word, all their passionsad affeétions in my eye, who is foremost in all • seemed to tend the fue way, and danger to which he is ordered. His

they appeared ferviceabto each other " officers are his friends and compa 4 in them. We were in dulk of the ' nions, as they are men of honour and • evening to march over aver, and the gentlemen; the private men his bre.

troop these gentlenyen belonged to 'thren, as they are of his species. He were to be transported ii ferry-boat,

' is beloved of all that behold him: they as fast as they could. One of the with him in danger as he views their & friends was now in thboat, while ranks, that they may have occasions • the other was drawn up th others by to save him at their own hazard. Mu.

the water-fide waiting e return of • tual love is the order of the files where the boat. A disorder hipened in the • he commands; every man afraid for passage by an unruly brse; and a "krimtelf and his neighbour, not left

gentleman who had threin of his their cominander should punish them, • horse negligently under is arm, was

but leit he should be offended. Such & forced into the water by his horse's ' is his regiment who knows mankind,

jumping over. The fend on the (and feels their distresses so far as to Thore cried out". Wh is that is prevent them. Just in distributing “ drowned trow?” He waimmediate o what is their due, he would think ly answeredm's Your fend, Harry

( hiinself below their taylor to wear a << Thompson." He verygravely re . Inip of their clothes in lace upon

his plied" Ay, he had a bad horse." own; and below the most rapacious This short epitaph froin uch a fami agent, should he enjoy a farthing * liar, without more wor“, gave me,

( above his own pay. Go on, brave at that time under twenty a very ino

man, immortal glory is thy fortune, • derate opinion of the fiendthip of rand immortal happiness thy reward."



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